Attitudes to Language


Author: Peter Garrett
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139486829
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: N.A
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Just about everyone seems to have views about language. Language attitudes and language ideologies permeate our daily lives. Our competence, intelligence, friendliness, trustworthiness, social status, group memberships, and so on, are often judged from the way we communicate. Even the speed at which we speak can evoke reactions. And we often try to anticipate such judgements as we communicate. In this lively introduction, Peter Garrett draws upon research carried out over recent decades in order to discuss such attitudes and the implications they have for our use of language, for social advantage or discrimination, and for social identity. Using a range of examples that includes punctuation, words, grammar, pronunciation, accents, dialects and languages, this book explores the intricate and fascinating ways in which language influences our everyday thoughts, feelings and behaviour.

Handbuch Sprache und Wissen


Author: Ekkehard Felder,Andreas Gardt
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110295970
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 580
View: 9795
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Der Eröffnungsband der Reihe Handbücher Sprachwissen (HSW) zeigt unter dem Titel Sprache und Wissen die Relevanz der Sprache als Zeichensystem für die Konstitution von Wissen und ihre Anwendung in vielfältigen gesellschaftlichen Wissensdomänen und Handlungsfeldern. Analog zur Gesamtkonzeption der Reihe umfasst das Handbuch einen sprachsystematischen Teil, in dem Einzelphänomene in den Blick genommen werden: Laut, Gebärde, Buchstabe; Wort und Wortschatz; Satz, Äußerung, Schema; Text und Gespräch; Diskurs. Auch historische und multimodale Zusammenhänge werden berücksichtigt, zugleich das sprachkritische Urteil der Öffentlichkeit. Daneben zielt eine anwendungsbezogene Zugangsweise auf Sprache im konkreten Gebrauch in zentralen gesellschaftlichen Zusammenhängen: Medizin; Recht; Wirtschaft; Organisationen; Naturwissenschaft, Technik und Mathematik; Kunst; Literatur; Religionen; Politik und Gesellschaft; urbaner Raum sowie Bildung. Dabei ist der Zugriff am sprachlichen Phänomen, nicht an disziplinären Zugängen orientiert. Nicht zuletzt dadurch bietet das Handbuch Studierenden, Dozenten und Forschern der Sprachwissenschaften, aber auch sprachlich Interessierten anderer Disziplinen grundlegendes Orientierungswissen.

Language Attitudes and Identities in Multilingual China

A Linguistic Ethnography
Author: Sihua Liang
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319126199
Category: Education
Page: 202
View: 9926
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These in-depth case studies provide novel insights in to the fast-changing language situation in multilingual China, and how it changes the meanings of language identity and language learning. This linguistic ethnographic study of language attitudes and identities in contemporary China in the era of multilingualism provides a comprehensive and critical review of the state of the art in the field of language-attitude research, and situates attitudes towards Chinese regional dialects in their social, historical as well as local contexts. The role of language policies and the links between the interactional phenomena and other contextual factors are investigated through the multi-level analysis of linguistic ethnographic data. This study captures the long-term language socialisation process and the moment-to-moment construction of language attitudes at a level of detail that is rarely seen. The narrative is presented in a highly readable style, without compromising the theoretical sophistication and sociolinguistic complexities.

Language Regard

Methods, Variation and Change
Author: Betsy E. Evans,Erica J. Benson,James Stanford
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316731987
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: N.A
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Bringing together a team of renowned international scholars, this volume provides a wide-ranging collection of historical and state-of-the-art perspectives on language regard, particularly in the context of language variation and language change, and importantly, highlights the range of new methodologies being used by linguists to explore and evaluate it. The importance of language regard to the inquiry of language variation and change in the field of sociolinguistics is increasingly being recognized, yet misunderstandings about its nature and importance continue to exist. This volume provides scholars and students of sociolinguistics, with the tools and theory to pursue such inquiry. Contributions and research come from Europe, North America, and Asia, and language varieties such as Spanish, Dutch, Danish, and American Sign Language are discussed.

Enregisterment

Zur Sozialen Bedeutung Sprachlicher Variation
Author: Lieselotte Anderwald,Jarich Hoekstra
Publisher: Peter Lang Gmbh, Internationaler Verlag Der Wissenschaften
ISBN: 9783631679036
Category:
Page: 232
View: 2326
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Die Beitrage wenden die Konzepte Enregisterment, Kommodifizierung, geordnete Indexikalitat und Linguistic Landscapes auf verschiedene sprachliche Gegebenheiten an. Die zehn Beitrage beschaftigen sich mit Englisch, Deutsch, Norwegisch, Franzosisch und Spanisch und zeigen die soziale Bedeutung von sprachlicher Variation auf.

Perceptual Dialectology


Author: Christina Ada Anders
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110227517
Category: Foreign Language Study
Page: 449
View: 8694
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Perceptual dialectology is concerned with subjective, non-specialist, naive perspectives of German and the role they play in day-to-day social interaction. What do non-specialists in linguistics think about dialects and their speakers? What cognitive maps do they have of these dialects? What attitudes do they have towards the dialects and their speakers? Do non-specialists in linguistics associate particular features with the dialects or perceive them in a special way? The book contains the latest research findings on this subject."

Language and Identity

An introduction
Author: John Edwards
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139483285
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: N.A
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The language we use forms an important part of our sense of who we are - of our identity. This book outlines the relationship between our identity as members of groups - ethnic, national, religious and gender - and the language varieties important to each group. What is a language? What is a dialect? Are there such things as language 'rights'? Must every national group have its own unique language? How have languages, large and small, been used to spread religious ideas? Why have particular religious and linguistic 'markers' been so central, singly or in combination, to the ways in which we think about ourselves and others? Using a rich variety of examples, the book highlights the linkages among languages, dialects and identities, with special attention given to religious, ethnic and national allegiances.

Historische Sprachwissenschaft als philologische Kulturwissenschaft


Author: Elmar Eggert,Angela Schrott
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISBN: 3847004476
Category: Fiction
Page: 691
View: 4223
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Sprache und Geist

mit einem Anhang: Linguistik und Politik
Author: Noam Chomsky
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783518276198
Category: Psycholinguistics
Page: 188
View: 3763
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Das Neue Leben


Author: Dante Alighieri
Publisher: FV Éditions
ISBN: N.A
Category: Fiction
Page: 72
View: 2037
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In diesem Meisterwerk der Literatur, Dante beschreibt seine tragische Liebe für Beatrice.

Language Attrition


Author: Monika S. Schmid
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139496425
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: N.A
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'Language attrition' describes the loss of, or changes to, grammatical and other features of a language as a result of declining use by speakers who have changed their linguistic environment and language habits. In such a situation there may, for example, be simplification in the tense system or in certain properties of subordinate clauses; some vocabulary items might fall into disuse and phonetic features may be restructured. These changes can be affected by features of the speaker's environment, but also by his or her attitudes and processes of identification. This book provides a detailed and up-to-date introduction to the way in which language attrition can affect language, as well as to the extra- and sociolinguistic features involved. It also familiarizes the reader with experimental approaches to attrition and data analysis techniques and provides hands-on guidelines on how to apply them.

The Handbook of Historical Sociolinguistics


Author: Juan Manuel Hernández-Campoy,Juan Camilo Conde-Silvestre
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111825726X
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 704
View: 8998
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Written by an international team of leading scholars, this groundbreaking reference work explores the nature of language change and diffusion, and paves the way for future research in this rapidly expanding interdisciplinary field. Features 35 newly-written essays from internationally acclaimed experts that reflect the growth and vitality of the burgeoning area of historical sociolinguistics Examines how sociolinguistic theoretical models, methods, findings, and expertise can be used to reconstruct a language's past in order to explain linguistic changes and developments Bridges the gap between the past and the present in linguistic studies Structured thematically into sections exploring: origins and theoretical assumptions; methods for the sociolinguistic study of the history of languages; linguistic and extra-linguistic variables; historical dialectology, language contact and diffusion; and attitudes to language

Language and Linguistic Diversity in the US

An Introduction
Author: Susan Tamasi,Lamont Antieau
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136579052
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 380
View: 1108
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This highly engaging textbook presents a linguistic view of the history, society, and culture of the United States. It discusses the many languages and forms of language that have been used in the US – including standard and nonstandard forms of English, creoles, Native American languages, and immigrant languages from across the globe – and shows how this distribution and diversity of languages has helped shape and define America as well as an American identity. The volume introduces the basic concepts of sociolinguistics and the politics of language through cohesive, up-to-date and accessible coverage of such key topics as dialectal development and the role of English as the majority language, controversies concerning language use in society, languages other than English used in the US, and the policies that have directly or indirectly influenced language use. These topics are presented in such a way that students can examine the inherent diversity of the communicative systems used in the United States as both a form of cultural enrichment and as the basis for socio-political conflict. The author team outlines the different viewpoints on contemporary issues surrounding language in the US and contextualizes these issues within linguistic facts, to help students think critically and formulate logical discussions. To provide opportunities for further examination and debate, chapters are organized around key misconceptions or questions ("I don't have an accent" or "Immigrants don't want to learn English"), bringing them to the forefront for readers to address directly. Language and Linguistic Diversity in the US is a fresh and unique take on a widely taught topic. It is ideal for students from a variety of disciplines or with no prior knowledge of the field, and a useful text for introductory courses on language in the US, American English, language variation, language ideology, and sociolinguistics.

Sociolinguistics / Soziolinguistik


Author: Ulrich Ammon
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110194104
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 897
View: 4645
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The series Handbooks of Linguistics and Communication Science is designed to illuminate a field which not only includes general linguistics and the study of linguistics as applied to specific languages, but also covers those more recent areas which have developed from the increasing body of research into the manifold forms of communicative action and interaction.

Language and Ethnicity


Author: Carmen Fought
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139458175
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: N.A
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What is ethnicity? Is there a 'white' way of speaking? Why do people sometimes borrow features of another ethnic group's language? Why do we sometimes hear an accent that isn't there? This lively overview, first published in 2006, reveals the fascinating relationship between language and ethnic identity, exploring the crucial role it plays in both revealing a speaker's ethnicity and helping to construct it. Drawing on research from a range of ethnic groups around the world, it shows how language contributes to the social and psychological processes involved in the formation of ethnic identity, exploring both the linguistic features of ethnic language varieties and also the ways in which language is used by different ethnic groups. Complete with discussion questions and a glossary, Language and Ethnicity will be welcomed by students and researchers in sociolinguistics, as well as anybody interested in ethnic issues, language and education, inter-ethnic communication, and the relationship between language and identity.

Bildung auf einen Blick 2012

OECD-Indikatoren
Author: OECD
Publisher: W. Bertelsmann Verlag
ISBN: 3763950907
Category: Education
Page: 688
View: 2807
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Welche Bildungssysteme sind effizient? Was kann man von der Bildungspolitik anderer Länder lernen? Die aktuelle Ausgabe der Studie ermöglicht jedem Land, sein eigenes Bildungssystem im Verhältnis zu anderen Ländern zu betrachten: OECD-Indikatoren vergleichen die Bildungsniveaus und Bedingungen für Bildung der OECD-Länder untereinander. Sie erfassen, wer sich am Bildungswesen beteiligt, was dafür aufgewendet wird, wie Bildungssysteme operieren und welche Ergebnisse sie erzielen. Vom Vergleich von Schülerleistungen in Schlüsselfächern über den Zusammenhang zwischen Abschlüssen und Einkommen bis hin zu den Aufwendungen für Bildung und den Arbeitsbedingungen für Pädagogen legt die Studie umfassendes statistisches Material vor.

The Sociolinguistics of Sign Languages


Author: Ceil Lucas
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521794749
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 259
View: 4399
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An accessible introduction to the major areas of sociolinguistics as they relate to sign languages and deaf communities.

C-test

contributions from current research
Author: Rüdiger Grotjahn
Publisher: Peter Lang
ISBN: 9783631604380
Category: Education
Page: 319
View: 4042
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C-Tests bestehen aus mehreren kurzen Texten, in denen fehlende Wortteile zu rekonstruieren sind. C-Tests haben hervorragende psychometrische Eigenschaften und werden in einer Vielzahl von Kontexten zur validen und okonomischen Messung allgemeiner Sprachkompetenz eingesetzt. Dieser Sammelband illustriert den aktuellen Stand der C-Test-Forschung - mit einem Schwerpunkt auf folgenden Aspekten: Validitat von C-Tests; Rasch-Modelle fur C-Test-Daten; Zuordnung von C-Test-Ergebnissen zum Gemeinsamen europaischen Referenzrahmen fur Sprachen. C-Tests consist of several short texts in which the missing parts of words have to be reconstructed. C-Tests have excellent psychometric properties and are used in many contexts as valid and economical tests of general language proficiency. This collection of papers illustrates the state of the art of C-Test research, with a special focus on the following issues: validity of C-Tests; Rasch measurement models for C-Test data; relating C-Test results to the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages."