With its focus on the offshore randomized control trials of a Pre-Exposure Prophylactic pill (PrEP) for preventing HIV infection, the volume develops a sustained analysis of the complex, virtual and topological dimensions of the expectations, ethics and evidence that surround the innovation of PrEP.
Or,to put thisanother wayand introduce another term, wecan address biomedical
innovation with theaid of the notion of ... That istosay,our thinking on innovation
and biomedicine is worked through aparticular example of,insomeways, arather ...
Author: M. Michael
Category: Social Science
Author: Shaiele Stephens
Category: Medical sciences
This report examines examples of new and emerging governance models that aim to support the responsible development of diagnostics and treatments based on the latest advances in biomedicine. In particular, it presents programmes and initiatives that aim to manage uncertainty in the development and approval of new medical products and thereby to improve the understanding of the risk/benefit balance. It also identifies some of the main challenges for policy makers, regulators and other communities involved in the translation of biomedical innovation and health technologies from the laboratory bench to point of care.
This report examines examples of new and emerging governance models that aim to support the responsible development of diagnostics and treatments based on the latest advances in biomedicine.
President's Biomedical Research Panel. From Biomedical R & D to Innovation in
Medical Practice There is widespread agreement that the objective of federal
biomedical R & D support is to facilitate the advancement of scientific knowledge
Author: United States. President's Biomedical Research Panel
"IEEE Catalog Number: 04CH37558"--T.p. verso.
"IEEE Catalog Number: 04CH37558"--T.p. verso.
Author: IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Conference
Publisher: IEEE Computer Society Press
Category: Biomedical engineering
HD gaga B443165 2002 Bus I David L. Gollaher 1 In the 21st century , our
nation's competitiveness will depend on technological innovation and , more
specifically , our ability to foster regional clusters of innovation around America .
This is the ...
Category: Biotechnology industries
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Author: Melvin Kranzberg
Category: New products
Medical innovation as it stands today is fundamentally unsustainable. There is a widening gap between what biomedical research promises and the impact that it is currently achieving, in terms of patient benefit and health system improvement. This book highlights the global problem of the ineffective translation of bioscience innovation into health system improvements and its consequences, analyses the underlying causative factors and provides powerful prescriptions for change to close the gap. It contrasts the progress in biomedicine with other areas of scientific and technological endeavour, such as information technology, in which there are faster and more reliable returns for society from scientific advance. It asks searching questions about whether society is right to expect so much from biomedicine and why we have become accustomed to such poor returns. Throughout the book, techniques such as stratified medicine, open innovation, adaptive development and personalised adherence are discussed and described in terms accessible to the non-specialist, and their impact on the innovation gap explored. By using examples in which bottlenecks have prevented progress, such as dementia and antibiotic-resistant infections, and in which these barriers have been overcome, such as HIV treatment, Bioscience - Lost in Translation? lays out a strategy for advancing the innovation process, presenting suggestions for how health systems can move from being passive recipients of innovation to being active participants in development.
The book highlights the problem and its consequences, and analyses the underlying causative factors and provides powerful prescriptions for change to close the 'innovation gap'.
Author: Richard Barker
Publisher: Oxford University Press
This collection of papers is useful for understanding the biotechnology industry, intellectual property rights and the economics and geography of innovation.
An example of such an upstream innovation in biomedicine is the discovery that
a particular receptor is important for a disease , which may make that receptor a "
target ” for a drug development program . ? A key concern regarding the impact ...
Author: Maureen D. McKelvey
Publisher: Edward Elgar Pub
Category: Business & Economics
The World Health Report 2012, the biannual flagship report of the World Health Organization, focuses for the first time in its history on the theme of research for better health. Decisions on healthcare are still made without a solid grounding in research evidence, and an impetus is required for this state of affairs to change. Aimed at ministers of health, the report provides new ideas, innovative thinking, and pragmatic advice on how to strengthen health research systems.WHO and PLoS have launched an initiative to encourage researchers to complement and substantiate the key messages in World Health Report 2012 by creating a special WHO/PLoS Collection. PLoS invited the submission of papers, especially from low- and middle-income countries, on topics related to strengthening of key functions and components of national health research systems.The World Health Report 2012 focuses on eight specific areas, discussed in the editorial, within the theme of 'No Health Without Research.' We highlight below some examples of articles previously published in PLoS journals in these specific areas of interest.Now iMedPub brings this collection to you within a book.
' We highlight below some examples of articles previously published in PLoS journals in these specific areas of interest.Now iMedPub brings this collection to you within a book.
Beginning with the colonial era, Western biomedicine has radically transformed African medical beliefs and practices. Conversely, in using Western biomedicine, Africans have also transformed it. The African Transformation of Western Medicine and the Dynamics of Global Cultural Exchange contends that contemporary African medical systems—no less “biomedical” than Western medicine—in fact greatly enrich and expand the notion of biomedicine, reframing it as a global cultural form deployed across global networks of cultural exchange. The book analyzes biomedicine as a complex and dynamic sociocultural form, the conceptual premises of which make it necessarily subject to ongoing change and development as it travels the globe. David Baronov captures the complexities of this cultural exchange by using world-systems analysis in a way that places global cultural processes on equal footing with political and economic processes. In doing so, he both allows the story of Africa’s transformation of “Western” biomedicine to be told and offers new insights into the capitalist world system.
Thus beholden to an Enlightenment ethic of ceaseless, utilitarian progress and
innovation, biomedicine embraces medical practices that follow the strict
empirical norms of the experimental sciences. Human health or disease is
defined as any ...
Author: David Baronov
Publisher: Temple University Press
This volume is dedicated to multidisciplinary research at the interface between basic biomedicine and clinical practice. This book guides best practice in the diagnosis and therapy while dealing with difficult-to-treat disorders of yet unclear etiology. Chapters address such disorders as granulomatosis with polyangiitis causing autoimmune-related multiorgan inflammation of blood vessels, increasingly widespread allergy to peanuts, occupational exposure to zinc oxide, and immunogenic responses to pneumococcal and influenza vaccination underlying their preventive effectiveness. Other hot issues deal with the proper use of fluid therapy in the perioperative period and a cognitive decline in lung transplant patients. A new physiotherapeutic approach of treating key myofascial trigger points in low-back pain appears highly beneficial in reducing patients’ disability, advancing physiotherapy of this overwhelming condition. Finally, other chapters consider ways to streamline medical management to increase the number of physicians and their availability for patients, a particularly sensitive issue in the current COVID-19 pandemic. The dissemination of clinical knowledge about high-risk and hardly controllable conditions is an inalienable part of progress in medical practice. The book is a resource for clinical specialists, general practitioners, and allied healthcare professionals.
The book is a resource for clinical specialists, general practitioners, and allied healthcare professionals. This volume is dedicated to multidisciplinary research at the interface between basic biomedicine and clinical practice.
Author: Mieczyslaw Pokorski
Origins Biotech - like innovation became a part of the human experience as early
as the Bronze Age when someone discovered how to use yeast to make beer
and leaven bread . But biomedicine was not distinguished from academic biology
Author: Jerome S. Seliger
Category: Biomedical engineering
The Symposium theme will countinue last year ' s very successful "
INNOVATIONS IN BIOMEDICINE “ . Technical papers appropriate to the following
sessions are invited : Aids to Clinical Care , Modeling and Analysis ,
Interpretation and Data ...
This doctoral thesis reports on an innovative data repository offering adaptive metadata management to maximise information sharing and comprehension in multidisciplinary and geographically distributed collaborations. It approaches metadata as a fluid, loosely structured and dynamical process rather than a fixed product, and describes the development of a novel data management platform based on a schemaless JSON data model, which represents the first fully JSON-based metadata repository designed for the biomedical sciences. Results obtained in various application scenarios (e.g. integrated biobanking, functional genomics and computational neuroscience) and corresponding performance tests are reported on in detail. Last but not least, the book offers a systematic overview of data platforms commonly used in the biomedical sciences, together with a fresh perspective on the role of and tools for data sharing and heterogeneous data integration in contemporary biomedical research.
Last but not least, the book offers a systematic overview of data platforms commonly used in the biomedical sciences, together with a fresh perspective on the role of and tools for data sharing and heterogeneous data integration in ...
Author: Massimiliano Izzo
Category: Technology & Engineering
Category: Cities and towns