Cursing the Christians

138א Siddur Qorban Minh·ah HaShalem 'Ashkenaz mit Hundert Mailos
VeHosafos (Wien: Hersch Ziegelheim [1930]), Yiddish translation ... 145א Philip
Birnbaum, Daily Prayer Book, Ha-Siddur Ha-Shalem (New York: Hebrew
Publishing Company, 1977, original publication ... 147א Siddur Tefillah (
Jerusalem: Koren, 1981).

Author: Ruth Langer

Publisher: OUP USA

ISBN: 9780199783175

Category: History

Page: 389

View: 128

Download →

Ruth Langer offers an in-depth study of the birkat haminim, a Jewish prayer for the removal of those categories of human being who prevent the messianic redemption and the society envisioned for it. In its earliest form, the prayer cursed Christians, apostates to Christianity, sectarians, and enemies of Israel. Drawing on the shifting liturgical texts, polemics, and apologetics concerning the prayer, Langer traces the transformation of the birkat haminim from what functioned without question in the medieval world as a Jewish curse of Christians, through its early modern censorship by Christians, to its modern transformation within the Jewish world into a general petition that God remove evil from the world. Christian censorship played a crucial role in this transformation of the prayer; however, Langer argues that the truest transformation in meaning resulted from Jewish integration into Western culture. Eventually, the prayer shed its references to any specific category of human being and lost its function as a curse. Reconciliation between Jews and Christians today requires both communities to confront a long history of prejudice. Ruth Langer shows through the birkat haminim how the history of one liturgical text chronicled Jewish thinking about Christians over hundreds of years.
Posted in:

Tradition Interpretation and Change

Developments in the Liturgy of Medieval and Early Modern Ashkenaz Kenneth E.
Berger ... kedushah desidra; veyiten lekha) Full kaddish /kaddish shalem Hama'
ariv aravim Hatavat ḥalom Kabbalat Shabbat Kedushathayom Kiddush in the
synagogue of Friday night — Baer 131–32 191–95 168–69 190–91 222 304–9
129–30 164 359,578–79 178–82 188 Siddur kol Ya'akov Koren Siddur (ArtScroll)

Author: Kenneth E. Berger

Publisher: ISD LLC

ISBN: 9780878201716

Category: History

Page: 442

View: 328

Download →

Minhag (custom) played a far greater and far more important role in medieval Ashkenazic society than in any other Jewish community. In upholding the authority of a custom, halakhic authorities frequently asserted that "custom prevails over halakhah." Furthermore, Ashkenazic authorities asserted that Ashkenazic custom is more authentic than the customs of other Jewish communities, including those of Sepharad (Spain). Given the importance attributed to minhag and the influence of the siddur commentaries of the circle of Hassidei Ashkenaz, which emphasize the precise formulation of liturgical texts, one might assume that Ashkenazic Jewry was committed to preserving ancestral custom and opposed to liturgical change. However, the reality is that the liturgy of Ashkenaz was never static. From a very early time, new liturgies and liturgical practices were incorporated into the service, the inclusion of various prayers was challenged, and variant readings of prayers became standard. Tradition, Interpretation, and Change focuses on developments in the Ashkenazic rite, the liturgical rite of most of central and eastern European Jewry, from the eleventh century through the seventeenth. Kenneth Berger argues that how a prayer or practice was understood, or the rationale for its recitation or performance, often had a profound effect on whether and when it was to be recited, as well as on the specific wording of the prayer. In some cases, the formulation of new interpretations served a conservative function, as when rabbinic authorities sought to find new, alternative explanations which would justify the continued performance of practices whose original rationale no longer applied. In other cases, new understandings of a liturgical practice led to changes in that practice, and even to the development of new liturgies expressive of those interpretations. In Tradition, Interpretation, and Change, Berger draws upon a wide body of primary sources, including classical rabbinic and geonic works, liturgical documents found in the Cairo genizah, medieval codes, responsa, and siddur commentaries, minhag books, medieval siddur manuscripts, and early printed siddurim, as well as a wealth of secondary sources, to provide the reader with an in-depth account of the history and history of interpretation of many familiar and not-so-familiar prayers and liturgical practices. While emphasizing the role that the interpretation ascribed to various prayers and practices had in shaping the liturgy of medieval and early modern Ashkenaz, Berger illustrates the degree to which Sephardic and kabbalistic influences, concern for the fate of the dead, the fear of demons, and the desire for healing and divine protection from a variety of dangers shaped both liturgical practice and the way in which those practices were understood.
Posted in:

Jews Bible and Prayer

Langer, R., 'The censorship of Aleinu in Ashkenaz and its aftermath', in The
Experience of Jewish Liturgy: Studies Dedicated to ... Sacks, J., The Koren Siddur
with Introduction, Translation and Commentary (Jerusalem: Koren, 2009). ...
Segal, M. H., Sefer Ben Sira Ha-Shalem (Jerusalem: Mosad Bialik, 1972, 2nd

Author: Stefan C. Reif

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110486704

Category: Religion

Page: 385

View: 733

Download →

In his articles Stefan Reif’s articles have dealt with Jewish biblical exegesis and the close analysis of the evolution of Jewish prayer texts. Some fourteen of these that appeared in various collective volumes are here made more easily available, together with a major new study of Numbers 13, an introduction and extensive indexes. Reif attempts to establish whether there is any linguistic, literary and exegetical value in the traditional Jewish interpretation of the Hebrew Bible for the modern scientific approach to such texts and whether such an approach itself is always free of theological bias. He demonstrates how Jewish liturgical texts may illuminate religious teachings about wisdom, history, peace, forgiveness, and divine metaphors. Also clarified in these essays are notions of David, Greek and Hebrew, divine metaphors, and the liturgical use of the Hebrew Bible.
Posted in:

The Experience of Jewish Liturgy

2 vols. Jerusalem: Mosad ha-rav Kook, 1978. abudarham, dovid. abudarham ha-
shalem. ... Perushei sidur ha-t'filah la-Roqea . edited by M. and Yehudah
hershler. ... Jerusalem: Koren, 1970. ——. on Jewish Liturgy [hebrew]. Jerusalem:
Magnes Press, 1980. Grossman, avraham. the early Sages of ashkenaz [hebrew]

Author: Debra Reed Blank

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004208032

Category: Religion

Page: 366

View: 542

Download →

This edited collection honors Menahem Schmelzer's influence upon the field of Jewish liturgy. Three generations of scholars apply different analytical methods to varying texts and ritual occasions, providing an up-to-date picture of the field and its implications for related areas.
Posted in: