Life in the Gang

Family, Friends, and Violence
Author: Scott H. Decker,Barrik van Winkle
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521565660
Category: Social Science
Page: 303
View: 9639
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This study is based on three years of field work with ninety-nine active gang members and twenty-four family members. The book describes the attractiveness of gangs, the process of joining, their chaotic and loose organization, and their members' predominant activities--mostly hanging out, drinking, and using drugs--and their rather slapdash involvement in major property crime and drug traffic. Extensive interviews with family members provide groundbreaking insights into the gang members' lives, and the story is told largely in the gang members' own words.

Handbook of Life-Course Criminology

Emerging Trends and Directions for Future Research
Author: Chris L. Gibson,Marvin D. Krohn
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461451132
Category: Social Science
Page: 341
View: 1689
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The wide-ranging scope of the Handbook of Life-Course Criminology covers genetics and environment, child offenders and late bloomers, the impact of school and peers, lifelong and time-limited criminal careers, and qualitative and quantitative methodologies. This unique Handbook is further set apart by its dual coverage of the leading edge of current research and innovative directions for future work in the field. Pathways to crime have been a central concept of criminology from its inception. Accordingly, a lifespan approach to the field has replaced earlier biological and sociological perspectives with a more nuanced understanding of offender behavior and a wider lens of study. The contributions to this Handbook break down issues of criminal and antisocial behavior from early childhood to late adulthood, examining developmentally targeted prevention and intervention strategies and reviewing emerging trends in research. Among the topics: · Childhood: including physical aggression in childhood, pre- and peri-natal development, and environment. · Adolescence: the impact of schooling, unstructured time with peers, gang membership and peer networks. · Adulthood: Adult onset crime, unemployment in emerging adulthood, crime and adult outcomes. · Prevention and Intervention: community programs, lifetime intervention strategies, re-entry. This volume will be a valuable piece for researchers in Criminology and Criminal Justice as well as related disciplines such as Sociology, Developmental Psychology, and Social Policy. It will serve as an important reference for the current state of research, as well as a roadmap for future scholars. "This impressive Handbook provides comprehensive coverage of key developmental and life course issues in criminology from birth to adulthood, including biology, genetics, gangs, schools, neighborhoods, adult onset, desistance, and interventions. The research recommendations in each chapter are especially important, and they should stimulate advances in knowledge for many years to come. This Handbook should be required reading for all criminologists." David P. Farrington, Professor of Psychological Criminology, Cambridge University, Cambridge, UK “In just a few decades developmental criminology has become the dominant intellectual force in criminology. This volume demonstrates why. It provides incisive reviews of important themes in developmental criminology. More importantly, it lays out rich agendas for future research that should inspire the next generation of developmental criminologists.” Daniel S. Nagin, Teresa and H. John Heinz III University Professor of Public Policy and Statistics, Carnegie Melon University, Pittsburgh, PA, USA

Advancing Quantitative Methods in Criminology and Criminal Justice


Author: Travis C. Pratt
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317995090
Category: Social Science
Page: 120
View: 9660
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Advancing Quantitative Methods in Criminology and Criminal Justice is designed to promote the understanding of various quantitative research methods and to encourage their use among those seeking answers to questions about crime and justice. To this end a number of top scholars have been assembled to provide their insights on a variety of 'cutting edge' quantitative research techniques. The chapters that appear delve into the state of quantitative methods in the discipline, group-based trajectory modeling, spatial dependence models, structural equation models, meta-analysis, social network designs, panel data modeling, and censored regression techniques. This book will be highly beneficial for readers who seek to stay as current as possible as they pursue answers to questions about crime and justice using quantitative research methods. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Criminal Justice Education.

Le phénomène des gangs de rue

Théories, évaluations, interventions
Author: Jean-Pierre Guay,Chantal Fredette
Publisher: Les Presses de l'Université de Montréal
ISBN: 2760632520
Category: Law
Page: 508
View: 9396
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À Montréal, au début des années 2000, une série d’événements violents mènent à d’importantes opérations policières qui, jumelées à un grand battage médiatique, propulsent à l’avant-scène les gangs de rue. Jusque-là considérés comme de la petite délinquance et essentiellement associés aux difficultés d’intégration des nouveaux immigrants, ces groupes apparaissent comme une nouvelle menace à la sécurité publique. Qu’en est-il vraiment ? Curieusement, il n’existe aucun consensus quant à la définition du phénomène, même si certaines caractéristiques – la jeunesse des membres, le caractère illégal des activités ou l’identité commune – se retrouvent dans tous les cas de figure. Comment prévenir et traiter ce phénomène ? Dans cet ouvrage, des criminologues et d’autres spécialistes chevronnés font un tour d’horizon des aspects liés à cette forme de criminalité déjà bien installée dans plusieurs pays, mais dont l’existence au Québec commence à peine à être admise et comprise.

Crime and Public Policy


Author: James Q. Wilson,Joan Petersilia
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199968233
Category: Social Science
Page: 656
View: 2396
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Crime in the United States has fluctuated considerably over the past thirty years, as have the policy approaches to deal with it. During this time criminologists and other scholars have helped to shed light on the role of incarceration, prevention, drugs, guns, policing, and numerous other aspects to crime control. Yet the latest research is rarely heard in public discussions and is often missing from the desks of policymakers. This book accessibly summarizes the latest scientific information on the causes of crime and evidence about what does and does not work to control it. Thoroughly revised and updated, this new version of Crime and Public Policy will include twenty chapters and five new substantial entries. As with previous editions, each essay reviews the existing literature, discusses the methodological rigor of the studies, identifies what policies and programs the studies suggest, and then points to policies now implemented that fail to reflect the evidence. The chapters cover the principle institutions of the criminal justice system (juvenile justice, police, prisons, probation and parole, sentencing), how broader aspects of social life inhibit or encourage crime (biology, schools, families, communities), and topics currently generating a great deal of attention (criminal activities of gangs, sex offenders, prisoner reentry, changing crime rates). With contributions from trusted, leading scholars, Crime and Public Policy offers the most comprehensive and balanced guide to how the latest and best social science research informs the understanding of crime and its control for policymakers, community leaders, and students of crime and criminal justice.

Street Gang Patterns and Policies


Author: Malcolm W. Klein,Cheryl L. Maxson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199890102
Category: Law
Page: 320
View: 6590
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In the past two decades, many prevention and suppression programs have been initiated on a national and local level to combat street gangs--but what do we really know about them? Why do youths join them? Why do they proliferate? Street Gang Patterns and Policies is a crucial update and critical examination of our understanding of gangs and major gang-control programs across the nation. Often perceived solely as an urban issue, street gangs are also a suburban and rural dilemma. Klein and Maxson focus on gang proliferation, migration, and crime patterns, and highlight known risk factors that lead to youths form and join gangs within communities. Dispelling the long-standing assumptions that the public, the media, and law enforcement have about street gangs, they present a comprehensive overview of how gangs are organized and structured. The authors assess the major gang programs across the nation and argue that existing prevention, intervention, and suppression methods targeting individuals, groups, and communities, have been largely ineffective. Klein and Maxson close by offering valuable policy guidelines for practitioners on how to intervene and control gangs more successfully. Filling an important gap in the literature on street gangs and social control, this book is a must-read for criminologists, social workers, policy makers, and criminal justice practitioners.

Criminology

Explaining Crime and Its Context
Author: Stephen E. Brown,Finn-Aage Esbensen,Gilbert Geis
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317311973
Category: Social Science
Page: 620
View: 6697
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Criminology: Explaining Crime and Its Context, Ninth Edition, is a highly acclaimed textbook offering a broad perspective on criminological theory. It provides students of criminology and sociology with a thorough exposure to a range of theories, contrasting their logic and assumptions, but also highlighting efforts to integrate and blend these frameworks. In this ninth edition, the authors have incorporated new directions that have gained traction in the field, while remaining faithful to their criminological heritage. Among the themes in this work are the relativity of crime (its changing definition) with abundant examples, historical roots of criminology and the lessons they have provided, and the strength and challenges of applying the scientific method. This revision offers enhanced coverage of biosocial theories of crime, more global examples, and a new chapter on youth violence, improving on the most comprehensive and balanced theory text available for undergraduates.

Addicted to Incarceration

Corrections Policy and the Politics of Misinformation in the United States
Author: Travis C. Pratt
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1483343413
Category: Social Science
Page: 176
View: 7299
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In Addicted to Incarceration, author Travis Pratt uses an evidence-based approach to explore the consequences of what he terms America's "addiction to incarceration," highlighting the scope of the problem, the nature of the political discussions surrounding criminal justice policy in general and corrections policy in particular, and the social cost of incarceration. Pratt demonstrates that the United States' addiction to incarceration has been fueled by American citizens' opinions about crime and punishment, the effectiveness of incarceration as a means of social control, and perhaps most important, by policies legitimized by faulty information (e.g.,fear of crime is objectively linked to victimization, petty offenders mature into violent predators, and persistent offending can be accurately predicted over the life course). Analyzing crime policies as they relate to crime rates and U.S. society's ability to both lower the crime rate and address the role of incarceration in preventing future crime, the book shows students how ineffective our rush to incarcerate has been in the last decade, as well as offering recommendations and insights into the future of this problem. Features Real world examples that put a human face on the issues open each chapter Race, ethnicity, and gender issues underlie all discussions and address key aspects of incarceration rates and crime trends The social costs of incarceration are explored, including the heightened inmate risk of personal victimization, incarceration's effect as a barrier to successful offender reintegration into society, and its role in exacerbating existing racial inequalities The final chapter contains conclusions and recommendations for future policy makers Written in an informal and accessible style, Addicted to Incarceration is appropriate for criminal justice policy or corrections courses at the undergraduate level and can also be used as a supplementary text in introductory criminal justice, criminology, and critical issues in criminal justice courses.

Youth Gangs and Community Intervention

Research, Practice, and Evidence
Author: Robert Chaskin
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231519311
Category: Social Science
Page: 296
View: 4432
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Although a range of program and policy responses to youth gangs exist, most are largely based on suppression, implemented by the police or other criminal justice agencies. Less attention and fewer resources have been directed to prevention and intervention strategies that draw on the participation of community organizations, schools, and social service agencies in the neighborhoods in which gangs operate. Also underemphasized is the importance of integrating such approaches at the local level. In this volume, leading researchers discuss effective intervention among youth gangs, focusing on the ideas behind, approaches to, and evidence about the effectiveness of community-based, youth gang interventions. Treating community as a crucial unit of analysis and action, these essays reorient our understanding of gangs and the measures undertaken to defeat them. They emphasize the importance of community, both as a context that shapes opportunity and as a resource that promotes positive youth engagement. Covering key themes and debates, this book explores the role of social capital and collective efficacy in informing youth gang intervention and evaluation, the importance of focusing on youth development within the context of community opportunities and pressures, and the possibilities of better linking research, policy, and practice when responding to youth gangs, among other critical issues.

Studying and preventing homicide

issues and challenges
Author: M. Dwayne Smith,Margaret A. Zahn
Publisher: Sage Publications, Inc
ISBN: 9780761907671
Category: Social Science
Page: 314
View: 2925
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An introduction summarizes the social theories of homicide and the methodological issues in the study of homicide. This accessible volume then focuses on specific types of homicides including: mass and serial murders, homicides by youth, gang homicides, domestic homicides, homicides by female offenders, and alcohol/drug related homicides.

The Modern Gang Reader


Author: Jody Miller,Cheryl Lee Maxson,Malcolm W. Klein
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781891487446
Category: Social Science
Page: 346
View: 5933
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The Girls in the Gang


Author: Glennis Dennehy,Greg Newbold
Publisher: Reed Publishing (NZ)
ISBN: N.A
Category: Abused women
Page: 208
View: 1496
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This fifth book of a pre-school series of six titles developed in accordance with the government's new foundation guidelines focuses on trips out and real-life adventures - such as trips to the zoo and holidays. It includes making a bottle organ, plants and seed, the jungle at night, looking at pond creatures, making a bee mobile and a (Jewish) Succot shelter. The government guidelines have six core early learning goals which are incorporated into each title in the series: physical development; creative development; personal, social and emotional development; communication, language and literacy; mathematical development and knowledge and understanding of the world. These new goals are not age-related, but attained in stepping stones stages that children aged 3 to 5 can work through at their own pace. Play and Learn incorporates this stepping stone ideology, with Book 1 being the easiest and Book 6 being the hardest. Each book uses colourful artwork and stimulating scenarios.

Turnstile Justice

Issues in American Corrections
Author: Rosemary L. Gido,Ted Alleman
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Law
Page: 223
View: 3755
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Focused on the major issues facing corrections today, this collection of readings analyzes thesocial context within which current American punishment philosophy and practice take place. Each chapter deals with a major topic, policy, or strategy that is currently generating debate in the correctional field, and varying points of view reflect the diversity of thought on each critical issue. The author of each chapter provides factual information and data on an issue or topic and then invites readers to step back and critically examine the impact of the correctional problem on the system or society.American Corrections in the New Millennium. Societal Change and Its Impact on Corrections. Correctional Philosophies. Prison Violence. The Inmate Subculture in Juvenile Correctional Settings. Health Care for Women Offenders. Jailed Fathers. Correctional Boot Camps. Detention in I.N.S. Jails. Postsecondary Correctional Education. For anyone involved in criminal justice/corrections.

Sociological Abstracts


Author: Leo P. Chall
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Sociology
Page: N.A
View: 5895
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CSA Sociological Abstracts abstracts and indexes the international literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences. The database provides abstracts of journal articles and citations to book reviews drawn from over 1,800+ serials publications, and also provides abstracts of books, book chapters, dissertations, and conference papers.

Juvenile Justice


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Juvenile delinquency
Page: N.A
View: 8500
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European street gangs and troublesome youth groups


Author: Scott H. Decker,Frank M. Weerman
Publisher: Altamira Pr
ISBN: 9780759107922
Category: Social Science
Page: 338
View: 6269
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This unique volume by eminent gang researchers presents valuable new data on European youth gangs, describing important characteristics of these groups, and their similarities and differences to American gangs. Their findings from the Eurogang Research Program highlight the impact of immigration and ethnicity, urbanization, national influences, and local neighborhood circumstances on gang development in several European countries. It is an important resource on crime, delinquency and youth development for criminologists, sociologists, youth workers, policy makers, local governments, and law enforcement professionals. Visit our website for sample chapters!

Justice quarterly


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 660
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Criminology


Author: John E. Conklin
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon
ISBN: 9780205307753
Category: Social Science
Page: 610
View: 2458
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This book remains organized around a conceptual scheme, unlike the core of most other books on this subject which use a "crime-of-the-week" approach (for example, a chapter on violent crime, a chapter on organized crime, and so on). This book contains as much material on those crimes as other books, but the material appears in chapters that treat conceptual issues, such as learning to commit crime and the organization of criminal behavior. This edition includes references to current writings in professional journals and books in criminology, sociology, and other disciplines. New material reports on stalking, crime and the racial composition of communities, maltreatment and delinquency, female violent offenders, and effective crime-prevention measures. Also included are references to recent events such as the Columbine High School murders and Abner Louima police brutality case. For anyone interested in criminology and sociology.

Competing for Control

Gangs and the Social Order of Prisons
Author: David C. Pyrooz,Scott H. Decker
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781108498357
Category: Social Science
Page: 250
View: 3460
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Pyrooz and Decker pull apart the bars on prison gangs to uncover how they compete for control. While there is much speculation about these gangs, there is little solid research. This book draws on interviews with 802 inmates - half of whom were gang members - in two Texas prisons; one of the largest samples of its kind. Using this data, the authors explore how gangs organize and govern, who joins gangs and how they get out, the dark side of gang activities including misconduct and violence, the ways in which gang membership spills onto the street, and the direct and indirect links between the street and prison gangs. Competing for Control captures the nature of gangs in a time of transition, as prison gangs become more horizontal and their power is diffused across groups. There is no study like this one.

Criminal justice review


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Law
Page: N.A
View: 6325
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