Market Society

An exploration of the social structures at the heart of capitalist economies from feudal England through to the modern day.

Author: Ben Spies-Butcher

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521184908

Category: Political Science

Page: 278

View: 549

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An exploration of the social structures at the heart of capitalist economies from feudal England through to the modern day.
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Rival Views of Market Society and Other Recent Essays

Two central and already widely admired essays in this collection explore new territory. The title essay distinguishes among four very different conceptions of the characteristics and dynamics of capitalist societies.

Author: Albert O. Hirschman

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674773039

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 197

View: 832

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Since the mid-twentieth century Albert O. Hirschman has been known for his innovative, lucid, and brilliantly argued contributions to economics, the history of ideas, and the social sciences. Two central and already widely admired essays in this collection explore new territory. The title essay distinguishes among four very different conceptions of the characteristics and dynamics of capitalist societies. A related plea for embracing complexity is made in "Against Parsimony," a wide-ranging critique of traditional economic models. In other writings Hirschman revisits his own views on economic development, the concept of interest, and the roles of "exit" and "voice" in economic and social systems. This volume reaffirms the powerful originality and enduring value of Hirschman's work.
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Repatriating Polanyi

Karl Polanyi’s “substantivist” critique of market society has found new popularity in the era of neoliberal globalization.

Author: Chris Hann

Publisher: Central European University Press

ISBN: 9789633862889

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 388

View: 615

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Karl Polanyi’s “substantivist” critique of market society has found new popularity in the era of neoliberal globalization. The author reclaims this polymath for contemporary anthropology, especially economic anthropology, in the context of Central Europe, where Polanyi (1886–1964) grew up. The Polanyian approach illuminates both the communist era, in particular the “market socialist” economy which evolved under János Kádár in Hungary, as well as the post-communist transformations of property relations, civil society and ethno-national identities throughout the region. Hann’s analyses are based primarily on his own ethnographic investigations in Hungary and South-East Poland. They are pertinent to the rise of neo-nationalism in those countries, which is theorized as a malign countermovement to the domination of the market. At another level, Hann’s adaptation of Polanyi’s social philosophy points beyond current political turbulence to an original concept of “social Eurasia”.
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Consumption and Market Society in Israel

This book is the first to explore fully the significance of these transformations.

Author: Yoram S. Carmeli

Publisher: Berg Pub Limited

ISBN: STANFORD:36105118019392

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 932

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Over the past two decades, Israel has been remaking itself in line with the commercial models of Western market societies. Nowhere is this trend more evident than in private consumption patterns. Most Israelis crave parity with Western lifestyles - private automobiles, mobile phones, spacious housing fashionably furnished, accessibility to shopping malls and leisure travel abroad. Alongside these new aspirations, internationally branded commodities and franchises such as McDonald's, Office Depot, Benetton, IKEA and Toys 'R' Us increasingly feature in the Israeli landscape, and advertising has emerged as a primary vehicle for persuasion, competition and cultural expression. This book is the first to explore fully the significance of these transformations. The authors show how different groups - kibbutzniks, Israeli Arabs, Ultra-Orthodox Jews, new immigrants and middle-class Israelis - alternately exhibit a suspicion towards and enthusiasm for the enhanced individual freedoms of a consumer market society. Lifestyle consumerism is recognized as an alien import, potentially disruptive of the ethos of communality, common destiny and national purpose. At the same time, because consumption helps unite diverse groups to the greater whole of the nation, the globe, and modernity, it conveys a sense of normalcy and affluence in a time of major social transition and political turmoil.Consumption and Market Society in Israel is not only innovative in its research, but it is a timely contribution to a hotly debated topic.
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Language and the Market Society

The book examines these phenomena from a linguistic and critical perspective, drawing on critical discourse analysis, sociological treatises of market society, and critical management studies.

Author: Gerlinde Mautner

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135147044

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 230

View: 555

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In education, politics and religion, there are strong indications that discourse is becoming marketized. Around the world, government ministries have re-defined themselves as "service providers," universities draw up "market-driven" curricula, job seekers are asked to "package themselves" more effectively, and there are advertising agencies specializing in "the Christian marketplace." And it is not only word choice that is effected; higher-level linguistic patterns, such as genres and discursive practices (such as the text and talk connected with performance measurement and public relations), are also drawn into the orbit of market forces. Through an intricate dialectic, such patterns of linguistic choices, in turn, reinforce the social structures that shape them, further consolidating the marketization process. In a related development, language within the business domain itself is increasingly shaped by strategic planning and control, for example in branding, message design, and the promulgation of management buzzwords. Marketization thus emerges as a globally unfolding process in which language holds a key position as both cause and effect, and as both subject and object. The book examines these phenomena from a linguistic and critical perspective, drawing on critical discourse analysis, sociological treatises of market society, and critical management studies.
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The Market of Virtue

However this book not only develops further arguments for the current debate between liberalism and communitarianism by explaining the emergence of morality and virtue in a market society.

Author: Michael Baurmann

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9041118748

Category: Law

Page: 170

View: 988

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The Market of Virtue - Morality and Commitment in a Liberal Society is a contribution to the present controversy between liberalism and communitarianism. This controversy is not only confined to academic circles but is becoming of increasing interest to a wider public. It has become popular again today to criticize a liberal market society as being a society in which morality and virtues are increasingly being displaced by egoism and utility maximization. According to this view the competition between individuals and the dissolution of community ties erode the respect for the interests of others and undermine the commitment to the common good. The present book, however, develops quite a different picture of a liberal society. An analysis of its fundamental principles shows that anonymous market-relations and competition are by no means the only traits of a liberal society. Such a society also provides the framework for freedom of cooperation and association. It gives its citizens the right to cooperate with other people in pursuit of their own interests. Just as the rivalry between competitors is a basic element of a liberal society so is the cooperation between partners. Thus not only self-centred individualism is rewarded. The main part of the book explains how the freedom to cooperate and to establish social ties lays the empirical foundation for the emergence of civil virtues and moral integrity. It is the basic insight of this analysis that it can no longer be maintained that a liberal society is incapable of producing moral attitudes and social commitment. If a civil society can develop under a liberal order, then one can reckon with citizens who voluntarily contribute to public goods and who commit themselves of their own accord to the society, its constitution and institutions. However this book not only develops further arguments for the current debate between liberalism and communitarianism by explaining the emergence of morality and virtue in a market society. It also provides new aspects for the present theoretical and methodological controversies over the fundaments of the social sciences and contributes to the advancement of the modern individualistic approach in social theory. In this context it aims especially at an improvement of a sociological model of behaviour.
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Toward a Post market Society

Includes bibliohgraphical references and index.

Author: John W. Murphy

Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 1612096468

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 190

View: 186

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Includes bibliohgraphical references and index.
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Ethics Meaning and Market Society

This book explores the underlying causes of the pervasive dominance of ‘unethics’ in contemporary affairs in economics, business, and society.

Author: Laszlo Zsolnai

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351799126

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 84

View: 870

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This book explores the underlying causes of the pervasive dominance of ‘unethics’ in contemporary affairs in economics, business, and society. It is argued that the state of unethics is related to the overexpansion of market and market values in all spheres of social life and human activities. A correlate of this development is the emergence of an extremely individualistic, materialistic and narcissistic mind-set that dictates the decisions and behavior of people and organizations. The author argues that art can help to overcome the dominant market metaphysics of our age, as genuine art creates models of 'poetic dwelling,' which can generate non-linear, progressive change that opens up a larger playing field for ethics. Aesthetics and ethics go hand in hand. Ethical action is not just right for its own sake, but makes the world a richer, livable and more beautiful place. Ethics, Meaning, and Market Society will be of interest to students at an advanced level, academics, researchers and professionals. It addresses the topics with regard to ethics in economics, business, and society in a contemporary context.
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Remaking Market Society

This highly original work offers a distinctive transdisciplinary approach to political economy, and therefore is an important read for students and academics who are interested in political economy as well as social theory and political ...

Author: Antonino Palumbo

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781135041694

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 236

View: 894

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Neoliberalism has been one of the most hotly contested themes in academic and political debate over the last 30 years. Given the global and persistent influence of neoliberal ideas on contemporary styles of governance, social-service provision, and public policy, this intensive interest is understandable. At the same time, the use of the term has become loose, vague, and over-extended, particularly in the extensive critical literature. Rather than engage in further critique, or in the reconstruction of the history of neoliberalism, this volume seeks to bring analytical clarity to the ongoing debate. Drawing inspiration from the work of the Hungarian economic historian, Karl Polanyi, Remaking Market Society combines critique, original formulations, and case studies to form an analytical framework that identifies the key instruments of neoliberal governance. These include privatization, marketization, and liberalization. The case studies examine the development of neoliberal instruments (reform of the British civil service); their refinement (reform of higher education in England and Wales); and their dissemination across national borders (EU integration policies). Rather than look back nostalgically on the post-war welfare-state settlement, in the final chapter the authors ask why the coalitions that supported that settlement broke down in the face of the neoliberal reform movement. This highly original work offers a distinctive transdisciplinary approach to political economy, and therefore is an important read for students and academics who are interested in political economy as well as social theory and political philosophy.
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The Soul s Economy

Sklansky traces a shift in American social thought as the gradual demise of the household economy rendered proprietary independence an increasingly embattled ideal.

Author: Jeffrey P. Sklansky

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 0807853984

Category: History

Page: 313

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Sklansky traces a shift in American social thought as the gradual demise of the household economy rendered proprietary independence an increasingly embattled ideal. Amid the widening class divide, nineteenth-century social theorists devised a new science of American society that reconceived freedom in terms of psychic self-expression instead of economic self-interest, and they redefined democracy in terms of cultural kinship rather than social compact.
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Rebuilding Downtrodden Job Market and Madhouse Society

A disastrous society /job market transformation is rapidly causing decreasing career employment opportunities (multi-millions full time permanent positions ...

Author: Marvin F. Burgess

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 1560722835

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 412

View: 420

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This work covers all major areas which have had a destructive impact against America's business/manufacturing job market. Strategy and techniques are clearly described, indentified and detailed for rebuilding America's full time permanent job market.
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From Economy to Society

He argued that a (self-regulated) market economy could only exist in a “market society” and this, in turn, implied that the two spheres À market and society ...

Author: Bettina Lange

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 9781781907399

Category: Law

Page: 288

View: 772

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Leading socio-legal scholars explore whether and how the idea of harnessing the regulatory capacity of a social sphere provides a new analytical lens that can provide fresh insights into transnational risk regulation.
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Citizens Or Consumers

This book is concerned with social welfare problems and the need for citizen participation in addressing those problems.

Author: Wayne Andrew Antony

Publisher: Fernwood Books Limited

ISBN: PSU:000045246708

Category: Political Science

Page: 351

View: 704

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This book is concerned with social welfare problems and the need for citizen participation in addressing those problems. The essays include discussions of conceptual critiques of neo-liberal social policy, specific empirical analyses of the neo-liberal counter-revolution, and conceptual and practical responses for moving beyond neo-liberalism.
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The Shaping of Western Society

If the society needed more iron mills , the market mechanism raised the rewards for land , labor and capital by making it possible to make high profits .

Author: Carnegie Institute of Technology. Social Studies Curriculum Development Center

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015025961619

Category: Civilization, Occidental

Page: 338

View: 486

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The Vision of a Real Free Market Society

Many recent commentators have offered policy recommendations based on existing economic institutions. By contrast, this book calls for root-and-branch changes to the inherent structure of American capitalism.

Author: Marcellus Andrews

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781315390963

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 106

View: 501

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Free market capitalism has created a divided American society. Conservative economic and social policy thinking drove the Right’s Project from 1980 to its collapse in 2008, leaving the world in ruins and fascism on the march. The Vision of a Real Free Market Society challenges the Left to create new forms of the market economy that promote efficiency and equality while permanently thwarting concentrated power. Many recent commentators have offered policy recommendations based on existing economic institutions. By contrast, this book calls for root-and-branch changes to the inherent structure of American capitalism. The Vision of a Real Free Market Society: Re-Imagining American Freedom presents a Left-egalitarian case for limited government that overcomes the failures of conservatism while rescuing economic justice from the weaknesses of tax and transfer liberalism. The book explains why the system fails so many Americans in so many different ways, and outlines how we can build a better economy that simultaneously promotes freedom and social justice while crippling the powers of America’s oligarchs. Exploring the idea of a left-wing case for strong but small government, the book makes the case for fundamental reforms that will lead to a truly free and fair society. This provocative book will be of great relevance to anyone with an interest in politics, philosophy or economics, and will challenge readers to rethink their assumptions concerning the prospects for combining justice with fairness in the modern world.
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Market Sense

This book concentrates upon the historic associations of the marketplace in the work of Aristotle, Adam Smith, Karl Marx, and demonstrates how what markets were imagined to entail for society was critical to each author's understanding of ...

Author: Philip Kozel

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135517847

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 196

View: 210

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This book concentrates upon the historic associations of the marketplace in the work of Aristotle, Adam Smith, Karl Marx, and demonstrates how what markets were imagined to entail for society was critical to each author's understanding of the central social problems of their time.
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The Making of Economic Society

157-159 of postwar boom, 137-138 and real wage decline, 141 and
unemployment, 141-142 Slavery in ancient city economies, 18 and market
society, 47 Smith, Adam. See Name Index Social conduct, guilds and, 27-28
Social contracts, and ...

Author: Robert L. Heilbroner

Publisher: Pearson College Division

ISBN: STANFORD:36105019358808

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 190

View: 723

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This text provides a brief historical approach to explain economics and the various manifestations - the people, events and politics that are key to such developments.
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Labor Economy and Society

But it can also be a source of misery, as when one’s skills are suddenly rendered obsolete by forces beyond one’s control. Jeffrey J. Sallaz asks us to rethink our basic assumptions about work.

Author: Jeffrey J. Sallaz

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780745665160

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 352

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Work is, and always will be, a central institution of society. What makes a capitalist society unique is that it treats the human capacity to engage in labor as a basic commodity. This can be a source of dynamism, as when innovative firms raise wages to attract the best and brightest. But it can also be a source of misery, as when one’s skills are suddenly rendered obsolete by forces beyond one’s control. Jeffrey J. Sallaz asks us to rethink our basic assumptions about work. Drawing on cutting-edge theories within economic sociology and through the use of contemporary examples, he conceptualizes labor as embedded exchange. This draws attention to issues that all too frequently are overlooked in our public discourse and private imaginations: how various forms of work are classified and valued; how markets for labor operate in practice; and how people can challenge the central fiction that their work is simply a commodity to be bought and sold. This readable and engaging book is suitable for both graduate and advanced undergraduate students. It will be of interest to economic sociologists, scholars of labor, and all of those who find themselves working for a living.
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