Khomeini and Israel


Author: Behrouz Souresrafil
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Iran
Page: 138
View: 4895
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A Critical Introduction to Khomeini


Author: Arshin Adib-Moghaddam
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107012678
Category: History
Page: 346
View: 2502
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As the architect of the Iranian Revolution of 1979, Ayatollah Khomeini remains one of the most inspirational and enigmatic figures of the twentieth century. The revolution placed Iran at the forefront of Middle East politics and the Islamic revival. Twenty years after his death, Khomeini is revered as a spiritual and political figurehead in Iran and in large swathes of the Islamic world, while in the West he is remembered by many as a dictator and the instigator of Islamist confrontation. Arshin Adib-Moghaddam brings together distinguished and emerging scholars in this comprehensive volume, which covers all aspects of Khomeini's life and critically examines Khomeini the politician, the philosopher, and the spiritual leader, while considering his legacy in Iran and further afield in other parts of the Islamic world and the West. Written by scholars from varying disciplines, the book will prove invaluable to students and general readers interested in the life and times of Khomeini and the politics that he inspired.

Israel’s Foreign Policy Beyond the Arab World

Engaging the Periphery
Author: Jean-Loup Samaan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351596497
Category: Social Science
Page: 172
View: 6038
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For over 60 years, Israel’s foreign policy establishment has looked at its regional policy through the lens of a geopolitical concept named "the periphery doctrine." The idea posited that due to the fundamental hostility of neighboring Arab countries, Israel ought to counterbalance this threat by engaging with the "periphery" of the Arab world through clandestine diplomacy. Based on original research in the Israeli diplomatic archives and interviews with key past and present decision-makers, this book shows that this concept of a periphery was, and remains, a core driver of Israel’s foreign policy. The periphery was borne out of the debates among Zionist circles concerning the geopolitics of the nascent Israeli State. The evidence from Israel’s contemporary policies shows that these principles survived the historical relationships with some countries (Iran, Turkey, Ethiopia) and were emulated in other cases: Azerbaijan, Greece, South Sudan, and even to a certain extent in the attempted exchanges by Israel with Gulf Arab kingdoms. The book enables readers to understand Israel’s pessimistic – or realist, in the traditional sense – philosophy when it comes to the conduct of foreign policy. The history of the periphery doctrine sheds light on fundamental issues, such as Israel’s role in the regional security system, its overreliance on military and intelligence cooperation as tools of diplomacy, and finally its enduring perception of inextricable isolation. Through a detailed appraisal of Israel’s periphery doctrine from its birth in the fifties until its contemporary renaissance, this book offers a new perspective on Israel’s foreign policy, and will appeal to students and scholars of Middle East Politics and History, and International Relations.

Treacherous Alliance

The Secret Dealings of Israel, Iran, and the United States
Author: Trita Parsi
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300120578
Category: Political Science
Page: 361
View: 8506
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U.S. foreign policy expert Trita Parsi untangles the complex and often duplicitous relations among Israel, Iran, and the United States.

Khomeini’S Warriors

Foundation of Iran’S Regime, Its Guardians, Allies Around the World, War Analysis, and Strategies
Author: Mehran Riazaty
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
ISBN: 1514470314
Category: Political Science
Page: 600
View: 1035
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This book analyzes Ayatollah Khomeinis ideology, Irans official and unofficial armed forces, and its allies throughout the world and provides photographs of the regimes predominant actors. Since 1892, the Shia clergy has played a major role in Iran, such as the tobacco boycott, which led to the withdrawal of the concession given by the Shah to British citizens, Irans Constitutional Revolution of 1906, as well as organizing opposition to the Shahs policies in the 1979 revolution. Ayatollah Khomeini was a lecturer at Hawza Ilmiyya (Shia seminary of traditional Islamic school of higher learning) of Najaf and Qom for decades before he came on to the Iranian political scene. In 1977, Khomeini assumed the mantle of leadership within the Islamist opposition after the death of Ali Shariati, a leftist intellectual and one of the most influential Iranian Muslim thinkers of his generation. In 1930, Shariati contributed a new line of thinking in Iran, through his reinterpretation of jihad and shahadat (martyrdom), which was presented in his view of an authentic Islam. Shariatis new authentic Islam centered on a reinterpretation of the story of Karbala, where Imam Hussein was martyred in a battle, refusing to pledge allegiance to Yazid, the Umayyad caliph. Shariati borrowed the Christian concept of martyrdom from the Crucifixion and Resurrection of Jesus as the basis of his new Islamic philosophy. Shariati wrote that when faced with the possibility of ones own death, one must adopt an attitude of freedom-toward-death and thereby experience authentic living. In 1978, Ayatollah Khomeinis reinterpretation of Shia rituals removed the borders between the audience and the actors, turning the entire country into a stage for his casting. He imbued the old passion of the story of Karbala with a new passionate hatred for the Shahs unjust rule in Iran, as well as Israels and the United Statess influences within the world. Khomeinis memory of Dr. Mohammed Mosaddegh, whose government was toppled by the CIA in 1953, returning the Shah to Iran, resulted in the rise of various political groups such as nationalists, liberals, secularists, and Marxists. These groups were essential in assisting Khomeinis overthrow of the Shah, though they were soon stomped out by the creation of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) in May 1979 in order to protect Khomeinis unique brand of a Shia Islamic Revolution. The Iran-Iraq War initiated the rapid expansion of the IRGCs size and capabilities. In September 1980, the IRGC had only 30,000 men in lightly armed units. Prior to the war, the IRGC personnel were very young in age and had little to no military experience. By the summer of 1981, the IRGC had organized basic training centers with experienced commanders and a select group of regular officers. They also had 50,000 members, and its strength would jump to 100,000 in 1983 and 250,000 in 1985. In order to meet all its manpower needs on the Iraq war front, the IRGC then turned to its volunteer militia, the Basij. The Basij members provided more troops than the IRGC could arm. The average Basij member came from Irans rural areas and can be described as poor, uneducated, and ranged in age from twelve to thirty years old. Like the IRGC, the Basij members are motivated by both religion and ideology. After the Iran-Iraq War, the IRGC focused on external threats as the Basij increased its involvement in domestic affairs. In past years, the Basij militia has been active in controlling public gatherings and disrupting demonstrations by civil or student activists.

Summary: The Secret War with Iran

Review and Analysis of Ronen Bergman's Book
Author: BusinessNews Publishing
Publisher: Primento
ISBN: 2511002523
Category: Political Science
Page: 44
View: 3560
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The must-read summary of Ronen Bergman's book: “The Secret War in Iran: The 30-Year Clandestine Struggle Against the World’s Most Dangerous Terrorist Power”. This complete summary of "The Secret War in Iran" by Ronen Bergman, an Israeli investigative journalist, presents the writer's revelation of Iran's support for terrorism and the infiltration of Iranian terrorists into America. He explores the emergence of evil and terrorism from Iran and the CIA and Mossad's current success in thwarting it. Added-value of this summary: • Save time • Understand Iran's role in contributing to the terrorist threat • Expand your knowledge of politics, international relations and intelligence services To learn more, read "The Secret War with Iran" and discover how the CIA and Mossad have worked together to reduce the threat of terrorism from within Iran.

Faith and Politics in Iran, Israel, and Islamic State


Author: Ori Goldberg
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107115671
Category: History
Page: 208
View: 1261
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Considers political theologies formulated in Iran and Israel over the course of the twentieth century.

Ereignisse, Dekrete, Kontroversen


Author: Wolfgang Benz
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110255146
Category: History
Page: 508
View: 2178
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Volume 4 deals with events, legislative and administrative actions of discrimination as well as affairs, scandals and controversies. 207 articles explain the motives, the backdrop and the consequences of the manifestation of hatred against Jews and also examples of prevention and resistance against it. The examples include the 19th century antisemitism congresses, the “Protocols of the Elders of Zion”, debates on the prohibition of kosher slaughter, the “conspiracy” of Kremlin doctors, medieval vernacular sermons, the Jenninger case, the Walser-Bubis debate and much more.

The Road to Fatima Gate

The Beirut Spring, the Rise of Hezbollah, and the Iranian War Against Israel
Author: Michael Totten
Publisher: Encounter Books
ISBN: 1594036551
Category: History
Page: 376
View: 8996
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The Road to Fatima Gate is a first-person narrative account of revolution, terrorism, and war during history’s violent return to Lebanon after fifteen years of quiet. Michael J. Totten’s version of events in one of the most volatile countries in the world’s most volatile region is one part war correspondence, one part memoir, and one part road movie. He sets up camp in a tent city built in downtown Beirut by anti-Syrian dissidents, is bullied and menaced by Hezbollah’s supposedly friendly “media relations” department, crouches under fire on the Lebanese-Israeli border during the six-week war in 2006, witnesses an Israeli ground invasion from behind a line of Merkava tanks, sneaks into Hezbollah’s postwar rubblescape without authorization, and is attacked in Beirut by militiamen who enforce obedience to the “resistance” at the point of a gun. From the Cedar Revolution that ousted the occupying Syrian military regime in 2005 to the devastating war between Israel and Hezbollah in 2006 to Hezbollah’s slow-motion but violent assault on Lebanon’s elected government and capital, Totten’s account is both personal and comprehensive. He simplifies the bewildering complexity of the Middle East; gains access to major regional players as well as to the man on the street; and personally witnesses most of the events he describes. The Road to Fatima Gate should be indispensable reading for anyone interested in the Middle East, Iran’s expansionist foreign policy, the Arab-Israeli conflict, asymmetric warfare, and terrorism in the aftermath of September 11.

Historic Documents of 2012


Author: CQ Press
Publisher: CQ Press
ISBN: 1452282056
Category: Reference
Page: 712
View: 5741
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For more than 40 years the Historic Documents series has made primary source research easy by presenting excerpts from documents on the important events of each year for the United States and the world. Each volume includes approximately 70 events with well over 100 documents from the previous year, from official or other influential reports and surveys, to speeches from leaders and opinion makers, to court cases, legislation, testimony, and much more. Historic Documents is renowned for the well written and informative background, history, and context it provides for each document. Each volume begins with an insightful essay that sets the year’s events in context, and each document or group of documents is preceded by a comprehensive introduction that provides background information on the event. Full-source citations are provided. Readers have easy access to material through a detailed, thematic table of contents and a cumulative five-year index that directs them to related material in earlier volumes. Topics and events covered in the 2012 volume include: U.S. presidential election Coup in Guinea-Bissau The CDC on obesity in the U.S. French and Egyptian presidential elections Controversy over internet piracy bills in the U.S. The future of Medicare Presidential and congressional negotiations over the “fiscal cliff” Charles Taylor found guilty of war crimes Violence in Syria Same sex marriage in the courts and on the ballot Facebook goes public U.S. states reach foreclosure settlement with major banks The U.S. Supreme Court on health care and immigration

Hamas und Hizbollah

eine Analyse ihres politischen Denkens
Author: Henrik Meyer
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
ISBN: N.A
Category: Religion
Page: 233
View: 9375
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Israel

The History and How Jews, Christians and Muslims Can Achieve Peace
Author: Muhammad Abbas
Publisher: iUniverse
ISBN: 0595426190
Category: Religion
Page: 152
View: 8952
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The value of peace in universal, the Arab-Israel conflict deserves peace as well. The killings of innocent civilians in Israel and its Arab neighbors must now stop. To every problem there is a solution and this problem is no exception. If all countries of the world will comply with all resolutions passed by United Nations Organization, it will not only solve the problem of Israel, but many other problems as well. Judaism, Christianity and Islam are all religions of peace. They are all based on the same fundamentals. They are also collectively known as Abrahamic religions. All of them strive for the establishment of peace in the world. In this book is contained the ancient and modern history of Israel. An analysis of the beliefs of these religions reveals to us that a solution to the problem of Israel is certainly possible. Islam is also a religion of peace just like Judaism and Christianity and is in no way against the settlement of Jews in Israel in the present time.

Khomeini's Ghost

Iran since 1979
Author: Con Coughlin
Publisher: Pan Macmillan
ISBN: 0230743102
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 424
View: 8062
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On 1 February 1979 Ayatollah Khomeini returned to Iran to a tumultuous welcome and the Iranian revolution that that he masterminded has become one of the defining moments of the modern age. Today the challenge of radical Islam represents the greatest threat to world peace seen since the darkest days of the Cold War, and the legacy of Khomeini’s Islamic Revolution lies at the heart of many of the world’s most intractable conflicts. Khomeini’s Ghost is the definitive biographical account of how an impoverished young student from a remote area of southern Iran came to be the political and the spiritual leader of his country. Drawing on a wide variety of Iranian sources, including religious figures who knew and worked with Khomeini both in exile and in power, Con Coughlin examines in detail the principles of Khomeini’s Islamic Revolution and the impact of his legacy today, whether it is in Iran’s support for radical Islamic groups or Iran’s commitment to developing an atom bomb. Frighteningly topical, compellingly readable and written with authority and profound understanding of the subject, this is political biography at its best.

"Die Juden sind unser Unglück"

antisemitische Verschwörungstheorien und ihre Verankerung in Politik und Gesellschaft
Author: Jasmin Waibl-Stockner
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
ISBN: 364350019X
Category: Antisemitism
Page: 392
View: 1318
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The War Against the Terror Masters

Why It Happened. Where We Are Now. How We'll Win.
Author: Michael A. Ledeen
Publisher: Truman Talley Books
ISBN: 1429976853
Category: Political Science
Page: 288
View: 2753
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The War Against the Terror Masters is a must-read guide to the terrorist crisis. Michael A. Ledeen explains in startling detail how and why the United States was so unprepared for the September 11th catastrophe; the nature of the terror network we are fighting--including the state sponsors of that network; the role of radical Islam; and the enemy collaboration of some of our traditional Middle Eastern "allies";--and, most convincingly, what we must do to win the war. The War Against the Terror Masters examines the two sides of the war: the rise of the international terror network, and the past and current efforts of our intelligence services to destroy the terror masters in the U.S. and overseas. Ledeen's new book also visits every country in the Near East and describes the terrorist cancers in each. Among many revelations that will attract wide attention: *How the terror network survived the loss of its main sponsor, the Soviet Union. *How the FBI learned from a KGB defector--twenty years before Osama's bin Laden's murderous assault--of the existance of Arab terrorist sleeper networks inside the United States. *How moralistic guidelines straight-jacketed the FBI from even collecting a file of newspaper clippings on known terror groups operating in America. *How the internal culture of the CIA, and severe limitations on its ability to operate, blinded us to the growth of terror networks. And much more.

Blätter für deutsche und internationale Politik


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Germany (West)
Page: N.A
View: 2065
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Die Islamische Republik Iran als Gottesstaat

Anspruch und Wirklichkeit der Staatsideologie Khomeinis
Author: Oliver Borszik
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3638725588
Category:
Page: 132
View: 5869
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Magisterarbeit aus dem Jahr 2006 im Fachbereich Orientalistik / Sinologie - Islamwissenschaft, Note: 1, Universitat Hamburg (Asien Afrika Institut), 114 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Anmerkungen: Einer der bekanntesten Wortfuhrer des politischen Islam in der zweiten Halfte des 20. Jahrhunderts ist Ayatollah Khomeini. Er gab eine Antwort auf die zentrale Frage der Schiiten, wer den legitimen Anspruch erheben darf, wahrend der Zeit der Verborgenheit des Zwolften Imams als dessen rechtmassiger Stellvertreter aufzutreten. Mit der Grundung der IRI ist es erstmals einem Fursprecher des politischen Islam gelungen, seine Ideologie als offizielle Staatsideologie zu etablieren., Abstract: Die von Ayatollah Khomeini konzipierte und religios sowie vernunftsmassig legitimierte Herrschaft des Rechtsgelehrten hat in der Islamischen Republik Iran auch 27 Jahre nach ihrer Grundung Bestand. In einer globalisierten und in allen Lebensbereichen der Modernisierung verpflichteten Welt erweisen sich die ideologischen Fundamente im Gottesstaat als weitestgehend stabil. In Anbetracht dessen werden in der vorliegenden Magisterarbeit die folgenden Fragen gestellt und so weit wie moglich beantwortet: von welchen historischen Errungenschaften der Schia in Iran profitierte Khomeinis Staatsideologie? Welche Rolle spielen Dogmatismus, Uberlieferung, Verstand und Mystik innerhalb seiner Denkweise? Worin liegen die grundlegenden Widerspruche und die theoretische Inkonsistenz der Staatsideologie Khomeinis, die Eingang in die Verfassung fand? Inwiefern konnte Khomeinis Staatsideologie, seine Vorstellungen von einem idealen islamischen Staat und einer wahren" und gerechten" islamischen Gesellschaft verwirklicht werden? Welchen Nutzen zog die iranische Bevolkerung aus den umfassenden Wandlungsprozessen seit der Politisierung der Geistlichkeit und der Re-Islamisierung von Staat und Gesellschaft? Bei der Beschaftigung mit diesen komplexen Fragen ist zu erwarten - so die Hauptthe

Antisemitismus in Deutschland

Erscheinungsformen, Bedingungen, Präventionsansätze : Bericht des unabhängigen Expertenkreises Antisemitismus
Author: Expertenkreis Antisemitismus (Germany)
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Antisemitism
Page: 208
View: 9328
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Everyday Jihad

The Rise of Militant Islam Among Palestinians in Lebanon
Author: Bernard Rougier
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674025295
Category: History
Page: 333
View: 3912
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Revealing how jihadist networks take hold in communities wracked by poverty, despair, and unemployment, a study of the rise of Islamic extremism in southern Lebanon journeys inside the Palestinian refugee camp at Ain al-Helweh, a recruitment ground for young, disenfranchised Palestinians, and discusses the growth of Hezbollah and the contributions of such players as Syria and Iran.

Frieden im Islam

die Instrumentalisierung des Islam im irakisch-iranischen Krieg
Author: Majid S. Moslem
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783879973248
Category: Iran-Iraq War, 1980-1988
Page: 248
View: 9761
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