Language Memory and Cognition in Infancy and Early Childhood

This volume consists of focused articles from the authoritative Encyclopedia of Infant and Early Childood Development, and specifically targets the ages 0-3.

Author: Janette B. Benson

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123785766

Category: Psychology

Page: 552

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Language, cognition, and memory are traditionally studied together prior to a researcher specializing in any one area. They are studied together initially because much of the development of one can affect the development of the others. Most books available now either tend to be extremely broad in the areas of all infant development including physical and social development, or specialize in cognitive development, language acquisition, or memory. Rarely do you find all three together, despite the fact that they all relate to each other. This volume consists of focused articles from the authoritative Encyclopedia of Infant and Early Childood Development, and specifically targets the ages 0-3. Providing summary overviews of basic and cutting edge research, coverage includes attention, assessment, bilingualism, categorization skills, critical periods, learning disabilities, reasoning, speech development, etc. This collection of articles provides an essential, affordable reference for researchers, graduate students, and clinicians interested in cognitive development, language development, and memory, as well as those developmental psychologists interested in all aspects of development. Focused content on age 0-3- saves time searching for and wading through lit on full age range for developmentally relevant info Concise, understandable, and authoritative—easier to comprehend for immediate applicability in research
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Subcortical Functions in Language and Memory

This volume is the first single-authored volume devoted to understanding how deep brain structures participate in language and memory. Addressing a relatively new area of research, the book is unique in two ways.

Author: Bruce A. Crosson

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 0898627907

Category: Psychology

Page: 374

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How do the thalamus, basal ganglia, and basal forebrain participate in language and memory? Are these anatomic entities involved in regulation of cortical activity, complex information processing, transfer of information between cortical units, motivation, or in other functions? This volume is the first single-authored volume devoted to understanding how deep brain structures participate in language and memory. Addressing a relatively new area of research, the book is unique in two ways. First, it comprehensively covers both language and memory not only with extensive literature reviews, but also with examinations of the anatomy of the structures involved and discussions of theory in light of empirical data. Second, the book takes a systems approach to the topics. In order to produce and understand language or to record and retrieve memories, different parts of the brain must operate as integrated systems. As subcortical structures are parts of these systems, this book endeavors to understand how these phylogenetically older structures contribute to systems responsible for communication and mnestic functions. Designed to facilitate this end, each of the book's sections follows a neuroanatomy--empirical data--theory format. Part I concentrates on the participation (or nonparticipation) of various subcortical structures in language. Rather than attempt to arrive at definitive conclusions, these chapters explore the possibilities suggested by the currently available data. Following a description of the neuroanatomy and a discussion of the data concerning the thalamus and basal ganglia, attention is paid to theories regarding the participation of these structures in language. Part II addresses the thalamus, other diencephalic structures, the basal forebrain, and the basal ganglia regarding their possible roles in memory. The connections between these structures are addressed, as is the relationship between current data on the participation of subcortical structures in memory and current neuropsychological assumptions about memory. The extensive literature on memory in alcoholic Korsakoff's syndrome and Huntington's disease is culled for insights into what memory processes are subserved by subcortical structures, and memory theory is examined in light of what the subcortical literature reveals about memory. Paving the way for future research that holds the promise of a greater flexibility and complexity than now exists with purely cortical models, this volume will interest clinical and experimental neuropsychologists, cognitive psychologists, behavioral neurologists, speech/language pathologists, and psychiatrists with an interest in behavioral neurology. It also serves as a text for upper level graduate courses covering subcortical functions in cognition, neural systems, and advanced human neuropsychology.
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The Language of Memory in a Crosslinguistic Perspective

Until quite recently the concept of memory was used only in mentalistic contexts . Few dictionaries contain any reference to memory as a feature of a physical system , though we now have the language of computer scientists to help us in ...

Author: Mengistu Amberber

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027223750

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 284

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This book offers, for the first time, a detailed comparative study of how speakers of different languages express memory concepts. While there is a robust body of psycholinguistic research that bears on how memory and language are related, there is no comparative study of how speakers themselves conceptualize memory as reflected in their use of language to talk about memory. This book addresses a key question: how do speakers of different languages talk about the experience of having prior experiences coming to mind ( remembering ) or failing to come to mind ( forgetting )? A complex array of answers is provided through detailed grammatical and semantic investigation of different languages, including English, German, Polish, Russian and also a number of non-Indo-European languages, Amharic, Cree, Dalabon, Korean, and Mandarin. In addition, the book calls for a broader interdisciplinary engagement by urging that cognitive semantics be integrated with other sciences of memory.
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Language and Memory Understanding Their Interactions Interdependencies and Shared Mechanisms

Notably, the memory benefit on the third list for the English-Spanish bilinguals appears to have been driven more by the single-language contexts (i.e., the English-Only and Spanish-Only Contexts) than the dual-language context (i.e., ...

Author: Melissa Duff

Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

ISBN: 9782889661213

Category: Science

Page:

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Language and memory have historically been studied apart, as unique cognitive abilities, and with distinct research traditions and methods. Over the past several decades, however, a growing body of evidence suggests that language and memory are heavily intertwined and may even rely on shared cognitive and neural mechanisms. Cutting across theoretical and methodological approaches, these findings offer novel insights into the interactions and interdependencies of language and memory. These advances also have considerable theoretical and clinical implications for the neurobiology of language and memory, their development, representation, and maintenance across the lifespan, the intervention and rehabilitation of disorders of language and memory, and the evolution of these two quintessential human abilities.
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Memory Language and Bilingualism

A chi—square analy— sis showed that participants recalled more same—language memories in L1 (English) sessions and more crossover memories in the L2 (Hebrew) sessions ()5 = 88.85, Phi = 0.52, p < 0.001).

Author: Jeanette Altarriba

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107008908

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 374

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A comprehensive and interdisciplinary approach to the study of memory, language and cognitive processing across various populations of bilingual speakers.
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What is Poetry

Illustrated by 130 languages and literatures, this book explores poetry's unique psychological qualities.

Author: Nigel Fabb

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107001855

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 228

View: 950

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Illustrated by 130 languages and literatures, this book explores poetry's unique psychological qualities.
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Cultural Memory of Language

Crystal, D. (2000). Language Death. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Davidson, K.-P. K. (Ed.) (2008). At Home in the Chinese Diaspora: Memories, Identities and Belongings. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Author: Susan Samata

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781472583741

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 240

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"I can't even speak my own language," were the words overheard in a college staffroom that triggered the writing of this book. Calling something 'my own' implies a personal, proprietorial relationship with it. But how can it be your own if you cannot speak it? The Cultural Memory of Language looks at unintended monolingualism - a lack of language fluency in a migratory cultural situation where two or more languages exist at 'home'. It explores family history and childhood language acquisition and attrition. What is the present everyday experience of language use and life between two cultures? Examining interview data, Samata uncovers a sense of inauthenticity felt by people who do not fully share a parent's first language. Alongside this features a sense of concurrent anger, and a need to assign blame. Participation in the language, even to the extent of phatic or formulaic phraseology, occasions feelings of authentic linguistic and cultural inclusion. The book thus uncovers appreciable (and measurable) benefits in positive self-image and a sense of well-being. Looking at how people view language is essential - how they view the language they call their own is even more important and this book does just that in a qualified applied linguistic environment.
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Memory Psychology and Second Language Learning

Incoming information is selected and filtered by the Sensory Register and the Working Memory . The system , including the STM / WM has a limited capacity , and this is a crucial concept for our understanding of second language ...

Author: Mick Randall

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 902721977X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 219

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This book explores the contributions that cognitive linguistics and psychology, including neuropsychology, have made to the understanding of the way that second languages are processed and learnt. It examines areas of phonology, word recognition and semantics, examining 'bottom-up' decoding processes as compared with 'top-down' processes as they affect memory. It also discusses second language learning from the acquisition/learning and nativist/connectionist perspectives. These ideas are then related to the methods that are used to teach second languages, primarily English, in formal classroom situations. This examination involves both 'mainstream' communicative approaches, and more traditional methods widely used to teach EFL throughout the world. The book is intended to act both as a textbook for students who are studying second language teaching and as an exploration of issues for the interested teacher who would like to further extend their understanding of the cognitive processes underlying their teaching.Mick Randall is currently Senior Lecturer in TESOL and Head of the Institute of Education at the British University in Dubai. He has taught courses in second language learning and teaching, applied linguistics and psychology in a number of different contexts. He has a special interest in the cognitive processing of language and in the psycholinguistics of word recognition, spelling and reading.
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Working Memory and Second Language Learning

The book investigates theories and measures of working memory in second language learning, processing and development.

Author: Zhisheng (Edward) Wen

Publisher: Multilingual Matters Limited

ISBN: 1783095717

Category: Memory

Page: 208

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The book investigates theories and measures of working memory in second language learning, processing and development. Research syntheses, theoretical perspectives and methodological insights illuminate the relationships between working memory components and functions in connection with specific L2 acquisition domains, skills and processes.
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