Major Events in the History of Life

Author: J. William Schopf
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
ISBN: 9780867202687
Category: Science
Page: 190
View: 8329
Major Events in the History of Life, present six chapters that summarize our understanding of crucial events that shaped the development of the earth's environment and the course of biological evolution over some four billion years of geological time. The subjects are covered by acknowledged leaders in their fields span an enormous sweep of biologic history, from the formation of planet Earth and the origin of living systems to our earliest records of human activity. Several chapters present new data and new syntheses, or summarized results of new types of analysis, material not usually available in current college textbooks.

History of Life

Author: Richard Cowen
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118510933
Category: Science
Page: 312
View: 2536
This text is designed for students and anyone else with aninterest in the history of life on our planet. The author describesthe biological evolution of Earth’s organisms, andreconstructs their adaptations to the life they led, and theecology and environment in which they functioned. On the grandscale, Earth is a constantly changing planet, continuallypresenting organisms with challenges. Changing geography, climate,atmosphere, oceanic and land environments set a stage in whichorganisms interact with their environments and one another, withevolutionary change an inevitable result. The organisms themselvesin turn can change global environments: oxygen in our atmosphere isall produced by photosynthesis, for example. The interplay betweena changing Earth and its evolving organisms is the underlying themeof the book. The book has a dedicated website which explores additionalenriching information and discussion, and provides or points to theart for the book and many other images useful for teaching. See: ahref=""

Trees of Life

A Visual History of Evolution
Author: Theodore W. Pietsch
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 1421411857
Category: Science
Page: 376
View: 4271

Principles of Evolution: Systems, Species, and the History of Life

Author: Jonathan Bard
Publisher: Garland Science
ISBN: 1351854771
Category: Science
Page: 392
View: 2640
Principles of Evolution considers evolution in the context of systems biology, a contemporary approach for handling biological complexity. Evolution needs this systems perspective for three reasons. First, most activity in living organisms is driven by complex networks of proteins and this has direct implications, particularly for understanding evo-devo and for seeing how variation is initiated. Second, it provides the natural language for discussing phylogenetic trees. Third, evolutionary change involves events at levels ranging from the genome to the ecosystem and systems biology provides a context for integrating material of this complexity. Understanding evolution means, on the one hand, describing the history of life and, on the other, making sense of the principles that drove that history. The solution adopted here is to make the science of evolution the primary focus of the book and place the various parts of the history of life in the context of the research that unpicks it. This means that the history is widely distributed across the text. This concise textbook assumes that the reader has a fair amount of biological knowledge and gives equal weight to all the major themes of evolution: the fossil record, phylogenetics, evodevo, and speciation. Principles of Evolution will therefore be an interesting and thought-provoking read for honors-level undergraduates, and graduates working in the biological sciences.

A New History of Life

The Radical New Discoveries about the Origins and Evolution of Life on Earth
Author: Peter Ward,Joe Kirschvink
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1408842807
Category: Science
Page: 400
View: 6401
An estimated 4.6 billion years ago, the Earth and Moon were formed in a violent impact. On this, many agree, and even more that a long time after that, life began. However, few know that the first life on the Earth may not have emerged on this planet, but could, in fact, have begun on Mars, brought here by meteorites. In this revolutionary book, leading scientists Peter Ward and Joe Kirschvink rewrite the principal account of the history of life on Earth. They show not only how the rise of animals was delayed for billions of years, but also what it was that first forced fish out of the sea and onto the land. Together, the two scientists explain how developments in the environment led to multiple Ice Ages before the emergence of dinosaurs and other giant animals, and what the true cause of these great beasts' eventual extinction was. Finally, charting the course of our own evolution, they explore whether this generation will see the end of the human species. A New History of Life proves not only that much of what we think we know should be unlearned, but also that the true history of life on Earth is much more surprising and wonderful than we could ever have imagined.

The Theory of Evolution

A History of Life on Earth
Author: Don Nardo
Publisher: Capstone
ISBN: 0756542146
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Page: 48
View: 6124
Discusses beliefs about evolution before and after Darwin, how Darwin developed and published his theory on the subject, and reactions to his theory.

A History of the Life Sciences, Revised and Expanded

Author: Lois N. Magner
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780203911006
Category: Medical
Page: 520
View: 1367
A clear and concise survey of the major themes and theories embedded in the history of life science, this book covers the development and significance of scientific methodologies, the relationship between science and society, and the diverse ideologies and current paradigms affecting the evolution and progression of biological studies. The author discusses cell theory, embryology, physiology, microbiology, evolution, genetics, and molecular biology; the Human Genome Project; and genomics and proteomics. Covering the philosophies of ancient civilizations to modern advances in genomics and molecular biology, the book is a unique and comprehensive resource.

The History of Life: A Very Short Introduction

Author: Michael J. Benton
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191578789
Category: Science
Page: 184
View: 2898
There are few stories more remarkable than the evolution of life on earth. This Very Short Introduction presents a succinct guide to the key episodes in that story - from the very origins of life four million years ago to the extraordinary diversity of species around the globe today. Beginning with an explanation of the controversies surrounding the birth of life itself, each following chapter tells of a major breakthrough that made new forms of life possible: including sex and multicellularity, hard skeletons, and the move to land. Along the way, we witness the greatest mass extinction, the first forests, the rise of modern ecosystems, and, most recently, conscious humans. Introducing ideas from a range of scientific disciplines, from evolutionary biology and earth history, to geochemistry, palaeontology, and systematics, Michael Benton explains how modern science pieces the evidence in this vast evolutionary puzzle together, to build up an accessible and up-to-date picture of the key developments in the history of life on earth. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

A History of Ideas About the Prolongation of Life

Author: Gerald Joseph Gruman
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 9780826118752
Category: Medical
Page: 221
View: 5509
Explores attitudes towards longevity and death in Islamic, Chinese, and Western civilizations, covering such topics as medicine, public health, personal hygiene, and aging.

The Uses of Life

A History of Biotechnology
Author: Robert Bud
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521476997
Category: Medical
Page: 299
View: 7418
This book shows, for the first time, how modern biotechnology grew out of this century's hopes for a new relationship between biology and engineering. Long before recombinant DNA, these promised a new kind of technology. By exploring the rich and surprisingly overlooked complex of prophesies, industrial and scientific development and government programs, the book sheds new light on the expectations now held for biotechnology. A world-wide view, covering developments, not just in America but also in Europe and Japan, uncovers surprising links. This makes possible a coherent story to supersede the historical notes which have been available until now. This first history of biotechnology provides a readable and challenging account that will appeal to anyone interested in the development of this key component of modern industry.

Extinctions in the History of Life

Author: Paul D. Taylor
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139457972
Category: Science
Page: N.A
View: 1742
Extinction is the ultimate fate of all biological species - over 99 percent of the species that have ever inhabited the Earth are now extinct. The long fossil record of life provides scientists with crucial information about when species became extinct, which species were most vulnerable to extinction, and what processes may have brought about extinctions in the geological past. Key aspects of extinctions in the history of life are here reviewed by six leading palaeontologists, providing a source text for geology and biology undergraduates as well as more advanced scholars. Topical issues such as the causes of mass extinctions and how animal and plant life has recovered from these cataclysmic events that have shaped biological evolution are dealt with. This helps us to view the biodiversity crisis in a broader context, and shows how large-scale extinctions have had profound and long-lasting effects on the Earth's biosphere.

Information and the Origin of Life

Author: Bernd-Olaf Küppers
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262111423
Category: Medical
Page: 215
View: 2090
Suggests a theory concerning the origin of life from inorganic matter, that includes the interplay between chance and natural law, and the role of information theory

Plant Evolution

An Introduction to the History of Life
Author: Karl J. Niklas
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022634228X
Category: Science
Page: 536
View: 485
Although plants comprise more than 90% of all visible life, and land plants and algae collectively make up the most morphologically, physiologically, and ecologically diverse group of organisms on earth, books on evolution instead tend to focus on animals. This organismal bias has led to an incomplete and often erroneous understanding of evolutionary theory. Because plants grow and reproduce differently than animals, they have evolved differently, and generally accepted evolutionary views—as, for example, the standard models of speciation—often fail to hold when applied to them. Tapping such wide-ranging topics as genetics, gene regulatory networks, phenotype mapping, and multicellularity, as well as paleobotany, Karl J. Niklas’s Plant Evolution offers fresh insight into these differences. Following up on his landmark book The Evolutionary Biology of Plants—in which he drew on cutting-edge computer simulations that used plants as models to illuminate key evolutionary theories—Niklas incorporates data from more than a decade of new research in the flourishing field of molecular biology, conveying not only why the study of evolution is so important, but also why the study of plants is essential to our understanding of evolutionary processes. Niklas shows us that investigating the intricacies of plant development, the diversification of early vascular land plants, and larger patterns in plant evolution is not just a botanical pursuit: it is vital to our comprehension of the history of all life on this green planet.

New Perspectives on the History of Life Sciences and Agriculture

Author: Denise Phillips,Sharon Kingsland
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319121855
Category: Science
Page: 509
View: 2928
This volume explores problems in the history of science at the intersection of life sciences and agriculture, from the mid-eighteenth to the mid-twentieth century. Taking a comparative national perspective, the book examines agricultural practices in a broad sense, including the practices and disciplines devoted to land management, forestry, soil science, and the improvement and management of crops and livestock. The life sciences considered include genetics, microbiology, ecology, entomology, forestry, and deal with US, European, Russian, Japanese, Indonesian, Chinese contexts. The book shows that the investigation of the border zone of life sciences and agriculture raises many interesting questions about how science develops. In particular it challenges one to re-examine and take seriously the intimate connection between scientific development and the practical goals of managing and improving – perhaps even recreating – the living world to serve human ends. Without close attention to this zone it is not possible to understand the emergence of new disciplines and transformation of old disciplines, to evaluate the role and impact of such major figures of science as Humboldt and Mendel, or to appreciate how much of the history of modern biology has been driven by national ambitions and imperialist expansion in competition with rival nations.

The history of life insurance in the United States to 1870

Author: Charles Kelley Knight
Publisher: Рипол Классик
ISBN: 5876665428
Category: History
Page: 160
View: 535

From Suns to Life: A Chronological Approach to the History of Life on Earth

Author: Muriel Gargaud,Philippe Claeys,Purificación López-García,Hervé Martin,Thierry Montmerle,Robert Pascal,Jacques Reisse
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387450831
Category: Science
Page: 370
View: 9820
This review gathers astronomers, geologists, biologists, and chemists around a common question: how did life emerge on Earth? The ultimate goal is to probe an even more demanding question: is life universal? This not-so linear account highlights problems, gaps, and controversies. Discussion covers the formation of the solar system; the building of a habitable planet; prebiotic chemistry, biochemistry, and the emergence of life; the early Earth environment, and much more.

A Brief History of Life in Victorian Britain

Author: Michael Paterson
Publisher: Hachette UK
ISBN: 1472107675
Category: History
Page: 160
View: 3683
The Victorian era has dominated the popular imagination like no other period, but these myths and stories also give a very distorted view of the 19th century. The early Victorians were much stranger that we usually imagine, and their world would have felt very different from our own and it was only during the long reign of the Queen that a modern society emerged in unexpected ways. Using character portraits, events, and key moments Paterson brings the real life of Victorian Britain alive - from the lifestyles of the aristocrats to the lowest ranks of the London slums. This includes the right way to use a fan, why morning visits were conducted in the afternoon, what the Victorian family ate and how they enjoyed their free time, as well as the Victorian legacy today - convenience food, coffee bars, window shopping, mass media, and celebrity culture. Praise for Dicken's London: Out of the babble of voices, Michael Paterson has been able to extract the essence of London itself. Read this book and re-enter the labyrinth of a now-ancient city.' Peter Ackroyd

A Brief History of Life in the Middle Ages

Author: Martyn Whittock
Publisher: Hachette UK
ISBN: 1472107667
Category: History
Page: 160
View: 2047
Using wide-ranging evidence, Martyn Whittock shines a light on Britain in the Middle Ages, bringing it vividly to life. Thus we glimpse 11th century rural society through a conversation between a ploughman and his master. The life of Dick Whittington illuminates the rise of the urban elite. The stories of Roger 'the Raker' who drowned in his own sewage, a 'merman' imprisoned in Orford Castle and the sufferings of the Jews of Bristol reveal the extraordinary diversity of medieval society. Through these characters and events - and using the latest discoveries and research - the dynamic and engaging panorama of medieval England is revealed. Interesting facts include: When the life expectancy for women dropped to 26 years in Sierra Leone in 2002, following a catastrophic civil war, it was one year longer than the estimate for early medieval women. So great was the extent of church construction in the thirteenth century that it has been calculated it was the equivalent, in modern terms, of every family in England paying £500 every year, for the whole century! Murder rates for East Anglia, in the fourteenth century, were comparable with those of modern New York. For England generally the homicide rate was far higher than that of the urban USA today.

History of the Rites, Customes and Manner of Life of the Present Jews

Author: Leone (da Modena)
Publisher: N.A
Page: N.A
View: 3140

Evolution and Escalation

An Ecological History of Life
Author: Geerat J. Vermeij
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691000800
Category: Science
Page: 527
View: 8277
Here is one biologist's interpretation of the chronology of life during the last six hundred million years of earth history: an extended essay that draws on the author's own data and a wide-ranging literature survey to discuss the nature and dynamics of evolutionary change in organisms and their biological surroundings. Geerat Vermeij demonstrates that escalation--the process by which species adapt to, or are limited by, their enemies as the latter increase in ability to acquire and retain resources--has been a dominant theme in the history of life despite frequent episodes of extinction.