Making Capitalism Without Capitalists

Making Capitalism without Capitalists guides us towards a deeper understanding of the origins of modern capitalism.

Author: Gil Eyal

Publisher: Verso

ISBN: 1859843123

Category: Political Science

Page: 280

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Making Capitalism without Capitalists guides us towards a deeper understanding of the origins of modern capitalism. Classical social theory in its search for the genesis of capitalism explored the process of transition from feudalism to capitalism. Making Capitalism without Capitalists focuses instead on the transition from socialism to capitalism, where capitalism is made without a capitalist class. Making Capitalism without Capitalists reflects on the sociological characteristics of the Communist system breakdown in 1989 and offers a theory of social structure of post-Communist societies. 1989 is seen as a successful revolution led by the former technocratic fraction of the old Communist ruling estate against the bureaucracy. In order to secure its victory, however, the technocracy had to make substantial concessions to the former dissident intelligentsia. The irony of the post-Communist way to capitalism is that these most unlikely actors see 'building capitalism' as their historic task. By identifying some unique features of capitalism built on the ruins of socialism, Making Capitalism without Capitalists contributes to a deeper appreciation of the diversity of capitalism today.
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Capitalist Diversity on Europe s Periphery

There, new “capitalists” expropriated state property “without capitalism,” that is,
before all the core institutions of a market ... Gil Eyal, Iván Szelényi, and Eleanor
Townsley, Making Capitalism without Capitalists: The New Ruling Elites in
Eastern ...

Author: Dorothee Bohle

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801465666

Category: History

Page: 304

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With the collapse of the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance in 1991, the Eastern European nations of the former socialist bloc had to figure out their newly capitalist future. Capitalism, they found, was not a single set of political-economic relations. Rather, they each had to decide what sort of capitalist nation to become. In Capitalist Diversity on Europe's Periphery, Dorothee Bohle and Béla Geskovits trace the form that capitalism took in each country, the assets and liabilities left behind by socialism, the transformational strategies embraced by political and technocratic elites, and the influence of transnational actors and institutions. They also evaluate the impact of three regional shocks: the recession of the early 1990s, the rolling global financial crisis that started in July 1997, and the political shocks that attended EU enlargement in 2004. Bohle and Greskovits show that the postsocialist states have established three basic variants of capitalist political economy: neoliberal, embedded neoliberal, and neocorporatist. The Baltic states followed a neoliberal prescription: low controls on capital, open markets, reduced provisions for social welfare. The larger states of central and eastern Europe (Poland, Hungary, and the Czech and Slovak republics) have used foreign investment to stimulate export industries but retained social welfare regimes and substantial government power to enforce industrial policy. Slovenia has proved to be an outlier, successfully mixing competitive industries and neocorporatist social inclusion. Bohle and Greskovits also describe the political contention over such arrangements in Romania, Bulgaria, and Croatia. A highly original and theoretically sophisticated typology of capitalism in postsocialist Europe, this book is unique in the breadth and depth of its conceptually coherent and empirically rich comparative analysis.
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Reflections on 1989 in Eastern Europe

Indeed, after the fall of communism in Central and Eastern Europe, the creation of
a liberal capitalist system became one of the central goals proclaimed by the new
... 2For a discussion of 'making capitalism without capitalists', see Eyal et al.

Author: Terry Cox

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317980391

Category: Political Science

Page: 246

View: 970

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This book presents a selection of recent research on the events and developments of 1989 in Eastern Europe. It offers a mix of detailed examinations of the events of 1989 in Eastern Europe, thoughtful and considered appraisals of developments, and ‘middle-range’ theoretical discussions of patterns of cause and effect. The authors range in their approaches from detailed examinations of government and ruling-party papers from the archives, some of it originally labelled top secret, to personal observations and oral history based on interviews with participants, to analysis of survey data and official statistics. In their chosen focus the essays range from explorations of the emerging crisis in the communist regimes that led to the events of 1989, reflections and insights into the events and changing mood during 1989 itself, and examinations of some of the consequences and legacies of 1989. This book was published as a special issue of Europe-Asia Studies.
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Making Capitalism in China

The author introduces the complex subject of evolving Chinese capitalism by concentrating, though not exclusively, on Taiwanese investment in mainland China.

Author: You-tien Hsing

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780195103243

Category: Political Science

Page: 250

View: 778

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Making Capitalism in China: The Taiwan Connection shows that small- and medium-sized Taiwanese investors are organized in production and marketing networks, not vertically integrated conglomerates. When in China they directly negotiate and establish partnerships with entrepreneurial local officials, not the central bureaucracy. Also, they effectively transfer a capitalist ideology of production to Chinese factory workers. Importantly, the investors attribute their business successes in China to the cultural, historical, and linguistic affinities they share with these local agents. Connections regarding socio-cultural identity do more than facilitate business dealings or ease labor relations; Hsing asserts that partnerships between mainland settlements and overseas Chinese investors constitute a local-global coalition of economic reform, one that strengthens local autonomy in China and bypasses the control of the central government. This coalition is nothing short of a new pattern of foreign direct investment, one profoundly influenced by both cultural boundaries (usually deemed insignificant in matters of capital flow and globalization) and local state agents (who operate in this case as crucial business partners). A notable work that will appeal to all students of East Asian economic organization, ethnic business networks, international investment, and the political economy of socialist transition. Hsing's book is based on hundreds of interviews and participatory observations that she conducted between 1991 and 1996 with investors, local officials, and factory workers in Taiwan, Hong Kong, Guangdong, Fujian, and Shanghai.
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Creating Market Socialism

Making Capitalism without Capitalists: Class Formation and Elite Struggles in
Post-Communist Central Europe. London and New York: Verso. Fang, Lizhi.
1990. Bringing Down the Great Wall: Writings on Science, Culture, and
Democracy in ...

Author: Carolyn L. Hsu

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 9780822390428

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

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In the midst of China’s post-Mao market reforms, the old status hierarchy is collapsing. Who will determine what will take its place? In Creating Market Socialism, the sociologist Carolyn L. Hsu demonstrates the central role of ordinary people—rather than state or market elites—in creating new institutions for determining status in China. Hsu explores the emerging hierarchy, which is based on the concept of suzhi, or quality. In suzhi ideology, human capital and educational credentials are the most important measures of status and class position. Hsu reveals how, through their words and actions, ordinary citizens decide what jobs or roles within society mark individuals with suzhi, designating them “quality people.” Hsu’s ethnographic research, conducted in the city of Harbin in northwestern China, included participant observation at twenty workplaces and interviews with working adults from a range of professions. By analyzing the shared stories about status and class, jobs and careers, and aspirations and hopes that circulate among Harbiners from all walks of life, Hsu reveals the logic underlying the emerging stratification system. In the post-socialist era, Harbiners must confront a fast-changing and bewildering institutional landscape. Their collective narratives serve to create meaning and order in the midst of this confusion. Harbiners collectively agree that “intellectuals” (scientists, educators, and professionals) are the most respected within the new social order, because they contribute the most to Chinese society, whether that contribution is understood in terms of traditional morality, socialist service, or technological and economic progress. Harbiners understand human capital as an accurate measure of a person’s status. Their collective narratives about suzhi shape their career choices, judgments, and child-rearing practices, and therefore the new practices and institutions developing in post-socialist China.
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The Politics of Europeanization and Post Socialist Transformations

Esping-Andersen, G. (1990), The Three Worlds of Welfare Capitalism (
Cambridge: Polity). ... Eyal, G; Szelényi I. and Townsley E. (1998), Making
Capitalism without Capitalists: The New Ruling Elites in Eastern Europe (New
York: Verso).

Author: N. Lindstrom

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137352187

Category: Political Science

Page: 99

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This study examines conflicts arising from the dual processes of Europeanization and post-socialist transformations, from gaining independence in 1991 to facing the current economic crisis. Through an in-depth comparison of Estonia and Slovenia over time, it shows how elite actors within these two very different welfare capitalist states resisted EU pressures to change their cohesive and successful national models.
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Open for Business

creating jobs and ( re ) distributing income and wealth . ... Making Capitalism
Without Capitalists ” and the Vital Role of Entrepreneurs In their influential work ,
Making Capitalism Without Capitalists , Gil Eyal , Iván Szelényi , and Eleanor ...

Author: Elizabeth Ann Osborn


ISBN: STANFORD:36105121534478

Category: Businesspeople

Page: 280

View: 437

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Concilier Flexibilit Du Travail Et Coh sion Sociale

Sur cette dernière question, voir en particulier Gil Eyal, Iván Szelényi et Eleanor
Townsley, Making Capitalism without Capitalists: The New Ruling Elites in
Eastern Europe, Verso, Londres, New York, 1998. 30. A ce sujet, voir David Ost,
The ...


Publisher: Council of Europe

ISBN: 9789287161512

Category: Political Science

Page: 423

View: 177

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Although the work place has become significantly more flexible in the former socialist countries of central and eastern Europe, the realities of their social institutional systems must be taken into account in any development strategies that aim to unite flexibility and security objectives. This volume seeks to contribute to a pan-European reflection on the concepts and issues of labour flexibility and social cohesion.
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Management Practices in High Tech Environments

Making capitalism without capitalists: The new ruling elites in Eastern Europe.
London: Verso. Featherstone, M. (1995). Post-bodies, ageing and virtual reality.
In M. Featherstone & A. Wernick (Eds.), Images of ageing. London: Routlage.

Author: Jemielniak, Dariusz

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781599045665

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 428

View: 937

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"This book leads to emergence of new, insufficiently analyzed and described organizational phenomena. Thoroughly studying this from international comparative cross-cultural perspective, Management Practices in High-Tech Environments presents cutting-edge research on management practices in American, European, Asian and Middle-Eastern high-tech companies, with particular focus on fieldwork-driven, but reflective, contributions"--Provided by publisher.
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State and Society in Post Socialist Economies

Eyal , G . , Szelényi , I . and Townsley , E . , Making Capitalism without Capitalists
: Class Formation and Elite Struggles in Post - Communist Central Europe ,
London : Verso , 1998 . Eyal , G . , ' Anti - Politics and the Spirit of Capitalism ...

Author: Robert M. Jenkins

Publisher: Studies in Central and Eastern

ISBN: UOM:39015076176778

Category: History

Page: 281

View: 966

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State and Society in Post-Socialist Economies focuses on the reform economies of post-socialist Europe. It looks at how various projects of communism that emerged in have been and are still being dismantled and recomposed by alternative visions, institutions and practices of capitalist market economies and democratic polities.
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At the Crossroads of Post Communist Modernisation

If theywerelucky in making contacts withcorruptpoliticians and bureaucrats,their
banks became 'authorised', meaningstate ... inpostSoviet Russia, and
typicallyproduceddiffuse ownership rights.13Theresultwas a 'capitalism without
capitalists': ...

Author: C. Pursiainen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137284136

Category: Political Science

Page: 236

View: 910

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This volume takes a comparative approach to understand general tendencies in post-Communist transition in Russia and China. Bringing together perspectives from Political Science, Sociology and IR, it analyses three arenas of social change: socio-economic systems, political systems, and foreign policies.
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The Basic Features of Postcommunist Capitalism in Eastern Europe

Making. Capitalism. in. Eastern. Europe. The revolutions that toppled
Communism in Eastern Europe effected such vast and radical ... The great
alternative to capitalist democracy had failed, seemingly leaving the secular
world only one political and economic model to ... a capitalist system without
capitalists,2 no large-scale class of private owners of any type existed, such as
agrarian elites or prosperous ...

Author: Lawrence P. King

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 0275968391

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 150

View: 359

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King demonstrates that a modern capitalist system has emerged out of the ruins of Communist society in East Europe. He details the mechanisms by which this transformation occurred as well as the specific institutional characteristics of the new postcommunist capitalist system.
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Learning to be Capitalists

It appears that in Central Europe's new capitalism, cultural capital produced the
greatest financial returns. Describing Central Europe as “capitalism without
capitalists,” Eyal, Szelenyi, and Townsley (1998) argue that these countries
developed ...

Author: Annette Miae Kim

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199708886

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 224

View: 788

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Why have some countries been able to escape the usual dead end of international development efforts and build explosively growing capitalist economies? Based on years of fieldwork, this book provides a detailed account of the first generation of entrepreneurs in Vietnam in comparison to those in other transition countries. Focusing on the emergence of private land development firms in Ho Chi Minh City, the author shows how within seven years the private sector produced the majority of all new houses in the real estate market. This book demonstrates that capitalist entrepreneurialism was not the result of state initiative, properly incentivized policies, or individual personality traits. Rather, a society-wide reconstruction of cognitive paradigms enabled entrepreneurs to emerge and transformed Vietnam from a poor, centrally planned economy to one of the fastest growing, market economies in the world.
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The Red Riviera

In their book , Making Capitalism without Capitalists , Gil Eyal , Ivan Szelenyi ,
and Ellen Townsley investigate the ways in which individual men and women in
Central Europe successfully made the transition from life under communism to
life ...

Author: Kristen Ghodsee

Publisher: Duke University Press Books

ISBN: UOM:39015062856557

Category: Political Science

Page: 226

View: 658

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DIVA study of the changes in women’s roles in postcommunist Bulgarian society and the workplace, focusing on the tourism industry./div
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Crises and Conflicts in Post socialist Societies

... seen to converge with the general direction of socio - economic transformation
as outlined in the 1990s.60 Elizabeth Osborn and Kazimierz Słomczyński even
suggested an alternative explanation for “ making capitalism without capitalists " .

Author: Sabine Fischer

Publisher: Ibidem Press

ISBN: UOM:39015079265461

Category: Political Science

Page: 219

View: 185

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Papers presented at the Changing Europe summer school in Warsaw in Sept. 2007.
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Archives Europ ennes de Sociologie

Using Social Capital in Rural Central and Eastern Europe Whether or not post -
socialist society has been busy creating capitalism or some sort of new social
formation that Szelényi has described as “ capitalism without capitalists ” ( and
the ...



ISBN: UCAL:B4927840

Category: Social sciences


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The Transformation of Capitalist Society

... growth of a considerable body of capitalist burghers had provided the initial
support without which Luther's movement ... on production and their thinkers
developed attitudes expressing their form of decision-making (individualism,
property, ...

Author: Zellig Sabbettai Harris

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 0847684121

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 244

View: 276

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The collapse of communism in Eastern Europe led to a widespread assumption that capitalism is triumphant and immutable. Harris presents a new interpretation of its self-transformative ability and argues that employee ownership and control is viable
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Finance and the Making of the Modern Capitalist World 1750 1931

University of Durham , UK Capitalism is not easily definable because it has taken
many forms and shapes over the centuries . However , in its modern
development , it ...

Author: Clara Eugenia Núñez

Publisher: Universidad de Sevilla

ISBN: 8447204464

Category: Capitalism

Page: 142

View: 281

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Recoge: Finanzas y crecimiento económico; Bancos universales en Europa; Sistemas financieros angloamericanos; Instituciones financieras regionales; Problemas en el estudio de las crisis bancarias; Aspectos sociales de las finanzas; Historia financiera.
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Britain Without Capitalists

Clearly profit - making capitalism in building is quite inadequate to fulfil the task of
meeting the immense gap in building needs such as is representated in the
estimates which have just been quoted . An examination of the hospitals in
London ...



ISBN: UOM:39015068648990

Category: Capitalism

Page: 474

View: 216

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Making Capitalism Fit For Society

Social democracy is less compromised by closeness to centres of dominant
capitalist power than the political forces of the ... might be expected to want a
totally unregulated financial system, as they can then maximize profits without

Author: Colin Crouch

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780745688084

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 216

View: 135

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Capitalism is the only complex system known to us that can provide an efficient and innovative economy, but the financial crisis has brought out the pernicious side of capitalism and shown that it remains dependent on the state to rescue it from its own deficiencies. Can capitalism be reshaped so that it is fit for society, or must we acquiesce to the neoliberal view that society will be at its best when markets are given free rein in all areas of life? The aim of this book is to show that the acceptance of capitalism and the market does not require us to accept the full neoliberal agenda of unrestrained markets, insecurity in our working lives, and neglect of the environment and of public services. In particular, it should not mean supporting the growing dominance of public life by corporate wealth. The world’s most successful mature economies are those that fully embrace both the discipline of the market and the need for protection against its negative outcomes. Indeed, a continuing, unresolved clash between these two forces is itself a major source of vitality and innovation for economy and society. But maintenance of that tension depends on the enduring strength of trade unions and other critical groups in civil society - a strength that is threatened by neoliberalism’s increasingly intolerant onward march. Outlining the principles for a renewed and more assertive social democracy, this timely and important book shows that real possibilities exist to create a better world than that which is being offered by the wealthy elites who dominate our public and private lives.
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