During the twenty years of Mussolini's rule a huge number of travel texts were written of journeys made during the interwar period to the sacred sites of Fascist Italy, Mussolini's newly conquered African empire, Spain during the Civil War, Nazi Germany, Communist Russia and the America of the New Deal. Examining these observations by writers and journalists, the author throws new light on the evolving ideology of Fascism, how it was experienced and propagated by prominent figures of the time; how the regime created a utopian vision of the Roman past and the imperial future; and how it interpreted the attractions and dangers of other totalitarian cultures. The book helps gain a better understanding of the evolving concepts of imperialism, which were at the heart of Italian Fascism, and thus shows that travel writing can offer an important contribution to historical analysis.
Solari started his string of articles with a piece entitled ' Journey through Germany ' ( 1938a ) . His travels in the country continued through the winter and into the beginning of 1939 with excursions to the Ruhr , Frankfurt and ...
Author: Charles Burdett
Publisher: Berghahn Books
This unique collection of essays, edited by leading Woolf scholar, brings together for the first time a serious consideration of Virginia Woolf's writing within the political context of fascism. Virginia Woolf and Fascism probes Woolf's fiction and non-fiction from Mrs. Dalloway in 1927 to Between the Acts , 1941, for her responses not only to the growing menaces of dictators abroad, but also to mounting evidence of fascist ideology at home in England. The essays present a portrait of Woolf as a woman writer who was politically engaged, and actively protesting against a worldview which aggressively targeted women for oppression.
Woolf's multiple journeys through fascist Italy in the late 1920s and early and mid-1930s greatly influenced her feminist political thinking.2 Her experience of Mussolini's Italy is registered in these terms in A Room of One's Own ...
Author: Merry Pawlowski
Ruth Ben-Ghiat provides the first in-depth study of feature and documentary films produced under the auspices of Mussolini’s government that took as their subjects or settings Italy’s African and Balkan colonies. These "empire films" were Italy's entry into an international market for the exotic. The films engaged its most experienced and cosmopolitan directors (Augusto Genina, Mario Camerini) as well as new filmmakers (Roberto Rossellini) who would make their marks in the postwar years. Ben-Ghiat sees these films as part of the aesthetic development that would lead to neo-realism. Shot in Libya, Somalia, and Ethiopia, these movies reinforced Fascist racial and labor policies and were largely forgotten after the war. Ben-Ghiat restores them to Italian and international film history in this gripping account of empire, war, and the cinema of dictatorship.
An Intimate History of Killing: Face-to-Face Killing in Twentieth Century Warfare. London: Granta, 1998. ... Journeys through Fascism: Italian Travel Writing between the Wars. New York and Oxford: Berghahn Books, 2007.
Author: Ruth Ben-Ghiat
Publisher: Indiana University Press
An examination of why and how Fascist Italy sought to increase its influence in the Middle East, and why Italian efforts ultimately failed. Offering fresh insights into Fascist Italy's foreign and colonial policies, this book makes an important contribution to the complex history of relations between Europe and the Arab world.
C. Burdett, Journeys through Fascism (New York and Oxford: Berghahn, 2007), pp. 26-33. “Sionismo', Rassegna Nazionale, XLVIII, vol. LI (1926), pp 233–4. R. Cohen, Saving the Holy Sepulchre: How Rival Christians Came Together to Rescue ...
Author: N. Arielli
This book studies travel writing produced by French authors between the two World Wars following visits to authoritarian regimes in Europe and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). It sheds new light on the phenomenon of French political travel in this period by considering the well-documented appeal of Soviet communism for French intellectuals alongside their interest in other radical regimes which have been much less studied: fascist Italy, the Iberian dictatorships and Nazi Germany. Through analyses of the travel writing produced as a result of such visits, the book gauges the appeal of these forms of authoritarianism for inter-war French intellectuals from a broad political spectrum. It examines not only those whose political sympathies with the extreme right or extreme left were already publicly known, but also non-aligned intellectuals who were interested in political models that offered an apparently radical alternative to the French Third Republic. This study shows how travel writing provided a space for reflection on the lessons France might learn from the radical political experiments of the inter-war years. It argues that such writing can usefully be read as a form of utopian thinking, distinguishing this from colloquial understandings of utopia as an ideal location. Utopianism is understood neither as a fantasy ungrounded in the real nor as a dangerously totalitarian ideal, but, in line with Karl Mannheim, Paul Ricœur, and Ruth Levitas, as a form of non-congruence with the real that it seeks to transcend. The utopianism of French political travel writing is seen to lie not in the attempt to portray the destination visited as utopia, but rather in the pursuit of a dialogue with radical political alterity.
59 Burdett, Journeys through Fascism, p. 2. 60 Kimberley J. Healey, The Modernist Traveler: French Detours, 1900–1930 (Lincoln and London: University of Nebraska Press, 2003), p. 73. 61 This contrasts starkly with Benjamin's first ...
Author: Martyn Cornick
Category: Literary Criticism
About the Nazi attempt to destroy Rome's Jewish community.
Italians of every creed fought side by side . There was no racism in 1935 , no Jewish question in the kingdom of Italy . The leaders of the Jews could feel the throb of Fascist society and call it theirs . It was , after all , their own ...
Author: Robert Katz
Publisher: Macmillan Publishing Company
"Compelling" - Daily Telegraph "Fascinating" - The Spectator The events that took place in Germany between 1919 and 1945 were dramatic and terrible but there were also moments of confusion, of doubt - of hope. How easy was it to know what was actually going on, to grasp the essence of National Socialism, to remain untouched by the propaganda or predict the Holocaust? Travellers in the Third Reich is an extraordinary history of the rise of the Nazis based on fascinating first-hand accounts, drawing together a multitude of voices and stories, including students, politicians, musicians, diplomats, schoolchildren, communists, scholars, athletes, poets, journalists, fascists, artists, tourists, even celebrities like Charles Lindbergh and Samuel Beckett. Their experiences create a remarkable three dimensional picture of Germany under Hitler - one so palpable that the reader will feel, hear, even breathe the atmosphere. These are the accidental eyewitnesses to history. Disturbing, absurd, moving, and ranging from the deeply trivial to the deeply tragic, their tales give a fresh insight into the complexities of the Third Reich, its paradoxes and its ultimate destruction.
Synopsis coming soon.......
Author: Julia Boyd
Publisher: Elliott & Thompson
From then on until 1945 , the defeat of Nazism and Fascism became a major concern in my life . As a twenty - one - year - old student , I went in February 1934 a to Vienna to help the Social Democrats in the Austrian civil war in their ...
Author: Joseph Kruzel
Publisher: Free Press
Category: Biography & Autobiography
No innocents . All were part of a fifth column . ' “ You are losing credibility , sir . Back home , people are asking questions . Like having fought fascism in Europe , why the heck are we helping to establish it in South America ?
Author: Moris Farhi
Category: Art restorers
Will to Freedom is an eyewitness account of the social and political upheaval that shook Eastern Europe from the mid-1930s to the mid-1960s. As an underground resistance fighter, political prisoner, fugitive, and Communist Party official, Egon Balas charts his journey from idealistic young Communist to disenchanted dissident. Attracted by its anti-Nazi stance, Balas joined the Hungarian Communist Party in 1942, after Hungary had entered the war on Hitler’s side. He helped organize work stoppages and distributed antiwar leaflets. In his memoir, he offers a compelling account first of his eventual imprisonment and ordeal under torture and then of his escape and life in hiding. Later, Balas rose to high positions in postwar Romania. Arrested again, this time by the Communist authorities, he spent two years in solitary confinement. Unbroken, he was released after Stalin's death but was never forgiven for his refusal co cooperate in the staging of a show trial. Disenchanted with the regime, Balas started a new life as a self-educated applied mathematician and, after several unsuccessful attempts, was finally able to leave Romania as a Jewish emigrant in the mid-sixties.
Will to Freedom is an eyewitness account of the social and political upheaval that shook Eastern Europe from the mid-1930s to the mid-1960s.
Author: Egon Balas
Publisher: Syracuse University Press
Category: Biography & Autobiography