Author: Ronald Bruzina
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
As the founder of phenomenology, Edmund Husserl has been hugely influential in the development of contemporary continental philosophy. In The Philosophy of Husserl, Burt Hopkins shows that the unity of Husserl’s philosophical enterprise is found in the investigation of the origins of cognition, being, meaning, and ultimately philosophy itself. Hopkins challenges the prevailing view that Husserl’s late turn to history is inconsistent with his earlier attempts to establish phenomenology as a pure science and also the view of Heidegger and Derrida, that the limits of transcendental phenomenology are historically driven by ancient Greek philosophy. Part 1 presents Plato’s written and unwritten theories of eidê and Aristotle’s criticism of both. Part 2 traces Husserl’s early investigations into the formation of mathematical and logical concepts and charts the critical necessity that leads from descriptive psychology to transcendentally pure phenomenology. Part 3 investigates the movement of Husserl’s phenomenology of transcendental consciousness to that of monadological intersubjectivity. Part 4 presents the final stage of the development of Husserl’s thought, which situates monadological intersubjectivity within the context of the historical a priori constitutive of all meaning. Part 5 exposes the unwarranted historical presuppositions that guide Heidegger’s fundamental ontological and Derrida’s deconstructive criticisms of Husserl’s transcendental phenomenology. The Philosophy of Husserl will be required reading for all students of phenomenology.
pares his taking refuge in logos with the safe way to perceive the sun during an eclipse, by stressing that he does “not admit at all ... In precisely this sense, then, logos and eidos are the same, without, however, being identical.
Author: Burt Hopkins
Drawing from the works of Plato and more contemporary philosophers such as Bakhtin, Buber, Taylor, and Gadamer, On Dialogue explores the necessity of dialogue to being. Author Dmitri Nikulin argues that dialogue is not just a form of communication, but it is the very conditio humana. Nikulin provides a systematic account of dialogue and its role in philosophy, literature, and oral discourse. Exploring the notion of human unfinalizability in dialogical communication, which does not always come to a consensus but is always carried on further in order to express one's self as one's personal other, On Dialogue argues that the human is a dialogical being in perpetual conversation with the other. By offering clues a better understanding of the being, Nikulin's work makes a significant contribution not only to the field of philosophy, but also to the study of anthropology and ontology.
However , as has already been stressed , eidema and voice have different " dimensions , " so to speak , which makes the relationship between them similar to that between eidos and logos . The eidos is ever present in its entirety and ...
Author: Dmitriĭ Vladimirovich Nikulin
Publisher: Lexington Books
Sanchez and Sanchez have selected, edited, translated, and introduced some of the most influential texts in Mexican philosophy, which constitute a unique and robust tradition that will challenge and complicate traditional conceptions of philosophy. The texts collected here are organized chronologically and represent a period of Mexican thought and culture that emerged from the Mexican Revolution of 1910 and which culminated in la filosofia de lo mexicano (the philosophy of Mexicanness). Though the selections reflect on a variety of philosophical questions, collectively they represent a growing tendency to take seriously the question of Mexican national identity as a philosophical question--especially given the complexities of Mexico's indigenous and European ancestries, a history of colonialism, and a growing dependency on foreign money and culture. More than an attempt to describe the national character, however, the texts gathered here represent an optimistic period in Mexican philosophy that aimed to affirm Mexican culture and philosophy as a valuable, if not urgent, contribution to universal culture.
Even admitting your conception of philosophy—the precise and exclusive equation “philosophy = logos or eidos”—I insist on the fact that there is room to speak meaningfully of metaphilosophy. I will forego the question of the ...
Author: Carlos Alberto Sanchez
Publisher: Oxford University Press
The great age of Russian philosophy spans the century between 1830 and 1930 - from the famous Slavophile-Westernizer controversy of the 1830s and 1840s, through the 'Silver Age' of Russian culture at the beginning of the twentieth century, to the formation of a Russian 'philosophical emigration' in the wake of the Russian Revolution. This volume is a major history and interpretation of Russian philosophy in this period. Eighteen chapters (plus a substantial introduction and afterword) discuss Russian philosophy's main figures, schools and controversies, while simultaneously pursuing a common central theme: the development of a distinctive Russian tradition of philosophical humanism focused on the defence of human dignity. As this volume shows, the century-long debate over the meaning and grounds of human dignity, freedom and the just society involved thinkers of all backgrounds and positions, transcending easy classification as 'religious' or 'secular'. The debate still resonates strongly today.
This outcome seems to be unavoidable in view of Losev's attempt to marry the eidos with the dialectic. ... He points out that in The Ancient Cosmos and Contemporary Science, Losev “calls logos as well as eidos a fundamental concept.
Author: G. M. Hamburg
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Ailleurs , ce logos est envisagé , conjointement pour la φύσις et pour la τέχνη , comme la condition meme du déploiement d'un étant selon un eidos déterminé 30. Mais dans la suite du 1.Z , cette notion de logos atteint toute sa ...
Author: Jürgen Wiesner
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
What if political rhetoric is unavoidable, an irreducible part of politics itself? In contrast to the familiar denunciations of political horse-trading, grandstanding, and corporate manipulation from those lamenting the crisis in liberal democracy, this book argues that the “politics of politics,” usually associated with rhetoric and sophistry, is, like it or not, part of politics from the start. Denunciations of the sorry state of current politics draw on a dogmatism and moralism that share an essentially metaphysical and Platonic ground. Failure to deconstruct that ground generates a philosophically and politically debilitating selfrighteousness that this book attempts to understand and undermine. After a detailed analysis of Foucault’s influential late concept of parrhesia, which is shown to be both philosophically and politically insufficient, close readings of Heidegger, Kierkegaard, and Derrida trace complex relations between sophistry, rhetoric, and philosophy; truth and untruth; decision; madness and stupidity in an exploration of the possibility of developing an affirmative thinking of politics that is not mortgaged to the metaphysics of presence. It is suggested that Heidegger’s complex accounts of truth and decision must indeed be read in close conjunction with his notorious Nazi commitments but nevertheless contain essential insights that many strident responses to those commitments ignore or repress. Those insights are here developed—via an ambitious account of Derrida’s often misunderstood interruption of teleology—into a deconstructive retrieval of the concept of dignity. This lucid and often witty account of a crucial set of developments in twentieth-century thought prepares the way for a more general re-reading of the possibilities of political philosophy that will be undertaken in Volume 2 of this work, under the sign of an essential scatter that defines the political as such.
From there, we also see the connection between logos and eidos. Eidos: look, in the way that it is. Logos: what is expressed, the address. Insofar as logos is what governs, I draw my knowledge from hearing-saying.
Author: Geoffrey Bennington
Publisher: Fordham Univ Press
Category: Literary Criticism
In Brill's Companion to the German Platonism, an international team of scholars traces the interpretation and appropriation of Plato among German thinkers and writers from Nicholas of Cusa to Peter Sloterdijk, with special emphasis on nineteenth- and twentieth-century reception.
The soul intends or “sees” an eidos by clearly and distinctly articulating the logos, the invariant rule of “F-ness” which “makes” the many f's “F”. Seeing F-ness is nothing other than articulating this rule oneself, thus “rationalizing ...
Author: Alan Kim
This short book contrasts the philosophies of technology of Heidegger and Marcus, and relates their work to contemporary technology studies. Feenberg sets out the historical and theoretical background of the debate, then discusses each philosopher's theory in turn.
... formulated more or less explicitly by the maker either in an internal monologue or in conversation with others . Eidos and Morphé The logos refers to the act of gathering in which a model is identified and articulated .
Author: Andrew Feenberg
Publisher: Psychology Press
Category: Literary Criticism
An Innovating approach to Plato’s philosophy Through a careful survey of several significant Platonic texts, mainly focussing on the nature of knowledge, Essays on Plato’s Epistemology offers the reader a fresh and promising approach to Plato’s philosophy as a whole. From the very earliest reception of Plato’s philosophy, there has been a conflict between a dogmatic and a sceptical interpretation of his work and thought. Moreover, the two sides are often associated, respectively, with a metaphysical and an anti-metaphysical approach. This book, continuing a line of thought that is nowadays strongly present in the secondary literature – and also followed by the author in over thirty years of research –, maintains that a third way of thinking is required. Against the widespread view that an anti-dogmatic philosophy must go together with an anti-metaphysical stance, Trabattoni shows that for Plato, on the contrary, a sober and reasonable assessment of both the powers and limits of human reason relies on a proper metaphysical outlook.
Unlike the former, this version of intuitionism does not suggest that eidos and logos can be identified; rather, it posits a very radical difference between the two. This is the reason why – as may be inferred from the revealing titles ...
Author: Franco Trabattoni
Publisher: Leuven University Press
Interprets Heidegger’s phenomenological reading of Aristotle’s philosophy.
individual always already is (to ti en einai) can we see the being in its being and define it through logos as phusis (Met. 1022 a26). By addressing the being according to what it is, its eidos, we see the being both in its uniqueness ...
Author: Walter A. Brogan
Publisher: SUNY Press
"Erring is a thoughtful, often brilliant attempt to describe and enact what remains of (and for) theology in the wake of deconstruction. Drawing on Hegel, Nietzsche, Derrida, and others, Mark Taylor extends—and goes well beyond—pioneering efforts. . . . The result is a major book, comprehensive and well-informed."—G. Douglas Atkins, Philosophy and Literature "Many have felt the need for a study which would explicate in coherent and accessible fashion the principal tenets of deconstruction, with particular attention to their theological implications. This need the author has addressed in a most impressive manner. The book's effect upon contemporary discussion is apt to be, and deserves to be, far-reaching."—Walter Lowe, Journal of Religion
From this point ofview, a logos or eidos dwells within the book. This semantic structure is neither superficial nor empirical; it is inward and ideal. Every phenomenal work harbors a logos that is, in principle, discernible.
Author: Mark C. Taylor
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
From Mastery to Mystery is an original and provocative contribution to the burgeoning field of ecophenomenology. Informed by current debates in environmental philosophy, Bannon critiques the conception of nature as “substance” that he finds tacitly assumed by the major environmental theorists. Instead, this book reconsiders the basic goals of an environmental ethic by questioning the most basic presupposition that most environmentalists accept: that nature is in need of preservation. Beginning with Bruno Latour’s idea that continuing to speak of nature in the way we popularly conceive of it is ethically and politically disastrous, this book describes a way in which the concept of nature can retain its importance in our discussion of the contemporary state of the environment. Based upon insights from the phenomenological tradition, specifically the work of Martin Heidegger and Maurice Merleau-Ponty, the concept of nature developed in the book preserves the best antihumanistic intuitions of environmentalists without relying on either a reductionistic understanding of nature and the sciences or dualistic metaphysical constructions.
What is unconcealed through logos is the eidos. As Heidegger expresses it: “Eidos means the appearance of a thing or a being in general, but appearance in the sense of the aspect, the 'look,' the view, idea, which it offers and can ...
Author: Bryan E. Bannon
Publisher: Ohio University Press
Für den reifen ' Aristoteles dagegen seien die Teile nur mehr Materie , die nicht zum Eidos gehört , so daß das Eidos teillos unzusammengesetzt und im eigentlichen Sinn nicht mehr mit Hilfe eines Logos definierbar zurückbleibt .
This volume of essays explores major connected themes in Aristotle's metaphysics, philosophy of nature, and ethics, especially themes related to essence, definition, teleology, activity, potentiality, and the highest good. The volume is united by the belief that all aspects of Aristotle's work need to be studied together if any one of the areas of thought is to be fully understood. Many of the papers were contributions to a conference at the University of Pittsburgh entitled 'Being, Nature, and Life in Aristotle', to honor Professor Allan Gotthelf's many contributions to the field of ancient philosophy; a few are contributions from those who were invited but could not attend. The contributors, all longstanding friends of Professor Gotthelf, are among the most accomplished scholars in the field of ancient philosophy today.
a – ) More generally, in the very midst of his account of generation, Aristotle characterizes as better and more divine the first cause of motion (arch ̄et ̄es kin ̄ese ̄os) to which belong logos and eidos ...
Author: James G. Lennox
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
The aim of this book is to critically examine whether it is methodologically possible to combine mathematical rigor – topology with a systematic dialectical methodology in Hegel, and if so, to provide as result of my interpretation the outline of Hegel’s Analysis Situs, also with the proposed models (build on the topological manifold, cobordism, topological data analysis, persistent homology, simplicial complexes and graph theory, to provide an indication of how the merger of Hegel’s dialectical logic and topology may be instrumental to a systematic logician and of how a systematic dialectical logic perspective may help mathematical model builders.
Dialectics is logical construction of eidos. Here lies the difference between it and formal logic which is logos about logos. Whereas eidos is the noetic visage of thing in its absolute entirety, its agalma /Plotin/, given purely in ...
Author: Borislav G. Dimitrov
Publisher: Borislav Dimitrov