Lexical Semantics Syntax and Event Structure

This book focuses on the linguistic representation of temporality in the verbal domain and its interaction with the syntax and semantics of verbs, arguments, and modifiers.

Author: Malka Rappaport Hovav

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199544325

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 401

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This book focuses on the linguistic representation of temporality in the verbal domain and its interaction with the syntax and semantics of verbs, arguments, and modifiers. Leading scholars explore the division of labour between syntax, compositional semantics, and lexical semantics in the encoding of event structure, encompassing event participants and the temporal properties associated with events. They examine the interface between event structure and the systems with which it interacts, including the interface between event structure and the syntactic realization of arguments and modifiers. Deploying a variety of frameworks and theoretical perspectives they consider central issues and questions in the field, among them whether argument-structure is specified in the lexical entries of verbs or syntactically constructed so that syntactic position determines thematic status; whether the hierarchical structure evidenced in argument structure find parallels in sign language; should the relation between members of an alternation pair, such as the causative-inchoative alternation, be understood lexically or derivationally; and the role of syntactic category in determining the configuration of argument structure.
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Events as Grammatical Objects

This convergence on events as grammatical objects cross these disciplines is the motivation for this volume, which brings together researchers from the areas of lexical semantics, logical semantics, and syntax specifically to address the ...

Author: Carol Tenny

Publisher: Center for the Study of Language and Information Publications

ISBN: 1575862069

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 400

View: 489

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Research in lexical semantics, logical semantics, and syntax has demonstrated a growing recognition that the grammars of natural languages structure and refer to events in particular ways. This convergence on events as grammatical objects cross these disciplines is the motivation for this volume, which brings together researchers from the areas of lexical semantics, logical semantics, and syntax specifically to address the topic of event structure. Lexical semantics and logical semantics are two enterprises that use different tools and address different questions. This volume specifically focuses on topics relating to events in grammar, where the work of lexical semanticists, logical semanticists, and syntacticians intersect.
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The Oxford Handbook of Event Structure

This handbook deals with research into the nature of events, and how we use language to describe events.

Author: Robert Truswell

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780191508462

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 640

View: 434

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This handbook deals with research into the nature of events, and how we use language to describe events. The study of event structure over the past 60 years has been one of the most successful areas of lexical semantics, uniting insights from morphology and syntax, lexical and compositional semantics, cognitive science, and artificial intelligence to develop insightful theories of events and event descriptions. This volume provides accessible introductions to major topics and ongoing debates in event structure research, exploring what events are, how we perceive them, how we reason with them, and the role they play in the organization of grammar and discourse. The chapters are divided into four parts: the first covers metaphysical issues related to events; the second is concerned with the relationship between event structure and grammar; the third is a series of crosslinguistic case studies; and the fourth deals with links to cognitive science and artificial intelligence more broadly. The book is strongly interdisciplinary in nature, with insights from linguistics, philosophy, psychology, cognitive science, and computer science, and will appeal to a wide range of researchers and students from advanced undergraduate level upwards.
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Causation and Syntactic Decomposition of Events

This work presents additional empirical support for a theory of syntactic decomposition of events by demonstrating that certain facts in Korean and Indonesian can only be explained by decomposing verbs into smaller syntactic pieces that ...

Author: Minjeong Son

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:814061805

Category: Indonesian language

Page: 492

View: 531

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A growing number of recent studies on verbal meaning have demonstrated that positing a direct mapping between the (lexical/logical) semantics and the syntax with respect to event structure can advance our understanding of numerous linguistic phenomena (e.g., Hale and Keyser 1993; Borer 1994; Travis 1994). This work presents additional empirical support for a theory of syntactic decomposition of events by demonstrating that certain facts in Korean and Indonesian can only be explained by decomposing verbs into smaller syntactic pieces that reflect subparts of a complex event structure. The theory of syntactic decomposition of predicates follows from a number of syntactic and semantic facts with regard to adverbial modification. For instance, scope ambiguity of 'again' is used as a diagnostic for the syntactic and semantic decomposition and for the existence of a result-state-denoting constituent (von Stechow 1996). By replicating the 'again' test, I argue that all morphological causatives in Korean are decomposed into roots and a causative head, regardless of whether the causative head is overtly realized in the morphology. The syntactic decomposition approach to the formation of morphological causatives ultimately leads to a unified syntactic account of morphological causatives in Korean, contrary to previous claims that such unification is not possible. The theory of syntactic decomposition also makes it possible to draw a generalization about the function of the verbal suffix -kan in Standard Indonesian. The suffix -kan gives an impression that it is multiply ambiguous since it occurs in a number of different constructions. However, by adopting the view that the syntax directly reflects event structure, I propose that all -kan constructions share the same event structure. Furthermore, I show that -kan is a morphological reflex of a result head that is contained in the event structure of a given -kan construction. This work further raises a question regarding whether encoding of event structure, in particular, causation, in the syntax is invariant across languages. Detailed examination of morphological causatives in Korean and Standard Indonesian indicates that although both languages form causative verbs by means of an overt morpheme, they nevertheless differ in terms of which semantic component of causation is reflected in the morpho-syntax.
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Complex Predicates

This volume focuses on the mapping from morphosyntactic structures to event structure, and in particular the constraints on possible mappings.

Author: Mengistu Amberber

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139487481

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page:

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Complex predicates are multipredicational, but monoclausal structures. They have proven problematic for linguistic theory, particularly for proposed distinctions between the lexicon, morphology, and syntax. This volume focuses on the mapping from morphosyntactic structures to event structure, and in particular the constraints on possible mappings. The volume showcases the 'coverb construction', a complex predicate construction which, though widespread, has received little attention in the literature. The coverb construction contrasts with more familiar serial verb constructions. The coverb construction generally maps only to event structures like those of monomorphemic verbs, whereas serial verb constructions map to a range of event structures differing from those of monomorphemic verbs. The volume coverage is truly cross-linguistic, including languages from Australia, Papua New Guinea, Southeast Asia, the Indian subcontinent, East Africa and North America. The volume establishes a new arena of research in event structure, syntax, and cross-linguistic typology.
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Aspectual Roles and the Syntax Semantics Interface

All work is work in progress. The ideas developed in this work could be (and probably will be) developed further, revised, and expanded. But it was time to write them down and send them out.

Author: Carol Tenny

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401111508

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 246

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All work is work in progress. The ideas developed in this work could be (and probably will be) developed further, revised, and expanded. But it was time to write them down and send them out. Some of these ideas about linking had their origins in my 1987 dissertation. However, this work has grown beyond the dissertation in a number of important ways. The most important of these advances lie in, first, articulating aspectual roles as linguistic objects over which lexical semantic phenomena can be stated, and over which linking generalizations are stated; second, recognizing that syntactic phenomena may be classified as to whether or not they are sensitive to the core event of event structure; and third, recognizing the modularity of aspectual and thematic/conceptual structure, and associating that modularity with a difference between language-specific and universal language generalizations. The three chapters of the book are organized around these ideas. I have tried to state these ideas as strong theses. Where they make strong predictions I have meant them to do so, as a probe for future research. I hope that other researchers will take up the challenge to investigate, test and develop these ideas across a wider realm of languages than I --as one person --can do.
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Event Structures in Linguistic Form and Interpretation

This volume addresses the problem of how language expresses conceptual information on event structures and how such information can be reconstructed in the interpretation process.

Author: Johannes Dölling

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110925449

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 543

View: 612

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This volume addresses the problem of how language expresses conceptual information on event structures and how such information can be reconstructed in the interpretation process. The papers present important new insights into recent semantic and syntactic research on the topic. The volume deals with the following problems in detail: event structure and syntactic construction, event structure and modification, event structure and plurality, event structure and temporal relation, event structure and situation aspect, and event structure and language ontology. Importantly, the topic is discussed not only on the basis of English and German but on the basis of other languages including Mandarin, Japanese, Korean, Indonesian, and Igbo as well. This volume thus provides solid evidence towards clarifying the empirical use of event based analyses.
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THE ROLE OF CONCEPTUAL STRUCTURE IN LEXICAL SEMANTICS

This book is essentially a research report written to provide study material for students of linguistics in Indonesia at the undergraduate as well as thegraduate level, in the effort to update the linguistics theoretical paradigm in ...

Author: Prof. Dr. Himpun Panggabean

Publisher: Pelita Kebenaran Press

ISBN: 9786026126962

Category:

Page: 65

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This book is essentially a research report written to provide study material for students of linguistics in Indonesia at the undergraduate as well as thegraduate level, in the effort to update the linguistics theoretical paradigm in Indonesia. A more precise understanding of how language works requires insight from the field of cognitive science. An understanding of the cognitive perspective of how language works will in turn enable the creation effective technology. This book is expected to provide helpful material and to guide students into a deeper interest in learning the cognitive and computational aspects of language that have become the emphasis of modern-day linguistics.
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Studies in the Composition and Decomposition of Event Predicates

It will enrich the work of semanticists, psycholinguists, and syntacticians with a decompositional approach to verb phrase structure.

Author: Boban Arsenijević

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400759831

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 252

View: 724

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This detailed, perceptive addition to the linguistics literature analyzes the semantic components of event predicates, exploring their fine-grained elements as well as their agency in linguistic processing. The papers go beyond pure semantics to consider their varying influences of event predicates on argument structure, aspect, scalarity, and event structure. The volume shows how advances in the linguistic theory of event predicates, which have spawned Davidsonian and neo-Davidsonian notions of event arguments, in addition to ‘event structure’ frameworks and mereological models for the eventuality domain, have sidelined research on specific sets of entailments that support a typology of event predicates. Addressing this imbalance in the literature, the work also presents evidence indicating a more complex role for scalar structures than currently assumed. It will enrich the work of semanticists, psycholinguists, and syntacticians with a decompositional approach to verb phrase structure.
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Event Semantics of Verb Frame Alternations

Using both theoretical and language acquisition arguments, this study proposes a new model of the lexicon-syntax interface defined in terms of checking event-semantic features.

Author: Angeliek Van Hout

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135670740

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 424

View: 538

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Using both theoretical and language acquisition arguments, this study proposes a new model of the lexicon-syntax interface defined in terms of checking event-semantic features. The research is based on Dutch verbs and their possible verb frames (intransitive, transitive, etc.) and two studies of children's Dutch. The model developed from these cases represents more generally the way in which Universal Grammar organizes the lexicon of a language and the mapping system that associates a verb's lexical features with its syntactic projection.
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Structuring Events

Throughout, the emerging theory of aspect is extensively compared with alternative theories, and the book concludes with general reflections on the semantic structure of the lexical aspectual classes.

Author: Susan Rothstein

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470759103

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 216

View: 325

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Structuring Events presents a novel semantic theory of lexical aspect for anyone interested in the study of verb meanings. Provides an introduction to aspectual classes and aspectual distinctions. Utilizes case studies to present a novel semantic theory of lexical aspect and compare it with alternative theories. Useful for students and scholars in semantics and syntax as well as the neighboring fields of pragmatics and philosophy of language.
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Telicity Change and State

This volume presents new work by leading researchers on central themes in the study of event structure: the nature and representation of telicity, change, and the notion of state.

Author: Violeta Demonte

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199693498

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 368

View: 896

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This volume presents new work by leading researchers on central themes in the study of event structure: the nature and representation of telicity, change, and the notion of state. The book advances our understanding of these aspects of event structure by combining foundational semantic research with a series of case studies from a variety of languages. The book begins with an overview of the theoretical issues central to the volume, along with a brief presentation of the remaining chapters and the points of contact between them. The chapters, developed within several different theoretical perspectives, promote cross-theory as well as cross-linguistic comparison. The work will interest scholars and advanced students of morphology, syntax, semantics, and their interfaces. It will also appeal to researchers in philosophy, psycholinguistics, and language acquisition who are interested in the notions of telicity, change, and stativity.
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The Lexicon

The key feature of the book is that it merges theoretical accounts with lexicographic approaches and computational insights.

Author: Elisabetta Ježek

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780191667114

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 320

View: 384

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The Lexicon provides an introduction to the study of words, their main properties, and how we use them to create meaning. It offers a detailed description of the organizing principles of the lexicon, and of the categories used to classify a wide range of lexical phenomena, including polysemy, meaning variation in composition, and the interplay with ontology, syntax, and pragmatics. Elisabetta Ježek uses empirical data from digitalized corpora and speakers' judgements, combined with the formalisms developed in the field of general and theoretical linguistics, to propose representations for each of these phenomena. The key feature of the book is that it merges theoretical accounts with lexicographic approaches and computational insights. Its clear structure and accessible approach make The Lexicon an ideal textbook for all students of linguistics—theoretical, applied, and computational—and a valuable resource for scholars and students of language in the fields of cognitive science and philosophy.
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The Lexicon

The text can be used for introductory and advanced courses, and for courses that touch upon different aspects of the lexicon, such as lexical semantics, lexicography, syntax, general linguistics, computational lexicology and ontology design ...

Author: James Pustejovsky

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108573528

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page:

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What is the lexicon, what does it contain, and how is it structured? What principles determine the functioning of the lexicon as a component of natural language grammar? What role does lexical information play in linguistic theory? This accessible introduction aims to answer these questions, and explores the relation of the lexicon to grammar as a whole. It includes a critical overview of major theoretical frameworks, and puts forward a unified treatment of lexical structure and design. The text can be used for introductory and advanced courses, and for courses that touch upon different aspects of the lexicon, such as lexical semantics, lexicography, syntax, general linguistics, computational lexicology and ontology design. The book provides students with a set of tools which will enable them to work with lexical data for all kinds of purposes, including an abundance of exercises and in-class activities designed to ensure that students are actively engaged with the content and effectively acquire the necessary knowledge and skills they need.
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The anti causative Alternation in Kikongo

In Angola Kikongo has many dialects, thus, data used in this book is from Kizombo, a dialect classified as 16h, as spoken in Damba and the Maquela do Zombo districts in the province of Uige.

Author: Mbiavanga Fernando

Publisher:

ISBN: 3862887553

Category: Kongo language

Page: 309

View: 571

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"This study investigates the problem of how the lexical-semantic, aspectual (event structure) and syntactic properties exemplified in the causative and anticausative sentences in Kikongo can be accounted for by invoking different combinations of the Voice, vCAUS, and Root nodes in terms of the decomposition approach to the analysis of causative and anticausative alternation. In so doing, the book explores the nature of the interaction and interdependence of lexical semantic verb class properties, aspectual verb class properties, and the syntactic encoding of the external argument of verbs in the causative and anticausative alternation constructions. Certainly, the construal of transitivity in Kikongo constitutes a central issue in the investigation in relation to the problem of argument alternation. Kikongo is a cross-boarder Bantu language spoken in Angola, DRC, Congo Brazzaville, and Gabon, zoned as H with unit 10 in Guthrie's (1967-71) referential classification. In Angola Kikongo has many dialects, thus, data used in this book is from Kizombo, a dialect classified as 16h, as spoken in Damba and the Maquela do Zombo districts in the province of Uige. The Kizombo dialect is estimated to be spoken by 25% of the total population of the province of Uige. Owing to the exocentric language policy adopted by the local authorities in the earlier years of independence, Kikongo, similar to other African languages of Angola, is not sufficiently documented. Thus little literature in or about Kikongo is available"--Back cover.
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Chinese Lexical Semantics

Lexical Semantics, Syntax, and Event Structure, pp. 39–58. Oxford University Press, Oxford (2010) The Semantic Analysis and Representation of “Hai-NP-Ne” ...

Author: Jia-Fei Hong

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030381899

Category: Computers

Page: 861

View: 895

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This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-workshop proceedings of the 20th Chinese Lexical Semantics Workshop, CLSW 2019, held in Chiayi, Taiwan, in June 2019. The 39 full papers and 46 short papers included in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 254 submissions. They are organized in the following topical sections: lexical semantics; applications of natural language processing; lexical resources; corpus linguistics.
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Semantics Lexical Structures and Adjectives

In this exciting book from a team of world-class researchers, in-depth articles explain a wide range of topics, including thematic roles, sense relation, ambiguity and comparison.

Author: Claudia Maienborn

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110626391

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 577

View: 972

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Discover vital research on the lexical and cognitive meanings of words. In this exciting book from a team of world-class researchers, in-depth articles explain a wide range of topics, including thematic roles, sense relation, ambiguity and comparison. The authors focus on the cognitive and conceptual structure of words and their meaning extensions such as coercion, metaphors and metonymies. The book features highly cited material – available in paperback for the first time since its publication – and is an essential starting point for anyone interested in lexical semantics, especially where it meets other cognitive and conceptual research.
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Cognitive Science Perspectives on Verb Representation and Processing

Verbs, constructions, and semantic frames. In M. Rappaport Hovav, E. Doron, & I. Sichel (Eds.), Lexical semantics, syntax, and event structure (pp. 39–58).

Author: Roberto G. de Almeida

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319101125

Category: Psychology

Page: 310

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Verbs play an important role in how events, states and other “happenings” are mentally represented and how they are expressed in natural language. Besides their central role in linguistics, verbs have long been prominent topics of research in analytic philosophy—mostly on the nature of events and predicate-argument structure—and a topic of empirical investigation in psycholinguistics, mostly on argument structure and its role in sentence comprehension. More recently, the representation of verb meaning has been gaining momentum as a topic of research in other cognitive science branches, notably neuroscience and the psychology of concepts. The present volume is an expression of this recent surge in the investigation of verb structure and meaning from the interdisciplinary perspective of cognitive science, with up-to-date contributions by theoretical linguists, philosophers, psycholinguists and neuroscientists. The volume presents new theoretical and empirical studies on how verb structure and verb meaning are represented, how they are processed during language comprehension, how they are acquired, and how they are neurologically implemented. Cognitive Science Perspectives on Verb Representation and Processing is a reflection of the recent collaboration between the disciplines that constitute cognitive science, bringing new empirical data and theoretical insights on a key element of natural language and conceptualization.
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Telicity Change and State

A Cross-Categorial View of Event Structure Violeta Demonte, Louise McNally. Pinon, Christopher. 2005. ... Lexical Semantics, Syntax, and Event Structure.

Author: Violeta Demonte

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199693504

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 368

View: 790

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This volume presents new work by leading researchers on central themes in the study of event structure: the nature and representation of telicity, change, and the notion of state. The book advances our understanding of these aspects of event structure by combining foundational semantic research with a series of case studies from a variety of languages. The book begins with an overview of the theoretical issues central to the volume, along with a brief presentation of the remaining chapters and the points of contact between them. The chapters, developed within several different theoretical perspectives, promote cross-theory as well as cross-linguistic comparison. The work will interest scholars and advanced students of morphology, syntax, semantics, and their interfaces. It will also appeal to researchers in philosophy, psycholinguistics, and language acquisition who are interested in the notions of telicity, change, and stativity.
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Verb Classes and Aspect

In Adjectives and adverbs: Syntax, semantics, and discourse, ... In Lexical semantics, Syntax, and Event Structure, Malka Rappaport Hovav et al. (eds.) ...

Author: Elisa Barrajón López

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789027267856

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 446

View: 129

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This volume offers a variety of perspectives on two of the main topics situated at the crossroads between lexical semantics and syntax, namely: (a) aspect and its correspondence with syntactic structure; and (b) the delimitation of syntactic structures from verb classes. Almost from Aristotle’s Metaphysics, it has been assumed that verbs invoke a mental image about the way in which eventualities are distributed over time. When it comes to determining time schemata, the lexical class to which the verb belongs represents a first step. Speaking about verb classes does not exclusively mean a semantic similarity; rather, verb classes exhibit a bundle of common features and thus show a set of recursive behavior patterns. Beyond the meaning of the verb, both semantic and syntactic factors, together with pragmatic ones, play a decisive role when establishing the aspectual classification of an eventuality. The contributions collected in this book approach the aforementioned lines, either analyzing the relationships between aspect and syntactic structure or traversing the path from a verb class to its syntactic manifestation. Some of them stress diachronic filiations, while others include processes of word formation in the debate; some of them focus on certain classes, such as movement verbs or psychological verbs, while others examine specific constructions. A number of chapters also discuss relevant theoretical issues concerning the analysis of aspect. In sum, the kaleidoscopic view provided by this book allows the reader to delve deeper into one of the most controversial – as well as exciting – topics within current linguistics.
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