“We tried to live with 120 percent intensity, rather than waiting for death. We read and read, trying to understand why we had to die in our early twenties. We felt the clock ticking away towards our death, every sound of the clock shortening our lives.” So wrote Irokawa Daikichi, one of the many kamikaze pilots, or tokkotai, who faced almost certain death in the futile military operations conducted by Japan at the end of World War II. This moving history presents diaries and correspondence left by members of the tokkotai and other Japanese student soldiers who perished during the war. Outside of Japan, these kamikaze pilots were considered unbridled fanatics and chauvinists who willingly sacrificed their lives for the emperor. But the writings explored here by Emiko Ohnuki-Tierney clearly and eloquently speak otherwise. A significant number of the kamikaze were university students who were drafted and forced to volunteer for this desperate military operation. Such young men were the intellectual elite of modern Japan: steeped in the classics and major works of philosophy, they took Descartes’ “I think, therefore I am” as their motto. And in their diaries and correspondence, as Ohnuki-Tierney shows, these student soldiers wrote long and often heartbreaking soliloquies in which they poured out their anguish and fear, expressed profound ambivalence toward the war, and articulated thoughtful opposition to their nation’s imperialism. A salutary correction to the many caricatures of the kamikaze, this poignant work will be essential to anyone interested in the history of Japan and World War II.
A salutary correction to the many caricatures of the kamikaze, this poignant work will be essential to anyone interested in the history of Japan and World War II.
Author: Emiko Ohnuki-Tierney
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Category: Social Science
In this brand new publication from eminent historian Peter C. Smith, we are regaled with the engaging and often incredibly disturbing history of the Kamikaze tradition in Japanese culture. Tracing its history right back to the original Divine Wind (major natural typhoons) that saved Japan from invaders in ancient history, Smith explores the subsequent resurrection of the cult of the warrior in the late nineteenth century. He then follows this tradition through into the Second World War, describing the many Kamikaze suicide attacks carried out by the Emperor's pilots against Allied naval vessels in the closing stages of the Pacific campaign.??These pilots were at the mercy of an overriding cultural tradition that demanded death over defeat, capture or perceived shame. Despite often being under-trained and ill-prepared psychologically for the sacrifices they were about to make, they were nonetheless expected to make them. The dedication of sacrifice for the Emperor and the Nation is explored by dissecting the traces left behind by these pilots. Smith provides a detailed look at the heartbreak of the pilot's families and the men themselves, the notes they left and the effects on those who did not share their philosophy. The views of individuals under attack are also included in this balanced history.??Countless attacks carried out over the Philippine Islands (including the sinking of the St Lo) are analyzed and the Okinawa campaign is afforded particularly strong coverage, with the sinking of HMAS Australia explored in detail. The collective sacrifice is then summed up, with reflections from survivors on both sides appraising events in a humane historical context. A detailed appendices then follows, featuring units formed, sorties mounted, ships sunk and damages inflicted.
Even such a one as this professed in his last days that he 'was greatly honoured
to be chosen as a Kamikaze pilot. ... Ōhnuki-Tierney, Emiko, Kamikaze Diaries:
Reflections of Japanese Student Soldiers, Chicago: 2006, University of Chicago
Author: Peter C Smiyh
Publisher: Pen and Sword
"This book details more than 400 kamikaze attacks performed by Japanese aircraft, manned torpedoes, suicide boats and suicide swimmers against U.S. ships during World War II. Part One focuses on the traditions, development and history. Part Two details the kamikaze attacks on ships. Appendices list all of the U.S. ships suffering kamikaze attacks"--Provided by publisher.
Ohnuki-Tierney, Emiko. Kamikaze, Cherry Blossoms, and Nationalisms: The
Militarization of Aesthetics in Japanese History. Chicago: University of Chicago
Press, 2002. _____. Kamikaze Diaries: Reflections of Japanese Student Soldiers
Author: Robin L. Rielly
Is suicide wrong, profoundly morally wrong? Almost always wrong, but excusable in a few cases? Sometimes morally permissible? Imprudent, but not wrong? Is it sick, a matter of mental illness? Is it a private matter or a largely social one? Could it sometimes be right, or a "noble duty," or even a fundamental human right? Whether it is called "suicide" or not, what role may a person play in the end of his or her own life? This collection of primary sources--the principal texts of ethical interest from major writers in western and nonwestern cultures, from the principal religious traditions, and from oral cultures where observer reports of traditional practices are available, spanning Europe, Asia, the Middle East, Africa, Oceania, the Arctic, and North and South America--facilitates exploration of many controversial practical issues: physician-assisted suicide or aid-in-dying; suicide in social or political protest; self-sacrifice and martyrdom; suicides of honor or loyalty; religious and ritual practices that lead to death, including sati or widow-burning, hara-kiri, and sallekhana, or fasting unto death; and suicide bombings, kamikaze missions, jihad, and other tactical and military suicides. This collection has no interest in taking sides in controversies about the ethics of suicide; rather, rather, it serves to expand the character of these debates, by showing them to be multi-dimensional, a complex and vital part of human ethical thought.
175–185. emiko ohnuki-Tierney, Kamikaze Diaries: Reflections of Japanese
Student Soldiers (University of Chicago Press, 2006), pp. xvii, 10-11, 39, 52, 65-
66, 72, 78-79, 84. quotations and paraphrases in the introductory note are also
Author: Margaret Pabst Battin
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
The Business of Martyrdom is the only comprehensive history of suicide bombing from its origins in Imperial Russia to the present day. It makes use of a framework from the history and philosophy of technology to explain the diffusion and evolution of suicide bombing over the past several decades. It is primarily a work of synthesis meant to reach a broad audience and endeavors to integrate as much of the recent scholarly literature as possible, including reconciling explanatory mechanisms that seem to be at odds with one another. In addition, this book is able to draw on very recent changes in suicide bombing in the years 2008-2010 that allow it to have a slightly different perspective than earlier studies. For the first time the global number of suicide attacks has declined significantly for three years in a row. This book therefore has the advantage of addressing the phenomenon of suicide bombing as a bounded phenomenon with limits to its growth and diffusion. To this point the impression that suicide bombers are the smartest bombs yet created has been widespread but confined to the area of metaphor. Drawing well-established ideas from the history of technology, The Business of Martyrdom argues that the metaphor should be taken literally. Suicide bombing is a technology that has been invented and re-invented at different times in different areas but always for the same purpose: resolving a mismatch in military capabilities between antagonists by utilizing the available cultural and human resources. Over the past several years, analysts have produced a large number of monographs and articles examining suicide bombing. The best contributions in this new and growing literature have shed considerable light on the complexity of suicide bombing in practice, particularly regarding the structure of the organizations that deploy suicide bombers and the relationships between these organizations and the recruits whom they utilize in their attacks. Nevertheless, nagging inconsistencies and questions remain. These inconsistencies can be explained by examining suicide bombing as a technological system that integrates human beings, cultures, and devices and directs them toward specific ends. Such an analysis requires that neither the individual bombers nor their sponsoring organizations be the basic unit of discussion. Instead, the bombers must be understood as components within a much larger system that has been shaped by a host of social, cultural, and operational constraints throughout its existence. Integrating insights from the historical analysis of other technological systems with the recent literature specifically devoted to suicide bombing therefore allows The Business of Martyrdom to develop a fuller understanding of suicide bombing as a unified yet diverse phenomenon
Translated andquotedinOhnukiTierney, Kamikaze Diaries, 84; translatedand
quotedin ChristophReuter, My Life Is a Weapon: A Modern History ofSuicide
Bombing, trans. Helena RaggKirkby (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press,
Author: Jeffrey Lewis
Publisher: Naval Institute Press
Category: Political Science
The attack on Pearl Harbor, which precipitated the Greater East Asia War and its initial triumphs, aroused pride and a host of other emotions among the Japanese people. Yet the single year in which Japanese forces occupied territory from Alaska to Indonesia was followed by three years of terrible defeat. Nevertheless, until the shattering end of the war, many Japanese continued to believe in the invincibility of their country. But in the diaries of well-known writers including Nagai Kafu, Takami Jun, Yamada Futaru, and Hirabayashi Taiko and the scholar Watanabe Kazuo, varying doubts were vividly, though privately, expressed. Donald Keene, renowned scholar of Japan, selects from these diaries, some written by authors he knew well. Their revelations were sometimes poignant, sometimes shocking to Keene. Ito Sei's fervent patriotism and even claims of racial superiority stand in stark contrast to the soft-spoken, kindly man Keene knew. Weaving archival materials with personal recollections and the intimate accounts themselves, Keene reproduces the passions aroused during the war and the sharply contrasting reactions in the year following Japan's surrender. Whether detailed or fragmentary, these entries communicate the reality of false victory and all-too-real defeat.
Samuel Hideo Yamashita translated eleven wartime diaries by people of widely
different professions and ages in Leaves from an Autumn of Emergencies. Etsuko
Ohnuki-Tierney published translations of excerpts from the diaries of kamikaze ...
Author: Donald Keene
Publisher: Columbia University Press
The internment of Japanese-Americans during the Second World War was a landmark in American jurisprudence. One hundred twenty thousand Japanese, the majority of whom were American citizens, were forcibly removed from the west coast of the United States because of their race. I was one of the 120,000 internees, but was only seven years of age when interned and ten when I returned to California. I was too young to fully appreciate the historic scope of the incarceration of American citizens simply because of their national origin. This awakening came later. My parents were able to keep me from fully realizing my situation, and protected me from the feeling of helplessness that would have come with a better understanding of what had happened to us.
... command and given a few short hours of flight training. In her remarkable book,
“Kamikaze Diaries”, Emiko Ohnuki Tierney beautifully describes the anguish and
doubt many of these “volunteers” expressed in letters home to their parents.
Author: Paul M. Okimoto
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
Category: Biography & Autobiography
What do Socrates, Hypatia, Giordano Bruno, Thomas More, and Jan Patocka have in common? First, they were all faced one day with the most difficult of choices: stay faithful to your ideas and die or renounce them and stay alive. Second, they all chose to die. Their spectacular deaths have become not only an integral part of their biographies, but are also inseparable from their work. A "death for ideas" is a piece of philosophical work in its own right; Socrates may have never written a line, but his death is one of the greatest philosophical best-sellers of all time. Dying for Ideas explores the limit-situation in which philosophers find themselves when the only means of persuasion they can use is their own dying bodies and the public spectacle of their death. The book tells the story of the philosopher's encounter with death as seen from several angles: the tradition of philosophy as an art of living; the body as the site of self-transcending; death as a classical philosophical topic; taming death and self-fashioning; finally, the philosophers' scapegoating and their live performance of a martyr's death, followed by apotheosis and disappearance into myth. While rooted in the history of philosophy, Dying for Ideas is an exercise in breaking disciplinary boundaries. This is a book about Socrates and Heidegger, but also about Gandhi's "fasting unto death" and self-immolation; about Girard and Passolini, and self-fashioning and the art of the essay.
Kamikaze, Cherry Blossoms, and Nationalisms. The Militarization of Aesthetics in
Japanese History (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2002) —Kamikaze
Diaries. Reflections of Japanese Student Soldiers (Chicago: University of
Author: Costica Bradatan
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
This book describes what molecular imaging is, how it developed, what are its basic principles, and what it has told us and can tell us about the chemistry of the human brain. Everyone today is conscious of the fact that there is chemistry going on in the brain, and that it is affected by widely used pharmaceuticals and illicit drugs. This book will elucidate these topics in an interesting, historical and philosophical way. The book is a valuable reference resource for all those in nuclear medicine and radiology as well the educated general public.
Oncethe operationhadbeen conceived and ordered, it would have been
unthinkable and shameful not tocarryit out” (Kamikaze Diaries: Reflections of
Japanese Student Soldiers, Emiko OhnukiTierney, Universityof ChicagoPress,
Author: Henry N. Wagner
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Why did almost one thousand highly educated "student soldiers" volunteer to serve in Japan's tokkotai (kamikaze) operations near the end of World War II, even though Japan was losing the war? In this fascinating study of the role of symbolism and aesthetics in totalitarian ideology, Emiko Ohnuki-Tierney shows how the state manipulated the time-honored Japanese symbol of the cherry blossom to convince people that it was their honor to "die like beautiful falling cherry petals" for the emperor. Drawing on diaries never before published in English, Ohnuki-Tierney describes these young men's agonies and even defiance against the imperial ideology. Passionately devoted to cosmopolitan intellectual traditions, the pilots saw the cherry blossom not in militaristic terms, but as a symbol of the painful beauty and unresolved ambiguities of their tragically brief lives. Using Japan as an example, the author breaks new ground in the understanding of symbolic communication, nationalism, and totalitarian ideologies and their execution.
I suspect that many more works were read on the days whose entries were not
included in the diaries. About seventy diary entries were omitted because the
references were too abbreviated or cryptic to identify the work being discussed.
Author: Emiko Ohnuki-Tierney
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
"Describes first-hand accounts of World War II from those who lived through it"--Provided by publisher.
Norman, Elizabeth M. We Band of Angels: The Untold Story of American Nurses
Trapped on Bataan by the Japanese. New York: Random House, 1999. Ohnuki-
Tierney, Emiko. Kamikaze Diaries: Reflections of Japanese Student Soldiers.
Author: Lois Miner Huey
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
With Flags of Our Fathers (2006) and Letters from Iwo Jima (2006), Clint Eastwood made a unique contribution to film history, being the first director to make two films about the same event. Eastwood's films examine the battle over Iwo Jima from two nations' perspectives, in two languages, and embody a passionate view on conflict, enemies, and heroes. Together these works tell the story behind one of history's most famous photographs, Leo Rosenthal's "Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima." In this volume, international scholars in political science and film, literary, and cultural studies undertake multifaceted investigations into how Eastwood's diptych reflects war today. Fifteen essays explore the intersection among war films, American history, and Japanese patriotism. They present global attitudes toward war memories, icons, and heroism while offering new perspectives on cinema, photography, journalism, ethics, propaganda, war strategy, leadership, and the war on terror.
____ (2006) Kamikaze Diaries: Reflections of Japanese Student Soldiers.
Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Perez, Gilberto (1998) The Material Ghost.
Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. Wheeler, Richard (1994 [1994, first ...
Author: Anne Gjelsvik
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Category: Performing Arts
Includes section "Reviews".
In Kamikaze Diaries Ohnuki - Tierney warns us about facile political use of the
kamikaze image as seen in the aftermath of 9 . 11 , when representations of the “
Kamikaze became the Ur - model for suicide bombers ” ( p . xv ) . She asserts that
Category: Civilization, Oriental
Even after recognizing the great differences between the circumstances of 1945
and 2001 , I believe that the kamikaze diaries give us our best insight into the
state of mind of the young men who caused us such grievous harm in 2001.
Category: Religion and politics
Ohnuki - Tierney , Emiko : Kamikaze Diaries : Reflections of Japanese Student
Soldiers . Chicago : University of Chicago Press , 2006. 227 pp . Reviewed by :
Kirby Farrell ( University of Massachusetts , Amherst ) Kamikaze Diaries analyzes
New from Chicago Reflectioss of launo Nude Sober uki Time Kamikaze Diaries
Reflections of Japanese Student Soldiers Emiko Ohnuki - Tierney “ Ohnuki -
Tierney ' s latest book provides an elegant translation and masterly interpretation
Category: Electronic journals
Juliet B . Schor , author of Born to Buy : The Commercialized Child and the New
Consumer Culture Kamikaze Diaries Reflections of Japanese Student Soldiers
Emiko Ohnuki - Tierney " These painful and deeply moving letters and diary ...
Category: Book clubs (Discussion groups)
Set against the frenzied world of heavy metal superstardom, the co-founder of legendary Motley Crue offers an unflinching and gripping look at his own descent into drug addiction. When Motley Crue were at the height of their fame, there wasn't a drug Nikki Sixx wouldn't do. He spent days - sometimes alone, sometimes with others addicts, friends and lovers - in a coke- and heroin-fuelled daze. THE HEROIN DIARIES reveals Nikki's personal diary entries alongside commentary from the people who know Nikki best including band mates Tommy, Vince and Mick. The book is a candid look at a nightmare come true: a punishing heroin addiction that brought Nikki to the edge of losing his talent, his career, his family and finally to a near-fatal overdose which left him clinically dead for a few minutes before being revived. Brutally honest, utterly riveting and shockingly moving, THE HEROIN DIARIES follows Nikki during the year he plunged to rock bottom and his courageous decision to pick himself up and start living again.
We wore our helmets backwards and acted like kamikaze pilots. I haven't
laughed so hard in a long time. We took some pictures...I can't wait to get them
developed. OK, I gotta take a shower (it's been over a week) and go to this boat
for some ...
Author: Nikki Sixx
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
Category: Biography & Autobiography
The omnipresence and popularity of American consumer products in Japan have triggered an avalanche of writing shedding light on different aspects of this cross-cultural relationship. Cultural interactions are often accompanied by the term cultural imperialism, a concept that on close scrutiny turns out to be a hasty oversimplification given the contemporary cultural interaction between the U.S. and Japan. »Embracing Differences« shows that this assumption of a one-sided transfer is no longer valid. Closely investigating Disney theme parks, sushi, as well as movies, Iris-Aya Laemmerhirt reveals a dialogical exchange between these two nations that has changed the image of Japan in the United States.
... Kamikaze Diaries 27-58 ) : One of the meanings attached to the image of
falling cherry blossom is their association with the glory of the samurai and their
willingness to sacrifice their life for the Emperor ( Ohnuki - Tierney , Kamikaze
Author: Iris-Aya Laemmerhirt
Publisher: Transcript Verlag
Category: Literary Criticism
Key decisions and events of the Pacific War are explored in this work by juxtaposing Allied and Japanese accounts, giving voice to both sides in this epic confrontation. Competing Voices from the Pacific War: Fighting Words covers the period from July 1937 to September 1945, touching briefly on the post-war Allied occupation of Japan. Although it emphasizes American and Japanese accounts, it also includes perspectives from other nations. Materials covering political and strategic issues, the experiences of combatants and prisoners of war, the experiences of civilians caught up in the various war zones, and the impact of the war on the various home fronts, are also included. By including a range of primary sources representing the experiences and views of participants and commentators of all sides and setting them in their historical contexts, this unique anthology promotes an understanding of the Pacific War, the events that led up to it, and its legacies. Alongside sources that reflect traditional military history, material that considers the war from the perspective of the "new military history" is also included. * Primary source documents enable student research and learning * Expert commentary puts the documents and events they cover in perspective * Excerpts from the media as well as letters, diaries, and speeches put a personal face on the war * Presents eyewitness accounts to bring aspects of the war vividly alive
The Concord Review , 7 ( 1996 ) , 175 - 209 ; Emiko Ohnuki - Tierney , Kamikaze
Diaries : Reflections of Japanese Student Soldiers ( Chicago : University of
Chicago Press , 2006 ) and Albert Axell and Hideaki Kase , Kamikaze : Japan ' s
Author: Sean Brawley