Islamic Politics, Muslim States, and Counterterrorism Tensions


Author: Peter Henne
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108210910
Category: Political Science
Page: N.A
View: 1300
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The US Global War on Terror and earlier US counterterrorism efforts prompted a variety of responses from Muslim states despite widespread Islamic opposition. Some cooperated extensively, some balked at US policy priorities, and others vacillated between these extremes. This book explains how differing religion-state relationships, regimes' political calculations, and Islamic politics combined to produce patterns of tensions and cooperation between the United States and Muslim states over counterterrorism, using rigorous quantitative analysis and case studies of Pakistan, the United Arab Emirates, and Turkey. The book combines recent advances in the study of political institutions with work on religion and politics to advance a novel theory of religion and international relations that will be of value to anyone studying religion, terrorism, or Islamic politics. It also provides numerous insights into current events in the Middle East by extending its analysis to the Arab Spring and the rise of the Islamic State.

Die Wut der arabischen Welt

warum der jahrhundertelange Konflikt zwischen dem Islam und dem Westen weiter eskaliert
Author: Bernard Lewis
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 9783593373430
Category: Islam
Page: 192
View: 7006
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Guter Moslem, böser Moslem

Amerika und die Wurzeln des Terrors
Author: Mahmood Mamdani
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783894014759
Category: Afghanistan
Page: 317
View: 2588
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"Der in Uganda geborene Sohn indischer Einwanderer, heute Professor an der Columbia Universität in New York, schreibt über religiösen Fundamentalismus und seine politischen Auswirkungen. Er wendet sich gegen die Vorstellung vom "Clash of civilizations" zwischen dem Islam und dem Westen und schildert, wie die "Achse des Bösen" aus den von den US-Amerikanern geförderten antikommunistischen Stellvertreterkriegen nach der Niederlage in Vietnam entstand. In diesem Buch-protegiert von Edward Said-zeigt sich Mamdani als leidenschaftlicher Häretiker."

Der Schattenkrieg

Israel und die geheimen Tötungskommandos des Mossad - Ein SPIEGEL-Buch
Author: Ronen Bergman
Publisher: DVA
ISBN: 3641095158
Category: History
Page: 864
View: 7218
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Von der Staatsgründung Israels bis heute - die erste umfassende Geschichte der geheimen Tötungskommandos des Mossad Mordanschläge, die dem israelischen Geheimdienst Mossad zugeschrieben werden, sorgen immer wieder für Aufsehen. Doch über die Hintergründe dieser Aktionen war bislang kaum etwas bekannt. In seinem packend geschriebenen Enthüllungsbuch deckt der israelische Geheimdienstexperte Ronen Bergman nun erstmals die ganze Dimension eines Schattenkriegs auf, der seit Jahrzehnten im Geheimen ausgetragen wird. Er beschreibt die Erfolge und Misserfolge der zum Teil unbekannten Attentate, benennt Opfer, Täter und Verantwortliche und fragt, welchen Preis Staat und Gesellschaft in Israel für ihre Sicherheit bezahlen.

Saudi Arabia: Islamic Threat, Political reform, and the Global War on Terror


Author: N.A
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 1428910115
Category:
Page: 72
View: 8808
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U.S. foreign policy and the domestic concerns of Middle Eastern states are influencing the pursuit of the global war on terror in the Middle East. A close view of Saudi Arabia reveals the complex interaction of these forces. The U.S. relationship with Saudi Arabia and the global war on terror are important challenges to the U.S. administration that have region-wide ramifications. Saudi Arabia has been facing down Islamist insurgency along with other challenges since September 11, 2001 and with even more urgency since May 2OO3. The Kingdom clearly remains a major political and economic force in the region. The income from its vast oil resources primarily has funded its strong influence, and the Kingdom has, in turn sponsored poorer developing Arab nations. Furthermore, its Islamic influence has been apparent in the broader Muslim world, and the United States has maintained a strong relationship with the Kingdom for many decades.

The Princeton Encyclopedia of Islamic Political Thought


Author: Gerhard Bowering,Patricia Crone,Mahan Mirza,Wadad Kadi,Muhammad Qasim Zaman,Devin J. Stewart
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691134847
Category: Philosophy
Page: 656
View: 3725
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"In 2012, the year 1433 of the Muslim calendar, the Islamic population throughout the world was estimated at approximately a billion and a half, representing about one-fifth of humanity. In geographical terms, Islam occupies the center of the world, stretching like a big belt across the globe from east to west."--P. vii.

Counter-Terrorism and State Political Violence

The 'war on Terror' as Terror
Author: Scott Poynting
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415607205
Category: History
Page: 252
View: 2801
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This edited volume aims to deepen our understanding of state power through a series of case studies of political violence arising from state ‘counter-terrorism’ strategies. The book examines how state counter-terrorism strategies are invariably underpinned by terror, in the form of state political violence. It seeks to answer three key questions: To what extent can counter-terror strategies be read as a form of state terror? How fundamental is state terror to the maintenance of a neo-liberal social order? What are the features of counter-terrorism that render it so easily reducible to state terror? In order to explore these issues, and to reach an understanding of what it means to say that the ‘war on terror’ is terror , the contributing authors draw upon case studies from a range of geographical contexts including the UK and Northern Ireland, the US and Colombia, and Sri Lanka and Tamil Eelam. Analysing these case studies from a psychological-warfare and hegemonic perspective, the book also includes two chapters from Noam Chomsky and John Pilger, which provide a global and historical context. This book will be of great interest to students of critical terrorism studies, political violence, war and conflict studies, sociology, international security and IR.

Unterwerfung

Roman
Author: Michel Houellebecq
Publisher: Dumont Buchverlag
ISBN: 3832188371
Category: Fiction
Page: 272
View: 2244
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Es ist vielleicht der umstrittenste Roman des letzten Jahres: ›Unterwerfung‹ handelt vom Zusammenprall der Kulturen und stellt Fragen zum Verhältnis von Orient und Okzident, von Judentum, Islam und Christentum – Fragen, die heute so relevant sind wie nie. Goncourt-Preisträger Michel Houellebecq präsentiert sich als furchtloser Gesellschaftsdenker, der die bestimmenden Spannungsverhältnisse unserer Epoche mit großer Ernsthaftigkeit – und zugleich mit virtuoser Ironie – ausdeutet. Er erzählt in ›Unterwerfung‹ die Geschichte des Literaturwissenschaftlers François. Der Akademiker forscht im Frankreich einer sehr nahen Zukunft zu dem dekadenten Schriftsteller Huysmans, der ihn sein Leben lang fasziniert. Zugleich verfolgt er die Ereignisse um die anstehende Präsidentschaftswahl: Während es dem charismatischen Kandidaten der Bruderschaft der Muslime gelingt, immer mehr Stimmen auf sich zu vereinigen, kommt es in der Hauptstadt zu tumultartigen Ausschreitungen. Als schließlich ein Bürgerkrieg unabwendbar scheint, verlässt François Paris ohne ein bestimmtes Ziel. Es ist der Beginn einer Reise in sein Inneres.

Political Islam and Violence in Indonesia


Author: Zachary Abuza
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134161255
Category: Political Science
Page: 176
View: 8146
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Political Islam and Violence in Indonesia presents a penetrating new investigation of religious radicalism in the largest Muslim country in the world. Indonesia is a country long known for its diversity and tolerant brand of Islam. However, since the fall of Suharto, a more intolerant form of Islam has been growing, one whose adherents have carried out terrorist attacks, waged sectarian war, and voiced strident anti-Western rhetoric. Zachary Abuza’s unique analysis of radical Islam draws upon primary documents such as Jemaah Islamiyah’s operations manual, interviews, and recorded testimonies of politicians, religious figures, and known militants, as well as personal interviews with numerous security and intelligence experts in Indonesia and elsewhere, to paint a picture at once guardedly optimistic about the future of Indonesian democracy and concerned about the increasing role of conservative and radical Islam in Indonesian society. This book will be of great interest to students of Indonesian politics, Asian studies, political violence and security studies in general.

Religion and the Politics of Peace and Conflict


Author: Linda Hogan,Dylan Lehrke
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1630878235
Category: Religion
Page: 262
View: 7059
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The connections between religion and violence are complex and multifaceted. From the conflicts in Middle East and the Balkans to those in Southeast Asia and beyond, religion frames and legitimates political violence. Moreover, in international relations since 9/11, religious language and metaphors have acquired a new significance. In this context the emerging consensus appears to be not only that violence is intrinsic to religion, but also that religions incite, legitimate, and intensify political violence. However, such an unambiguous indictment of religions is incomplete in that it fails both to appreciate significant counter examples and to recognize the diversity that exists within religions on the issue of violence, particularly the religious roots of pacifism and the ethics of non-violence. This collection explores aspects of this ambivalence between religion and violence. It focuses on traditions of legitimation and pacifism within the three monotheistic religions: Judaism, Christianity and Islam, and concludes with an examination of this ambivalence as it unfolds in each tradition's engagement with the politics of gender.

Islam, Security and Television News


Author: C. Flood,S. Hutchings,G. Miazhevich,H. Nickels
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137006889
Category: Performing Arts
Page: 302
View: 341
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Focusing on British, French and Russian television news coverage of Islam as a security threat, this book provides the first comparative account of how television broadcasting in different geo- and socio-political environments integrates discourses on Islam into nationally oriented, representational systems.

Al Qaeda, the Islamic State, and the Global Jihadist Movement

What Everyone Needs to Know
Author: Daniel Byman
Publisher: What Everyone Needs to Know
ISBN: 019021726X
Category: Political Science
Page: 284
View: 6510
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On the morning of September 11, 2001, the entire world was introduced to Al Qaeda and its enigmatic leader, Osama bin Laden. But the organization that changed the face of terrorism forever and unleashed a whirlwind of counterterrorism activity and two major wars had been on the scene long before that eventful morning. In Al Qaeda, the Islamic State, and the Global Jihadist Movement: What Everyone Needs to Know, Daniel L. Byman, an eminent scholar of Middle East terrorism and international security who served on the 9/11 Commission, provides a sharp and concise overview of Al Qaeda, from its humble origins in the mountains of Afghanistan to the present, explaining its perseverance and adaptation since 9/11 and the limits of U.S. and allied counterterrorism efforts. The organization that would come to be known as Al Qaeda traces its roots to the anti-Soviet jihad in Afghanistan in the 1980s. Founded as the Soviets withdrew from Afghanistan, Al Qaeda achieved a degree of international notoriety with a series of spectacular attacks in the 1990s; however, it was the dramatic assaults on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon on 9/11 that truly launched Al Qaeda onto the global stage. The attacks endowed the organization with world-historical importance and provoked an overwhelming counterattack by the United States and other western countries. Within a year of 9/11, the core of Al Qaeda had been chased out of Afghanistan and into a variety of refuges across the Muslim world. Splinter groups and franchised offshoots were active in the 2000s in countries like Pakistan, Iraq, and Yemen, but by early 2011, after more than a decade of relentless counterterrorism efforts by the United States and other Western military and intelligence services, most felt that Al Qaeda's moment had passed. With the death of Osama bin Laden in May of that year, many predicted that Al Qaeda was in its death throes. Shockingly, Al Qaeda has staged a remarkable comeback in the last few years. In almost every conflict in the Muslim world, from portions of the Xanjing region in northwest China to the African subcontinent, Al Qaeda franchises or like-minded groups have played a role. Al Qaeda's extreme Salafist ideology continues to appeal to radicalized Sunni Muslims throughout the world, and it has successfully altered its organizational structure so that it can both weather America's enduring full-spectrum assault and tailor its message to specific audiences. Authoritative and highly readable, Byman's account offers readers insightful and penetrating answers to the fundamental questions about Al Qaeda: who they are, where they came from, where they're going-and, perhaps most critically-what we can do about it.

The European Union

Expand, Shrink Or Status Quo
Author: Bianca C. Hostetler
Publisher: Nova Publishers
ISBN: 9781600211638
Category: Political Science
Page: 173
View: 720
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The primary focus of the chapters presented in this book is the European Union. The EU is a treaty-based, institutional framework that defines and manages economic and political co-operation among its 25 member states (Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom). The Union represents the latest stage in a process of European integration begun after World War II to promote peace and economic prosperity in Europe. This European integration project has evolved from encompassing primarily economic sectors to include developing a common foreign policy and closer police and judicial co-operation. With the end of the Cold War, the Union has also sought to extend the political and economic benefits of membership, especially to central and eastern Europe. This book examines the Union's expectations of the future, and the relationships that it has with countries in other parts of the world.

Burn Out

Der Klimawandel und das Endspiel der fossilen Brennstoffe
Author: Dieter Helm
Publisher: Langen Mueller Herbig
ISBN: 378443486X
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 352
View: 9390
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Niedrige Ölpreise erschüttern die Weltwirtschaft. Der renommierte Energieexperte Dieter Helm erklärt, warum diese und besonders technologische Veränderungen unzweifelhaft ankündigen, dass das Zeitalter der fossilen Brennstoffe zu Ende geht. In seinem neuen provokativen Buch weist er nach, dass neue Technologien wie die Nanotechnologie die Nachfrage nach Öl, Gas und Kohle unaufhaltsam reduzieren – und dies schneller und effektiver als das in den Entscheidungszentren von Politik und Wirtschaft gedacht wird. Energiekonzerne und Erdöl exportierende Länder werden die Verlierer dieser Entwicklungen sein, während Staaten, die in neue Technologien investieren, als Sieger im geopolitischen Spiel dastehen könnten. Wie sollen Regierungen und Unternehmen reagieren? Dieter Helms Ratschläge sind radikal und überraschend, denn wir stehen am Beginn eines neuen Energiezeitalters. Mit einem Vorwort von Günther Oettinger.

Terror und Liberalismus


Author: Paul Berman
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783434505792
Category: Liberalism
Page: 265
View: 9065
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Der Islam im europäischen Denken

Essays
Author: Albert Hourani
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 3105619526
Category: Literary Collections
Page: 264
View: 7484
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Diese Essays des großen Orientalisten Albert Hourani, der mit seiner ›Geschichte der arabischen Völker‹ in Deutschland einen großen Erfolg feierte, dienen dem Verständnis zwischen Europa und den arabischen Ländern. Sie sind in der Zeit der Spannung zwischen dem Islam und dem Westen ein wichtiger Beitrag zur Aufklärung beider Seiten. (Dieser Text bezieht sich auf eine frühere Ausgabe.)

Counter-Terrorism

Community-Based Approaches to Preventing Terror Crime
Author: B. Spalek
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137009527
Category: Social Science
Page: 209
View: 8792
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This book examines community-based approaches to counter-terrorism through an analysis of the notions of community, partnership, engagement, gender and religion in order to shed new light on the potential of, and drawbacks to these approaches. Dr. Spalek stresses the need for policy makers and practitioners to reflect on the effectiveness of the initiatives that they are engaged with, particularly in relation to how community-targeted or community-focused they are.

Die Prinzipien von Staat und Regierung im Islam


Author: Muhammad Asad
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783941910034
Category:
Page: 158
View: 7289
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