The religious imagination of the Greeks, Robert Garland observes, was populated by divine beings whose goodwill could not be counted upon, and worshipers faced a heavy burden of choice among innumerable deities to whom they might offer their devotion. These deities--and Athenian polytheism itself--remained in constant flux as cults successively came into favor and waned. Examining the means through which the Athenians established and marketed cults, this handsomely illustrated book is the first to illuminate the full range of motives--political and economic, as well as spiritual--which prompted them to introduce new gods. Greek religion was infused with the passions of those who created it, Garland asserts, and must be understood in the context of wider social and political developments. Drawing on a wealth of literary and archaeological evidence, he investigates religious innovations at critical points in Athenian history from the Persian Wars in the eighth century B.C. down to the trial of Sokrates in 399 on charges including his failure to acknowledge state-recognized gods. While paying particular attention to the development of the Athenian cults of Pan, Artemis Aristoboule, Theseus, Bendis, and Asklepios, Garland provides a rich overview of features characteristic of religious expression throughout the Greek world. Introducing New Gods reconstructs the religious life of Athens with a compelling mix of imagination and insight. Classicists, ancient historians, and anyone interested in the history of religion will welcome it.
Examining the means through which the Athenians established and marketed cults, this handsomely illustrated book is the first to illuminate the full range of motives--political and economic, as well as spiritual--which prompted them to ...
Author: Robert Garland
Publisher: Cornell University Press
This interpretation of Plato's Apology of Socrates argues that Plato's Socrates offers a sincere defence against the charges he faces. In doing so the book offers an exhaustive historical and philosophical interpretation of and commentary on the text.
... Kawa Sainovia eioriYounevoc; (introducing other, new divinities) In order to introduce new divinities one need not give up the traditional ones, and giving up the traditional gods does not entail replacing them with new divinities.
Author: Thomas C. Brickhouse
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Category: Philosophy, Ancient
“The Demons of Tiamat” is the main event, so to speak, and the chapters of “The New Gods” should be considered a general introduction. While “The New Gods” treats the system in a broad way, with the majority of chapters covering a wide ...
Author: Ardashir Frequency 435
Ancient Greece comes alive in this exploration of the daily lives of ordinary people-men and women, children and the elderly, slaves and foreigners, rich and poor. With new information drawn from the most current research, this volume presents a wealth of information on every aspect of ancient Greek life. Discover why it was more desirable to be a slave than a day laborer. Examine cooking methods and rules of ancient warfare. Uncover Greek mythology. Learn how Greeks foretold the future. Understand what life was like for women, and what prevailing attitudes were toward sexuality, marriage, and divorce. This volume brings ancient Greek life home to readers through a variety of anecdotes and primary source passages from contemporary authors, allowing comparison between the ancient world and modern life. A multitude of resources will engage students and interested readers, including a Making Connections feature which offers interactive and fun ideas for research assignments. The concluding chapter places the ancient world in the present, covering new interpretations like the movie 300, the founding of modern Greece, and the ways in which classical culture still affects our own. With over 60 illustrations, a timeline of events, a glossary of terms, and an extensive print and nonprint bibliography, this volume offers a unique and descriptive look at one of the most influential eras in human history.
This volume brings ancient Greek life home to readers through a variety of anecdotes and primary source passages from contemporary authors, allowing comparison between the ancient world and modern life.
Author: Robert Garland
Through a close and informative reading of seven key texts in Acts, Kauppi analyses the appearances of Graeco-Roman religion, offering evidence of practices including divination and oracles, ruler cult and civic foundation myth. Foreign But Familiar Gods then uses a combination of these scriptural texts and other contemporary evidence (including archaeological and literary material) to suggest that one of Luke's subsidiary themes is to contrast Graeco-Roman and Christian religious conceptualizations and practices.
After 490 BCE, Pan formally received a shrine, annual sacrifices and a torch race at state expense (Herodotus 6.105.3). In 399, Socrates was charged forérepa...signyoduevos, introducing othernew gods ...
Author: Lynn Allan Kauppi
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
3.4.1 Introducing New Divinities Socrates seems to have been the first person in the history of Athens to be formally ... innovation : " 41 A foreign prostitute by the name of Phryne was charged with “ introducing a new god ” c .
Author: Mark L. McPherran
Publisher: Penn State Press
Re-examines Aristophanes' engagement with Greek religion by studying his dramatization of traditional stories of religious experiences.
New God Tales The introduction of new gods is a common and recognizable feature of Greek polytheism, which Aristophanes' audience would surely have experienced at some point in their lives.” For instance, the Thracian goddess Bendis was ...
Author: Francisco Barrenechea
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
While the first American edition of this book, published more than a decade ago, was a revised translation of the German book, Einführung in das Neue Testament, this second edition of the first volume of the Introduction to the New Testament is no longer dependent upon a previously published German work. The author hopes that for the student of the New Testament it is a useful introduction into the many complex aspects of the political, cultural, and religious developments that characterized the world in which early Christianity arose and by which the New Testament and other early Christian writings were shaped.
Beginning in the 6th century BCE , the god was brought from Epidauros to many other places in the Greek world . ... Robert Garland , “ Asklepios and His Sacred Snake , ” in idem , Introducing New Gods : The Politics of Athenian Religion ...
Author: Helmut Koester
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
These three essential requirements were needed for any divinity to be officially 'admitted' to Athens.66 (i) The Areopagus Council's Role in Assessing New Gods in Athens In Introducing New Gods: The Politics of Athenian Religion, ...
Author: Bruce W. Winter
Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
In The Language and Literature of the New Testament, a team of international scholars assemble to honour the academic career of New Testament scholar, Stanley E. Porter.
430–354 BCE) describes the indictment against Socrates (399 BCE) as follows: “Socrates is guilty of rejecting the gods acknowledged by the state and of bringing in strange deities; he is also guilty of corrupting the youth (&ötxe ...
Author: Lois Fuller Dow
This volume brings together mostly previously unpublished studies by prominent historians, classicists, and philosophers on the roles and effects of religion in Socratic philosophy and on the trial of Socrates. Among the contributors are Thomas C. Brickhouse, Asli Gocer, Richard Kraut, Mark L. McPherran, Robert C. T. Parker, C. D. C. Reeve, Nicholas D. Smith, Gregory Vlastos, Stephen A. White, and Paul B. Woodruff.
tion to the paradox is available: new gods could be introduced by the city (Pan, Bendis, and others),” perhaps in ... Perhaps the case is not relevant, since Themistocles did not introduce a new god but applied a new epithet to an old ...
Author: Nicholas D. Smith
Publisher: Oxford University Press
This volume considers the New Testament in the light of anthropological study, in particular the current trend towards theological anthropology. The book begins with three essays that survey the context in which the New Testament was written, covering the Old Testament, early Jewish writings and the literature of the Greco –Roman world. Chapters then explore the anthropological ideas found in the texts of the New Testament and in the thought of it writers, notably that of Paul. The volume concludes with pieces from Brian S. Roser and Ephraim Radner who bring the whole exploration together by reflecting on the theological implications of the New Testament's anthropological ideas. Taken together, the chapters in this volume address the question that humans have been asking since at least the earliest days of recorded history: what does it mean to be human? The presence of this question in modern theology, and its current prevalence in popular culture, makes this volume both a timely and relevant interdisciplinary addition to the scholarly conversation around the New Testament.
47 Paul's response undermines and rejects the presuppositions of their question: he is not bringing a new god to Athens, but one they already worship, but as unknown (vv. 22–23); no plot of land to build a temple is required, ...
Author: Jason Maston
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
A revisionist account of the most famous trial and execution in Western civilization—one with great resonance for American society today. Socrates’ trial and death together form an iconic moment in Western civilization. In 399 BCE, the great philosopher stood before an Athenian jury on serious charges: impiety and “subverting the young men of the city.” The picture we have of it—created by his immediate followers, Plato and Xenophon, and perpetuated in countless works of literature and art ever since—is of a noble man putting his lips to the poisonous cup of hemlock, sentenced to death in a fit of folly by an ancient Athenian democracy already fighting for its own life. But an icon, an image, is not reality, and time has transmuted so many of the facts into historical fable. Aware of these myths, Robin Waterfield has examined the actual Greek sources and presents here a new Socrates, in which he separates the legend from the man himself. As Waterfield recounts the story, the charges of impiety and corrupting the youth of Athens were already enough for a death sentence, but the prosecutors accused him of more. They asserted that Socrates was not just an atheist and the guru of a weird sect but also an elitist who surrounded himself with politically undesirable characters and had mentored those responsible for defeat in the Peloponnesian War. Their claims were not without substance, for Plato and Xenophon, among Socrates’ closest companions, had idolized him as students, while Alcibiades, the hawkish and notoriously self-serving general, had brought Athens to the brink of military disaster. In fact, as Waterfield perceptively shows through an engrossing historical narrative, there was a great deal of truth, from an Athenian perspective, in these charges. The trial was, in part, a response to troubled times—Athens was reeling from a catastrophic war and undergoing turbulent social changes—and Socrates’ companions were unfortunately direct representatives of these troubles. Their words and actions, judiciously sifted and placed in proper context, not only serve to portray Socrates as a flesh-and-blood historical figure but also provide a good lens through which to explore both the trial and the general history of the period. Ultimately, the study of these events and principal figures allows us to finally strip away the veneer that has for so long denied us glimpses of the real Socrates. Why Socrates Died is an illuminating, authoritative account of not only one of the defining periods of Western civilization but also of one of its most defining figures.
Around 450 , however , the people took for themselves the right to introduce new gods , after proper consultation of the oracles or as a result of an authentic epiphany by the god himself .
Author: Robin Waterfield
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
In the first comprehensive treatment of Classic Maya patron deity veneration, Joanne P. Baron demonstrates the central importance of patron deity cults in political relationships between both rulers and their subjects and among different Maya kingdoms. Weaving together evidence from inscriptions, images, and artifacts, Patron Gods and Patron Lords provides new insights into how the Classic Maya polity was organized and maintained. Using semiotic theory, Baron draws on three bodies of evidence: ethnographies and manuscripts from Postclassic, Colonial, and modern Maya communities that connect patron saints to pre-Columbian patron gods; hieroglyphic texts from the Classic period that discuss patron deity veneration; and excavations from four patron deity temples at the site of La Corona, Guatemala. She shows how the Classic Maya used patron deity effigies, temples, and acts of devotion to negotiate group membership, social entitlements, and obligations between individuals and communities. She also explores the wider role of these processes in politics, arguing that rituals and discourses related to patron deities ultimately formulated Maya rulership as a locally oriented institution, which limited the ability of powerful kingdoms to create wider religious communities. Applying a new theoretical approach for the archaeological study of ideology and power dynamics, Patron Gods and Patron Lords reveals an overlooked aspect of the belief system of Maya communities.
The strategy of introducing new gods relied on the belief in their efficacy among the general population. As I argued in chapter 4, these deities were believed to confer protective powers on their home communities, such as success in ...
Author: Joanne Baron
Publisher: University Press of Colorado
Category: Social Science
How should Christians be faithful disciples in the political turbulence of Trump and Brexit? Christopher J H Wright unpacks the Biblical theme of idolatry and connects it to discipleship in today’s world. As Christians, we desperately need to name and expose the false gods and idols that we are tempted to bow down to – ‘Here are your gods!’ The Bible challenges the idols of political power and nationalism. The Biblical story is filled with hope that the kingdom of God will ultimately triumph over all human empires. How then should we live as followers of Jesus, the Messiah, Saviour, Lord and King? Part One is adapted from chapter 5 of Wright’s The Mission of God, ‘The Living God Confronts Idolatry’. Parts Two and Three bring the Bible to bear on contemporary politics in the UK and USA, and for all Christians seeking to make sense of the changing world we live in.
For this reading of the situation in Acts 17, see Bruce Winter, “On Introducing Gods to Athens: An Alternative Reading of Acts 17:18‐20,” Tyndale Bulletin 47 (1996): 71‐90. The phrase “introducing new gods into Athens” is formalized ...
Author: CHRISTOPHER J. H. WRIGHT
Publisher: Inter-Varsity Press
Neer, the head priest of the Himalayas, is troubled by the horrifying visions in his dream. On Ganga Maiyya's behest, he embarks on a journey to the doomed island of Bali. The island, plagued with cyclic torments of Sekala and Neskala and suffering from constant rainfall, faces an imminent danger of drowning in sea. However, Neer's power was no match for the strong evil forces that kidnapped the king and the queen, activating the volcano of Mt Agung. With the neighboring king of Java on his toes to attack and conquer the struggling island of Bali, will the gritty prince Erlangga, assisted by Neer, be able to save his kingdom? Read to find out how people turn towards the new dewtas introduced by Neer as the end becomes evident and how Eka-dasa-Rudra helps in arousing the most furious energy of this world, Rudra.
“Neer, you are hell bent on introducing these dewtas to this island. If you say these dewtas are so powerful and ... “Empu, Neer and I were asked by Devi Danu to introduce new gods to this island. As the new King, it is my decision that ...
Author: Suraj Kothiyal
Publisher: One Point Six Technology Pvt Ltd
First published in 1902, this book investigates the history and development of early religion from an anthropological perspective. Rather than dealing with religions that grew from the teachings of their original founders, such as Christianity, Islam, and Buddhism, Jevons considers those religions that were practised as a matter of custom and tradition. The title considers such subjects as the supernatural, life and death, animal sacrifice, and the worship of nature. It provides an introduction to the history of religion for students of religion, anthropology and folklore.
It has been both asserted and denied2 that the legal penalty for the introduction of new gods (in the sense of inducing citizens to worship other than their ancestral gods) was death; but, without undertaking to settle this obscure ...
Author: F. B. Jevons
New Essays on Plato assembles nine original papers on the language and thought of the Athenian philosopher. The collection encompasses issues from the Apology to the Laws and includes discussions of topics in ethics, political theory, psychology, epistemology, ontology, physics and metaphysics, and ancient literary criticism. The contributions by an international team of scholars represent a spectrum of diverse traditions and approaches, and offer new solutions to a selection of specific problems. Themes include the Happiness and Nature of the Philosopher-Kings, Law and Justice, the Tripartition of the Soul, Appearance and Belief, Conditions of Recognition, Ousia or What Something Is, the Reality of Change and Changelessness, Time and Eternity, and Aristotle on Plato.
In describing this mission Socrates asserts repeatedly that he is carrying out the commands of the god (21e5,22a4, 22e1, ... to the charges that have been made against him, the charges of corrupting the young and introducing new gods.
Author: Fritz-Gregor Herrmann
Publisher: ISD LLC
Striving to be the most student-friendly textbook in this field, WAYS TO THE CENTER: AN INTRODUCTION TO WORLD RELIGIONS, Seventh Edition, weaves together rich historical, cultural, and theological detail into structural and philosophical sections that analyze each of the world's major religions in terms of its views on nature, society, self, and ultimate reality. The readily accessible text is designed for today's students and places a premium on the development of critical thinking. Combining both historical and systematic analyses, the book takes as its focus the theme of personal centeredness--a primary goal of each featured religion. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Introducing New Gods: The Politics ofAthens. ... Green, Tamara M. The City of the Moon God: Reli— gious Traditions of Harran. New York: Brill, 1992. A good archeological and historical ... Guthrie, W. K. C. The Greeks and Their Gods.
Author: Denise L. Carmody
Publisher: Cengage Learning
Jon D. Mikalson examines how Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, and other Greek philosophers described, interpreted, criticized, and utilized the components and concepts of the religion of the people of their time - practices such as sacrifice, prayer, dedications, and divination. The chief concepts involved are those of piety and impiety, and after a thorough analysis of the philosophical texts Mikalson offers a refined definition of Greek piety, dividing it into its two constituent elements of `proper respect' for the gods and `religious correctness'. He concludes with a demonstration of the benevolence of the gods in the philosophical tradition, linking it to the expectation of that benevolence evinced by popular religion.
Clever men, poets and others, argue that gods exist only by convention, not by nature, and as a result 'lack of ... 55 Introducing new gods One might expect the introduction of new gods to be a matter of 'religious correctness', ...
Author: Jon Mikalson
Publisher: OUP Oxford