This volume details techniques on the study of Isolation, characterization, and exploration of actinobacteria in industrial, food, agricultural, and environmental microbiology. Chapters cover a wide range of basic and advanced techniques associated with research on isolation, characterization and identification of actinobacteria in soil, sediment, estuarine, water, Saltpan, Mangroves, plants, lichens, sea weeds, sea grass, animals-crab, snail, shrimp. Authoritative and cutting-edge, Methods in Actinobacteriology aims to be a useful practical guide to researches to help further their study in this field.
This volume details techniques on the study of Isolation, characterization, and exploration of actinobacteria in industrial, food, agricultural, and environmental microbiology.
Author: Dhanasekaran Dharumadurai
This book presents an introductory overview of Actinobacteria with three main divisions: taxonomic principles, bioprospecting, and agriculture and industrial utility, which covers isolation, cultivation methods, and identification of Actinobacteria and production and biotechnological potential of antibacterial compounds and enzymes from Actinobacteria. Moreover, this book also provides a comprehensive account on plant growth-promoting (PGP) and pollutant degrading ability of Actinobacteria and the exploitation of Actinobacteria as ecofriendly nanofactories for biosynthesis of nanoparticles, such as gold and silver. This book will be beneficial for the graduate students, teachers, researchers, biotechnologists, and other professionals, who are interested to fortify and expand their knowledge about Actinobacteria in the field of Microbiology, Biotechnology, Biomedical Science, Plant Science, Agriculture, Plant pathology, Environmental Science, etc.
Isolation and Cultivation Methods of Actinobacteria Yi Jiang, Qinyuan Li, Xiu Chen and Chenglin Jiang Additional information is available at the end of the chapter http://dx.doi.org/10.5772/61457 Abstract Actinobacteria (actinomycetes) ...
Author: Dharumadurai Dhanasekaran
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
Actinobacteria are well-known producers of a vast array of secondary metabolites. Compared with actinobacteria from temperate habitats, the community structure, diversity, biological activities and mechanisms of environmental adaptation of those actinobacteria in special and extreme environments are relatively unstudied and unclear, and their functions and utilization are even less reported. These actinobacteria are potential new sources of novel natural products and functions for exploitation in medicine, agriculture, and industry. Recent advances in cultivation, DNA sequencing technologies and -omics methods have greatly contributed to the rapid advancement of our understanding of microbial diversity, taxonomy, function and they interactions with environment. Following the success of the Research Topic “Actinobacteria in special and extreme habitats: diversity, functional roles and environmental adaptations” organized in 2015, we are happy to launch a second edition. This Research Topic second edition, comprising reviews and original articles, highlights recent discoveries on rare actinobacterial diversity, phylogenomics, biological compounds, ecological function and environmental adaptations of actinobacteria in special and extreme habitats; and broadens our knowledge of actinobacterial diversity and their ecophysiological function.
However, it can certainly be stated that the methods provided above proved effective for the isolation of many rare Actinobacteria, comprising of both spore-formers (e.g., Actinocorallia, Alloactinosynnema, Jiangella, Oerskovia etc.) ...
Author: Wen-Jun Li
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Actinobacteria: Diversity and Biotechnological Applications: New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering, a volume in the series New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering series, offers the latest on the biotechnology of Kingdom actinobacteria, covering unique niches like their endosphere, rhizospheric soil and contaminated sites, etc. The book also covers the bioactive secondary metabolites obtained from actinobacteria and describes the application of microorganism (Actinobacteria) in plant growth promotion and in environmental cleanup. Finally, the book describes the biocontrol aspects of actinobacteria and how they can control fungal phytopathogens and the production of secondary metabolites. Includes an overview of all types of actinobacteria, source and enzymatic activity Lists various bioengineering methods for the production of these enzymes Reviews numerous industrial applications of actinobacteria, i.e., crop improvement, removal of heavy metals, etc. Offers unique coverage of the application of actinobacteria in bioremediation processes Explores the plant growth promoting potential of endophytic actinobacteria Describes biosynthetic potential genes associated with actinobacterial genome
Many researchers and various companies have targeted the isolation of novel actinobacteria from different plants that have a high ethnobotanical value, in addition to using different treatment methods for surface sterilization for the ...
Author: Bhim Pratap Singh
This book summarizes the basics of actinobacteria, from microbiology to synthetic biology. It focuses on diversity, NRPS, sesquiterpenes, lantipeptide, bioinformatics apparatuses, cloning, CRISPR, reverse engineering, FDA supported medications, and marine actinobacteria. It also covers the latest trends in drug discovery from actinobacteria, and introduces several recently developed bioinformatics and synthetic biology tools to explore new antibiotics from actinobacteria. Many natural products such as polyketides, isoprenoids, phenazines, peptides, indolocarbarbazoles, sterols, and others have been isolated and characterized from actinobacteria. Some products are synthesized by the non-ribosomal peptide synthetases (NRPSs), polyketide synthases (PKSs), or other functional genes. Although genome sequencing has uncovered the differing qualities of these chemicals, recognizing new items and their biosynthetic pathways is still under examination. Cryptic metabolic pathways have been explored using molecular techniques or culture-dependent approaches. In recent years, researchers’ primary interest is to identify the specific conditions or agents that wake the cryptic antibiotics. Several bioinformatics and synthetic biology tools were developed to explore new antibiotics from actinobacteria. The book comprises 14 chapters with different aspects of application and utilization of actinomycetes from the microbiology; systems biology, pharmacology of natural products, bioinformatics, actinomycete and its diversity, CRISPR, artificial Intelligence, synthetic biology, metabolic engineering, expressional studies, and biosynthetic gene clusters. The book delivers useful information on actinomyces to researchers, novices in genome designing, specialists, clinicians, policymakers, and professionals.
Manik Prabhu Narsing Rao and Wen-Jun Li Abstract Actinobacteria are ubiquitous, diverse, and one of the biggest ... Traditionally, culturebased method has been used to understand the actinobacterial diversity in various habitats, ...
Author: Loganathan Karthik
Publisher: Springer Nature
Actinobacteria (actinomycetes) have been received much attention, as these bacteria produce a variety of natural drugs and other bioactive metabolites. The distribution of actinomycetes in various natural habitats, including soil, ocean, extreme environments, plant, lichens and animals, is described. The collection and pretreatment of test samples from different sources, design principle of selective isolation media, selection of inhibitors, selective isolation procedures of special actinomycetes, and cultivation methods are introduced and discussed.
The collection and pretreatment of test samples from different sources, design principle of selective isolation media, selection of inhibitors, selective isolation procedures of special actinomycetes, and cultivation methods are introduced ...
Author: Yi Jiang
This book describes isolated actinobacteria from different environments, and how these can be used to bioremediate heavy metals and pesticides in contaminated sites. It also describes how free-living actinobacteria acquire the capability to produce nodules in plants and how this factor could be important for accelerating the degradation of pesticides in soils or slurries. Some chapters show how actinobacteria can be used to produce industrial enzymes and metabolites under different physicochemical conditions for use in the food industry. This book will interest professionals involved with waste management, environmental protection, and pollution abatement.
Among the techniques actually used in the removal of heavy metals include physicochemical methods (soil washing, excavation, ion exchange columns, treatment with alkaline solutions, flocculating agents, precipitation, ion exchange, ...
Author: Maria Julia Amoroso
Publisher: CRC Press
Bacterial infections cause millions of deaths globally, particularly in children and the elderly, and four of the 10 leading causes of death are infectious diseases in low- and middle-income countries. The continuous use of antibiotics has resulted in multi-resistant bacterial strains all over the world, such as Community-associated Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs), and, as expected, hospitals have become breeding grounds for human-associated microorganisms, especially in critical care units.
Further, recent cultivation-independent analysis using 16S rRNA gene-based methods revealed that actinobacteria can be specifically enriched in plant roots, and are more abundant in diseased plants than in healthy plants, ...
Author: Joachim Wink
Beneficial Microbes in Agro-Ecology: Bacteria and Fungi is a complete resource on the agriculturally important beneficial microflora used in agricultural production technologies. Included are 30 different bacterial genera relevant in the sustainability, mechanisms, and beneficial natural processes that enhance soil fertility and plant growth. The second part of the book discusses 23 fungal genera used in agriculture for the management of plant diseases and plant growth promotion. Covering a wide range of bacteria and fungi on biocontrol and plant growth promoting properties, the book will help researchers, academics and advanced students in agro-ecology, plant microbiology, pathology, entomology, and nematology. Presents a comprehensive collection of agriculturally important bacteria and fungi Provides foundational knowledge of each core organism utilized in agro-ecology Identifies the genera of agriculturally important microorganisms
Some other methods, such as the membrane filter method (use of 0.22 to 0.45 μm pore size cellulose ester membrane ... The actinobacteria should be isolated using culturable or unculturable methods to explore the exact diversity and ...
Author: N. Amaresan
Publisher: Academic Press
Category: Business & Economics
Through this book, the readers will learn about the different aspects of Actinobacteria- beginning with its ecology and occurrence, to the ways of its adaptation to harsh climates, and finally to its practical applications. The book also presents methods of identifying and characterizing this diverse group of bacteria through advanced techniques like MALDI-TOF, 16S rRNA analysis, etc. Different chapters describe the various biotechnological applications of Actinobacteria, including bioremediation, secondary metabolite production, and in producing antibiotics, anti-cancer therapeutics. It also provides insights into the applications in agriculture and forestry by inhibiting plant pathogenic bacteria's growth.
Among the first cultivation techniques developed were dilution cultures combined with fiow cytometry, in which marine bacteria were diluted and then cultivated in seawater based-media (Button et al. 1993). The most probable number (MPN) ...
Author: Jayachandra S. Yaradoddi
Publisher: Springer Nature