Isaac Ibn Khalfun

A unique figure in medieval Jewish history, Isaac ibn Khalfun was a professional poet during the Golden Age of Hebrew poetry in Spain.

Author: Ann Brener

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004124152

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 191

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A unique figure in medieval Jewish history, Isaac ibn Khalfun was a professional poet during the Golden Age of Hebrew poetry in Spain. Like the Arabic poets of his day, Ibn Khalfun wandered throughout the Mediterranean east in search of wealthy patrons, writing panegyrics for those who complied, and witty, often pointed requests for payment from those who did not. His poems, which were not rediscovered until the twentieth century, are as fascinating for their literary quality as for the light which they shed on medieval Jewish society in the lands of Islam.
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Isaac Ibn Khalfun

Isaac ibn Khalfun (b. ca. 990) was one of the earliest of the "Golden Age" Hebrew poets in al-Andalus, and the only professional Hebrew poet known to us from this period.

Author: Ann Brener

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:44025682

Category:

Page: 232

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Ibn Khaldun

"--Francis Robinson, author of The Mughal Emperors "Questioning conventional views of Ibn Khaldun, this important book reflects Robert Irwin's deep knowledge and understanding of the medieval Muslim mind.

Author: Robert Irwin

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691197098

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 272

View: 450

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The definitive account of the life and thought of the medieval Arab genius who wrote the Muqaddima Ibn Khaldun (1332–1406) is generally regarded as the greatest intellectual ever to have appeared in the Arab world—a genius who ranks as one of the world's great minds. Yet the author of the Muqaddima, the most important study of history ever produced in the Islamic world, is not as well known as he should be, and his ideas are widely misunderstood. In this groundbreaking intellectual biography, Robert Irwin provides an engaging and authoritative account of Ibn Khaldun's extraordinary life, times, writings, and ideas.
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Arabic and Hebrew Love Poems in Al Andalus

Ibn Mar Shaul's contemporary, Isaac ibn Khalfun, likewise composed secular Hebrew poetry on the Arabic model and was among the first to earn his living this ...

Author: Shari Lowin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135131531

Category: History

Page: 328

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Arabic and Hebrew Love Poems in al-Andalus investigates a largely overlooked subset of Muslim and Jewish love poetry in medieval Spain: hetero- and homo-erotic love poems written by Muslim and Jewish religious scholars, in which the lover and his sensual experience of the beloved are compared to scriptural characters and storylines. This book examines the ways in which the scriptural referents fit in with, or differ from, the traditional Andalusian poetic conventions. The study then proceeds to compare the scriptural stories and characters as presented in the poems with their scriptural and exegetical sources. This new intertextual analysis reveals that the Jewish and Muslim scholar-poets utilized their sacred literature in their poems of desire as more than poetic ornamentation; in employing Qur’ānic heroes in their secular verses, the Muslim poets presented a justification of profane love and sanctification of erotic human passions. In the Hebrew lust poems, which utilize biblical heroes, we can detect subtle, subversive, and surprisingly placed interpretations of biblical accounts. Moving beyond the concern with literary history to challenge the traditional boundaries between secular and religious poetry, this book provides a new, multidisciplinary, approach to existing materials and will be of interest to students, scholars and researchers of Islamic and Jewish Studies as well as to those with an interest in Hebrew and Arabic poetry of Islamic Spain.
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Heresy and the Politics of Community

38 The work is called Masāʾil Ibn Bābshad, loosely, “The difficulties raised by Ibn ... see Anne Brener, Isaac ibn Khalfun: A Wandering Hebrew Poet of the ...

Author: Marina Rustow

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801455292

Category: History

Page: 472

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In a book with a bold new view of medieval Jewish history, written in a style accessible to nonspecialists and students as well as to scholars in the field, Marina Rustow changes our understanding of the origins and nature of heresy itself. Scholars have long believed that the Rabbanites and Qaraites, the two major Jewish groups under Islamic rule, split decisively in the tenth century and from that time forward the minority Qaraites were deemed a heretical sect. Qaraites affirmed a right to decide matters of Jewish law free from centuries of rabbinic interpretation; the Rabbanites, in turn, claimed an unbroken chain of scholarly tradition. Rustow draws heavily on the Cairo Geniza, a repository of papers found in a Rabbanite synagogue, to show that despite the often fierce arguments between the groups, they depended on each other for political and financial support and cooperated in both public and private life. This evidence of remarkable interchange leads Rustow to the conclusion that the accusation of heresy appeared sporadically, in specific contexts, and that the history of permanent schism was the invention of polemicists on both sides. Power shifted back and forth fluidly across what later commentators, particularly those invested in the rabbinic claim to exclusive authority, deemed to have been sharply drawn boundaries. Heresy and the Politics of Community paints a portrait of a more flexible medieval Eastern Mediterranean world than has previously been imagined and demonstrates a new understanding of the historical meanings of charges of heresy against communities of faith. Historians of premodern societies will find that, in her fresh approach to medieval Jewish and Islamic culture, Rustow illuminates a major issue in the history of religions.
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The Jewish People

Ibn) Ibn Jau, Jacob 168 Ihn Jau Joseph 168 Ibn Khalfun. Isaac Ibn Quraysh, Judah Ibn Rustam 165 Ibn Shuaib. Samuel hen Joel Ibn Verga, Solomon 256 Ibn Zur, ...

Author: Yohanan Aharoni

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9780826418869

Category: Religion

Page: 482

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This is the first atlas of its kind to document in such great detail the turbulent history of the Jewish people.
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Medieval Hebrew Poetry in Muslim Egypt

Another change apparently also took place in Muslim Spain; some poets (like Isaac ibn Khalfun) earned their livelihood from their poetry for the first time ...

Author: Joachim J.M.S. Yeshaya

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004191846

Category: Religion

Page: 364

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Offering an edition of secular poems taken from the earliest, fifteenth-century manuscript, this book seeks to evaluate Moses Darʿī’s poetry in the light of the Andalusian-Hebrew poetical tradition and within the context of Hebrew literary activity in the Muslim East.
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Medieval Jewish Civilization

... seems to have been influenced by a similar line in a poem of Ibn Khalfun. ... and was married to Isaac Ibn 'Ezra, son of the famous scholar Abraham.

Author: Norman Roth

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136771552

Category: History

Page: 726

View: 101

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This is the first encyclopedic work to focus exclusively on medieval Jewish civilization, from the fall of the Roman Empire to about 1492. The more than 150 alphabetically organized entries, written by scholars from around the world, include biographies, countries, events, social history, and religious concepts. The coverage is international, presenting people, culture, and events from various countries in Europe, Africa, and the Middle East. For a full list of entries and contributors, a generous selection of sample entries, and more, visit the Medieval Jewish Civilization: An Encyclopedia website.
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Iberian Jewish Literature

Medieval Arabic Praise Poetry: Ibn al-Rumi and the Patron's Redemption (London: ... inward ethical exhortation with panegyric; and Isaac Ibn Khalfun's ...

Author: Jonathan P. Decter

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 9780253116956

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 320

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This stimulating and graceful book explores Iberian Jewish attitudes toward cultural transition during the 12th and 13th centuries, when growing intolerance toward Jews in Islamic al-Andalus and the southward expansion of the Christian Reconquista led to the relocation of Jews from Islamic to Christian domains. By engaging literary topics such as imagery, structure, voice, landscape, and geography, Jonathan P. Decter traces attitudes toward transition that range from tenacious longing for the Islamic past to comfort in the Christian environment. Through comparison with Arabic and European vernacular literatures, Decter elucidates a medieval Hebrew poetics of estrangement and nostalgia, poetic responses to catastrophe, and the refraction of social issues in fictional narratives. Published with the generous support of the Koret Foundation.
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Studies in Medieval Jewish Poetry

... 42n7 Ibn Khafajah, Abu Ishaq Ibn Ibrahim Ibn Abu Al-Fath, 147 Ibn Khaldun ... 22n24, 23n26 Ibn Khalfun (Khalfon), Isaac (Yitzhaq), 13, 71-72, 74nl5, ...

Author: Alessandro Guetta

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004169319

Category: History

Page: 297

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Analysing well-known Hebrew medieval poets from a new, refreshing standpoint and focusing on less known authors and periods, this book shows the maturity of the research in this field. Written in English (and French) the articles make the Hebrew texts more easily available to scholars of comparative literature.
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His Pen and Ink Are a Powerful Mirror

This difference between Ibn Gabirol and the traditional exegetes also has to do with ... Isaac ibn Khalfun: AWandering Hebrew Poet of the Eleventh Century ...

Author:

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004407541

Category: History

Page: 382

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This volume is a collection of studies in the cultural history of al-Andalus in honor of Ross Brann on his 70th birthday.
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Power in the Portrayal

The Poems of Isaac ibn Ghiyyāt (Hebrew), ed. ... Rasa'il ibn hazm al-andalusi, 4 vols., ed. ... Ibn Khaldūn, Abū Zayd 'Abd al-Rahmān ibn Muhammad.

Author: Ross Brann

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 069114673X

Category: History

Page: 208

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Power in the Portrayal unveils a fresh and vital perspective on power relations in eleventh- and twelfth-century Muslim Spain as reflected in historical and literary texts of the period. Employing the methods of the new historical literary study in looking at a range of texts, Ross Brann reveals the paradoxical relations between the Andalusi Muslim and Jewish elites in an era when long periods of tolerance and respect were punctuated by outbreaks of tension and hostility. The examined Arabic texts reveal a fragmented perception of the Jew in eleventh-century al-Andalus. They depict seemingly contradictory figures at whose poles are an intelligent, skilled, and noble Jew deserving of homage and a vile, stupid, and fiendish enemy of God and Islam. For their part, the Hebrew and Judeo-Arabic texts display a deep-seated reluctance to portray Muslims in any light at all. Brann cogently demonstrates that these representations of Jews and Muslims--each of which is concerned with issues of sovereignty and the exercise of power--reflect the shifting, fluctuating, and ambivalent relations between elite members of two of the ethno-religious communities of al-Andalus. Brann's accessible prose is enriched by his splendid translations; the original texts are also included. This book is the first to study the construction of social meaning in Andalusi Arabic, Judeo-Arabic, and Hebrew literary texts and historical chronicles. The novel approach illuminates nuances of respect, disinterest, contempt, and hatred reflected in the relationship between Muslims and Jews in medieval Spain.
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Dominion Built of Praise

Brener, Isaac Ibn Khalfun, 158–59; Ibn Khalfün, Shirei Yishaq Ibn Khalfün, 8. Brener discusses the poem from a different perspective, 51–55. 81.

Author: Jonathan Decter

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 9780812295245

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

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A constant feature of Jewish culture in the medieval Mediterranean was the dedication of panegyric texts in Hebrew, Judeo-Arabic, and other languages to men of several ranks: scholars, communal leaders, courtiers, merchants, patrons, and poets. Although the imagery of nature and eroticism in the preludes to these poems is often studied, the substance of what follows is generally neglected, as it is perceived to be repetitive, obsequious, and less aesthetically interesting than other types of poetry from the period. In Dominion Built of Praise, Jonathan Decter demurs. As is the case with visual portraits, panegyrics operate according to a code of cultural norms that tell us at least as much about the society that produced them as the individuals they portray. Looking at the phenomenon of panegyric in Mediterranean Jewish culture from several overlapping perspectives—social, historical, ethical, poetic, political, and theological—he finds that they offer representations of Jewish political leadership as it varied across geographic area and evolved over time. Decter focuses his analysis primarily on Jewish centers in the Islamic Mediterranean between the tenth and thirteenth centuries and also includes a chapter on Jews in the Christian Mediterranean through the fifteenth century. He examines the hundreds of panegyrics that have survived: some copied repeatedly in luxurious anthologies, others discarded haphazardly in the Cairo Geniza. According to Decter, the poems extolled conventional character traits ascribed to leaders not only diachronically within the Jewish political tradition but also synchronically within Islamic and, to a lesser extent, Christian civilization and political culture. Dominion Built of Praise reveals more than a superficial and functional parallel between Muslim and Jewish forms of statecraft and demonstrates how ideas of Islamic political legitimacy profoundly shaped the ways in which Jews conceptualized and portrayed their own leadership.
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Classical Traditions and Modern Meanings

The earliest extant Hebrew qasidas are by Dunash and Isaac Ibn Khalfun , an older contemporary of Ismā'il Ibn Naghrāla . According to Moses Ibn Ezra , Ibn ...

Author: Stefan Sperl

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004102957

Category: Qasidas

Page: 532

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Iberian Moorings

Isaac ibn Ghiyāth . Poems ( Hebrew ) . Edited by Yonah David . Jerusalem : Akhshav , 1987 . Isaac ibn Khalfun , Poems ( Hebrew ) . Edited by Aharon Mirsky .

Author: Ross Brann

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 9780812297874

Category: History

Page: 240

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To Christians the Iberian Peninsula was Hispania, to Muslims al-Andalus, and to Jews Sefarad. As much as these were all names given to the same real place, the names also constituted ideas, and like all ideas, they have histories of their own. To some, al-Andalus and Sefarad were the subjects of conventional expressions of attachment to and pride in homeland of the universal sort displayed in other Islamic lands and Jewish communities; but other Muslim and Jewish political, literary, and religious actors variously developed the notion that al-Andalus or Sefarad, its inhabitants, and their culture were exceptional and destined to play a central role in the history of their peoples. In Iberian Moorings Ross Brann traces how al-Andalus and Sefarad were invested with special political, cultural, and historical significance across the Middle Ages. This is the first work to analyze the tropes of Andalusi and Sefardi exceptionalism in comparative perspective. Brann focuses on the social power of these tropes in Andalusi Islamic and Sefardi Jewish cultures from the tenth through the twelfth century and reflects on their enduring influence and its expressions in scholarship, literature, and film down to the present day.
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From Mesopotamia To Modernity

Ibn Tibbon, Samuel, 154, 160 Ibn Zabara, Joseph (of Barcelona), 155 Idumeans, ... 221 Isaac, 12, 13, 14, 144, 145 Isaac of Aire, 161 Isaac Ibn Khalfun, ...

Author: Burton Visotzky

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429968907

Category: History

Page: 280

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From Mesopotamia to Modernity is a one volume introduction to both Jewish history and literature from its earliest times up to the present. Leading experts in each field of Jewish history and literature contribute original and comprehensive essays introducing their subjects. Beginning readers will learn the rudiments for further study, and scholars will be refreshed by the balanced, yet challenging treatments found here.These introductory essays cover most major aspects of Jewish studies from the Bible and its time up to modern Judaism. The work is designed to serve undergraduate and graduate courses in Judaism as well as Church and Synagogue adult study courses. Ideal for reading groups, this work will lead readers to further study of the varied subjects considered. Each essay covers the basic field, be it in a given era of Jewish history or in a defined area of Jewish literature. Suggestions for further reading will assist the reader in moving beyond this volume to explore a given area in further detail. The introductions range from encyclopedic detail through elegiac essay and enthusiastic appreciation of the field considered. The authors hold positions in major academic institutions throughout the United States and Israel.
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Renewing the Past Reconfiguring Jewish Culture

Isaac ibn Khalfun , Shire R. Yişhaq ibn Khalfün , ed . Hayyim Schirmann and Hayyim Brody ( Jerusalem : Mosad Bialik , 1975 ) , Nemugoti be - darki ha ...

Author: University Of Pennsylvania Center For Advanced Jud

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812237420

Category: History

Page: 237

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Looking to contexts ranging from premodern Spain and Italy to nineteenth-century Russia, Germany, and America, the contributors to this volume explore the ways the political and intellectual aspirations of successive historical presents have repeatedly reshaped the forms and narratives of Jewish cultural memory.
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The Andalusi Literary and Intellectual Tradition

On Ibn Khalfūn, see Ann Brener, Isaac ibn Khalfun: A Wandering Hebrew Poet of the Eleventh Century (Leiden: Brill, 2003). 22. Abraham ibn Daūd, Sefer ...

Author: Sarah J. Pearce

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 9780253026019

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 278

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Beginning in 1172, Judah ibn Tibbon, who was called the father of Hebrew translators, wrote a letter to his son that was full of personal and professional guidance. The detailed letter, described as an ethical will, was revised through the years and offered a vivid picture of intellectual life among Andalusi elites exiled in the south of France after 1148. S. J. Pearce sets this letter into broader context and reads it as a document of literary practice and intellectual values. She reveals how ibn Tibbon, as a translator of philosophical and religious texts, explains how his son should make his way in the family business and how to operate, textually, within Arabic literary models even when writing for a non-Arabic audience. While the letter is also full of personal criticism and admonitions, Pearce shows ibn Tibbon making a powerful argument in favor of the continuation of Arabic as a prestige language for Andalusi Jewish readers and writers, even in exile outside of the Islamic world.
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