Inventing Human Rights: A History

Author: Lynn Hunt
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 9780393069723
Category: Political Science
Page: 272
View: 1596
“A tour de force.”—Gordon S. Wood, New York Times Book Review How were human rights invented, and how does their tumultuous history influence their perception and our ability to protect them today? From Professor Lynn Hunt comes this extraordinary cultural and intellectual history, which traces the roots of human rights to the rejection of torture as a means for finding the truth. She demonstrates how ideas of human relationships portrayed in novels and art helped spread these new ideals and how human rights continue to be contested today.

La invención de los derechos humanos

Author: Lynn Hunt
Publisher: Tusquets Editores, S.A.
ISBN: 9788483831854
Category: Education
Page: 288
View: 5576
Human rights is a concept that only came to the forefront during the eighteenth century. When the American Declaration of Independence declared ""all men are created equal"" and the French proclaimed the Declaration of the Rights of Man during their revolution, they were bringing a new guarantee into the world. But why then? How did such a revelation come to pass? In this extraordinary work of cultural and intellectual history, Professor Lynn Hunt grounds the creation of human rights in the changes that authors brought to literature, the rejection of torture as a means of finding out truth, and the spread of empathy. Hunt traces the amazing rise of rights, their momentous eclipse in the nineteenth century, and their culmination as a principle with the United Nations's proclamation in 1948. She finishes this work for our time with a diagnosis of the state of human rights today.

Inventar el futuro

Postcapitalismo y un mundo sin trabajo
Author: Nick Srnicek,Alex Williams
Publisher: Malpaso Ediciones SL
ISBN: 841708102X
Category: Political Science
Page: 335
View: 4268
El neoliberalismo no está funcionando. A lo largo de las últimas décadas, las políticas económicas neoliberales han arrastrado a millones de personas a la pobreza y a otras muchas a trabajos precarios y mal pagados. Entretanto, la izquierda se mantiene atrapada en una serie de prácticas que rara vez ofrecen un respiro y menos aún una solución a la crisis. Este libro propone, finalmente, una alternativa. "Inventar el futuro" es un audaz manifiesto sobre la vida después del capitalismo. En contra de los voceros de la derecha que una y otra vez proclaman el fin de la historia, Nick Srnicek y Alex Williams –autores del célebre "Manifiesto aceleracionista"– demuestran en estas páginas que otro mundo es posible. Opuestos a los ideólogos de izquierda que temen irracionalmente a los avances tecnológicos, Srnicek y Williams demandan una economía poscapitalista en la que la tecnología nos libere del trabajo y amplíe nuestras libertades. Ésta es una obra de radical imaginación política y un llamado a "inventar el futuro" antes de que se nos imponga.

Human Rights in the Twentieth Century

Author: Stefan-Ludwig Hoffmann
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139494104
Category: History
Page: N.A
View: 5717
Has there always been an inalienable 'right to have rights' as part of the human condition, as Hannah Arendt famously argued? The contributions to this volume examine how human rights came to define the bounds of universal morality in the course of the political crises and conflicts of the twentieth century. Although human rights are often viewed as a self-evident outcome of this history, the essays collected here make clear that human rights are a relatively recent invention that emerged in contingent and contradictory ways. Focusing on specific instances of their assertion or violation during the past century, this volume analyzes the place of human rights in various arenas of global politics, providing an alternative framework for understanding the political and legal dilemmas that these conflicts presented. In doing so, this volume captures the state of the art in a field that historians have only recently begun to explore.

Bringing Human Rights Home

Author: Cynthia Soohoo,Catherine Albisa,Martha F. Davis
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 0313055513
Category: Law
Page: 915
View: 4181

Nadie es ilegal

Combatiendo el Racismo y la Violencia de Estado en la Frontera
Author: Mike Davis,Justin Akers Chacón
Publisher: Haymarket Books
ISBN: 9781608460595
Category: Political Science
Page: 330
View: 2834
“An urgent, important must-read.”—Jeff Chang, author Can’t Stop Won’t Stop: A History of the Hip-Hop Generation In Nadie es ilegal, Mike Davis and Justin Akers Chacon expose the racism of anti-immigration vigilantes and put a human face on the immigrants who daily risk their lives to cross the border to work in the United States. Countering the mounting chorus of anti-immigrant voices, Nadie es ilegal debunks the leading ideas behind the often-violent right wing backlash against immigrants, revealing their deep roots in US history, and documents the new civil rights movement that has mounted protests around the country to demand justice and dignity for immigrants. Nadie es ilegal features moving, evocative photos from award-winning photographer Julian Cardona. Justin Akers Chacon is a professor of US history and Chicano studies in San Diego, California. He has contributed to the International Socialist Review and the book Immigration: Opposing Viewpoints. Mike Davis is a historian, activist, and author of many acclaimed books, including City of Quartz, The Monster at Our Door, and Planet of Slums. Davis teaches in the Department of History at the University of California at Irvine. He received a 2007 Lannan Literary Award for Nonfiction.

The Twilight of Human Rights Law

Author: Eric Posner
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199313466
Category: Political Science
Page: 224
View: 6070
Countries solemnly intone their commitment to human rights, and they ratify endless international treaties and conventions designed to signal that commitment. At the same time, there has been no marked decrease in human rights violations, even as the language of human rights has become the dominant mode of international moral criticism. Well-known violators like Libya, Saudi Arabia, and Sudan have sat on the U.N. Council on Human Rights. But it's not just the usual suspects that flagrantly disregard the treaties. Brazil pursues extrajudicial killings. South Africa employs violence against protestors. India tolerate child labor and slavery. The United States tortures. In The Twilight of Human Rights Law--the newest addition to Oxford's highly acclaimed Inalienable Rights series edited by Geoffrey Stone--the eminent legal scholar Eric A. Posner argues that purposefully unenforceable human rights treaties are at the heart of the world's failure to address human rights violations. Because countries fundamentally disagree about what the public good requires and how governments should allocate limited resources in order to advance it, they have established a regime that gives them maximum flexibility--paradoxically characterized by a huge number of vague human rights that encompass nearly all human activity, along with weak enforcement machinery that churns out new rights but cannot enforce any of them. Posner looks to the foreign aid model instead, contending that we should judge compliance by comprehensive, concrete metrics like poverty reduction, instead of relying on ambiguous, weak, and easily manipulated checklists of specific rights. With a powerful thesis, a concise overview of the major developments in international human rights law, and discussions of recent international human rights-related controversies, The Twilight of Human Rights Law is an indispensable contribution to this important area of international law from a leading scholar in the field.

The International Human Rights Movement

A History
Author: Aryeh Neier
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400841879
Category: Political Science
Page: 392
View: 5055
During the past several decades, the international human rights movement has had a crucial hand in the struggle against totalitarian regimes, cruelties in wars, and crimes against humanity. Today, it grapples with the war against terror and subsequent abuses of government power. In The International Human Rights Movement, Aryeh Neier--a leading figure and a founder of the contemporary movement--offers a comprehensive and authoritative account of this global force, from its beginnings in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries to its essential place in world affairs today. Neier combines analysis with personal experience, and gives a unique insider's perspective on the movement's goals, the disputes about its mission, and its rise to international importance. Discussing the movement's origins, Neier looks at the dissenters who fought for religious freedoms in seventeenth-century England and the abolitionists who opposed slavery before the Civil War era. He pays special attention to the period from the 1970s onward, and he describes the growth of the human rights movement after the Helsinki Accords, the roles played by American presidential administrations, and the astonishing Arab revolutions of 2011. Neier argues that the contemporary human rights movement was, to a large extent, an outgrowth of the Cold War, and he demonstrates how it became the driving influence in international law, institutions, and rights. Throughout, Neier highlights key figures, controversies, and organizations, including Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch, and he considers the challenges to come. Illuminating and insightful, The International Human Rights Movement is a remarkable account of a significant world movement, told by a key figure in its evolution.

The Right to Health in International Law

Author: John Tobin
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199603294
Category: Law
Page: 416
View: 3927
Lack of access to health care is one of the fundamental problems facing people in both developing and developed countries. This book examines the history, foundation, and meaning of the right to health in international law. It concludes that it is possible to offer an understanding of this right that is practical and capable of being implemented.

Imagining Human Rights in Twenty-First Century Theater

Global Perspectives
Author: F. Becker,P. Hernández,B. Werth
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 113702710X
Category: History
Page: 284
View: 1824
There is extraordinary diversity, depth, and complexity in the encounter between theatre, performance, and human rights. Through an examination of a rich repertoire of plays and performance practices from and about countries across six continents, the contributors open the way toward understanding the character and significance of this encounter.

Human Rights, Migration, and Social Conflict

Towards a Decolonized Global Justice
Author: Ariadna Estévez
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137097558
Category: Political Science
Page: 226
View: 2085
This book uses human rights as part of a constructivist methodology designed to establish a causal relationship between human rights violations and different types of social and political conflict in Europe and North America.

The Disclosure of Politics

Struggles Over the Semantics of Secularization
Author: Maria Pia Lara
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 023153504X
Category: Philosophy
Page: 256
View: 6735
Postmodern political critiques speak of the death of ideology, the end of history, and the postsecular return of religious attitudes, yet radical conservative theorists such as Mark Lilla argue religion and politics are inextricably intertwined. Returning much-needed uncertainty to debates over the political while revitalizing the very terms in which they are defined, María Pía Lara explores the ambiguity of secularization and the theoretical potential of a structural break between politics and religion. For Lara, secularization means three things: the translation of religious semantics into politics; a transformation of religious notions into political ideas; and the reoccupation of a space left void by changing political actors that gives rise to new conceptions of political interaction. Conceptual innovation redefines politics as a horizontal relationship between governments and the governed and better enables societies (and individual political actors) to articulate meaning through action—that is, through the emergence of new concepts. These actions, Lara proves, radically transform our understanding of politics and the role of political agents and are further enhanced by challenging the structural dependence of politics on religious phenomena.

Looking Back at Law's Century

Author: Austin Sarat,Bryant G. Garth,Robert A. Kagan
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801439575
Category: History
Page: 446
View: 5450
This book describes a century of tremendous legal change, of inspiring legal developments, and profound failures. The twentieth century took the United States from the Progressive Era's optimism about law and social engineering to current concerns about a hyperlegalistic society, from philosophical idealism to the implementation of democracy, the rule of law, and the idea of human rights throughout the world. At the same time, law maintained its status as the key language of governance in the United States, the most "legal" of all countries, which has succeeded in making its version of the state a point of reference around the globe.

Speaking Rights to Power

Constructing Political Will
Author: Alison Brysk
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199359261
Category: Political Science
Page: 272
View: 6068
How can "Speaking Rights to Power" construct political will to respond to human rights abuse worldwide? Examining dozens of cases of human rights campaigns and using an innovative analysis of the politics of persuasion, this book shows how communication politics build recognition, solidarity, and social change. Building on twenty years of research on five continents, this comprehensive study ranges from Aung San Suu Kyi to Anna Hazare, from Congo to Colombia, and from the Arab Spring to Pussy Riot. Speaking Rights to Power addresses cutting edge debates on human rights and the ethic of care, cosmopolitanism, charismatic leadership, communicative action and political theater, and the role of social media. It draws on constructivist literature from social movement and international relations theory, and analyzes human rights as a form of global social imagination. Combining a normative contribution with judicious critique, this book shows how human rights rhetoric matters-and how to make it matter more.

Inventing Human Science

Eighteenth-Century Domains
Author: Christopher Fox, Mbc,Christopher Fox,Roy Porter,Former Professor of the Social History of Medicine Wellcome Trust Centre for the History of Medicine Roy Porter,Robert Wokler
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520200104
Category: History
Page: 357
View: 2638
The human sciences—including psychology, anthropology, and social theory—are widely held to have been born during the eighteenth century. This first full-length, English-language study of the Enlightenment sciences of humans explores the sources, context, and effects of this major intellectual development. The book argues that the most fundamental inspiration for the Enlightenment was the scientific revolution of the seventeenth century. Natural philosophers from Copernicus to Newton had created a magisterial science of nature based on the realization that the physical world operated according to orderly, discoverable laws. Eighteenth-century thinkers sought to cap this achievement with a science of human nature. Belief in the existence of laws governing human will and emotion; social change; and politics, economics, and medicine suffused the writings of such disparate figures as Hume, Kant, and Adam Smith and formed the basis of the new sciences. A work of remarkable cross-disciplinary scholarship, this volume illuminates the origins of the human sciences and offers a new view of the Enlightenment that highlights the period's subtle social theory, awareness of ambiguity, and sympathy for historical and cultural difference.

The Handbook of Community Practice

Author: Marie Weil,Michael S. Reisch,Mary L. Ohmer
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1452289972
Category: Social Science
Page: 968
View: 8708
The Second Edition of The Handbook of Community Practice is expanded and updated with a major global focus and serves as a comprehensive guidebook of community practice grounded in social justice and human rights. It utilizes community and practice theories and encompasses community development, organizing, planning, social change, policy practice, program development, service coordination, organizational cultural competency, and community-based research in relation to global poverty and community empowerment. This is also the first community practice text to provide combined and in-depth treatment of globalization and international development practice issues—including impacts on communities in the United States and on international development work. The Handbook is grounded in participatory and empowerment practices, including social change, social and economic development, feminist practice, community-collaborative, and engagement in diverse communities. It utilizes the social development perspective and employs analyses of persistent poverty, asset development, policy practice, and community research approaches as well as providing strategies for advocacy and social and legislative action. The handbook consists of forty chapters which challenge readers to examine and assess practice, theory, and research methods. As it expands on models and approaches, delineates emerging issues, and connects policy and practice, the book provides vision and strategies for local to global community practice in the coming decades. The handbook will continue to stand as the central text and reference for comprehensive community practice, and will be useful for years to come as it emphasizes direction for positive change, new developments in community approaches, and focuses attention on globalization, human rights, and social justice. It will continue to be used as a core text for multiple courses within programs, will have long term application for students of community practice, and will provide practitioners with new grounding for development, planning, organizing, and empowerment and social change work.

Nationalism in Europe and America

Politics, Cultures, and Identities since 1775
Author: Lloyd S. Kramer
Publisher: UNC Press Books
ISBN: 0807869058
Category: History
Page: 272
View: 7599
Examining the history of nationalism's pervasive influence on modern politics and cultural identities, Lloyd Kramer discusses how nationalist ideas gained emotional and cultural power after the revolutionary upheavals in the late eighteenth-century Atlantic world. Nationalism in Europe and America analyzes the multiple historical contexts and intellectual themes that have shaped modern nationalist cultures, including the political claims for national sovereignty, the emergence of nationalist narratives in historical writing and literature, the fusion of nationalism and religion, and the overlapping conceptions of gender, families, race, and national identities. Kramer emphasizes the similarities in American and European nationalist thought, showing how European ideas about land, history, and national destiny flourished in the United States while American ideas about national independence and political rights reappeared among European nationalists and also influenced the rise of anticolonial nationalisms in twentieth-century Asia and Africa. By placing nationalist ideas and conflicts within the specific, cross-cultural framework of Atlantic history and extending his analysis to the twentieth-century world wars, Kramer offers readers a thoughtful perspective on nationalism's enduring political and cultural importance throughout the modern world.

Trading Places

Colonization and Slavery in Eighteenth-century French Culture
Author: Madeleine Dobie
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801476099
Category: History
Page: 336
View: 1704
Dobie explores the place of the colonial world in the culture of the French Enlightenment, tracing the displacement of colonial questions onto two familiar aspects of Enlightenment thought: Orientalism and fascination with Amerindian cultures.

Stuart Little (Spanish Ed.)

Author: E. B. White
Publisher: Turtleback Books
ISBN: 9780606312127
Category: Juvenile Fiction
Page: 142
View: 3666
Being small and a mouse can be an inconvenience, but not for Stuart Little. He does almost everything that humans do. A book full of adventure and humor, this selection helps us feel that there is no challenge that cannot be met.

Bringing Human Rights Home: A history of human rights in the United States

Author: Cynthia Soohoo,Catherine Albisa,Martha F. Davis
Publisher: Praeger Publishers
ISBN: 9780275988227
Category: Civil rights
Page: 851
View: 6429