Inflammatory Disorders of the Nervous System

Cutting-edge and authoritative, this volume offers practitioners a valuable resource for research and clinical practice. This thoroughly updated edition covers all clinical aspects of neuroinflammation.

Author: Alireza Minagar

Publisher: Humana Press

ISBN: 9783319512204

Category: Medical

Page: 281

View: 613

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This thoroughly updated edition covers all clinical aspects of neuroinflammation. The latest developments in pathogenesis and advances in treatment are provided, along with an understanding of the immune system's role and interactions between the activated immune cells, cerebral endothelial cells, and other main components of the immune cascade. Cutting-edge and authoritative, this volume offers practitioners a valuable resource for research and clinical practice.
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Immunological and Inflammatory Disorders of the Central Nervous System

The clinical features, immunological background and treatment of these primary and secondary disorders of the CNS are the subject of this book.

Author: Neil Scolding

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann Medical

ISBN: UOM:39015042796824

Category: Medical

Page: 264

View: 713

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A variety of diseases which are driven by immunological and inflammatory disturbances can affect the central nervous system; some are primary neurological conditions, e.g. multiple sclerosis, whilst other CNS diseases reflect an inflammatory disorder, e.g. vasculitis. The clinical features, immunological background and treatment of these primary and secondary disorders of the CNS are the subject of this book.
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Inflammatory and Autoimmune Disorders of the Nervous System in Children

This book provides a detailed and comprehensive summary of the childhood diseases that are, or are likely to be, caused by the immune system.

Author: Russell C. Dale

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781898683667

Category: Medical

Page: 504

View: 695

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Inflammatory disorders of the nervous system, although individually uncommon, collectively make up 10-20% of acute paediatric neurology presentations and many are potentially treatable. Research into them is lagging behind adult research, but better diagnosis and often simple treatments could lead to substantial clinical benefit and reduction in long-term disability. This book provides a detailed and comprehensive summary of the childhood diseases that are, or are likely to be, caused by the immune system. The authors not only describe these disorders and their treatments comprehensively, helping pediatricians and pediatric neurologists to improve their understanding and recognition of the conditions, but also highlight recent and exciting developments that will be of considerable importance in the future.
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Medical Information Systems

A cutting-edge review of the fundamental biological principles underlying the more common inflammatory disorders of the nervous system.

Author: Ralph Grams

Publisher: Humana Press

ISBN: 1475714238

Category: Medical

Page: 430

View: 287

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A cutting-edge review of the fundamental biological principles underlying the more common inflammatory disorders of the nervous system. The authors provide extensive updates on the latest findings concerning the mechanisms of inflammation and introduce such new concepts and methodologies as "endothelial and leukocyte microparticles" and "gene microarray technology" to help explain important links between the central nervous system (CNS) and general inflammatory processes. Among the diseases examined from an inflammatory perspective are multiple sclerosis, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, optic neuritis, transverse myelitis, CNS vasculitis, neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosis, Alzheimer's disease, and Parkinson's disease. The role of the immune system in neuroinflammation is also explored in such disorders as neurosarcoidois, HIV-Associated dementia, and HTLV-associated neurological disorders.
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Inflammation the Common Link in Brain Pathologies

This unifying theme of this book-with sections on mechanisms of defense and neuropathogenesis, neurological diseases, infections of the nervous system, neuropharmacology, and novel therapies-is interactions of the immune and nervous systems ...

Author: Nihar Jana

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789811017117

Category: Medical

Page: 345

View: 733

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This unifying theme of this book-with sections on mechanisms of defense and neuropathogenesis, neurological diseases, infections of the nervous system, neuropharmacology, and novel therapies-is interactions of the immune and nervous systems. It also discusses the role of inflammation as a key mediator of different brain disorders. There have been significant scientific advances in the multidisciplinary field of neuroimmunology / neuroinflammation in the past decade, and this book, edited under the guidance of Professor P. N. Tandon, fosters communication between those who share an interest in this exciting area, including neuroscientists, immunologists, cell biologists, clinicians and neuropharmacologists.
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Pediatric Neurology

Systemic disorders with possible involvement of the nervous system include a variety of diseases with presumed inflammatory and autoimmune pathomechanisms, among them Behçet disease, sarcoidosis, systemic lupus erythematosus, juvenile ...

Author: Daniela. Pohl

Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters

ISBN: 9780128079324

Category: Medical

Page: 544

View: 233

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Systemic disorders with possible involvement of the nervous system include a variety of diseases with presumed inflammatory and autoimmune pathomechanisms, among them Behçet disease, sarcoidosis, systemic lupus erythematosus, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, scleroderma, and Sjögren syndrome. This disease group encompasses systemic inflammatory disorders with a genetically defined dysregulation of the innate immune system as well as systemic autoimmune disorders characterized by alterations of the adaptive immunity such as autoantibodies and autoreactive T cells. Although more commonly diagnosed in adults, all of these diseases can manifest in childhood and some as early as infancy. Neurological involvement may represent the initial manifestation, and nearly every neurological symptom can be caused by inflammatory/autoimmune diseases. In a child with (sub)acute onset of otherwise unexplained neurological findings, consideration of inflammatory/autoimmune disorders may be of crucial therapeutic and prognostic importance. In the absence of disease-specific clinical features, the initial diagnostic workup is broad. Basic blood tests include inflammatory markers and autoantibodies. Cerebral magnetic resonance imaging and a lumbar puncture with measurement of opening pressure as well as cerebrospinal fluid analysis are indicated in most patients with central nervous system (CNS) involvement. Skin, muscle, or organ biopsies (e.g., renal) may provide additional information. Especially in patients with isolated CNS involvement, a brain biopsy may be indicated. Timely recognition and treatment of CNS inflammation may improve or even reverse clinical symptoms and prevent secondary brain injury.
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Medical Information Systems

A cutting-edge review of the fundamental biological principles underlying the more common inflammatory disorders of the nervous system.

Author: Ralph Grams

Publisher: Humana Press

ISBN: 1475714246

Category: Medical

Page: 430

View: 155

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A cutting-edge review of the fundamental biological principles underlying the more common inflammatory disorders of the nervous system. The authors provide extensive updates on the latest findings concerning the mechanisms of inflammation and introduce such new concepts and methodologies as "endothelial and leukocyte microparticles" and "gene microarray technology" to help explain important links between the central nervous system (CNS) and general inflammatory processes. Among the diseases examined from an inflammatory perspective are multiple sclerosis, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, optic neuritis, transverse myelitis, CNS vasculitis, neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosis, Alzheimer's disease, and Parkinson's disease. The role of the immune system in neuroinflammation is also explored in such disorders as neurosarcoidois, HIV-Associated dementia, and HTLV-associated neurological disorders.
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Clinical Neuroimmunology

Following this are two chapters that examine distinct aspects of autoimmune disorders of the peripheral nervous system.

Author: Syed A. Rizvi

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030244361

Category: Medical

Page: 353

View: 915

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This comprehensive, up-to-date book is designed to make recent developments in neuroimmunology accessible to medical professionals in the field. The field of neuroimmunology is complex and rapidly evolving, especially with the current improvements in targeted biologic therapies. This resource concisely offers clear explanations of these scientific and clinical advancements. Divided into five parts, the book begins with an in-depth introduction to neuroimmunology and the principles of immunotherapy. Section two consists of eight chapters devoted to multiple sclerosis, including discussions on the clinical features of the disease as well as symptom management and diagnosis. Subsequent chapters then dive into other central nervous system inflammatory disorders such as neuromyelitis optica, autoimmune encephalopathies, and immunological aspects of cancer. Following this are two chapters that examine distinct aspects of autoimmune disorders of the peripheral nervous system. Finally, the book closes with a review on the neurologic manifestations, diagnostic approaches and treatments of the various systemic rheumatic diseases. Following its successful predecessor edition, Clinical Neuroimmunology: Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders, Second Edition is positioned to be an invaluable asset to neurologists, residents and fellows, internists, and general practitioners who treat patients with neurologic disorders and other systemic autoimmune diseases.
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Nanomedicine

This volume in the Methods in Enzymology series comprehensively covers Cancer, Cardiovascular and the central nervous system of Nanomedicine.

Author:

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780123918710

Category: Medical

Page: 486

View: 173

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This volume in the Methods in Enzymology series comprehensively covers Cancer, Cardiovascular and the central nervous system of Nanomedicine. With an international board of authors, this volume is split into sections that cover subjects such as Diabetes and nanotechnology as potential therapy, Nanomedicines for inflammatory diseases, and Development and use of ceramide nanoliposomes in cancer. Comprehensively covers cancer and the cardiovascular and central nervous systems of nanomedicine An international board of authors Split into sections that cover subjects such as diabetes and nanotechnology as potential therapy, nanomedicines for inflammatory diseases, and the development and use of ceramide nanoliposomes in cancer
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