In Morocco

Author: Edith Wharton
Publisher: The Floating Press
ISBN: 1775414876
Category: Travel
Page: 155
View: 6861
American novelist and designer Edith Wharton traveled to Morocco after the end of World War I. Morocco is her account of her time there as the guest of General Hubert Lyautey. Her account praises Lyautey and his wife and also the French administration of the country.

Women, Gender, and Language in Morocco

Author: Fatima Sadiqi
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004128530
Category: Social Science
Page: 336
View: 8525
This text is an original investigation in the complex relationship between women, gender, and language in a Muslim, multilingual, and multicultural setting. Moroccan women's use of monolingualism (oral literature) and multilingualism (code-switching) reflects their agency and gender-role subversion in a heavily patriarchal society.

Multilingualism, Cultural Identity, and Education in Morocco

Author: Moha Ennaji
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387239798
Category: Education
Page: 253
View: 1019
In this book, I attempt to show how colonial and postcolonial political forces have endeavoured to reconstruct the national identity of Morocco, on the basis of cultural representations and ideological constructions closely related to nationalist and ethnolinguistic trends. I discuss how the issue of language is at the centre of the current cultural and political debates in Morocco. The present book is an investigation of the ramifications of multilingualism for language choice patterns and attitudes among Moroccans. More importantly, the book assesses the roles played by linguistic and cultural factors in the development and evolution of Moroccan society. It also focuses on the impact of multilingualism on cultural authenticity and national identity. Having been involved in research on language and culture for many years, I am particularly interested in linguistic and cultural assimilation or alienation, and under what conditions it takes place, especially today that more and more Moroccans speak French and are influenced by Western social behaviour more than ever before. In the process, I provide the reader with an updated description of the different facets of language use, language maintenance and shift, and language attitudes, focusing on the linguistic situation whose analysis is often blurred by emotional reactions, ideological discourses, political biases, simplistic assessments, and ethnolinguistic identities.

Changing Patterns of Illiteracy in Morocco

Assessment Methods Compared
Author: Jennifer E. Spratt,Nathalie Leboucher
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821331927
Category: Social Science
Page: 39
View: 8787
Living Standards Measurement Study No. 115. Estimates the incidence, characteristics, and patterns of change over time of illiteracy in Morocco. Improving the quality of information on literacy and understanding its relationship to important

Amazigh Arts in Morocco

Women Shaping Berber Identity
Author: Cynthia Becker
Publisher: University of Texas Press
ISBN: 0292712952
Category: History
Page: 225
View: 483
In southeastern Morocco, around the oasis of Tafilalet, the Ait Khabbash people weave brightly colored carpets, embroider indigo head coverings, paint their faces with saffron, and wear ornate jewelry. Their extraordinarily detailed arts are rich in cultural symbolism; they are always breathtakingly beautiful—and they are typically made by women. Like other Amazigh (Berber) groups (but in contrast to the Arab societies of North Africa), the Ait Khabbash have entrusted their artistic responsibilities to women. Cynthia Becker spent years in Morocco living among these women and, through family connections and female fellowship, achieved unprecedented access to the artistic rituals of the Ait Khabbash. The result is more than a stunning examination of the arts themselves, it is also an illumination of women's roles in Islamic North Africa and the many ways in which women negotiate complex social and religious issues. One of the reasons Amazigh women are artists is that the arts are expressions of ethnic identity, and it follows that the guardians of Amazigh identity ought to be those who literally ensure its continuation from generation to generation, the Amazigh women. Not surprisingly, the arts are visual expressions of womanhood, and fertility symbols are prevalent. Controlling the visual symbols of Amazigh identity has given these women power and prestige. Their clothing, tattoos, and jewelry are public identity statements; such public artistic expressions contrast with the stereotype that women in the Islamic world are secluded and veiled. But their role as public identity symbols can also be restrictive, and history (French colonialism, the subsequent rise of an Arab-dominated government in Morocco, and the recent emergence of a transnational Berber movement) has forced Ait Khabbash women to adapt their arts as their people adapt to the contemporary world. By framing Amazigh arts with historical and cultural context, Cynthia Becker allows the reader to see the full measure of these fascinating artworks.

Reflections on Fieldwork in Morocco

Author: Paul Rabinow
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520034501
Category: Anthropologists
Page: 164
View: 9004
Presents strategies to help primary students become fluent, independent readers.

Knowledge and Power in Morocco

The Education of a Twentieth-Century Notable
Author: Dale F. Eickelman
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691025551
Category: Education
Page: 201
View: 2458
"This intensive social biography of a rural Moroccan judge discusses Islamic education, the concept of knowledge it embodies, and its communication from the early years of colonial rule in twentieth-century Morocco to the present. The work sensitively combines the outlooks and perceptions of the author and those of the shrewd and reflective Abd ar-Rahman, supplementing our knowledge of resurgent militant Islamic movements by describing other popularly supported Islamic attitudes toward the contemporary world."--Publisher description.

Two Thousand Years of Jewish Life in Morocco

Author: Haïm Zafrani
Publisher: KTAV Publishing House, Inc.
ISBN: 9780881257489
Category: History
Page: 327
View: 1964
The origins of the Jewish community of Morocco are buried in history, but they date back to ancient times, and perhaps to the biblical period. The first Jews in the country migrated there from Israel. Over the centuries, their numbers were increased by converts and then by Jews expelled from Spain and Portugal. After the Muslim conquest, Morocco's Jews, as "people of the book," had dhimmi status, which entailed many restrictions but allowed them to exercise their religion freely. In the mellahs (Jewish quarters) of Morocco's cities and towns, and in the mountainous rural areas, a distinct Jewish culture developed and thrived, unquestionably traditional and Orthodox, yet unique because of the many areas in which it assimilated elements of the local culture and lifestyle, making them its own as it did so. Most of Morocco's Jews settled in Israel after 1948, and many others went to other countries. Wherever they went, their rich cultural heritage went with them, as exemplified by the Maimuna festival, just after Passover, which is now a major occasion on the Israeli calender.

Prelude to Protectorate in Morocco

Pre-Colonial Protest and Resistance, 1860-1912
Author: Edmund Burke, III
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226080846
Category: Social Science
Page: 328
View: 9472
At last we are beginning to learn as much about the French empire as the British, so that generalizations about imperialism need not continue to be skewed, as they hav,e been in the past, by drawing too many of our data from the British experience. The present study makes a major contribution in this direction, providing as it does the first nearly definitive account of a central series of episodes in the French, African, and Islamic experiences with imperialism.

Teens in Morocco

Author: Sandy Donovan
Publisher: Capstone
ISBN: 075653402X
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Page: 96
View: 7187
Examines the everyday life of teenagers in contemporary Morocco, discussing urban and rural families, education, teenage marriage, and work and leisure activities.

Clifford Geertz in Morocco

Author: Susan Slyomovics
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317988175
Category: Social Science
Page: 248
View: 1617
Between 1963 and 1986, eminent American anthropologists Clifford and Hildred Geertz - together and alone - conducted ethnographic fieldwork for varying periods in Sefrou, a town situated in north-central Morocco, south of Fez. This book considers Geertz’s contributions to sociocultural theory and symbolic anthropology. Clifford Geertz made an immense impact on the American academy: his interpretative and symbolic approaches reoriented anthropology analytically away from classic social science presuppositions, while his publications profoundly influenced both North American and Maghribi researchers alike. After his death at the age of 80 on October 30, 2006, scholars from local, national, and international universities gathered at the University of California, Los Angeles, to analyze his contributions to sociocultural theory and symbolic anthropology in relation to Islam; ideas of the sacred; Morocco’s cityscapes (notably Sefrou’s bazaar or suq); colonialism and post-independence economic development; gender, and political structures at the household and village levels. This book looks back to a specific era of American anthropology beginning in the 1960s as it unfolded in Morocco; and at the same time, the contributions examine new lines of enquiry that opened up after key texts by Geertz were translated into French and introduced to generations of francophone Maghribi researchers who sustain lively and inventive meditations on his Morocco writings. This book was published as a special issue of Journal of North African Studies.

Travels in Morocco

Author: James Richardson
Publisher: N.A
Page: N.A
View: 7874

The Spanish Enclaves in Morocco

Author: Robert Rézette
Publisher: Nouvelles Editions Latines
Category: Ceuta (Morocco)
Page: 188
View: 4053

French Military Rule in Morocco

Colonialism and its Consequences
Author: Moshe Gershovich
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136325808
Category: History
Page: 260
View: 8214
This analysis of French colonial ideology and interest in Morocco delineates the manner in which the agents of the protectorate regime sought to conquer the country and control its indigenous inhabitants. Numerous comparative perspectives are offered, placing the French policy towards Morocco in a wider context, making this study relevant to not only North Africa, but also to other parts of the post-colonial world.

Democratization in Morocco

The Political Elite and Struggles for Power in the Post-Independence State
Author: Lise Storm
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134067380
Category: Political Science
Page: 240
View: 1112
This book explores the political games of the Moroccan democratization process in the period from independence in 1956 until 2006. By combining a great degree of political theory with empirical material on Morocco, it analyzes the strategies and actions of the various political actors and evaluates the level of democracy present in the country after the adoption of new constitutions in 1962, 1970, 1972, 1980, 1992 and 1996. Lise Storm demonstrates that in at least some instances, democratization has been more than simply a survival strategy – every so often, key figures within the political elite have taken the democratization process further than strictly needed for them to stay in power. In the case of Morocco, it has been the monarch who on more than one occasion has moved the country further towards the democratic ideal than he necessarily had to, and that sometimes even against the wishes of one or more of the established political parties. This book illustrates how the Moroccan political parties, like so many of their counterparts in the region, have become the main obstacle to further democratization as most of them have never honoured – or appear to have abandoned – the key function of political parties: popular representation. Democratization in Morocco will be a very valuable contribution to students and researchers interested in the dynamics behind the Moroccan democratization and the role of electoral politics in North African and Middle Eastern politics.

Emergence of Nationalist Politics in Morocco

The Rise of the Independence Party and the Struggle Against Colonialism After World War II
Author: Daniel Zisenwine
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 0857718533
Category: Political Science
Page: 272
View: 2110
The end of World War II intensified Morocco's nationalist struggle against French colonial rule, with the establishment of the Istiqlal (independence) party and the Moroccan Sultan's emergence as a national leader. These developments, however, were not a linear process that ended with the party securing a prominent political position. The Emergence of Nationalist Politics in Morocco presents a far more turbulent portrayal, with its detailed account of the Istiqlal's emergence in the 1940s. It provides an in-depth study of the rise of Morocco's leading nationalist party, along with a focus on the weakness of Moroccan political parties, evident already in the early years of the struggle against French colonialism. Drawing on a wide range of previously unpublished Moroccan, French and American sources, Daniel Zisenwine presents the background to the party's establishment, its initial actions and demands, and an extensive discussion of its social activities aimed at mobilizing the Moroccan public in the anti-colonial struggle. Combining a social and political history of the Istiqlal, he examines the party's relationship with the Moroccan Sultan and analyzes the Moroccan monarchy's position. The book's later chapters focus on the French decision to exile the Moroccan Sultan in 1953, in an effort to quell the rising nationalist sentiment. This event was a turning point in Moroccan nationalist politics, unleashing widespread public anger. By that time, the Istiqlal had emerged as the leading nationalist political organization, but remained subordinate to the monarchy's leadership, even as it continued to shape Moroccan politics. The Emergence of Nationalist Politics in Morocco offers new insights on the roots of contemporary Morocco's peculiar political tradition, which underscores the monarchy's centrality. It offers answers and approaches to scholars, students, and the general reader interested in international politics, the Maghreb, and particularly the inner workings of this pivotal North African kingdom.

A Winter in Morocco

Author: Amelia Perrier
Publisher: N.A
Category: Morocco
Page: 365
View: 3094
This is an engaging account of a winter spent in Morocco written by an author who confesses that she knew "nothing about the country or the people" before going. Indeed, to correct this deplorable state of affairs amongst the general population, the author's first chapter is dedicated to "the ignorant" and contains a brief description of Morocco.

Sufism and Politics in Morocco

Activism and Dissent
Author: Abdelilah Bouasria
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317681444
Category: Political Science
Page: 232
View: 7888
Presenting a political history and sociology of Moroccan Sufism from colonialism to the modern day, this book studies the Sufi model of Master and Disciple in relation to social and political life, comparing the different eras of acquiescent versus dissident Sufism. This comparative fieldwork study offers new perspectives on the connection between the monarchy and mystic realms with a specific coverage of the Boutchichi order and Abdessalam Yassine’s Al Adl Wal Ihsane, examining the myth of apolitical Sufism throughout the Middle East and North Africa. Drawing on Michel Foucault and James Scott, this book fuses thinking about the political dimension of Sufism, a "hidden transcript," involving power struggles, patronage and justice and its esoteric spiritual ethics of care. Addressing the lacuna in English language literature on the Boutchichi Sufi order in Morocco, this book will be of interest to students and scholars of Islamic Studies, Comparative Politics and the MENA region.

Revisiting the Colonial Past in Morocco

Author: Driss Maghraoui
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134061676
Category: History
Page: 290
View: 3364
Exploring the concept of ‘colonial cultures,’ this book analyses how these cultures both transformed, and were transformed by, their various societies. Challenging both the colonial vulgate, and the nationalist paradigm, Revisiting the Colonial Past in Morocco, examines the lesser known specificities of particular moments, practices and institutions in Morocco, with the aim of uncovering a ‘new colonial history.’ By examining society on a micro-level, this book raises the profiles of the mass of Moroccans who were highly influential in the colonial period yet have been excluded from the historical record because of a lack of textual source material. Introducing social and cultural history, gender studies and literary criticism to the more traditional economic, political and military studies, the book promotes a more complex and nuanced understanding of Moroccan colonial history. Employing new theoretical and methodological approaches, this volume encourages a re-assessment of existing work and promotes a more interdisciplinary approach to the colonial history of Morocco. Revisiting the Colonial Past in Morocco is a highly topical and useful addition to literature on the subject and will be of interest to students and scholars of History, Imperialism and more generally, Middle Eastern Studies.

Saint Veneration Among the Jews in Morocco

Author: Issachar Ben-Ami
Publisher: Wayne State University Press
ISBN: 9780814321980
Category: Religion
Page: 388
View: 6909
Brings to life the richness of Moroccan Jewish religious life, replete with oral material, daily folk rituals, and dream accounts.