An ethnography of the religious and ethnomedical practices of Malagasy speakers in Mayotte, an island off the coast of East Africa near Madagascar. Based on participant-observation fieldwork, and making extensive use of case histories, Lambek's (anthropology, U. of Toronto) rich work provides an acc
An ethnography of the religious and ethnomedical practices of Malagasy speakers in Mayotte, an island off the coast of East Africa near Madagascar.
Author: Michael Lambek
In its attempt to squash the influence of animism and pantheism or polytheism and to promote the idea of the One and Only Absolute God, Islam has come up against a tendency within itself to incorporate certain local religious traditions and practices. This book shares that combination of universality and local particularity, exploring this paradox and the contradictory tendencies contained in it.
----(1990a) Certain Knowledge, Contestable Authority: Power and Practice on the Islamic Periphery. American Ethnologist 17(1): 23—40. ——— (1990b) 'Exchange, Time, and Person in Mayotte: The Structure and Destructuring of a Cultural ...
Author: Stephen Headley
Category: Social Science
"This volume contains a selection of my essays that attend ethnographically to ethical life, to the action entailed in becoming and being a person, and to the relationship of acts and persons to value. The essays address central questions of social theory from an assumption and by means of a demonstration of the pervasiveness of what I elaborate as ethical. The ethical in my vocabulary is not an object, not a distinct compartment of the social, so much as a force, dimension, or quality of human existence. To attend to the ethical is to look at social life in a certain way and to put it under a certain kind of description. Ignoring the ethical leaves ethnographicl description thin and risks caricature in place of social analysis"--Preface.
1990a. “certain Knowledge, contestable Authority: Power and Practice on the Islamic Perpiphery.” American Ethnologist 17:23–40. ————. 1990b. “exchange, Time, and Person in Mayotte: The structure and Destructuring of a cultural system.
Author: Michael Lambek
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
This book presents theoretical and methodical discussions on local knowledge and indigenous knowledge. It examines educational attainment of ethnic minorities, race and politics in educational systems, and the problem of losing indigenous knowledge. It comprises a broad range of case studies about specifics of local knowledge from several regions of the world, reflecting the interdependence of norms, tradition, ethnic and cultural identities, and knowledge. The contributors explore gaps between knowledge and agency, address questions of the social distribution of knowledge, consider its relation to communal activities, and inquire into the relation and intersection of knowledge assemblages at local, national, and global scales. The book highlights the relevance of local and indigenous knowledge and discusses implications for educational and developmental politics. It provides ideas and a cross-disciplinary scientific background for scholars, students, and professionals including NGO activists, and policy-makers.
Local knowledge: Further essays on interpretative anthropology. New York: Basic Books. ... Anthropological perspectives on the management of knowledge. ... Knowledge and practice in Mayotte: Local discourses on Islam, ...
Author: Peter Meusburger
Category: Social Science
What do we talk about when we talk about "religion"? Is it an array of empirical facts about historical human civilizations? Or is religion what is in essence unpredictable--perhaps the very emergence of the new? In what ways are the legacies of religion--its powers, words, things, and gestures--reconfiguring themselves as the elementary forms of life in the twenty-first century? Given the Latin roots of the word religion and its historical Christian uses, what sense, if any, does it make to talk about "religion" in other traditions? Where might we look for common elements that would enable us to do so? Has religion as an overarching concept lost all its currency, or does it ineluctably return--sometimes in unexpected ways--the moment we attempt to do without it? This book explores the difficulties and double binds that arise when we ask "What is religion?" Offering a marvelously rich and diverse array of perspectives, it begins the task of rethinking "religion" and "religious studies" in a contemporary world. Opening essays on the question "What is religion?" are followed by clusters exploring the relationships among religion, theology, and philosophy and the links between religion, politics, and law. Pedagogy is the focus of the following section. Religion is then examined in particular contexts, from classical times to the present Pentacostal revival, leading into an especially rich set of essays on religion, materiality, and mediatization. The final section grapples with the ever-changing forms that "religion" is taking, such as spirituality movements and responses to the ecological crisis. Featuring the work of leading scholars from a wide array of disciplines, traditions, and cultures, Religion: Beyond a Concept will help set the agenda for religious studies for years to come. It is the first of five volumes in a collection entitled The Future of the Religious Past, the fruit of a major international research initiative funded by the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research.
In Islam, knowledge is perhaps the central concept; for an ethnographic illustration, see Michael Lambek, Knowledge and Practice in Mayotte: Local Discourses oflslam, Sorcery and Spirit Possession (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, ...
Author: Hent de Vries
Publisher: Fordham Univ Press
Originally published in 2004. Local knowledge reflects many generations of experience and problem solving by people around the world, increasingly affected by globalizing forces. Such knowledge is far more sophisticated than development professionals previously assumed and, as such, represents an immensely valuable resource. A growing number of governments and international development agencies are recognizing that local-level knowledge and organizations offer the foundation for new participatory models of development that are both cost-effective and sustainable, and ecologically and socially sound. This book provides a timely overview of new directions and new approaches to investigating the role of rural communities in generating knowledge founded on their sophisticated understandings of their environments, devising mechanisms to conserve and sustain their natural resources, and establishing community-based organizations that serve as forums for identifying problems and dealing with them through local-level experimentation, innovation, and exchange of information with other societies. These studies show that development activities that work with and through local knowledge and organizations have several important advantages over projects that operate outside them. Local knowledge informs grassroots decision-making, much of which takes place through indigenous organizations and associations at the community level as people seek to identify and determine solutions to their problems.
Knowledge and practice in Mayotte: Local discourses on Islam, sorcery and spirit possession. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. Lave, J, M. Murtaugh & O. de la Rocha. 1984. The dialectic of arithmetic in grocery shopping.
Author: Paul Sillitoe
Category: Social Science
Muslim communities throughout the Indian Ocean have long questioned what it means to be a “good Muslim.” Much recent scholarship on Islam in the Indian Ocean considers debates among Muslims about authenticity, authority, and propriety. Despite the centrality of this topic within studies of Indian Ocean, African, and other Muslim communities, little of the existing scholarship has addressed such debates in relation to women, gender, or sexuality. Yet women are deeply involved with ideas about what it means to be a “good Muslim.” In Gendered Lives in the Western Indian Ocean, anthropologists, historians, linguists, and gender studies scholars examine Islam, sexuality, gender, and marriage on the Swahili coast and elsewhere in the Indian Ocean. The book examines diverse sites of empowerment, contradiction, and resistance affecting cultural norms, Islam and ideas of Islamic authenticity, gender expectations, ideologies of modernity, and British education. The book’s attention to both masculinity and femininity, broad examination of the transnational space of the Swahili coast, and inclusion of research on non-Swahili groups on the East African coast makes it a unique and indispensable resource. Contributors: Nadine Beckmann, Pat Caplan, Corrie Decker, Rebecca Gearhart, Linda Giles, Meghan Halley, Susan Hirsch, Susi Keefe, Kjersti Larsen, Elisabeth McMahon, Erin Stiles, and Katrina Daly Thompson
Human Spirits: A Cultural Account of Trance in Mayotte. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981. . Knowledge and Practice in Mayotte: Local Discourses of Islam, Sorcery and Spirit Possession. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, ...
Author: Erin E. Stiles
Publisher: Ohio University Press
Category: Social Science
Becoming Vaishnava in an Ideal Vedic City centers on a growing multinational community of ISKCON (International Society for Krishna Consciousness) devotees in Mayapur, West Bengal. While ISKCON’s history is often presented in terms of an Indian guru ‘transplanting’ Indian spirituality to the West, this book focusses on the efforts to bring ISKCON back to India. Paying particular attention to devotees’ failure to consistently live up to ISKCON’s ideals, and the ongoing struggle to realize the utopian vision of an ‘ideal Vedic city’, this book argues that beyond a focus on virtue, the anthropology of ethics must account for how moral systems accommodate the problem of moral failure.
I suggest here that in a similar sense the category of knowledge that we often unreflectively bring with us into the field is a product of a ... In Knowledge and Practice in Mayotte (1993), Michael Lambek looks Practices of Knowledge 83.
Author: John Fahy
Publisher: Berghahn Books
This masterful six-volume encyclopedia provides comprehensive, global coverage of religion, emphasizing larger religious communities without neglecting the world's smaller religious outposts. • Coverage of the religions of more than 240 countries, including all of the larger religious communities, denominations, and sects • Detailed statistical information on the major religious communities in each country • 100+ entries on famous and important religious sites and places of pilgrimage • Biographies of the 100 most influential religious leaders in history • More than 150 photographs, plus maps and illustrations for each nation • A bibliography for each entry
Knowledge and Practice in Mayotte: Local Discourses ofIslam, Sorcery and Mayotte Annual Followers Followers % of % growth Followers Followers Religion in 1970 in 2010 Population 2000–2010 in 2025 in 2050 Muslims 42,600 128,000 98.5 2.46 ...
Author: J. Gordon Melton
Auch in einer Welt der Zirkulation, in der dieselben Dinge und Ideen bis in die letzten Winkel vordringen, gleichen sich die Lebensverhaltnisse nicht notwendig einander an. DEnn an den konkreten Orten, an die sie gelangen, werden diese Dinge und Ideen umgearbeitet und neu erfunden, in kreativen Prozessen, den jeweils bestehenden Vorstellungen und Wunschen gemaSS. Kurt Beck hat wesentlich dazu beigetragen, dass diese Einsicht in das Wesen globaler Vernetzung zum ethnologischen Stand der Dinge wurde. MIt Hilfe dreier fur sein wissenschaftliches Arbeiten zentraler Zugange - Korper, Technik, Wissen untersucht der vorliegende Band die kreative Gestaltung einer sich immer im Wandel befindlichen Welt, zumeist am Beispiel Afrikas.
Knowledge and Practice in Mayotte. Local Discourses of Islam, Sorcery and Spirit Possession; ... Ethnographers, Informants and the Creation of Anthropological Knowledge; Social Anthropology 10/3: 319-334. Pelto, Pertti J. 1970.
Author: Markus Verne
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster