A Cretan Healer s Handbook in the Byzantine Tradition

riginiotis lists the traditional medical resources for people in rural Crete up to the 1960s: educated physicians (επιστήμονες γιατροί), empiriki therapists, praktiki (εμπειρικοί θεραπευτές, πρακτικοί), magicians, spell-casters (μάγοι ...

Author: Patricia Ann Clark

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317188599

Category: Medical

Page: 320

View: 744

Download →

In 1930 the Cretan healer Nikolaos Konstantinos Theodorakis of Meronas re-copied a notebook containing medical lore passed down through his family over generations. The present volume offers an edition of this notebook together with an English translation, the first of its kind. It belongs to the genre of iatrosophia, practical handbooks dating mainly to the 17th to 19th centuries which compiled healing wisdom, along with snippets of agricultural, meteorological and veterinary advice, and admixtures of religion, astrology and magic. Both fascinating and of critical importance, iatrosophia allow glimpses of classical and Byzantine medical sources and illustrate the vitality and resilience of Greek traditional medical and botanical knowledge. From years spent exploring local healing customs in Crete's Amari region, Patricia Clark is able to present Theodorakis' iatrosophion against a rich historical, geographical and social background. Introductory essays and explanatory notes to the translation give context to the iatrosophion and provide the specialized information necessary for a good understanding of the text. The abundant materia medica of the notebook is treated in a substantial appendix. Each animal, mineral, plant or product is provided with an overview of its various names through the millennia. Such entries are not only a key to understanding the Greek medical legacy, but also a vivid illustration of its usage from antiquity to the present day.
Posted in:

A Cretan Healer s Handbook in the Byzantine Tradition

Riginiotis lists the traditional medical resources for people in rural Crete up to the 1960s: educated physicians (E7TlO'T'/HLOVEQ ylorrpoi), empirical therapists, praktiki (eurreipncoi Gspomevtég, 7Tp0LK'l'lKOl), magicians, ...

Author: Professor Patricia Ann Clark

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9781409482567

Category: Medical

Page: 320

View: 589

Download →

In 1930 the Cretan healer Nikolaos Konstantinos Theodorakis of Meronas re-copied a notebook containing medical lore passed down through his family over generations. The present volume offers an edition of this notebook together with an English translation, the first of its kind. It belongs to the genre of iatrosophia, practical handbooks dating mainly to the 17th to 19th centuries which compiled healing wisdom, along with snippets of agricultural, meteorological and veterinary advice, and admixtures of religion, astrology and magic. Both fascinating and of critical importance, iatrosophia allow glimpses of classical and Byzantine medical sources and illustrate the vitality and resilience of Greek traditional medical and botanical knowledge. From years spent exploring local healing customs in Crete's Amari region, Patricia Clark is able to present Theodorakis' iatrosophion against a rich historical, geographical and social background. Introductory essays and explanatory notes to the translation give context to the iatrosophion and provide the specialized information necessary for a good understanding of the text. The abundant materia medica of the notebook is treated in a substantial appendix. Each animal, mineral, plant or product is provided with an overview of its various names through the millennia. Such entries are not only a key to understanding the Greek medical legacy, but also a vivid illustration of its usage from antiquity to the present day.
Posted in:

A History of Medicine Byzantine and Islamic medicine

228 Vivian Nutton, “Medicine in Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages,” in: The Western Medical Tradition, edited by Lawrence I. Conrad et al., Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1995, pp. 71-87. 229 For a discussion about ...

Author: Plinio Prioreschi

Publisher:

ISBN: 9781888456042

Category: Medicine

Page: 498

View: 768

Download →

Posted in:

Innovation in Byzantine Medicine

It represents a substantial part of a project I have had in mind since my postgraduate studies , which involves placing the Byzantine medical tradition on equal terms alongside the Latin and Islamic medical traditions in the study of ...

Author: Petros Bouras-Vallianatos

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192591081

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 450

Download →

Byzantine medicine remains a little known and misrepresented field not only in the context of debates on medieval medicine, but also among Byzantinists themselves. It is often viewed as 'stagnant' and mainly preserving ancient ideas, and our knowledge of it continues to be based to a great extent on the comments of earlier authorities, which are often repeated uncritically. This volume presents the first comprehensive examination of the medical corpus of, arguably, the most important Late Byzantine physician: John Zacharias Aktouarios (c.1275-c.1330). Its main thesis is that John's medical works show an astonishing degree of openness to knowledge from outside Byzantium combined with a significant degree of originality, in particular, in the fields of uroscopy and human physiology. The analysis of John's edited (On Urines and On Psychic Pneuma) and unedited (Medical Epitome) treatises is supported for the first time by the consultation of a large number of manuscripts, and is also informed by evidence from a wide range of medical sources, including those previously unpublished, and texts from other genres, such as epistolography and merchants' accounts. The contextualization of John's corpus sheds new light on the development of Byzantine medical thought and practice, and enhances our understanding of the Late Byzantine social and intellectual landscape. Through examination of his medical observations in the light of examples from the medieval Latin and Islamic worlds, his theories are also placed within the wider Mediterranean milieu, highlighting the cultural exchange between Byzantium and its neighbours.
Posted in:

The Theology of Illness

About this author , on this subject , see P. Canivet , Histoire d'une entreprise apologétique au Ve siècle ( Paris ... Temkin , “ Byzantine Medicine , Tradition and Empiricism , ” Dumbarton Oaks Papers , 16 , 1962 , III . good and the ...

Author: Jean-Claude Larchet

Publisher: St Vladimir's Seminary Press

ISBN: 0881412392

Category: Religion

Page: 131

View: 744

Download →

An examination of three interpretations of the most universally acknowledged piece of rhetoric in the history of the West, The Sermon on the Mount. The three interpretations examined, from the perspectives of faith and language, are: St Augustine, from the Latin and Catholic tradition; St John Chrysostom, the Greek and Orthodox tradition; and Martin Luther, the Reformation and Protestant tradition. Together and yet separately, they illuminate both the Sermon and the speaker for anyone who still takes the challenge of faith, and language, seriously.
Posted in:

The Routledge History of Madness and Mental Health

When the late roman (or Byzantine) emperor Justin II (r. 565–78) lost his reason, he made animal-like noises or rushed about his palace by turns hiding under the bed or trying to throw himself from a window. His attendants had to chase ...

Author: Greg Eghigian

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781351784399

Category: History

Page: 404

View: 888

Download →

The Routledge History of Madness and Mental Health explores the history and historiography of madness from the ancient and medieval worlds to the present day. Global in scope, it includes case studies from Africa, Asia, and South America as well as Europe and North America, drawing together the latest scholarship and source material in this growing field and allowing for fresh comparisons to be made across time and space. Thematically organised and written by leading academics, chapters discuss broad topics such as the representation of madness in literature and the visual arts, the material culture of madness, the perpetual difficulty of creating a classification system for madness and mental health, madness within life histories, the increased globalisation of knowledge and treatment practices, and the persistence of spiritual and supernatural conceptualisations of experiences associated with madness. This volume also examines the challenges involved in analysing primary sources in this area and how key themes such as class, gender, and race have influenced the treatment and diagnosis of madness throughout history. Chronologically and geographically wide-ranging, and providing a fascinating overview of the current state of the field, this is essential reading for all students of the history of madness, mental health, psychiatry, and medicine.
Posted in:

Health and Disease in Byzantine Crete 7th 12th centuries AD

Both the non-medical sources and contemporary art reveal a general awareness of medicine and medical practice in Byzantium, and shed light on the lively interaction of Greek medical history, notions of magic and astrology, traditions of ...

Author: Chryssi Bourbou

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317123408

Category: Medical

Page: 264

View: 155

Download →

Daily life and living conditions in the Byzantine world are relatively underexplored subjects, often neglected in comparison with more visible aspects of Byzantine culture, such as works of art. The book is among the few publications on Greek Byzantine populations and helps pioneer a new approach to the subject, opening a window on health status and dietary patterns through the lens of bioarchaeological research. Drawing on a diversity of disciplines (biology, chemistry, archaeology and history), the author focuses on the complex interaction between physiology, culture and the environment in Byzantine populations from Crete in the 7th to 12th centuries. The systematic analysis and interpretation of the mortality profiles, the observed pathological conditions, and of the chemical data, all set in the cultural context of the era, brings new evidence to bear on the reconstruction of living conditions in Byzantine Crete. Individual chapters look at the demographic profiles and mortality patterns of adult and non-adult populations, and study dietary habits and breastfeeding and weaning patterns. In addition, this book provides an indispensable body of primary data for future research in these fields, and so furthers an interdisciplinary approach in tracing the health of the past populations.
Posted in:

Medical Traditions in and Around Byzantium

The essays in the present volume pose the foundations for such a new approach.

Author: Alain Touwaide

Publisher:

ISBN: 3110600706

Category:

Page: 400

View: 812

Download →

Scholarly research has often reduced the history of medicine in Byzantium and the subsequent period to the transmission of the ancient legacy be it through the reproduction of classical texts in the Empire and later or their transmission to neighbouring cultures and their translation. Historiography increasingly brings to light both the originality and creativity of Byzantium, and its interaction with surrounding populations, making it necessary to revise the traditional narrative of the history of medicine in the Eastern Mediterranean World. The essays in the present volume pose the foundations for such a new approach. Case studies illustrate how Byzantium interacted with neighbouring cultures, sometimes in bi-directionnal exchanges resulting in the assimilation of contributions from these cultures. Going beyond, the essays presented here explore the medical traditions in presence, offering a survey of sources, methods of research, and problems. Through its cross-cultural, comprehensive treatment, the volume will be a reference for years to come for historians of medicine and medical texts, and the starting point of a new approach to the history of medicine in the Eastern Mediterranean World.
Posted in:

Sight Touch and Imagination in Byzantium

Galen's work was very well known in Byzantium: every medical treatise used his work as a foundation.34 Galen's ... 34 On Byzantine medicine, see Owsei Temkin, “Byzantine Medicine: Tradition and Empiricism,” Dumbarton Oaks Papers 16 ...

Author: Roland Betancourt

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108667708

Category: History

Page:

View: 109

Download →

Considering the interrelations between sight, touch, and imagination, this book surveys classical, late antique, and medieval theories of vision to elaborate on how various spheres of the Byzantine world categorized and comprehended sensation and perception. Revisiting scholarly assumptions about the tactility of sight in the Byzantine world, it demonstrates how the haptic language associated with vision referred to the cognitive actions of the viewer as they grasped sensory data in the mind in order to comprehend and produce working imaginations of objects for thought and memory. At stake is how the affordances and limitations of the senses came to delineate and cultivate the manner in which art and rhetoric was understood as mediating the realities they wished to convey. This would similarly come to contour how Byzantine religious culture could also go about accessing the sacred, the image serving as a site of desire for the mediated representation of the Divine.
Posted in:

Proceedings of the 21st International Congress of Byzantine Studies

Andrew CRISLIP University of Hawaii at Manoa , USA Coptic medical papyri and the healing traditions of Byzantine Egypt The corpus of Coptic medical literature comprises at least twenty - seven texts , including books ( in codex and roll ...

Author: Elizabeth Jeffreys

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 075465740X

Category: History

Page: 1156

View: 553

Download →

The theme of the 2006 International Congress of Byzantine Studies was display, assessing what strategies the people of Byzantium used to express their thoughts, ideals, fears and beliefs, and how these have been interpreted through various modern discourses. The first volume presents the texts of the 28 plenary papers delivered at the Congress; the second and third contain the abstracts of the many hundreds of papers written for the 64 separate panels and the sessions of communications.
Posted in: