Logics of History

In Logics of History, he reveals the shape such an engagement could take, some of the topics it could illuminate, and how it might affect both sides of the disciplinary divide.

Author: William H. Sewell Jr.

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226749193

Category: Social Science

Page: 376

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While social scientists and historians have been exchanging ideas for a long time, they have never developed a proper dialogue about social theory. William H. Sewell Jr. observes that on questions of theory the communication has been mostly one way: from social science to history. Logics of History argues that both history and the social sciences have something crucial to offer each other. While historians do not think of themselves as theorists, they know something social scientists do not: how to think about the temporalities of social life. On the other hand, while social scientists’ treatments of temporality are usually clumsy, their theoretical sophistication and penchant for structural accounts of social life could offer much to historians. Renowned for his work at the crossroads of history, sociology, political science, and anthropology, Sewell argues that only by combining a more sophisticated understanding of historical time with a concern for larger theoretical questions can a satisfying social theory emerge. In Logics of History, he reveals the shape such an engagement could take, some of the topics it could illuminate, and how it might affect both sides of the disciplinary divide.
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Mathematics And Logic in History And in Contemporary Thought

includes all history in itself. . . . And to the extent that they can be of use according
to the requirements of the problem, we must know also the natural, physical and
mathematical sciences. But we must not know them as such and develop them ...

Author: Ettore Carruccio

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 0202367304

Category: Philosophy

Page: 398

View: 369

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This book is not a conventional history of mathematics as such, a museum of documents and scientific curiosities. Instead, it identifies this vital science with the thought of those who constructed it and in its relation to the changing cultural context in which it evolved. Particular emphasis is placed on the philosophic and logical systems, from Aristotle onward, that provide the basis for the fusion of mathematics and logic in contemporary thought. Ettore Carruccio covers the evolution of mathematics from the most ancient times to our own day. In simple and non-technical language, he observes the changes that have taken place in the conception of rational theory, until we reach the lively, delicate and often disconcerting problems of modern logical analysis. The book contains an unusual wealth of detail (including specimen demonstrations) on such subjects as the critique of Euclid's fifth postulate, the rise of non-Euclidean geometry, the introduction of theories of infinite sets, the construction of abstract geometry, and-in a notably intelligible discussion-the development of modern symbolic logic and meta-mathematics. Scientific problems in general and mathematical problems in particular show their full meaning only when they are considered in the light of their own history. This book accordingly takes the reader to the heart of mathematical questions, in a way that teacher, student and layman alike will find absorbing and illuminating. The history of mathematics is a field that continues to fascinate people interested in the course of creativity, and logical inference quite part and in addition to those with direct mathematical interests. Ettore Carruccio, who until his retirement was professor of philosophy at the University of Turin. He has made many contributions to mathematical and logical theory as well as to the history of the science. Isabel Quigly was the literary editor of The Tablet for many years.
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Bad History and the Logics of Blockbuster Cinema

bad history and the logics of blockbuster cinema Copyright © Patrick McGee,
2012. Softcover reprint of the hardcover 1st edition 2012 978-0-230-11651-1 All
rights reserved. First published in 2012 by PALGRAVE MACMILLAN® in the
United ...

Author: P. McGee

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137012531

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 209

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McGee studies historical representation in commodified, popular cinema as expressions of historical truths that more authentic histories usually miss and argues for the political and social significance of mass culture through the interpretation of four recent big-budget movies: Titanic, Gangs of New York, Australia, and Inglourious Basterds .
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Assumptions of Grand Logics

If, as seems obvious, there is a close affinity between the logic of events and
actual structures, then we are justified in considering the whole of an historical
unstable-stable period as the working out in society of a logical system. A logical
 ...

Author: J.K. Feibleman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400992788

Category: Philosophy

Page: 283

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A system of philosophy of the sort presented in this and the following volumes begins with logic. Philosophy properly speaking is characterized by the kind oflogic it employs, for what it employs it assumes, however silently; and what it assumes it presupposes. The logic stands behind the ontology and is, so to speak, metaphysically prior. One word of caution. The philosophical aspects of logic have lagged behind the mathematical aspects in point of view of interest and develop ment. The work of N. Rescher and others have gone a long way to correct this. However, their work on philosophical logic has been more concerned with the logical than with the philosophical aspects. I have in mind another approach, one that would call attention to the ontological (systematic meta physics) or metaphysical (critical ontology) aspects, whichever term you prefer. It is this approach which I have pursued in the following chapters. Since together they stand at the head of a system of philosophy which has been developed in some seventeen books, a system which ranges over all of the topics of philosophy, the chosen approach can be seen as the necessary one. But I have not written any logic, I have merely indicated the sort of logic that has to be written.
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The Donghak Concept of God heaven

A - type Logic and E - type Logic Kim Sang Yil introduces his theory on “ A - type
Logic and E - type Logic ” in his comparative ... Fromm asserts that there have
been two kinds of philosophical logics in history of philosophy : One is the logic of
 ...

Author: Kiyul Chung

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 0820488216

Category: Religion

Page: 146

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Original Scholarly Monograph
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CONCUR 2010 Concurrency Theory

Reasoning about Optimistic Concurrency Using a Program Logic for History Ming
Fu1, Yong Li1, Xinyu Feng1,2, Zhong Shao3, ... Program logics such as
concurrent separation logic and rely-guarantee reasoning can be used to verify
these ...

Author: Paul Gastin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642153747

Category: Computers

Page: 600

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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Concurrency Theory, CONCUR 2010, held in Paris, France, August 31 - September 3, 2010. The 35 revised full papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 107 submissions. The topics include: - Basic models of concurrency such as abstract machines, domain theoretic models, game theoretic models, process algebras, and Petri nets. - Logics for concurrency such as modal logics, probabilistic and stochastic logics, temporal logics, and resource logics. - Models of specialized systems such as biology-inspired systems, circuits, hybrid systems, mobile and collaborative systems, multi-core processors, probabilistic systems, real-time systems, service-oriented computing, and synchronous systems. - Verification and analysis techniques for concurrent systems such as abstract interpretation, atomicity checking, model checking, race detection, pre-order and equivalence checking and run-time verification.
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Perspectives on the History of Mathematical Logic

Most of his scholarly career, however, was devoted to logic, foundations of
mathematics, and especially the history of logic, in which he was largely self-
educated, but deeply influenced by his close friend Georg Kreisel. From F rege to
Gzidel ...

Author: Thomas Drucker

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780817647681

Category: Mathematics

Page: 195

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This volume offers insights into the development of mathematical logic over the last century. Arising from a special session of the history of logic at an American Mathematical Society meeting, the chapters explore technical innovations, the philosophical consequences of work during the period, and the historical and social context in which the logicians worked. The discussions herein will appeal to mathematical logicians and historians of mathematics, as well as philosophers and historians of science.
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Handbook of the History of Logic Inductive logic

Or so said the critics of deductive logic, down the ages. Handbook of the History
of Logic. Volume 10: Inductive Logic. Stephan Hartmann and John Woods.
General editors: Dov M. Gabbay and John Woods. c 2011 Elsevier BV. All rights ...

Author: Dov M. Gabbay

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780444529367

Category: Induction (Logic)

Page: 785

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In designing the Handbook of the History of Logic, the Editors have taken the view that the history of logic holds more than an antiquarian interest, and that a knowledge of logic's rich and sophisticated development is, in various respects, relevant to the research programmes of the present day. Ancient logic is no exception. The present volume attests to the distant origins of some of modern logic's most important features, such as can be found in the claim by the authors of the chapter on Aristotle's early logic that, from its infancy, the theory of the syllogism is an example of an intuitionistic, non-monotonic, relevantly paraconsistent logic. Similarly, in addition to its comparative earliness, what is striking about the best of the Megarian and Stoic traditions is their sophistication and originality.
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The History and Philosophy of Polish Logic

This paper relates some episodesin the history of logic from themid twentieth
Centurytoa highly influential line ofresearch in logic programming andartificial
intelligence that developed independently from around the endof the1980s.1
In1988 ...

Author: K. Mulligan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137030894

Category: Philosophy

Page: 308

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The book presents the state of the art of research into the legacy of interwar Polish analytic philosophy and exemplifies different approaches to the history of philosophy. It contains discussions and reconstructions of aspects of Polish philosophy and logic as well as reactions to and developments of this tradition.
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War Time

Sewell, Logics of History, 6–7, 9–10. Sewell identifies teleological forms of
temporality in some works. For Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim, and others, Sewell
suggests, history was viewed as “the temporal working out of an inherent logic of
social ...

Author: Mary L. Dudziak

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199913473

Category: History

Page: 232

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On the surface, "wartime" is a period of time in which a society is at war. But we now live in what President Obama has called "an age without surrender ceremonies," where it is no longer easy to distinguish between times of war and times of peace. In this inventive meditation on war, time, and the law, Mary Dudziak argues that wartime is not as discrete a time period as we like to think. Instead, America has been engaged in some form of ongoing overseas armed conflict for over a century. Meanwhile policy makers and the American public continue to view wars as exceptional events that eventually give way to normal peace times. This has two consequences: first, because war is thought to be exceptional, "wartime" remains a shorthand argument justifying extreme actions like torture and detention without trial; and second, ongoing warfare is enabled by the inattention of the American people. More disconnected than ever from the wars their nation is fighting, public disengagement leaves us without political restraints on the exercise of American war powers.
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The World s Key Industry

History and Economics of International Shipping G. Harlaftis, S. Tenold, J.
Valdaliso. Reveley the setting ... W. H. Sewell (2005) Logics of History: Social
Theory and Social Transformation (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press), p.
101. 13.

Author: G. Harlaftis

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137003751

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 305

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Maritime transport has been the main driver of trade growth, and the emergence and development of a global economy. This collection of essays from distinguished economists and historians takes an international and comparative perspective, covering topics ranging from technological advance and the role of the state to maritime business development.
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Other Logics

Alternatives to Formal Logic in the History of Thought and Contemporary
Philosophy Admir Skodo. Collingwood's. Logic. of. Question. and. Answer.
against. the. Relativization. of. Reason. Christopher Fear 1 Introduction Fearing
that his health ...

Author: Admir Skodo

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004270183

Category: Philosophy

Page: 252

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In Other Logics: Alternatives to Formal Logic in the History of Thought and Contemporary Philosophy, edited by Admir Skodo, an array of historical and philosophical chapters decenter the idea of formal logic as the most accurate, timeless, and abstract description of all thought and reasoning.
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Non Standard Inferences in Description Logics

Description Logics (DLs) are used to represent and to reason about
terminological knowledge. Research in the field of ... Starting with a brief history
of DLs, syntax and semantics of the DLs relevant in this book are introduced.
Then, standard ...

Author: Ralf Küsters

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540423973

Category: Computers

Page: 250

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Description logics (DLs) are used to represent structured knowledge. Inference services testing consistency of knowledge bases and computing subconcept/superconcept hierarchies are the main feature of DL systems. Intensive research during the last fifteen years has led to highly optimized systems that allow to reason about knowledge bases efficiently. However, applications often require additional non-standard inferences to support both the construction and the maintenance of knowledge bases, thus making the inference procedures again incomplete. This book, which is a revised version of the author's PhD thesis, constitutes a significant step to fill this gap by providing an excellent formal foundation of the most prominent non-standard inferences. The descriptions given include precise definitions, complete algorithms and thorough complexity analysis. With its solid foundation, the book also serves as a basis for future research.
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Many Valued Logics 2

4.1 Historical Remarks If it is true that the idea of multivalued logics is relatively
new in modern history, then certainly automatization of reasoning, at least on the
conceptual level, can be traced back to Leibniz. The history of automated
theorem ...

Author: Leonard Bolc

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540645071

Category: Mathematics

Page: 303

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Many-valued logics are becoming increasingly important in all areas of computer science. This is the second volume of an authoritative two-volume handbook on many valued logics by two leading figures in the field. While the first volume was mainly concerned with theoretical foundations, this volume emphasizes automated reasoning, practical applications, and the latest developments in fuzzy logic and rough set theory. Among the applications presented are those in software specification and electronic circuit verification.
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Elements of the History of Mathematics

Therefore the reader must not expect to find in what follows a history of Logic,
even in a very summarised form; we have ... It is because of this that we will say
nothing about the non-classical logics (many- valued logics, modal logics); all the
 ...

Author: N. Bourbaki

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540647678

Category: Mathematics

Page: 301

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Each volume of Nicolas Bourbakis well-known work, The Elements of Mathematics, contains a section or chapter devoted to the history of the subject. This book collects together those historical segments with an emphasis on the emergence, development, and interaction of the leading ideas of the mathematical theories presented in the Elements. In particular, the book provides a highly readable account of the evolution of algebra, geometry, infinitesimal calculus, and of the concepts of number and structure, from the Babylonian era through to the 20th century.
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Combinatory Logic

This book intends to present combinatory logic — starting with the basics — a self
-contained subject. λ-calculi are mentioned, because it seems unavoidable due
to the historical development of these areas. However, λ-calculi are not given ...

Author: Katalin Bimbo

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439800010

Category: Computers

Page: 357

View: 941

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Combinatory logic is one of the most versatile areas within logic that is tied to parts of philosophical, mathematical, and computational logic. Functioning as a comprehensive source for current developments of combinatory logic, this book is the only one of its kind to cover results of the last four decades. Using a reader-friendly style, the auth
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Evil Paradises

105 It aids the logic of capital, but, as an element of randomness and
unpredictability, or as a means of simply forcing the pace of history, it must be
contingent or external to the logic of history itself. In contrast, I would argue that
violence is ...

Author: Mike Davis

Publisher: The New Press

ISBN: 9781595587787

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

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Evil Paradises, edited by Mike Davis and Daniel Bertrand Monk, is a global guidebook to phantasmagoric but real places—alternate realities being constructed as “utopias” in a capitalist era unfettered by unions and state regulation. These developments—in cities, deserts, and in the middle of the sea—are worlds where consumption and inequality surpass our worst nightmares. Although they read like science fiction, the case studies are shockingly real. In Dubai, where child slavery existed until very recently, a gilded archipelago of private islands known as “The World” is literally being added to the ocean. In Medellín and Kabul, drug lords—in many ways textbook capitalists—are redefining conspicuous consumption in fortified palaces. In Hong Kong, Cairo, and even the Iranian desert, burgeoning communities of nouveaux riches have taken shelter in fantasy Californias, complete with Mickey Mouse statues, while their maids sleep in rooftop chicken coops. Meanwhile, Ted Turner rides herd over his bison in 2 million acres of private parkland. Davis and Monk have assembled an extraordinary group of urbanists, architects, historians, and visionary thinkers to reflect upon the trajectory of a civilization whose deepest ethos seems to be to consume all the resources of the earth within a single lifetime.
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A Companion to Latin American Philosophy

The late Ayda Arruda was a pioneer with her work on paraconsistent logic and
paraconsistent set theory. She also worked on the history of logic (in particular,
the history of paraconsistent logic), and intuitionist mathematics without negation
 ...

Author: Susana Nuccetelli

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118610565

Category: Philosophy

Page: 576

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This comprehensive collection of original essays written by an international group of scholars addresses the central themes in Latin American philosophy. Represents the most comprehensive survey of historical and contemporary Latin American philosophy available today Comprises a specially commissioned collection of essays, many of them written by Latin American authors Examines the history of Latin American philosophy and its current issues, traces the development of the discipline, and offers biographical sketches of key Latin American thinkers Showcases the diversity of approaches, issues, and styles that characterize the field
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Selected Essays on the History of Set Theory and Logics 1906 1918

LAITA , L. ( 1980 ] ' Boolean algebra and its extra - logical sources : the testimony
of Mary Everest Boole ' , History and philosophy of logic , 1 , 37-60 . MACHALE ,
D. ( 1985 ) George Boole . His life and work , Dublin ( Boole Press ) . MERRILL ...

Author: Philip Edward Bertrand Jourdain

Publisher:

ISBN: WISC:89044501617

Category: Logic, Symbolic and mathematical

Page: 352

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Institutional Logics in Action

organizational practices. The loosely coupled field of corporate diversity
management provides an ideal site to examine how organizational factors
mediate the process of logic instantiation. In the following section, we provide a
history of the ...

Author: Michael Lounsbury

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 9781781909218

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 399

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The Institutional Logics Perspective is one of the fastest growing new theoretical areas in organization studies (Thornton, Ocasio & Lounsbury, 2012). Building on early efforts by Friedland & Alford (1991) to "bring society back in" to the study of organizational dynamics, this new scholarly domain has revived institutional analysis by embracing a
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