How the American Media Packaged Lynching 1850 1940

This book examines the manner in which the national media in the United States treated lynching and vigilante activity between 1850 and 1940.

Author: Ira Wasserman

Publisher: Em Texts

ISBN: 077340872X

Category: History

Page: 414

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This book examines the manner in which the national media in the United States treated lynching and vigilante activity between 1850 and 1940. A social constructionist perspective, developed by Gamson and Modigliani, is utilized to determine media orientation toward lynching. The perspective emphasizes the importance of media framing, sponsor and opponent activity, and media balance. Since not all lynching incidents can be studied, critical discourse moments are selected. Four broad time periods in different regions of the nation are defined, and lynching is examined in these areas. In the 19th century, the media in all areas of the nation were relatively favorable toward lynching, and used it as a means of mass entertainment. By World War I, there was a significant change in media treatment of the behavior, with the activities of opponents, as well as its social consequences, increasing media opposition to it. Lynching atrocities, including burning the lynch victim alive, turned the media and public against it, as did the causal connection between lynching and race riots. Opponents of the activity, as well as public celebrities, became more outspoken against it, as did political cartoonists, who showed its consequences. In general, media opposition to lynching followed public opinion changes, rather than creating these changes.
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Violence in American Society An Encyclopedia of Trends Problems and Perspectives 2 volumes

“A Senate Apology for History on Lynching. ... Festival of Violence: An Analysis of Southern Lynchings, 1882–1930. ... How the American Media Packaged Lynching (18501940): Constructing the Meaning of Social Events.

Author: Chris Richardson

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9781440854682

Category: Social Science

Page: 635

View: 306

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While many books explore specific issues such as gun violence, arson, murder, and crime prevention, this encyclopedia serves as a one-stop resource for exploring the history, societal factors, and current dimensions of violence in America in all its forms. This encyclopedia explores violence in the United States, from the nation's founding to modern-day trends, laws, viewpoints, and media depictions. Providing a nuanced lens through which to think about violence in America, including its underlying causes, its iterations, and possible solutions, this work offers broad and authoritative coverage that will be immensely helpful to users ranging from high school and undergraduate students to professionals in law enforcement and school administration. In addition to detailed and evenhanded summaries of the key events and issues relating to violence in America, contributors highlight important events, political debates, legal perspectives, modern dimensions, and critical approaches. This encyclopedia also features excerpts from such important primary source documents as legal rulings, presidential speeches, and congressional testimony from scholars and activists on aspects of violence in America. Together, these documents provide important insights into past and present patterns of violent crime in the United States, as well as proposed solutions to those problems. Addresses all aspects of violence in American society, past and present, including societal factors and legal, political, and law enforcement responses Includes lists of research resources for additional study Highlights insightful primary documents of key events and patterns of violence in America Features contributions from prominent scholars in a wide range of fields related to crime, violence, and law
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Encyclopedia of journalism 6 Appendices

Chronological discussion of black newspapers within a segregationist society, focusing on developments after 1960. Ward, Brian. ... How the American Media Packaged Lynching (18501940): Constructing the Meaning of Social Events.

Author: Christopher H. Sterling

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761929574

Category: Journalism

Page: 2343

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"Written in a clear and accessible style that would suit the needs of journalists and scholars alike, this encyclopedia is highly recommended for large news organizations and all schools of journalism."--Starred Review, Library Journal Journalism permeates our lives and shapes our thoughts in ways we've long taken for granted. Whether we listen to National Public Radio in the morning, view the lead story on the Today show, read the morning newspaper headlines, stay up-to-the-minute with Internet news, browse grocery store tabloids, receive Time magazine in our mailbox, or watch the nightly.
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Race News

The Incorporation of America: Culture and Society in the Gilded Age. New York: Hill and Wang, ... Von Eschen, Penny M. Race against Empire: Black Americans and Anticolonialism, 1937–1957. ... How the Media Packaged Lynching, 18501940.

Author: Fred Carroll

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 9780252050091

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 296

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Once distinct, the commercial and alternative black press began to crossover with one another in the 1920s. The porous press culture that emerged shifted the political and economic motivations shaping African American journalism. It also sparked disputes over radical politics that altered news coverage of some of the most momentous events in African American history. Starting in the 1920s, Fred Carroll traces how mainstream journalists incorporated coverage of the alternative press's supposedly marginal politics of anti-colonialism, anti-capitalism, and black separatism into their publications. He follows the narrative into the 1950s, when an alternative press re-emerged as commercial publishers curbed progressive journalism in the face of Cold War repression. Yet, as Carroll shows, journalists achieved significant editorial independence, and continued to do so as national newspapers modernized into the 1960s. Alternative writers' politics seeped into commercial papers via journalists who wrote for both presses and through professional friendships that ignored political boundaries. Compelling and incisive, Race News reports the dramatic history of how black press culture evolved in the twentieth century.
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Humanitarian Intervention and Changing Labor Relations

How the American Media Packaged Lynching (18501940). Constructing the Meaning of Social Events (Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen, 2006). Wauters, Alphonse-Jules. Histoire politique du Congo belge (Brussels: Librairie Falk, 1911).

Author:

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004188525

Category: History

Page: 576

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The sixteen essays in this collection discuss the direct and indirect impact of the British Act for the Abolition of the Slave Trade (1807) on labor relations in the Americas, Africa and South East Asia.
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Racial Violence in Kentucky 1865 1940

In this investigative look into Kentucky's race relations from the end of the Civil War to 1940, George C. Wright brings to light a consistent pattern of legally sanctioned and extralegal violence employed to ensure that blacks knew their ...

Author: George C. Wright

Publisher:

ISBN: 0807115363

Category: Social Science

Page: 350

View: 660

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In this investigative look into Kentucky's race relations from the end of the Civil War to 1940, George C. Wright brings to light a consistent pattern of legally sanctioned and extralegal violence employed to ensure that blacks knew their "place" after the war. In the first study of its kind to target the racial patterns of a specific state, Wright demonstrates that despite Kentucky's proximity to the North, its black population was subjected to racial oppression every bit as severe and prolonged as that found farther south. His examination of the causes and extent of racial violence, and of the steps taken by blacks and concerned whites to end the brutality, has implications for race relations throughout the United States.
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Southern Liberal Journalists and the Issue of Race 1920 1944

John Kneebone presents a richly detailed intellectual history of southern racial liberalism between World War I and World

Author: John T. Kneebone

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 0807816604

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

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Before the Civil Rights movement, southern liberal journalists played a crucial role in shaping southern thought on race and racism. John Kneebone presents a richly detailed intellectual history of southern racial liberalism between World War I and World
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Beyond the Pale

In this pioneering study, Vron Ware looks at the role of ideas about white women in the history of racism.

Author: Vron Ware

Publisher: Verso Books

ISBN: UVA:X002139439

Category: Feminism

Page: 263

View: 644

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In this pioneering study, Vron Ware looks at the role of ideas about white women in the history of racism. Her two principal themes are the need to perceive white femininity as a historically constructed category, and the importance of understanding how feminism has developed as a political movement within racist societies. Her goal is to explore political connections between black and white women by dissecting the different meanings of femininity and womanhood. Written in a variety of voices and styles, Beyond the Pale discusses contemporary racism and feminism, developments through the nineteenth century such as the anti-slavery movement, and the British campaign against lynching in the United States. The result is a major contribution to a growing body of anti-racist work which confronts the historical meanings of whiteness and tries to overcome the moralism that so often infuses anti-racism.
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America s First Black Town

"Sundiata Keita Cha-Jua traces Brooklyn's transformation from a freedom village into a residential commuter satellite that supplied cheap labor to the city and the region.".

Author: Sundiata Keita Cha-Jua

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 0252025377

Category: History

Page: 276

View: 880

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"Sundiata Keita Cha-Jua traces Brooklyn's transformation from a freedom village into a residential commuter satellite that supplied cheap labor to the city and the region.".
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No Crooked Death

Author: Dennis B. Downey

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105035105696

Category: Social Science

Page: 174

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The Abu Ghraib Effect

The Abu Ghraib Effect reveals how the pathos formula has dulled public responses to images of torture, and also urges a more effective use of political images in the fight against the so-called “war on terror.” “Eisenman’s concepts ...

Author: Stephen Eisenman

Publisher: Reaktion Books

ISBN: 1861893094

Category: Art

Page: 142

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The photographs of torture at Abu Ghraib prison aroused worldwide condemnation—or did they? Opinion polls showed that most citizens of the United States were unmoved by the images. One reason for this relative lack of a public outcry may be the nature of the Abu Ghraib pictures themselves and what Stephen F. Eisenman terms “the Abu Ghraib effect.” By showing prisoners engaging in sexual acts, Eisenman asserts, the photos make the men look like enthusiastic participants in their own interrogation and torture. Further, these scenes repeat an ancient stereotype: the “pathos formula,” in which victims of war are shown welcoming their own punishment. In this highly original analysis, Eisenman shows the pathos formula at work in the Abu Ghraib photos, and he describes its long history, exploring the motif’s appearance in imperial Greek and Roman Art, in the sculpture and painting of Michelangelo, and in Baroque paintings of saints and martyrs. The author also describes the equally long history of artistic protest against the formula by such diverse artists as William Hogarth, Francisco Goya, Pablo Picasso, Ben Shahn, and Leon Golub. The Abu Ghraib Effect reveals how the pathos formula has dulled public responses to images of torture, and also urges a more effective use of political images in the fight against the so-called “war on terror.” “Eisenman’s concepts and questions constitute a challenging discourse on politics and art.” —Art in America “This brilliantly argued volume should be read by all art historians.”—Art Book “The Abu Ghraib Effect . . . traverses revolutionary terrain in its unraveling of the function of artistic metaphor in the justification of imperialist power.” —Media–Culture Review
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Prologue

These include the novels of Frances Harper, Pauline Hopkins, Jessie Fauset, Zora Neale Hurston, Ann Petry, Paule Marshall, and Kristin Hunter.

Author: Carole McAlpine Watson

Publisher: Praeger

ISBN: UOM:39015011258236

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 168

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Based on an analysis of 58 novels written by black American women between 1891 and 1965, the volume discusses the emergence of writing by black women, their major concerns and themes, their relevance to specific groups and the social, economic, moral, and political viewpoints disclosed. Watson focuses on 10 novels during the periods 1891-1920, 1921-1945, and 1946-1965, and discusses their literary characteristics and aesthetic achievement. These include the novels of Frances Harper, Pauline Hopkins, Jessie Fauset, Zora Neale Hurston, Ann Petry, Paule Marshall, and Kristin Hunter. The author discusses the use of fiction as a weapon of protest; race consciousness and self-criticism, concerns such as middle-class values and the ideal of self-help in the novels written after World War I; the maturity of the novels after World War II; and the characteristic Afro-American fiction as compared to mainstream American fiction. ISBN 0-313-23630-5: $27.95.
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An American Dilemma Volume 2

The title of the book, An American Dilemma, refers to the moral contradiction of a nation torn between allegiance to its highest ideals and awareness of the base realities of racial discrimination.

Author: Gunnar Myrdal

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781560008576

Category: Social Science

Page: 936

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In this landmark effort to understand African American people in the New World, Gunnar Myrdal provides deep insight into the contradictions of American democracy as well as a study of a people within a people. The title of the book, An American Dilemma, refers to the moral contradiction of a nation torn between allegiance to its highest ideals and awareness of the base realities of racial discrimination. The touchstone of this classic is the jarring discrepancy between the American creed of respect for the inalienable rights to freedom, justice, and opportunity for all and the pervasive violations of the dignity of blacks. The appendices are a gold mine of information, theory, and methodology. Indeed, two of the appendices were issued as a separate work given their importance for systematic theory in social research. The new introduction by Sissela Bok offers a remarkably intimate yet rigorously objective appraisal of Myrdal-a social scientist who wanted to see himself as an analytic intellectual, yet had an unbending desire to bring about change. An American Dilemma is testimonial to the man as well as the ideas he espoused. When It first appeared An American Dilemma was called "the most penetrating and important book on contemporary American civilizations by Robert S. Lynd; "One of the best political commentaries on American life that has ever been written" in The American Political Science Review; and a book with "a novelty and a courage seldom found in American discussions either of our total society or of the part which the Negro plays in it" in The American Sociological Review. It is a foundation work for all those concerned with the history and current status of race relations in the United States.
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Black White and Huckleberry Finn

"Black, White, and "Huckleberry Finn" shows that the argument over black-white relations in the novel is also an argument over nonfictional ones - over black images in white minds, conflicting perceptions of racial harmony, and differing ...

Author: Elaine Mensh

Publisher: University Alabama Press

ISBN: UOM:39015047713980

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 167

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"Black, White, and "Huckleberry Finn" shows that the argument over black-white relations in the novel is also an argument over nonfictional ones - over black images in white minds, conflicting perceptions of racial harmony, and differing interpretations of the American dream."--BOOK JACKET.
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Lethal Punishment

In this well-researched and timely book, Margaret Vandiver explores the complex relationship between these two forms of lethal punishment, challenging the assumption that executions consistently grew out of-and replaced-lynchings.

Author: Margaret Vandiver

Publisher:

ISBN: 0813537282

Category: Social Science

Page: 284

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Why did some offenses in the South end in mob lynchings while similar crimes led to legal executions? Why did still other cases have nonlethal outcomes? In this well-researched and timely book, Margaret Vandiver explores the complex relationship between these two forms of lethal punishment, challenging the assumption that executions consistently grew out of-and replaced-lynchings. Vandiver begins by examining the incidence of these practices in three culturally and geographically distinct southern regions. In rural northwest Tennessee, lynchings outnumbered legal executions by eleven to one and many African Americans were lynched for racial caste offenses rather than for actual crimes. In contrast, in Shelby County, which included the growing city of Memphis, more men were legally executed than lynched. Marion County, Florida, demonstrated a firmly entrenched tradition of lynching for sexual assault that ended in the early 1930s with three legal death sentences in quick succession. With a critical eye to issues of location, circumstance, history, and race, Vandiver considers the ways that legal and extralegal processes imitated, influenced, and differed from each other. A series of case studies demonstrates a parallel between mock trials that were held by lynch mobs and legal trials that were rushed through the courts and followed by quick executions. Tying her research to contemporary debates over the death penalty, Vandiver argues that modern death sentences, like lynchings of the past, continue to be influenced by factors of race and place, and sentencing is comparably erratic.
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Mixing it Up

A new collection of essays first published in The New York Times and Playboy. Reed tackles subjects including Oakland, eugenics, and domestic violence,

Author: Ishmael Reed

Publisher:

ISBN: 9781568583396

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 306

View: 348

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A new collection of essays first published in The New York Times and Playboy. Reed tackles subjects including Oakland, eugenics, and domestic violence,
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The Great Arizona Orphan Abduction

Follows forty Irish orphans brought to Arizona in the early twentieth century by Catholic nuns for adoption by Mexican American families, their kidnapping by Anglo vigilantes, and the Supreme Court case that found in favor of the abductors.

Author: Linda Gordon

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674360419

Category: History

Page: 416

View: 307

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Follows forty Irish orphans brought to Arizona in the early twentieth century by Catholic nuns for adoption by Mexican American families, their kidnapping by Anglo vigilantes, and the Supreme Court case that found in favor of the abductors.
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American Socialism and Black Americans

Special features of the book include: Exercises to test and challenge the reader′s understanding Direct comparison between constellations and other positioning systems Mathematical content kept to a minimum in order to maximize ...

Author: Philip Sheldon Foner

Publisher: Praeger

ISBN: STANFORD:36105036921133

Category: Social Science

Page: 462

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The Hazeley Family

The novel is typical of the 'angel of the home' romances written by American women in the later nineteenth century.

Author: Amelia E. Johnson

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195052579

Category: Travel

Page: 191

View: 852

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When first published by the American Baptist Publication Society in 1894, The Hazeley Family was advertised as 'a book that should be in every Sunday-school library'. The novel is typical of the 'angel of the home' romances written by American women in the later nineteenth century. It tells how the moral fibre of Flora Hazeley keeps her family together - a constant concern in Afro-American literature and life. The characters are 'non-racial', one of the tactics that many black writers used to overcome the racial sterotypes demanded by the white establishment.
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Semiotics and the Philosophy of Language

"Eco wittily and enchantingly develops themes often touched on in his previous works, but he delves deeper into their complex nature... this collection can be read with pleasure by those unversed in semiotic theory." —Times Literary ...

Author: Umberto Eco

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 0253203988

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 242

View: 205

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"Eco wittily and enchantingly develops themes often touched on in his previous works, but he delves deeper into their complex nature . . . this collection can be read with pleasure by those unversed in semiotic theory." --Times Literary Supplement
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