Integrated Natural Resource Management in the Highlands of Eastern Africa

From Concept to Practice
Author: Laura Anne German,Jeremias Mowo,Tilahun Amede,Kenneth Masuki
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136493697
Category: Law
Page: 340
View: 2096
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This book documents a decade of research, methodological innovation, and lessons learned in an eco-regional research-for-development program operating in the eastern African highlands, the African Highlands Initiative (AHI). It does this through reflections of the protagonists themselves—AHI site teams and partners applying action research to development innovation as a means to enhance the impact of their research. The book summarizes the experiences of farmers, research and development workers and policy and decision-makers who have interacted within an innovation system with the common goal of implementing an integrated approach to natural resource management (NRM) in the humid highlands. This book demonstrates the crucial importance of "approach" in shaping the outcomes of research and development, and distils lessons learned on what works, where and why. It is enriched with examples and case studies from five benchmark sites in Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania, whose variability provides the reader with an in-depth knowledge of the complexities of integrated NRM in agro-ecosystems that play an important role in the rural economy of the region. It is shown that the struggle to achieve sustainable agricultural development in challenging environments is a complex one, and can only be effectively achieved through combined efforts and commitment of individuals and institutions with complementary roles.

Representing Landscapes

A Visual Collection of Landscape Architectural Drawings
Author: Nadia Amoroso
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136518703
Category: Architecture
Page: 280
View: 5218
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What do you communicate when you draw an industrial landscape using charcoal; what about a hyper-realistic PhotoShop collage method? What are the right choices to make? Are there right and wrong choices when it comes to presenting a particular environment in a particular way? The choice of medium for visualising an idea is something that faces all students of landscape architecture and urban design, and each medium and style option that you select will influence how your idea is seen and understood. Responding to demand from her students, Nadia Amoroso has compiled successful and eye-catching drawings using various drawing styles and techniques to create this book of drawing techniques for landscape architects to follow and - more importantly - to be inspired by. More than twenty respected institutions have helped to bring together the very best of visual representation of ideas, the most powerful, expressive and successful images. Professors from these institutions provide critical and descriptive commentaries, explaining the impact of using different media to represent the same landscape. This book is recommended for landscape architecture and urban design students from first year to thesis and is specifically useful in visual communications and graphic courses and design studios.

Landscape Site Grading Principles

Grading with DESIGN in Mind
Author: Bruce G. Sharky
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118668723
Category: Architecture
Page: 320
View: 4025
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A complete guide to site grading for designers and other visual learners Grading With Design in Mind: Landscape Site Grading Principles is a comprehensive guide to grading, written specifically from the design perspective. Heavily illustrated and non-technical, this book meets the needs of designers and visual learners by presenting the principles and methods of site grading with less emphasis on engineering, and a strong focus on the effect on the overall aesthetic. Written by a professor in America's number-one ranked undergraduate landscape architecture program, the book guides readers step-by-step through the process of solving various grading problems in real-life scenarios. Landscape designers, landscape architects, and engineers need to have a deep understanding of site grading as the foundation of any project. Grading plans must not only solve practical requirements, but also create landforms that contribute to the aesthetic ambition of the overall site and architectural design concept. Grading With Design in Mind takes a highly visual approach to presenting modern grading techniques and considerations, providing designers the guidance they need to become competent in site grading while understanding the design implications of the subject. Features include: Numerous illustrations to support the text Step-by-step examples Professional grading plans Studying the professional grading plans helps readers better understand the real-world application of grading principles in different situations. Site grading is a complicated topic with plenty of on-site variables, but Grading with Design in Mind breaks it down into clear, concise instruction with value to both professionals and students in the field of landscape design.

Recent Advances in the Theory and Application of Fitness Landscapes


Author: Hendrik Richter,Andries Engelbrecht
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642418880
Category: Computers
Page: 553
View: 6111
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This book is concerned with recent advances in fitness landscapes. The concept of fitness landscapes originates from theoretical biology and refers to a framework for analysing and visualizing the relationships between genotypes, phenotypes and fitness. These relationships lay at the centre of attempts to mathematically describe evolutionary processes and evolutionary dynamics. The book addresses recent advances in the understanding of fitness landscapes in evolutionary biology and evolutionary computation. In the volume, experts in the field of fitness landscapes present these findings in an integrated way to make it accessible to a number of audiences: senior undergraduate and graduate students in computer science, theoretical biology, physics, applied mathematics and engineering, but also researcher looking for a reference or/and entry point into using fitness landscapes for analysing algorithms. Also practitioners wanting to employ fitness landscape techniques for evaluating bio- and nature-inspired computing algorithms can find valuable material in the book. For teaching proposes, the book could also be used as a reference handbook.

Hidden in Plain Sight

The Social Structure of Irrelevance
Author: Eviatar Zerubavel
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199366632
Category: Social Science
Page: 208
View: 2705
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Many of us take for granted that what we perceive is a completely accurate representation of the world around us. Yet we have all had the experience of suddenly realizing that the keys or glasses that we had been looking for in vain were right in front of us the whole time. The capacity of our sense organs far exceeds our mental capabilities, and as such, looking at something does not guarantee that we will notice it. Our minds constantly prioritize and organize the information we take in, bringing certain things to the foreground, while letting others - that which we deem irrelevant - recede into the background. What ultimately determines what we perceive, and what we do not? In this fascinating book, noted sociologist Eviatar Zerubavel argues that we perceive things not just as human beings but as social beings. Drawing on fascinating examples from science, the art world, optical illusions, and all walks of life, he shows that what we notice or ignore varies across cultures and throughout history, and illustrates how our environment and our social lives - everything from our lifestyles to our professions to our nationalities - play a role in determining how we actually use our senses to access the world. A subtle yet powerful examination of one of the central features of our conscious life, this book offers a way to think about all that might otherwise remain hidden in plain sight.

The Ultimate Oil Painting Solution: for Landscape Art, Portraiture and Still Life

Comprehensive Tips and Techniques for Painting in Oils
Author: Rachel Shirley
Publisher: Rachel Shirley
ISBN: 1492742287
Category: Art
Page: 234
View: 9646
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A bulky, comprehensive book on oil painting various subject matter. Ever had trouble drawing ellipses, mixing skin colours or painting skies? This bumper oil painting book tackles 78 such painting ‘peeves’ with suggested solutions. The Ultimate Oil Painting Solution comprise three full-length art books: Why do my Clouds Look Like Cotton Wool? a problem-solver for landscape painting; Why do my Skin Tones Look Lifeless? a problem-solver for portrait painting, and Why do my Ellipses Look Like Doughnuts? a problem-solver for still life painting. Each book can be purchased singly if interested in just one subject area. However, purchasing the three in this bundle book will work out a little cheaper than buying the three books individually. Each book comprises 26 common ‘peeves’ (in the form of chapters) associated with the oil painting area concerned, and therefore you will find 78 such peeves and suggested solutions collectively within. The book has 73,000 words, 78 chapters and around 400 images. Each book also possesses a step by step painting demonstration associated with the subject area. These are Castlerigg Stone Circle (for landscape art); David’s Oath of the Horatii (for portraiture) and painting strawberries (for still life). The ‘peeves’ selected represent common problem areas that students have experienced in my art classes. Such peeves include the rendering of foreshortenings, darkening skin colours, suggesting ripples in water, painting clouds, mixing greens, suggesting soft hair, painting noses, reflections in eyes, moisture on fruit, portrait photography, measuring tones, darkening snow colours and a myriad of other peeves. As each book are in themselves separate entities, where applicable, similar information is presented in context of landscape art, portraiture and still life painting, although the information is presented differently. Examples of this are the art materials needed for painting and the nature of pigments. However, such occurrences are mostly confined to the introductory chapters of each book and occur seldom elsewhere. Key chapters in this book cover the colour theory, perspectives, drawing ellipses, the golden section, tonal values, underglazing, art techniques, the nature of pigments, essential art materials, monochromatic painting, composing an arrangement, negative shapes, painting en plein air, drawing foreshortenings, creating mood, making a viewfinder, colour temperatures, drawing methods, the rules of reflections, painting on a budget, types of gessoes, skin colours and much, much more. The aim of this book is to find a ‘cure’ for a given issue and enable the developing artist to improve in the future. Most of all, to encourage creativity and growing confidence. Dimensions of print book: 10x8in and 234 pages.

Ekistics


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Cities and towns
Page: N.A
View: 5134
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Moving closer to nature: lessons for landscapes and livelihoods from the Miyun landscape, China


Author: N.A
Publisher: IUCN
ISBN: 283171494X
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 3232
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Turfgrass Traffic and Compaction: Problems and Solutions


Author: N.A
Publisher: UCANR Publications
ISBN: 1601072562
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 1816
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Better Homes and Gardens


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Architecture, Domestic
Page: N.A
View: 2420
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200 Contractual Problems and their Solutions


Author: J. Roger Knowles
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118257049
Category: Law
Page: 384
View: 7259
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This book examines 200 contractual problems which regularly arise on building and engineering projects and provides a detailed explanation of their solutions, citing standard contract conditions and key parts of legal judgements as authority. A succinct summary is provided at the end of each detailed solution. It covers problems together with their solutions in respect of: Procurement matters Tenders and bidding Design issues Letters of intent Contractor's programme Contractor's float Delays Concurrent Delays Extensions of time Liquidated/delay damages Unliquidated damages Variations Loss and expense/additional cost claims Acceleration Global claims Payment Damage to the works Exclusion clauses Retention of title Practical completion Defect correction Adjudication This book deals with a broad range of construction contracts including JCT Standard Form and Design and Build, New Engineering Contract NEC3, ICE and GC/Works/1. This book was first published under the title of One Hundred Contractual Problems and Their Solutions, with a second edition entitled One Hundred and Fifty Contractual Problems and their Solutions. This third edition adds 50 new problems and replaces 15 of those in the last edition. Of the remainder half have been the subject of revision. "Deserves a place on every site and in every office as the standard handbook on contractual problems" —Construction Law Digest

Environmental Problems in the Bakossi Landscape

A Handbook for Environmental Educators
Author: Ekpe Inyang
Publisher: African Books Collective
ISBN: 9956717290
Category: Nature
Page: 52
View: 3569
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Written in simple and straightforward language, Environmental Problems in the Bakossi Landscape is a practical handbook of knowledge and skills needed to be more efficient in sensitising and taking practical steps to address environmental problems. Although the handbook focuses on the seven environmental problems of the Bakossi Landscape, its depth and breadth of analysis and the deliberate attempt at not making it too site-specific in the discussion of the problems makes it equally useful for Environmental Clubs of schools in other areas, as well as other community educators interested in environmental issues or environmental education. The ultimate aim of the book is in assisting all and sundry make the world a better place by being more sensitive to the needs, sensibilities and sensitivities of the environment.

Land Use Problems and Conflicts

Causes, Consequences and Solutions
Author: John C. Bergstrom,Stephen J Goetz,James S. Shortle
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135996121
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 384
View: 5376
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The causes, consequences and control of land use change have become topics of enormous importance in contemporary society. Not only is urban land use and sprawl a hot-button issue, but issues of rural land use have also been in the headlines. Policy makers and citizens are starting to realize that many environmental and economic issues have the question of land use at their very core. Comprising papers from a conference sponsored by the Northeast Regional Center for Rural Development, Land Use Problems and Conflicts draws together some of the most up-to-date research in this area. Sections are devoted to problems in the United States and Europe, the consequences of such problems, land use-related data and alternative solutions to conflict. With a lineup including some of the best scholarship on this subject to date, this volume will be of use to those studying environmental and land use issues in addition to policy makers and economists.

Landscape

Between conservation and transformation
Author: Aa.Vv.
Publisher: Gangemi Editore Spa
ISBN: 8849277822
Category: Architecture
Page: 130
View: 5409
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EUROSCAPES project, INTERREG IVC Program, has the ambitious objective of offering a new management model for landscapes: through the implementation of Landscapes' Management Plans, the objective is to rationalize practices, protect and enhance landscapes in a coherent territorial and sustainable approach. Landscapes Management Plans (LMP) are based on an environmental, quality and economical approach in the maintenance and management of our natural and cultural landscapes. They will integrate important education, sensitization dimensions and take into account the territorial strategy and urban master plans. The Italian and Spanish cases are focus on cultural and natural landscapes. Upper Tuscia in Italy gives a complete methodological approach while Granollers in Spain carries out technical and operative solutions.

Theory and Practice of Natural Computing

Third International Conference, TPNC 2014, Granada, Spain, December 9-11, 2014. Proceedings
Author: Adrian-Horia Dediu,Manuel Lozano,Carlos Martín-Vide
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319137492
Category: Computers
Page: 268
View: 778
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Third International Conference, TPNC 2014, held in Granada, Spain, in December 2014. The 22 revised full papers presented in this book were carefully reviewed and selected from 47 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on nature-inspired models of computation; synthesizing nature by means of computation; nature-inspired materials; and information processing in nature.

Forests in Landscapes

Ecosystem Approaches to Sustainability
Author: Jeffrey Sayer,Stewart Maginnis,Michelle Laurie
Publisher: Earthscan
ISBN: 1849771383
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 257
View: 8155
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At last a really useful book telling us how all the rhetoric about ecosystem approaches and sustainable forest management is being translated into practical solutions on the ground CLAUDE MARTIN, WWF INTERNATIONAL For too long, foresters have seen forests as logs waiting to be turned into something useful. This book demonstrates that forests in fact have multiple values, and managing them as ecosystems will bring more benefits to a greater cross-section of the public JEFFREY A. MCNEELY, CHIEF SCIENTIST, IUCN This book demonstrates that [ecosystem approaches and sustainable forest management] are neither alternative methods of forest management nor are they simply complicated ways of saying the same thing. They are both emerging concepts for more integrated and holistic ways of managing forests within larger landscapes in ways that optimize benefits to all stakeholders ACHIM STEINER AND IAN JOHNSON, FROM THE FOREWORD Recent innovations in Sustainable Forest Management and Ecosystem Approaches are resulting in forests increasingly being managed as part of the broader social-ecological systems in which they exist. Forests in Landscapes reviews changes that have occurred in forest management in recent decades. Case studies from Europe, Canada, the United States, Russia, Australia, the Congo and Central America provide a wealth of international examples of innovative practices. Cross-cutting chapters examine the political ecology and economics of forest management, and review the information needs and the use and misuse of criteria and indicators to achieve broad societal goals for forests. A concluding chapter draws out the key lessons of changes in forest management in recent decades and sets out some thoughts for the future. This book is a must-read for practitioners, researchers and policy makers concerned with forests and land use. It contains lessons for all those concerned with forests as sources of people's livelihoods and as part of rural landscapes. Published with IUCN and PROFOR

Biodiversity in Managed Landscapes

Theory and Practice
Author: Robert C. Szaro,David W. Johnston
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780195079586
Category: Science
Page: 778
View: 9184
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The conservation of biodiversity has profound implications for managing natural resources with the need for scientific information as a foundation for management decisions increasing dramatically. The_ intent of this book is to look beyond the theory of biodiversity to_ the principles, practices, and policies needed for its conservation. Its objectives are to provide the scientific basis for understanding biodiversity, document case examples of theory and concepts applied at differing scales, and examine policies that affect its conservation.

The Biswell Symposium, Fire Issues and Solutions in Urban Interface and Wildland Ecosystems

February 15-17, 1994, Walnut Creek, California
Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Fire ecology
Page: 199
View: 2239
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Conserving Biodiversity in Agricultural Landscapes

Model-based Planning Tools
Author: Robert K. Swihart,Jeffrey E. Moore
Publisher: Purdue University Press
ISBN: 9781557533272
Category: Science
Page: 336
View: 6848
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Habitat loss and fragmentation arguably pose the greatest threats to biological diversity. Agriculture is a dominant land use that, along with urban sprawl and residential development, can reduce the amount and connectedness of natural areas required by many native species. Unfortunately, progress has been slow in integrating nature and biodiversity protection into community planning in intensively farmed regions, especially in America's heartland. Seldom do issues related to species conservation receive consideration during local planning activities. Lack of progress stems partly from scientific inadequacies in understanding the dynamics of complex landscapes, and from a lack of engagement of non-scientific stakeholders by scientists and modelers. The result of these shortcomings is a critical disconnect of conservation issues from the planning infrastructure. This book provides a blueprint for advancing conceptual understanding of conservation in agricultural regions. It accomplishes this with a two-pronged approach: first, by developing spatially structured models that acknowledge the link between socio-economic drivers of land-use change and the dynamics of species occupying agricultural landscapes with abrupt changes in land cover (i.e., sharp edges); and second, by providing guidelines and examples to enable scientists to effectively engage stakeholders in participatory learning and planning activities that integrate biodiversity with other, more traditional, considerations. The structure of the book is truly interdisciplinary, linking the efforts of ecologists, economists, statisticians, mathematicians, and land-use specialists.

Landscape design

a practical approach
Author: Leroy G. Hannebaum
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Architecture
Page: 392
View: 5388
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