Iran s Policy in the Persian Gulf 1968 1975

This book examines Iran’s policy in the Persian Gulf from 1968 to 1975 after the British military withdrawal from the region in 1971.

Author: Majid Roshangar

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 9781664138841

Category: History

Page: 324

View: 807

Download →

This book examines Iran’s policy in the Persian Gulf from 1968 to 1975 after the British military withdrawal from the region in 1971. It deals in detail with the questions of Bahrain and the Shatt-al Arab and examines the relationship of Britain’s ‘East of Suez Policy’ (1968-1971) to the politics of the region, and, especially, the role of Iran. Britain’s military pullout from the Persian Gulf influenced Iran’s determination to build a credible deterrent to replace the “power vacuum” without the intervention of foreign powers. The main factors which influenced Iran’s policy in the region were the Iranian oil industry, Persian Gulf security, Iran’s military preparedness and arms build-up.
Posted in:

After Khomeini

Offering a perspective on the dynamics of post-Khomeini foreign policy in Iran, this work seeks to identify the sources, tensions and dilemmas of restructuring policy in the post-Cold War era.

Author: K. L. Afrasiabi

Publisher: Westview Press

ISBN: UOM:39015032961958

Category: History

Page: 244

View: 687

Download →

Offering a perspective on the dynamics of post-Khomeini foreign policy in Iran, this work seeks to identify the sources, tensions and dilemmas of restructuring policy in the post-Cold War era. Special attention is given to Iran's Persian Gulf policy and to Iran's new Central Asia/Caucasus policy.
Posted in:

Iran s Foreign Policy

This work includes topics such as: the influence of the Iranian constitution on its foreign policy, Iran's relations with the United States, the United Kingdom, the European Union and the Arab world, and its involvement in Iraq.

Author: Anoushiravan Ehteshami

Publisher: Pearson Deutschland GmbH

ISBN: 0863723241

Category: History

Page: 149

View: 942

Download →

Sheds fresh light on the foreign policy of Iran under President Khatami and into the period of President Ahmadinejad. This work includes topics such as: the influence of the Iranian constitution on its foreign policy, Iran's relations with the United States, the United Kingdom, the European Union and the Arab world, and its involvement in Iraq.
Posted in:

Iran s Persian Gulf Policy

This book examines the foreign policy of the Islamic Republic of Iran towards the Persian Gulf states from 1979 to 1998.

Author: Dr Christin Marschall

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134429912

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 408

Download →

This book examines the foreign policy of the Islamic Republic of Iran towards the states of the Persian Gulf from 1979 to 1998. It covers perceptions Iranians and Arabs have of each other, Islamic revolutionary ideology, the Iran/Iraq war, the Gulf crisis, the election of President Khatami and finally the role of external powers, such as the United States. The author argues that over the twenty-year period, the policy has moved from being ideological to pragmatic; and that by tracing its history, we can better anticipate its future relationship.
Posted in:

Iranian Foreign Policy Since 2001

Examining Iranian foreign policy, with a focus on the years since 2001, this book analyses the defining feature of Iran’s international and regional posture, its strategic loneliness, and the implications of this for the Islamic ...

Author: Thomas Juneau

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135013882

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 481

Download →

Examining Iranian foreign policy, with a focus on the years since 2001, this book analyses the defining feature of Iran’s international and regional posture, its strategic loneliness, and the implications of this for the Islamic Republic’s foreign policy. Iranian Foreign Policy since 2001 offers an in-depth analysis of the key drivers behind Iran’s foreign policy; power, strategic culture, and ideology. In addition, the authors examine Iran’s relations with key countries and regions, including its often tenuous relations with China, Russia and America, as well as its bilateral relations with non-state actors such as Hezbollah. The common thread running throughout the volume is that Iran is alone in the world: regardless of its political manoeuvrings, the Islamic Republic’s regional and international posture is largely one of strategic loneliness. Assimilating contributions from the US, Canada, Europe and Iran, this book provides an international perspective, both at the theoretical and practical levels and is essential reading for those with an interest in Middle Eastern Politics, International Relations and Political Science more broadly.
Posted in:

Russia s Relations with the GCC and Iran

This book offers insight into the motives behind Moscow's behaviour in the Persian Gulf (with a specific focus on the GCC member states and Iran), considering Russia's growing role in the Middle East and its desire to protect national ...

Author: Nikolaĭ Aleksandrovich Kozhanov

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789813347304

Category: Electronic books

Page: 312

View: 213

Download →

This book offers insight into the motives behind Moscows behaviour in the Persian Gulf (with a specific focus on the GCC member states and Iran), considering Russias growing role in the Middle East and its desire to protect national interests using a wide range of means. The book explores the drivers and motivations of the Russian foreign policy in the Gulf region, thus, helping the audience to generate informed prognosis about Moscows moves in this area over the next years. In contrast to most studies of Russias presence in the region, this book considers the Russian involvement in the Gulf from two standpoints the Russian and foreign. The idea of the book is to take several key problems of Moscows presence in the Gulf, each of these to be covered by two authorsRussian and non-Russian scholars, in order to offer the readers alternative visions of Moscows policies towards Iran and the GCC countries. Nikolay Kozhanov is a Research Associate Professor at the Gulf Studies Center of Qatar University. He is also is also a Consulting Fellow at the Russia and Eurasia Programme of Chatham House where he leads a project on Russias policy in the Middle East. Nikolays research focuses on the geopolitics of Gulf energy, Russian foreign policy in the Middle East as well as Irans economy and international relations.
Posted in:

Iran s Foreign Policy since the Islamic Revolution Consistent and Invariable

Or did it change significantly during the different political periods? If yes, what were the reasons for those changes? These are the questions and issues this work intends to give answers and explanations to.

Author: Frederic Merck

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 9783638605304

Category: Political Science

Page: 30

View: 633

Download →

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2006 im Fachbereich Politik - Internationale Politik - Region: Naher Osten, Vorderer Orient, Note: 1,3, Middle east technical university; Ankara (Department of International Relations), Veranstaltung: Middle East in World Affairs, 23 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: [...] Iran is a key player in Middle Eastern politics, especially in the Gulf area, and has been a nemesis of the United States for decades. The Islamic Revolution in 1979 has created a new Iran that, in its roots, accounts for fundamentalist Islamic laws and doctrines, the export of its revolutionary ideology and rejection of western culture or values. But has Iranian foreign policy always been a constant in the country’s history after the Islamic Revolution and immune to change? Has it always been an instrument for the expression of Islamic revolutionary ideas and animosity toward the west? Or did it change significantly during the different political periods? If yes, what were the reasons for those changes? These are the questions and issues this work intends to give answers and explanations to. In this context Iran’s foreign policy agenda in the different periods of Iranian politics will be examined. Also the country’s relations with the Western world, that is the United States and mainly the Western European countries, respectively the European Union, will be emphasized in order to identify the implementations of its foreign policy in practice. Chapter 2 will deal with Iran’s foreign policy under the influence of Ayatollah Khomeini. The period of transition (Chapter 2.1.) and the time of Islamic consolidation and manifestation of the isolation policy (Chapter 2.2.) will be regarded separately. Chapter 3 will analyse the foreign policy of Iran during the presidency of A. H. Rafsanjani and identify a first shift in the policy paradigm. In order to serve this work’s thesis a major part of this work will be dedicated to Chapter 4 which examines the aspects of Iranian foreign policy under Mohammad Khatami, due to their significance in this regard. In each of the mentioned chapters a subchapter will take a closer look at Iran’s relations with the West (Chapters 2.3., 3.2., 4.2.). Despite the fact that scientific research material about the recent election of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad as the new president of Iran and the abovementioned events does not yet exist, chapter 5 will give a comment on this issue out of the composer’s perspective. Eventual Chapter 6 will draw a conclusion and formally give an answer to the work’s main question.
Posted in:

The Clouded Lens Persian Gulf Security and U S Policy

Noyes var Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Near Eastern, African and South Asian Affairs fra 1970 til 1976.

Author: James H. Noyes

Publisher: Hoover Press

ISBN: 0817976639

Category:

Page: 144

View: 172

Download →

Noyes var Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Near Eastern, African and South Asian Affairs fra 1970 til 1976. Forord af William J. Porter, tidligere Undersecretary of State for Political Affairs og tidligere ambassadør i Saudi Arabien og Algeriet.
Posted in:

Security Arrangements in the Persian Gulf

The objective of this book is to understand the reasons for the failure of security models in the Persian Gulf and to provide a new model that addresses the need for a stable and peaceful structure of relationships, provides security for ...

Author: Mahboubeh F. Sadeghinia

Publisher: Apollo Books

ISBN: 0863723691

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 999

Download →

Security Arrangements in the Persian Gulf With Special Reference to Iran's Foreign Policy The strategic and economic characteristics of the Persian Gulf have made it of critical importance to all the states bordering its coastline, as well as the entire world's economy and political life. Its significant geopolitical situation, in addition to its dominant position as an energy source and gateway for global energy, has caused the Persian Gulf to be a worthy rival to outside powers, particularly those in the West, while also being amongst the most unstable and chaotic of any world regions. The objective of this book is to understand the reasons for the failure of security models in the Persian Gulf and to provide a new model that addresses the need for a stable and peaceful structure of relationships, provides security for all individual littoral states, and also assures the interests of the external powers. To this end, the book analyses the various security models adopted in this vitally important geopolitical region since 1962, with special reference to Iran's foreign policy. Particular reference has been made to Iran because of its geostrategic and geopolitical situation and its role as the hegemonic power in the Persian Gulf. Indeed, regardless of its political regimes, Iran has significant national security concerns and plays a determinant role in the overall peace and security of the region.
Posted in:

Trump and Iran

This book seeks to examine the fluid dynamic of US-Iran relations in the Trump era by providing a social scientific understanding of the pattern of hostility and antagonism between Washington and Tehran and the resulting spiraling conflict ...

Author: Nader Entessar

Publisher:

ISBN: 9781498588874

Category:

Page: 288

View: 740

Download →

With the advent of the Trump Administration, relations between Iran and the United States have become increasingly conflictual to the point that a future war between the two countries is a realistic possibility. President Trump has unilaterally withdrawn the US from the historic Iran nuclear accord and has re-imposed the nuclear-related sanctions, which had been removed as a result of that accord. Reflecting a new determined US effort to curb Iran's hegemonic behavior throughout the Middle East, Trump's Iran policy has all the markings of a sharp discontinuity in the Iran containment strategy of the previous six US administrations. The regime change policy, spearheaded by a hawkish cabinet with a long history of antipathy toward the Iranian government, has become the most salient feature of US policy toward Iran under President Trump. This turn in US foreign policy has important consequences not just for Iran but also for Iran's neighbors and prospects of long-term stability in the Persian Gulf and beyond. This book seeks to examine the fluid dynamic of US-Iran relations in the Trump era by providing a social scientific understanding of the pattern of hostility and antagonism between Washington and Tehran and the resulting spiraling conflict that may lead to a disastrous war in the region.
Posted in:

Iran s Security Policy in the Post Revolutionary Era

Religion, nationalism, ethnicity, economics, and geopolitics all are important in explaining Iran's goals and tactics in its relationship with the outside world, as are the agendas of key security institutions and the ambitions of their ...

Author: Daniel Byman

Publisher: Rand Corporation

ISBN: 9780833032447

Category: Political Science

Page: 125

View: 350

Download →

Religion, nationalism, ethnicity, economics, and geopolitics all are important in explaining Iran's goals and tactics in its relationship with the outside world, as are the agendas of key security institutions and the ambitions of their leaders. This report assesses Iran's security policy in light of these factors. It examines broad drivers of Iran's security policy, describes important security institutions, explores decisionmaking, and reviews Iran's relations with key countries. The authors conclude that Iraq is widely recognized as the leading threat to Iran's Islamic regime and Afghanistan is seen as an emerging threat. In contrast, Iran has solid, if not necessarily warm, relations with Syria and established working ties to Pakistan and Russia. Iran's policies toward its neighbors are increasingly prudent: It is trying to calm regional tension and end its isolation, although its policies toward Israel and the United States are often an exception to this policy. Iran's security forces, particularly the regular military, are often voices of restraint, preferring shows of force to overactive confrontations. Finally, Iran's security forces generally respect and follow the wishes of Iran's civilian leadership; conducting rogue operations is rare to nonexistent.
Posted in:

Iran s Relation With Pakistan

This book focuses on various facets of this relationship in a long term perspective by analyzing them under various phases.

Author: Dr. Satyanarayan Pattanayak

Publisher: Vij Books India Pvt Ltd

ISBN: 9789381411841

Category: Political Science

Page: 170

View: 197

Download →

Both Iran and Pakistan represent two distinct patterns of political systems and navigating their relationship is a very difficult task indeed. However, new developments between them in recent years have created salutary interest among scholars of international relations to focus on their long term relationship. This book focuses on various facets of this relationship in a long term perspective by analyzing them under various phases. The period from 1947 to 2010 has been chosen to analyse this relationship, particularly from an Iranian angle, in the context of different ruling systems such as monarchy and theocracy so as to understand the overall state pattern of Iranian foreign policy. The book traces the Iranian independence in a modern state system, the entire gamut of Iranian foreign policy towards Pakistan followed under a monarchial system, an analysis of the relationship of the Islamic Republic of Iran with Pakistan from 1979 to 1989, an in-depth study that covers the period from 1990 till the current regime to understand the tone and tenor of a modified theocratic foreign policy pursued under various Iranian Presidents and its approach towards Pakistan and finally leading on to a total assessment of the relationship between the two states with some fresh and prognostic thoughts.
Posted in:

Independence without Freedom

In Independence without Freedom, Ramazani draws together twenty of his most insightful and important articles and book chapters, with a new introduction and afterword, which taken together offer compelling evidence that the United States ...

Author: R. K. Ramazani

Publisher: University of Virginia Press

ISBN: 9780813934990

Category: Political Science

Page: 400

View: 877

Download →

Ruhi Ramazani is widely considered the dean of Iranian foreign policy study, having spent the past sixty years studying and writing about the country's international relations. In Independence without Freedom, Ramazani draws together twenty of his most insightful and important articles and book chapters, with a new introduction and afterword, which taken together offer compelling evidence that the United States and Iran will not go to war. The volume’s introduction outlines the origins of Ramazani’s early interest in Iran’s international role, which can be traced to the crushing effects of World War II on the country and Iran’s historic decision to free its oil industry from the British Empire. In the afterword, he discusses the reasons behind America’s poor understanding of Iranian foreign policy, articulates the fundamentals of his own approach to the study of Iran—including the nuclear dispute—and describes the major instruments behind Iran’s foreign efforts. Independence without Freedom will serve as a crucial resource for anyone interested in the factors and forces that drive Iranian behavior in world politics.
Posted in:

Confronting Iran

Confronting Iran is essential reading for anyone seeking to understand the past, present, and future of this frightening standoff."--BOOK JACKET.

Author: Ali M. Ansari

Publisher: Hurst Publishers

ISBN: 9781850658092

Category: Iran

Page: 280

View: 193

Download →

An expert on U.S.-Iranian relations explains the past, present, and possible future of the current American standoff with Iran.
Posted in:

The Crisis of the Iranian State

The Islamic Republic of Iran is facing an existential crisis.

Author: Ahmed Hashim

Publisher: International Inst of Strategic Studies

ISBN: STANFORD:36105016919081

Category: Political Science

Page: 80

View: 529

Download →

The Islamic Republic of Iran is facing an existential crisis. Increasingly unpopular with its own people, isolated, and friendless abroad, it is engaged in a struggle for survival. Nevertheless, as of the mid-1990s, Iran's weaknesses and turmoil have elicited little commentary from the outside world. This study looks at the acute threats and severe problems facing the rulers of Iran in the 1990s. It argues that the Republic entered the latter half of the 1990s faced with a conjunction of acute pressures threatening its political legitimacy, domestic stability, and national security.
Posted in: