This essay deals with the theme of population growth, family systems and economic organization in the African region. The author asks why rural Africa has not peaked in its population growth and responds by looking at historical developments in different parts of the world, as well as examining socio-economic, ecological and religious contexts of African populations.
This essay deals with the theme of population growth, family systems and economic organization in the African region.
Author: Jack Goody
This research argues that deep-rooted factors, determined tens of thousands of years ago, had a significant effect on the course of economic development from the dawn of human civilization to the contemporary era. It advances and empirically establishes the hypothesis that, in the course of the exodus of Homo sapiens out of Africa, variation in migratory distance from the cradle of humankind to various settlements across the globe affected genetic diversity and has had a long-lasting effect on the pattern of comparative economic development that is not captured by geographical, institutional, and cultural factors. In particular, the level of genetic diversity within a society is found to have a hump-shaped effect on development outcomes in both the pre-colonial and the modern era, reflecting the trade-off between the beneficial and the detrimental effects of diversity on productivity. While the intermediate level of genetic diversity prevalent among Asian and European populations has been conducive for development, the high degree of diversity among African populations and the low degree of diversity among Native American populations have been a detrimental force in the development of these regions. Keywords: The "Out of Africa" hypothesis, Human genetic diversity, Comparative development, Income per capita, Population density, Neolithic Revolution, Land productivity. JEL Classifications: N10, N30, N50, O10, O50, Z10.
This research argues that deep-rooted factors, determined tens of thousands of years ago, had a signifcant effect on the course of economic development from the dawn of human civilization to the contemporary era.
Author: Quamrul Ashraf
Despite several idealistic efforts towards a united Africa, the term remains a hypothetical concept symbolizing a desired federal state on the continent. While globalization and interconnectedness have brought prosperity in some parts of the world, Africa has not generally benefited from global decisions. These decisions, policies, and practices have tended to be wholly influenced by the rich and powerful countries and their transnational agencies and corporations in pursuit of their national interests. Faced with such enormous external economic and political forces, the divided and powerless African states have been unable to bargain for lucrative economic deals or pursue national interests for the benefit of their people, hence the need to examine what exists in varied fields and the emerging trends for the future. Interdisciplinary Approaches to the Future of Africa and Policy Development addresses critical issues and challenges in Africa and seeks to examine and understand the future trends in Africa through a deconstructive interrogation of present trends. Covering a wide range of topics such as sustainability, equality, and democracy, it is ideal for researchers, academicians, students, economists, policymakers, political parties, trade unions, and NGOs.
As population growth is among the causes of low per capita capital (and land) stocks available to African rural workers, ... solutions for the issues analysed, and the role of institutional and cultural factors is also to be considered.
Author: Tshabangu, Icarbord
Publisher: IGI Global
Category: Political Science
Recent years have seen a sustained research effort exploring the African development experience. The extant literature has offered a large set of explanations as to why the African development record has lagged behind that of other regions of the developing world. This new volume brings international contributors together to focus on the role of growth and institutions. First, it provides brief evidence on the growth and institutional records, as well as on development outcomes, during the post-independence period. Second, it targets certain growth determinants, including industrial embeddedness, innovation, exchange rate regimes, and environmental quality. Third, it sheds light on the dynamics and distribution of growth, and on growth-enhancing sectors of the economy. Finally, it investigates several issues of institutional development, as well as institutions generating development outcomes. Though focused on these two key areas, the coverage strives to achieve a comprehensive analysis of how Africa’s development may have been enhanced or undermined and to offer lessons for the future. This volume is essential reading for all scholars of development economics and development studies.
Country dummies comprehensively capture persistent institutional and cultural determinants of women«s work, so that time-invariant omitted variables will not bias the estimates even if they are correlated with the explanatory variables.
Author: Augustin K. Fosu
Category: Business & Economics
English , 2002-1108 Institutional and cultural variables in Africa's population growth , 2002-1367 Institutions for rural development , 2002-1296 Les institutions judiciaires au Cameroun , 2002-1174 Institutions politiques et droit ...
Author: Library of Congress. Library of Congress Office, Nairobi, Kenya
Reviving Arab Reform seeks to understand the key factors that have inhibited a reliable reform programme in the Middle East following the 2010s Arab Spring riots and unrest. It also provides suggestions for policymakers on how to design, execute, and assess an effective reform program suitable for Arab circumstances.
Finally, the augmented Solow growth model and the total factor productivity (TFP), as societal payoffs to ... climate, quality of management and governance, the strength of institutions and property rights and cultural factors.
Author: Islam Abdelbary
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
Category: Business & Economics
The effect of more people will be positive if favorable institutional and cultural conditions support the new creation of resources in response to the "pressure" and opportunity of population increase. Hence, it is necessary to ...
The Encyclopedia of Environment and Society brings together multiplying issues, concepts, theories, examples, problems, and policies, with the goal of clearly explicating an emerging way of thinking about people and nature. With more than 1,200 entries written by experts from incredibly diverse fields, this innovative resource is a first step toward diving into the deep pool of emerging knowledge. The five volumes of this Encyclopedia represent more than a catalogue of terms. Rather, they capture the spirit of the moment, a fascinating time when global warming and genetic engineering represent only two of the most obvious examples of socio-environmental issues.
Cultural factors pertain to a household, group or population's attitudes, values and beliefs; and demographic factors ... when case studies from Asia, Africa, and Latin America were pooled, followed in order by institutional/ policy, ...
Author: Paul Robbins
Publisher: SAGE Publications
This paper highlights that 10 new members joined the European Union on May 1, 2004, in the biggest enlargement of the community since its inception. However, the core economic concern is the weak growth performance of Europe—and particularly of the 12 countries at the epicenter of European integration that use the euro as their common currency—relative to the rest of the world and especially the United States. The paper highlights that underlying this concern are the problems of sagging long-term trends in the growth of productivity, and the use of labor resources.
This seems to be the new mantra of international financial institutions . It is also the basis for the fallacious New Partnership for Africa's Development . In my view , cultural factors are at least as important as institutional ones ...
Author: International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
Category: Business & Economics
Why are poor countries poor and rich countries rich? How are wealth and poverty related to changes in nutrition, health, life expectancy, education, population growth and politics? This modern, non-technical 2005 introduction to development studies explores the dynamics of socio-economic development and stagnation in developing countries. Taking a quantitative and comparative approach to contemporary debates within their broader context, Szirmai examines historical, institutional, demographic, sociological, political and cultural factors. Key chapters focus on economic growth, technological change, industrialisation, agricultural development, and consider social dimensions such as population growth, health and education. Each chapter contains comparative statistics on trends from a sample of twenty-nine developing countries. This rich statistical database allows students to strengthen their understanding of comparative development experiences. Assuming no prior knowledge of economics the book is suited for use in inter-disciplinary development studies programmes as well as economics courses, and will also interest practitioners pursuing careers in developing countries.
Assuming no prior knowledge of economics the book is suited for use in inter-disciplinary development studies programmes as well as economics courses, and will also interest practitioners pursuing careers in developing countries.
Author: Adam Szirmai
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Category: Business & Economics