Bolokoli, khifad, tahara, tahoor, qudiin, irua, bondo, kuruna, negekorsigin, and kene-kene are a few of the terms used in local African languages to denote a set of cultural practices collectively known as female circumcision. Practiced in many countries across Africa and Asia, this ritual is hotly debated. Supporters regard it as a central coming-of-age ritual that ensures chastity and promotes fertility. Human rights groups denounce the procedure as barbaric. It is estimated that between 100 million and 130 million girls and women today have undergone forms of this genital surgery. Female Circumcision gathers together African activists to examine the issue within its various cultural and historical contexts, the debates on circumcision regarding African refugee and immigrant populations in the United States, and the human rights efforts to eradicate the practice. This work brings African women's voices into the discussion, foregrounds indigenous processes of social and cultural change, and demonstrates the manifold linkages between respect for women's bodily integrity, the empowerment of women, and democratic modes of economic development. This volume does not focus narrowly on female circumcision as a set of ritualized surgeries sanctioned by society. Instead, the contributors explore a chain of connecting issues and processes through which the practice is being transformed in local and transnational contexts. The authors document shifts in local views to highlight processes of change and chronicle the efforts of diverse communities as agents in the process of cultural and social transformation.
This volume does not focus narrowly on female circumcision as a set of ritualized surgeries sanctioned by society.
Author: Rogaia Mustafa Abusharaf
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
Category: Social Science
The Changing Paradigms of FGM 2017 Country Report on Female Genital Mutilation in Iran Kameel Ahmady Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) is embedded in the social fabric of Iranian culture within some areas of three western and one southern province. Due to the lack of interest by the government officials, Iranian public is largely ignorant about the subject. Researching FGM/C has been a part of the awareness raising work since 2007 and possibly at earlier times. The work first came to prominence with shooting a film in 2015 “ In The Name of Tradition” , pilot project and later through a comprehensive research published in 2015 , Anthropologist and researcher Kameel Ahmady with a help of fieldwork team have surveyed about 3000 women and men in Iran over a six-year long course. In 2017 Kameel Ahmady and his team returned to the areas in four provinces and assessed the impact of the intervention and the face to face trainings and impact of awareness rising, eradicate or reduce FGM/C rates in West Azerbaijan, Kurdistan, Kermanshah and Hormozgan provinces in Iran as well as up to date and overall description of FGM/C practice. This report “The Changing Paradigms of FGM/C” 2017 Country Report on Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting in Iran presents up-to-date information on FGM/C in Iran after the pilot interventions and the international premier of “In The Name of Tradition” A Comprehensive Research Study on Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) in Iran' conducted by Kameel Ahmady in 4 geographical areas, West Azerbaijan, Kurdistan, Kermanshah, and Hormozgan. The research showed that FGM/C is practiced mostly by Sunni minorities in above provinces. Repeated surveys indicating reliability of the gathered data in the same provinces show that the practice is in decline, yet still highly prevalent in some areas. The villages picked as pilot for training showed a great improvement and sharp decline of FGM/C while other highlighted villages still show a slow declining trend. As part of the same project for the first time in Iran a documentary film was made “In the name of tradition”. The film collect the testimony of people whom wend through FGM as well as speaking to local and religious leaders as well as experts in the region. #Children #Female_Genital_cutting #Female_Genital_Mutilation #Female_Genital_Mutilation_in_iran #FGM #FGMC # women_circumcision #Gender #Gender_equlity #sexuall_eduction #male_Genital_Mutilation_in_iran #male_Genital_Mutilation
The work first came to prominence with shooting a film in 2015 “ In The Name of Tradition” , pilot project and later through a comprehensive research published in 2015 , Anthropologist and researcher Kameel Ahmady with a help of ...
Author: Kameel Ahmady
Publisher: Avaye Buf
Category: Business & Economics
Every year around the world 13.3 million boys and 2 million girls have part or all of their external sex organs cut off. Doctors, parents, and politicians have been misled into thinking that these mutilations are beneficial, necessary and harmless. International respected experts in the fields of medicine, science, politics, law, ethics, sociology, anthropology, history and religion present the latest research, documentation and analysis of this world-wide problem, focusing on the ethical, political and legal aspects of sexual mutilation; the cost and burden to healthcare systems; the latest medical research; anatomical and function consequences; religious and cultural aspects; psychological aspects; and the world-wide campaign to end sexual mutilation.
Every year around the world 13.3 million boys and 2 million girls have part or all of their external sex organs cut off.
Author: George C. Denniston
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
By exposing the colonial and imperial discourses that undergird the global debate on female circumcision, this important work creates a space for the marginalized to speak and mount their challenges and proposes strategies for creating a transnational feminist movement that fosters genuine collaboration and partnership.
By exposing the colonial and imperial discourses that undergird the global debate on female circumcision, this important work creates a space for the marginalized to speak and mount their challenges and proposes strategies for creating a ...
Author: Obioma Nnaemeka
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
Category: Social Science
Author: George C. Denniston
Report of an innovative project with girls and boys in West Africa to explore how using ICTs might contribute to the rejection of female genital mutilation. It shows how putting young people and gender at the centre of development can produce real change.
Report of an innovative project with girls and boys in West Africa to explore how using ICTs might contribute to the rejection of female genital mutilation.
Author: Marie-Hélène Mottin-Sylla
Publisher: MariaCaterina La Barbera
To ban excision in Meru, Kenya, Lynn Thomas
4 Female " Circumcision " Among the Yoruba of Southwestern Nigeria : The Beginning of Change I. O. Orubuloye ... of the ethnic groups of West Africa have traditionally practiced , and still practice , both male and female circumcision .
Author: Bettina Shell-Duncan
Publisher: Lynne Rienner Publishers
Category: Social Science
The practice of female genital cutting, sometimes referred to as female circumcision and common in a number of African states, has attracted increasing attention in recent years and mobilized strong international opposition. While it typically produces a visceral response of horror and revulsion in Westerners, the practice is widely regarded in some cultures as essential for proper development into womanhood and is defended by women who have themselves experienced it and who have had the procedure performed on their own daughters. It is also perceived in many Islamic communities as religiously prescribed, although most Islamic clerics do not condone the practice. In this study, sociologist Elizabeth Boyle examines this controversial issue from the perspectives of the international system, governments, and individuals. Drawing on previous scholarship, records of international organizations, demographic surveys, and the popular media, Boyle examines how the issue is perceived and acted upon at international, national, and individual levels. Grounding her work in the sociological theory of neoinstitutionalism, Boyle describes how the choices made by governments and individual women are influenced by the often conflicting principles of individual human rights and sovereign autonomy. She concludes that while globalization may exacerbate such conflicts, it can ultimately lead to social change.
The practice of female genital cutting, sometimes referred to as female circumcision and common in a number of African states, has attracted increasing attention in recent years and mobilized strong international opposition.
Author: Elizabeth Heger Boyle
Publisher: JHU Press
Category: Political Science
Part 1 explains the various practices of FGM and gives a map of Africa showing the belt of FGM prevalence, statistics, and an historic background of the practice. Part 2 gives case histories for individual countries grouped by region: East Africa and the Middle East; West Africa; the Arab peninsula; Indonesia and Malaysia; and the Western world. The country studies illustrate the diversity of ways patriarchal societies mutilate girls to affirm male control. Part 3 discusses the attitudes toward women that support FGM in Africa. Male-dominated institutions worldwide, including the international health and population control structures and the UN, support these attitudes towards women. The section also discusses positive initiatives in Africa and worldwide to eradicate FGM (e.g., Burkina Faso's campaign against the practice of excision).
Part 1 explains the various practices of FGM and gives a map of Africa showing the belt of FGM prevalence, statistics, and an historic background of the practice.
Author: Fran P. Hosken
Publisher: Womens International Network