Islam, Peace and Social Justice

A Christian Perspective
Author: A. Christian Van Gorder
Publisher: James Clarke & Co
ISBN: 0227902009
Category: Religion
Page: 300
View: 8113
Our world is fraught with horrific expressions of violence and injustice, which are often justified by religious rhetoric. 'Islam, Peace, and Social Justice: A Christian Perspective' is a relevant, comprehensive, and empathetic examination of some of these social-justice challenges within the Muslim world. Sadly, many non-Muslims only learn about Muslim views on social-justice issues from biased and inaccurate media portrayals. This book, written by a non-Muslim friend of Muslims, offers a more sympathetic and nuanced treatment, focusing especially on points of convergence and divergence between Islam and Christianity and exploring ways in which social-justice partnerships can be forged between adherents of these two great faith traditions. The book is filled with concrete and specific examples - often quoting directly from the Qur'an and the Bible as well as the newspaper - and is practical in its approach rather than loftily sermonic. The work seeks above all to foster more substantive and constructive contexts of interfaith dialogue and action for the purposes of addressing injustice.

Unholy War

Terror in the Name of Islam
Author: John L. Esposito
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199840229
Category: Political Science
Page: 208
View: 7526
The September 11 attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon left us stunned, angry, and uncomprehending. As it became clear that these horrifying acts had been committed in the name of religion, the media, the government, and ordinary citizens alike sought answers to questions about Islam and its adherents. In this level-headed and authoritative book, John L. Esposito, one of the world's most respected scholars of political Islam, provides answers. He clearly and carefully explains the teachings of Islam--the Quran, the example of the Prophet, Islamic law--about jihad or holy war, the use of violence, and terrorism. He chronicles the rise of extremist groups and examines their frightening worldview and tactics. Anti-Americanism (and anti-Europeanism), he shows, is a broad-based phenomenon that cuts across Arab and Muslim societies. It is not just driven by religious zealotry, but by frustration and anger at U.S. policy. It is vital to understand, however, that the vast majority of Muslims are appalled by the acts of violence committed in the name of their faith. It is essential that we distinguish between the religion of Islam and the actions of extremists like Osama bin Laden, who hijack Islamic discourse and belief to justify their acts of terrorism. This brief, clear-sighted book reflects twenty years of study, reflection, and experience on the part of a scholar who is equally respected in the West and in the Muslim world. It will prove to be the best single guide to the urgent questions that have recently forced themselves on the attention of the entire world.

Indonesia's Fundamental Efforts in Building Abiding Peace and Social Justice

Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
Category: Indonesia
Page: 55
View: 1065

Sayyid Qutb

The Life and Legacy of a Radical Islamic Intellectual
Author: James Toth
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199969604
Category: Religion
Page: 432
View: 6021
Sayyid Qutb is widely considered the guiding intellectual of radical Islam, with a direct line connecting him to Osama bin Laden. But Qutb has too often been treated maliciously or reductively-"the Philosopher of Islamic Terror," as Paul Berman famously put it in the New York Times Magazine. James Toth offers an even-handed account of Sayyid Qutb and shows him to be a much more complex figure than the many one-dimensional portraits would have us believe. Qutb first gained notice as a novelist, literary critic, and poet but then turned to religious and political criticism aimed at the Egyptian government and Muslims he deemed insufficiently pious. After a two-year sojourn in the U.S., he returned to Egypt even more radicalized and joined the Muslim Brotherhood, eventually taking charge of its propaganda operation. When Brotherhood members were accused of assassinating Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser, the group was outlawed and Qutb imprisoned. He was executed in 1966, becoming the first martyr to the Islamist cause. Using an analytical approach that investigates without passing judgment, Toth traces the life and thought of Qutb, giving attention not only to his well-known Signposts on the Road, but also to his less-studied works like Social Justice in Islam and his 30-volume Qur'anic commentary, In the Shade of the Qur'an. Toth's aim is to give Qutb's ideas a fair hearing, to measure their impact, and to treat him like other intellectuals who inspire revolutions, however unpopular they may be. In offering a more nuanced account of Qutb, one that moves beyond the cartoonish depictions of him as the evil genius lurking behind today's terrorists, Sayyid Qutb deepens our understanding of a central figure of radical Islam and, indeed, our understanding of radical Islam itself.

Conflict, Identity, and Reform in the Muslim World

Challenges for U.S. Engagement
Author: Daniel Brumberg,Dina Shehata
Publisher: US Institute of Peace Press
ISBN: 1601270208
Category: Political Science
Page: 491
View: 8564
Conflict, Identity, and Reform in the Muslim World highlights the challenges that escalating identity conflicts within Muslim-majority states pose for both the Muslim world and for the West, an issue that has received scant attention in policy and academic circles.

Secularism Confronts Islam

Author: Olivier Roy
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231511795
Category: Political Science
Page: 144
View: 7636
The denunciation of fundamentalism in France, embodied in the law against the veil and the deportation of imams, has shifted into a systematic attack on all Muslims and Islam. This hostility is rooted in the belief that Islam cannot be integrated into French and, consequently, secular and liberal-society. However, as Olivier Roy makes clear in this book, Muslim intellectuals have made it possible for Muslims to live concretely in a secularized world while maintaining the identity of a "true believer." They have formulated a language that recognizes two spaces: that of religion and that of secular society. Western society is unable to recognize this process, Roy argues, because of a cultural bias that assumes religious practice is embedded within a specific, traditional culture that must be either erased entirely or forced to coexist in a neutral, multicultural space. Instead, Roy shows that new forms of religiosity, such as Islamic fundamentalism and Christian evangelicalism, have come to thrive in post-traditional, secular contexts precisely because they remain detached from any cultural background. In recognizing this, Roy recasts the debate concerning Islam and democracy. Analyzing the French case in particular, in which the tension between Islam and the conception of Western secularism is exacerbated, Roy makes important distinctions between Arab and non-Arab Muslims, hegemony and tolerance, and the role of the umma and the sharia in Muslim religious life. He pits Muslim religious revivalism against similar movements in the West, such as evangelical Protestantism and Jehovah's Witnesses, and refutes the myth of a single "Muslim community" by detailing different groups and their inability to overcome their differences. Roy's rare portrait of the realities of immigrant Muslim life offers a necessary alternative to the popular specter of an "Islamic threat." Supporting his arguments with his extensive research on Islamic history, sociology, and politics, Roy brilliantly demonstrates the limits of our understanding of contemporary Islamic religious practice in the West and the role of Islam as a screen onto which Western societies project their own identity crisis.

Islam and Peace

Interpretation/exegesis of religious sources
Author: Pascal Gemperli
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3638662543
Page: 88
View: 3564
Vordiplomarbeit aus dem Jahr 2005 im Fachbereich Politik - Internationale Politik - Thema: Frieden und Konflikte, Sicherheit, Note: gut, FernUniversitat Hagen (Frieden und Demokratie), 32 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: There is not one Islam. There is one holy book, the Quran, which causes many different effects, peaceful and bellicose ones. Obviously and consensual Al-Qaida and despotic political regimes do not contribute to world peace. On the other hand we have very peaceful Muslim individuals and states like Malasya. Apparently it will not be possible to conclude definitely whether Islam is peaceful or bellicose, or anything between. This essay rather tries to analise the capacity for peace of Islam. Due to the actual spread between peaceful and bellicose Muslim unities (individuals and groups or states) and the fact that history influenced and influences Islam, this study aims to analise at the roots of Islam. Therefore three main sources, unaffected by historical or other influences, are used: the Quran, the Sunna1 and the constitution of Medina. Accepting the Islamic principle that the Prophet Mohammed get revelation directly from God and therefore can not be wrong one can assume that all his actions and sayings were purely Islamic. After an overview what God in Islamic perception is and if and how Islamic sources can be interpreted we will analise the peacefulness of Islam by comparing Islamic values and principles to the civilising hexagon from Dieter Senghaas."

War and Peace in Islam

A Critique of Islamic/ist Political Discourses
Author: SM Farid Mirbagheri
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137001313
Category: Political Science
Page: 214
View: 2568
Mirbagheri traces the revival of Islamic/ist movements, and embarks on a theoretical study of some of the fundamental concepts in Islam and International Relations such as the self, Jihad, peace and universalism. Contemporary cases of conflict in the Middle East are analysed to pose a challenge to the universalist discourse of Western liberalism.

Through Humanity to Peace

Second World Red Cross and Red Crescent Conference on Peace, Aaland/Stockholm, September 2-7, 1984 : Report on the Conference
Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
Category: Peace
Page: 166
View: 1801

The Militarization of the Persian Gulf

An Economic Analysis
Author: Hossein Askari,Amin Mohseni,Shahrzad Daneshvar
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 184980186X
Category: Political Science
Page: 192
View: 2878
The Persian Gulf is arguably the most militarized region in the world. The authors of this insightful book examine military expenditures, arms imports and military deployment to analyze how and why this came to be. Muslim teachings have much to say about peace, war and economics, and this book explores the ways in which Islamic thought affects military and economic developments. The authors find that heavy militarization is the result of a combination of factors, including oil wealth disparities among the countries in the region, high oil revenues, corruption and foreign interference. The authors detail and discuss these factors, and follow this analysis with an assessment of the effects of high military expenditures wars, conflicts, regional instability and their heavy economic toll in retarding development and growth. The book concludes by suggesting ways that military expenditures may be reduced to benefit regional peace, stability and economic prosperity. Scholars and students in economics, political science and international affairs as well as anyone interested in the Middle East will find this book timely and illuminating.

Social Justice in Islam

Author: Deina Abdelkader
Publisher: IIIT
ISBN: 1565642686
Category: Religion
Page: 216
View: 9456
Western theoretical approaches of modernization, development, social progress and interaction, have failed to understand the dynamics of the Islamic revival. Deina Abdelkader, in this seminal work argues that questions of social justice are indelibly tied to the phenomenon of contemporary Islamic resurgence as the quest for social justice is in fact motivated by the Shari’ah- hence an integral part of Islamic life and weltan-shauung. Using the two tools of maqasid and maslahah, and through the examination of the dialectical link between fiqh and reality, the author shows their indispensability as important methodological tools for the study of the social sciences and, indeed, of social phenomena.

Oil and Water

Two Faiths : One God
Author: Amir Hussain
Publisher: Wood Lake Publishing Inc.
ISBN: 1896836828
Category: Religion
Page: 224
View: 4498
Listen to any news broadcast today and the message comes through loud and clear: Islam is a religion of violence and behind every Muslim there lurks a potential terrorist. Islam is a threat to values of the Christian West. They are like oil and water. Clearly, they don't mix. Oil & Water: Two Faiths One God confronts these popular perceptions head-on. With keen insight and gentle understanding, it explores the differences between Christianity and Islam, as well as the many things these two enduring faith traditions hold in common - including, first and foremost, their belief in and desire to be faithful to the one, true God; their shared roots and scripture (from the Jewish faith); and the spiritual values of peace and social justice. Written for Christians by Muslim world-religions scholar Amir Hussain, the book is divided into two parts. Part 1, provides an overview of the Islamic faith and of the lives of Muslims in North America today. Chapters focus on the place and identity of Muslims in society, as well as on the importance and role of Muhammad, the Qur'an, and basic beliefs and practices (The Five Pillars of Islam). Having provided a foundation for understanding, the book moves on, in Part 2, to explore key points for dialogue today, including issues of violence and jihad, the roles of women and men, and the mystical tradition within Islam. The final two chapters look at interfaith dialogue and the practical aspects of being good "neighbours." In all of this, the book invites the reader to a place of reconciliation, to a place where the truth and value of each of these great faith traditions can be recognized and honoured by the other. In the end, the metaphor of oil and water is an interesting one for the reality of conflict and the hope for reconciliation between Islam and Christianity today.

The Heart of Islam

Enduring Values for Humanity
Author: Seyyed Hossein Nasr
Publisher: Zondervan
ISBN: 9780061746604
Category: Religion
Page: 352
View: 3938
As the specter of religious extremism has become a fact of life today, the temptation is great to allow the evil actions and perspectives of a minority to represent an entire tradition. In the case of Islam, there has been much recent confusion in the Western world centered on distorted portrayals of its core values. Born of ignorance, such confusion feeds the very problem at hand. In The Heart of Islam one of the great intellectual figures in Islamic history offers a timely presentation of the core spiritual and social values of Islam: peace, compassion, social justice, and respect for the other. Seizing this unique moment in history to reflect on the essence of his tradition, Seyyed Hossein Nasr seeks to "open a spiritual and intellectual space for mutual understanding." Exploring Islamic values in scripture, traditional sources, and history, he also shows their clear counterparts in the Jewish and Christian traditions, revealing the common ground of the Abrahamic faiths. Nasr challenges members of the world's civilizations to stop demonizing others while identifying themselves with pure goodness and to turn instead to a deeper understanding of those shared values that can solve the acute problems facing humanity today. "Muslims must ask themselves what went wrong within their own societies," he writes, "but the West must also pose the same question about itself . . . whether we are Muslims, Jews, Christians, or even secularists, whether we live in the Islamic world or in the West, we are in need of meaning in our lives, of ethical norms to guide our actions, of a vision that would allow us to live at peace with each other and with the rest of God's creation." Such help, he believes, lies at the heart of every religion and can lead the followers of the Abrahamic religions (Judaism, Christianity, and Islam) as well as other religious and spiritual traditions to a new future of mutual respect and common global purpose. The Heart of Islam is a landmark presentation of enduring value that offers hope to humanity, and a compelling portrait of the beauty and appeal of the faith of 1.2 billion people.

Islam and Development

Exploring the Invisible Aid Economy
Author: Dr David Tittensor,Professor Matthew Clarke
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1409470822
Category: Religion
Page: 208
View: 1382
The study of Islam since the advent of 9/11 has made a significant resurgence. However, much of the work produced since then has tended to focus on the movements that not only provide aid to their fellow Muslims, but also have political and at times violent agendas. This tendency has led to a dearth of research on the wider Muslim aid and development scene. Focusing on the role and impact of Islam and Islamic Faith Based Organisations (FBOs), an arena that has come to be regarded by some as the 'invisible aid economy', Islam and Development considers Islamic theology and its application to development and how Islamic teaching is actualized in case studies of Muslim FBOs. It brings together contributions from the disciplines of theology, sociology, politics and economics, aiming both to raise awareness and to function as a corrective step within the development studies literature.

Postmodernism and Islam

Predicament and Promise
Author: Akbar S. Ahmed
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134924178
Category: History
Page: 304
View: 5103
Can West and East ever understand each other? In this extraordinary book one of the world's leading Muslim scholars explores an area which has which has been almost entirely neglected by scholars in the field - the area of postmodernism and Islam. This landmark work is startling, constantly perceptive and certain to be debated for years to come.

Islam and Warfare

Context and Compatibility with International Law
Author: Onder Bakircioglu
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134091702
Category: Law
Page: 212
View: 4459
The question of how Islamic law regulates the notions of just recourse to and just conduct in war has long been the topic of heated controversy, and is often subject to oversimplification in scholarship and journalism. This book traces the rationale for aggression within the Islamic tradition, and assesses the meaning and evolution of the contentious concept of jihad. The book reveals that there has never been a unified position on what Islamic warfare tangibly entails, due to the complexity of relevant sources and discordant historical dynamics that have shaped the contours of jihad. Onder Bakircioglu advocates a dynamic reading of Islamic law and military tradition; one which prioritises the demands of contemporary international relations and considers the meaning and application of jihad as contingent on the socio-political forces of each historical epoch. This book will be of great interest to scholars and students of international law, Islamic law, war and security studies, and the law of armed conflict.

The Language of Diversity

Restoration Toward Peace and Unity
Author: Mary Alice Trent,Trevor Grizzle,Andrew Lang
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443809012
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 355
View: 8712
The Language of Diversity is an orchestrated effort of twenty-eight contributing authors, an editor, and three co-editors across the United States and Canada, and the stellar list includes bestselling authors, scholars, academicians, businessmen, theologians, and healthcare providers. Steeped in the Christian worldview, the twenty-five essays are sectioned off into three areas. Section One is comprised of seven essays, which focus on topics that bridge the gap among racial, cultural, and religious differences in an effort to bring about a greater awareness of human diversity and civil charity. The five essays in Section Two examine interfaith relations among Christians, Muslims, and Mormons respectively. The selections provide a serious examination of the tenets of these faiths and pose many challenges among diverse faith-goers. Section Three entails thirteen essays that challenge readers to stretch behind the comforts of their boundaries to probe topics such as education and race; gender and hiring practices in higher education; the Christian church and race relations; implementation of a nursing practicum with a culturally-diverse perspective; a campaign to train credible business leaders in a global culture; etc.

The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Religion and Social Justice

Author: Michael D. Palmer,Stanley M. Burgess
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444355376
Category: Religion
Page: 664
View: 9842
The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Religion and Social Justice brings together a team of distinguished scholars to provide a comprehensive and comparative account of social justice in the major religious traditions. The first publication to offer a comparative study of social justice for each of the major world religions, exploring viewpoints within Christianity, Islam, Judaism, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Confucianism Offers a unique and enlightening volume for those studying religion and social justice - a crucially important subject within the history of religion, and a significant area of academic study in the field Brings together the beliefs of individual traditions in a comprehensive, explanatory, and informative style All essays are newly-commissioned and written by eminent scholars in the field Benefits from a distinctive four-part organization, with sections on major religions; religious movements and themes; indigenous people; and issues of social justice, from colonialism to civil rights, and AIDS through to environmental concerns

War and Peace in Islam

Seminar Proceedings February 2002
Author: Delhi Policy Group
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9788187206033
Category: War
Page: 256
View: 2544