Memory and History

Understanding Memory as Source and Subject
Author: Joan Tumblety
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135905436
Category: History
Page: 240
View: 2476
How does the historian approach memory and how do historians use different sources to analyze how history and memory interact and impact on each other? Memory and History explores the different aspects of the study of this field. Taking examples from Europe, Australia, the USA and Japan and treating periods beyond living memory as well as the recent past, the volume highlights the contours of the current vogue for memory among historians while demonstrating the diversity and imagination of the field. Each chapter looks at a set of key historical and historiographical questions through research-based case studies: How does engaging with memory as either source or subject help to illuminate the past? What are the theoretical, ethical and/or methodological challenges that are encountered by historians engaging with memory in this way, and how might they be managed? How can the reading of a particular set of sources illuminate both of these questions? The chapters cover a diverse range of approaches and subjects including oral history, memorialization and commemoration, visual cultures and photography, autobiographical fiction, material culture, ethnic relations, the individual and collective memories of war veterans. The chapters collectively address a wide range of primary source material beyond oral testimony – photography, monuments, memoir and autobiographical writing, fiction, art and woodcuttings, ‘everyday’ and ‘exotic’ cultural artefacts, journalism, political polemic, the law and witness testimony. This book will be essential reading for students of history and memory, providing an accessible guide to the historical study of memory through a focus on varied source materials.

Social Memory and History

Anthropological Perspectives
Author: Robert R. Archibald
Publisher: Rowman Altamira
ISBN: 9780759101784
Category: Education
Page: 237
View: 5275
An examination of social memory developed within communities from the perspective of anthropology. Many case studies from around the world.

Between Memory and History

Author: Marie-Noëlle Bourguet,Lucette Valensi,Nathan Wachtel
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9783718650675
Category: History
Page: 196
View: 1953
Between Memory and History which first appeared as a special issue of the journal history and anthropology, brings together a series of studies of the social framework of memory. Inspired by the work of Maurice Halbwachs and Roger Bastide, these studies go beyond the problem of oral testimony and written sources. They demonstrate the adaptations and modifications of memory and how they can become an object of study in their own right. In effect they contribute to an emerging history of memory. Some of the studies deal with groups at the heart of the Western world; peasants, workers and Jewish minorities; others with societies on which European colonialism has been imposed. In each case, it is the fragility of memory that emerges, and how it can be subjected to the pressures and constraints that undermine social identity itself.

Memory and History

Recollections of a Historian of Nazism, 1967–1982
Author: Roderick Stackelberg
Publisher: iUniverse
ISBN: 9781462064403
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 184
View: 5743
Memory and History, the second volume of historian Rod Stackelberg’s autobiography, picks up his personal and professional reminiscences where his first volume, Out of Hitler’s Shadow (2010), left off. After teaching high school in northern Vermont, Stackelberg belatedly resumed his graduate training in pursuit of a college teaching career. He resumes his graduate education at the Universities of Vermont and Massachusetts, Amherst, earning a PhD in modern European history in 1974—a full eighteen years after earning his BA at Harvard University. It was not a good time to enter the academic job market, as indeed he had been forewarned by his instructors as early as 1970. Several chapters of Memory and History deal with the trials and tribulations of job-hunting in the unfavorable academic employment climate of the 1970s. He ultimately attained his goal of pursuing a college teaching career, ultimately teaching at San Diego State University, the University of Oregon, and the University of South Dakota before joining the history department at Gonzaga University, retiring after more than a quarter-century at Gonzaga in 2004. This continuation of Stackelberg’s life story shares details of history and of academic life—both his own and of more general problems and conflicts in that sphere in the late twentieth century.

Violence, Memory, and History

Western Perceptions of Kristallnacht
Author: Colin McCullough,Nathan Wilson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134757778
Category: History
Page: 170
View: 2366
This edited collection delves into the horrors of November 1938 and to what degree they portended the Holocaust, demonstrating the varied reactions of Western audiences to news about the pogrom against the Jews. A pattern of stubborn governmental refusal to help German Jews to any large degree emerges throughout the book. Much of this was in response to uncertain domestic economic conditions and underlying racist attitudes towards Jews. Contrasting this was the outrage expressed by ordinary people around the world who condemned the German violence and challenged the policy of Appeasement being advanced by Great Britain and France towards Adolf Hitler’s Nazi German government at the time. Contributors employ multiple media sources to make their arguments, and compare these with official government records. For the first time, a collection on Kristallnacht has taken a truly transnational approach, giving readers a fuller understanding of how the events of November 1938 were understood around the Western world.

Memory and History in East and Southeast Asia

Issues of Identity in International Relations
Author: Gerrit W. Gong
Publisher: CSIS
ISBN: 9780892063994
Category: Political Science
Page: 216
View: 1095
What individuals and countries remember and what they forget, and why, tell much about their current values, perceptions, and even aspirations. In this volume international specialists and practitioners from Europe, Asia, and the United States illuminate through sometimes-conflicting interpretations the issues of "remembering and forgetting" that are shaping today's strategic alignments in East and Southeast Asia. The analysis covers how Japan, South and North Korea, China, Southeast Asian countries such as Indonesia and Malaysia, and the United States use memory and history to define their national sense of self and structure their international relations.

The Colonization of Mi'kmaw Memory and History, 1794-1928

The King V. Gabriel Sylliboy
Author: William C. Wicken
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442611553
Category: History
Page: 328
View: 5886
In 1927, Gabriel Sylliboy, the Grand Chief of the Mi'kmaw of Atlantic Canada, was charged with trapping muskrats out of season. At appeal in July 1928, Sylliboy and five other men recalled conversations with parents, grandparents, and community members to explain how they understood a treaty their people had signed with the British in 1752. Using this testimony as a starting point, William Wicken traces Mi'kmaw memories of the treaty, arguing that as colonization altered Mi'kmaw society, community interpretations of the treaty changed as well. The Sylliboy case was part of a broader debate within Canada about Aboriginal peoples' legal status within Confederation. In using the 1752 treaty to try and establish a legal identity separate from that of other Nova Scotians, Mi'kmaw leaders contested federal and provincial attempts to force their assimilation into Anglo-Canadian society. Integrating matters of governance and legality with an exploration of historical memory, The Colonization of Mi'kmaw Memory and History offers a nuanced understanding of how and why individuals and communities recall the past.

Cultural Memory and Historical Consciousness in the German-speaking World Since 1500

Papers from the Conference 'The Fragile Tradition', Cambridge 2002
Author: Christian Emden,David R. Midgley
Publisher: Peter Lang
ISBN: 9783039101603
Category: Collective memory
Page: 316
View: 1860
This is the first of three volumes based on papers given at the conference 'The Fragile Tradition: The German Cultural Imagination Since 1500' in Cambridge, 2002. Together they provide a conspectus of current research on the cultural, historical and literary imagination of the German-speaking world across the whole of the modern period. This volume highlights the ways in which cultural memory and historical consciousness have been shaped by experiences of discontinuity, focusing particularly on the reception of the Reformation, the literary and ideological heritage of the Enlightenment, and the representation of war, the Holocaust, and the reunification of Germany in contemporary literature and museum culture.

Memory and History in Twentieth Century Australia

Author: Kate. Darian-Smith,Paula Hamilton
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Category: History
Page: 255
View: 8078
Examines the relationship between memory, history and the competing narratives of identity, place and gender in Australian society. The study is a window on the Australian past, demonstrating the centrality of memory to the writing of history.

Remembering War

The Great War Between Memory and History in the Twentieth Century
Author: J. M. Winter
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300127522
Category: History
Page: 340
View: 5845
Lamed Shapiro (1878-1948) was the author of groundbreaking and controversial short stories, novellas, and essays. Himself a tragic figure, Shapiro led a life marked by frequent ocean crossing, alcoholism, and failed ventures, yet his writings are models of precision, psychological insight, and daring. Shapiro focuses intently on the nature of violence: the mob violence of pogroms committed against Jews; the traumatic after-effects of rape, murder, and powerlessness; and, the murderous event that transforms the innocent child into witness and the rabbi's son into agitator. Within a society on the move, Shapiro's refugees from the shtetl and the traditional way of life are in desperate search of food, shelter, love, and things of beauty. Remarkably, and against all odds, they sometimes find what they are looking for. More often than not, the climax of their lives is an experience of ineffable terror. This collection also reveals Lamed Shapiro as an American master. His writings depict the Old World struggling with the New, extremes of human behaviour combined with the pursuit of normal happiness. Through the perceptions of a remarkable gallery of men, women, children - even of animals and plants - Shapiro successfully reclaimed the lost world of the shtetl as he negotiated East Broadway and the Bronx, Union Square, and vaudeville.

Landscape, Memory And History

Anthropological Perspectives
Author: Pamela J. Stewart,Andrew Strathern
Publisher: Pluto Press
ISBN: 9780745319667
Category: Social Science
Page: 256
View: 6460
How do people perceive the land around them, and how is that perception changed by history? The contributors explore this question from an anthropological angle, assessing the connections between place, space, identity, nationalism, history and memory in a variety of different settings around the world. Taking historical change and memory as key themes, they offer a broad study that will appeal to a readership across the social sciences. Contributors from North America, Australia, New Zealand, Taiwan, and Europe explore a wide variety of case studies that includes seascapes in Jamaica; the Solomon Islands; the forests of Madagascar; Aboriginal and European notions of landscape in Australia; place and identity in 19th century maps and the bogs of Ireland; contemporary concerns over changing landscapes in Papua New Guinea; and representations of landscape and history in the poetry of the Scottish Borders.

An Elegiac and Historical Poem, Sacred to the Memory and Virtues of the Honourable Sir William Jones

Containing a Retrospective Survey of the Progress of Science, and the Mohammedan Conquests in Asia
Author: Thomas Maurice
Publisher: N.A
Page: 39
View: 4031

Memory, Trauma, and History

Essays on Living with the Past
Author: Michael S. Roth
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231521618
Category: Psychology
Page: 384
View: 3512
In these essays, Michael S. Roth uses psychoanalysis to build a richer understanding of history, and then takes a more expansive conception of history to decode the cultural construction of memory. He first examines the development in nineteenth-century France of medical criteria for diagnosing memory disorders, which signal fundamental changes in the understanding of present and past. He next explores links between historical consciousness and issues relating to the psyche, including trauma and repression and hypnosis and therapy. Roth turns to the work of postmodern theorists in connection with the philosophy of history and then examines photography's capacity to capture traces of the past. He considers how we strive to be faithful to the past even when we don't care about getting it right or using it productively. Roth concludes with essays defending pragmatic and reflexive liberal education. Drawing on his experiences as a teacher and academic leader, he speaks of living with the past without being dominated by it.

Flashbacks in Film

Memory & History
Author: Maureen Turim
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317916662
Category: Performing Arts
Page: 312
View: 730
The flashback is a crucial moment in a film narrative, one that captures the cinematic expression of memory, and history. This author’s wide-ranging account of this single device reveals it to be an important way of creating cinematic meaning. Taking as her subject all of film history, the author traces out the history of the flashback, illuminating that history through structuralist narrative theory, psychoanalytic theories of subjectivity, and theories of ideology. From the American silent film era and the European and Japanese avant-garde of the twenties, from film noir and the psychological melodrama of the forties and fifties to 1980s art and Third World cinema, the flashback has interrogated time and memory, making it a nexus for ideology, representations of the psyche, and shifting cultural attitudes.

D-Day in History and Memory

The Normandy Landings in International Remembrance and Commemoration
Author: Michael Dolski,Sam Edwards,John Buckley
Publisher: University of North Texas Press
ISBN: 1574415484
Category: History
Page: 320
View: 9681
Over the past sixty-five years, the Allied invasion of Northwestern France in June 1944, known as D-Day, has come to stand as something more than a major battle. The assault itself formed a vital component of Allied victory in the Second World War. D-Day developed into a sign and symbol; as a word it carries with it a series of ideas and associations that have come to symbolize different things to different people and nations. As such, the commemorative activities linked to the battle offer a window for viewing the various belligerents in their postwar years. This book examines the commonalities and differences in national collective memories of D-Day. Chapters cover the main forces on the day of battle, including the United States, Great Britain, Canada, France and Germany. In addition, a chapter on Russian memory of the invasion explores other views of the battle. The overall thrust of the book shows that memories of the past vary over time, link to present-day needs, and also still have a clear national and cultural specificity. These memories arise in a multitude of locations such as film, books, monuments, anniversary celebrations, and news media representations.

History, Memory, and the Law

Author: Austin Sarat,Thomas R. Kearns
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
ISBN: 9780472023646
Category: History
Page: 328
View: 9447
Law in the modern era is one of the most important of our society's technologies for preserving memory. In helping to construct our memory in certain ways law participates in the writing of our collective history. It plays a crucial role in knitting together our past, present, and future.The essays in this volume present grounded examinations of particular problems, places, and practices and address the ways in which memory works in and through law, the sites of remembrance that law provides, the battles against forgetting that are fought in and around those sites, and the resultant role law plays in constructing history. The writers also inquire about the way history is mobilized in legal decision making, the rhetorical techniques for marshalling and for overcoming precedent, and the different histories that are written in and through the legal process.The contributors are Joan Dayan, Soshana Felman, Dominic La Capra, Reva Siegel, Brook Thomas, and G.

Historic Preservation

Collective Memory and Historical Identity
Author: Diane L. Barthel
Publisher: Rutgers University Press
ISBN: 9780813522937
Category: Architecture
Page: 182
View: 7014
"An enlightening comparison between the preservation movements of Great Britain and the United States . . . timely, provocative, and first-rate." --Suzanne Vromen, Bard College "A masterful contribution to social history, popular culture, collective memory, and the field of historical preservation itself . . . that will be cited by students of collective memory for years to come." --Barry Schwartz, University of Georgia Historic preservation is a cultural movement gaining momentum and adherents throughout Europe and the United States. How do we decide what to preserve and how to preserve? Who benefits from the efforts of preservationists, curators, developers, and other "symbolic bankers" to safeguard an increasing variety of structures for future generations? Diane Barthel raises these and other questions in this important new book. Taking a comparative approach, Barthel finds that preservation in Britain has largely been an elite enterprise aimed at preserving traditional values. In the United States, by contrast, the pattern is much more dynamic and democratic, though also more permeated by commercialism. Is preservation becoming another means of consuming history, like media representations or "historic" shopping outlets? Or does it have a special significance as a very tangible means of getting in touch with our collective and individual pasts? These and other issues--including war and remembrance, agrarian and industrial preservation, and religious preservation in a secular society--demonstrate the significance of what Barthels calls "the Preservation Project" and why we all have a stake in how our history is reconstructed and interpreted. Diane Barthel received her Ph.D. in sociology from Harvard University and is a professor of sociology at the State University of New York, Stony Brook. She is the author of Putting on Appearances: Gender and Advertising and Amana: From Pietist Sect to American Community.

Ireland, Memory and Performing the Historical Imagination

Author: Mary P. Caulfield
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137362189
Category: Performing Arts
Page: 244
View: 7952
This book explores the performance of Irish collective memories and forgotten histories. It proposes an alternative and more comprehensive criterion of Irish theatre practices. These practices can be defined as the 'rejected', contested and undervalued plays and performativities that are integral to Ireland's political and cultural landscapes.

History, Memory, and State-Sponsored Violence

Time and Justice
Author: Berber Bevernage
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 041582298X
Category: History
Page: 250
View: 3186
Modern historiography embraces the notion that time is irreversible, implying that the past should be imagined as something 'absent' or 'distant.' Victims of historical injustice, however, in contrast, often claim that the past got 'stuck' in the present and that it retains a haunting presence. History, Memory, and State-Sponsored Violence is centered around the provocative thesis that the way one deals with historical injustice and the ethics of history is strongly dependent on the way one conceives of historical time; that the concept of time traditionally used by historians is structurally more compatible with the perpetrators' than the victims' point of view. Demonstrating that the claim of victims about the continuing presence of the past should be taken seriously, instead of being treated as merely metaphorical, Berber Bevernage argues that a genuine understanding of the 'irrevocable' past demands a radical break with modern historical discourse and the concept of time. By embedding a profound philosophical reflection on the themes of historical time and historical discourse in a concrete series of case studies, this project transcends the traditional divide between 'empirical' historiography on the one hand and the so called 'theoretical' approaches to history on the other. It also breaks with the conventional 'analytical' philosophy of history that has been dominant during the last decades, raising a series of long-neglected 'big questions' about the historical condition – questions about historical time, the unity of history, and the ontological status of present and past –programmatically pleading for a new historical ethics.