Encyclopedia of Geomorphology

models of landscape systems that provided a guiding impetus for research . Davis's ' geographical cycle is a classic example of a conceptual model in geomorphology . It provided an explanation for many observed landforms ...

Author: Andrew Goudie

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415327385

Category: Geomorphology

Page: 1156

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The first such reference work in thirty-five years, this is a comprehensive guide to both specific landforms and the major types of processes that create them. This two-volume set provides a historical overview of the field, while exploring recent key discoveries about tectonic and climatic changes as well as the use of new techniques such as modeling, remote sensing, and process measurement. Written by a team of expert contributors from over thirty countries, the nearly 700 alphabetically arranged entries are cross-referenced, indexed, and include up-to-date suggestions for further reading. Fully illustrated with over 360 tables and illustrations, this will be the definitive reference source for students, researchers, and practitioners in geomorphology as well as geography, earth science, sedimentology, and environmental science.
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Integration of Computer Modeling and Field Observations in Geomorphology

Binghamton Geomorphology Symposium 2000 J.F. Shroder, M.P. Bishop ... Conclusion model perspectives of lateral flow routing into a wetland by Brown and Johnston and one on a smoothed - particle hydrodynamic automaton of landform ...

Author: J.F. Shroder

Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing

ISBN: 0444515321

Category: Science

Page: 196

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The integration of classic field-gathered data with new computer models has allowed many new advances in geomorphology, which the 31st Binghamton Millennium Symposium 2000 presents in this latest of the well-known Binghamton book series, the Integration of Computer Modeling and Field Observations in Geomorphology. Conceptual models have been most commonly inferred from analyses of topography and investigator perspectives derived from fieldwork. The main stumbling blocks to understanding surface processes, their interactions, temporal changes, and resulting landforms are the difficulty of observation, geological timescales involved, spatial-scale dependencies, and the inability to attribute differences to either process or age. Physically based computer models have thus become essential tools, primarily because of their ability to explore spatial and temporal trends and to determine the sensitivity of physical inputs to change without the difficulties of identification and generalization associated with the complexity of field studies. Thus, the combination of both methods, or the integration of field methods with computer modeling become a very powerful mechanism for robust understanding. This new book presents topics on fluvial processes of overland and channelized flow in arid, humid, and periglacial areas of high and low relief, as well as work on interlinked biogeographic and geomorphic fluctuations in alpine terrain, and ground penetrating radar of coastal geomorphology. Issues of long-term evolution of drainage networks are addressed in natural systems, as well as stream-table environments, and terrain analyses characterize surficial and subsurface geomorphic features by using GIS and remote sensing. Botanical and biogeomorphologic controls of landforms are assessed, along with issues of scientific visualization, cartographic representation, DEMs, spatial analyses, and scale dependencies.
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Tools in Fluvial Geomorphology

However achieved, better validation of catchment process models in geomorphology is going to require field observations because, as concluded by Odoni and Lane (2011, p. 170), “... models without observations, whether informal or formal ...

Author: G. Mathias Kondolf

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118648568

Category: Science

Page: 560

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Fluvial Geomorphology studies the biophysical processes acting in rivers, and the sediment patterns and landforms resulting from them. It is a discipline of synthesis, with roots in geology, geography, and river engineering, and with strong interactions with allied fields such as ecology, engineering and landscape architecture. This book comprehensively reviews tools used in fluvial geomorphology, at a level suitable to guide the selection of research methods for a given question. Presenting an integrated approach to the interdisciplinary nature of the subject, it provides guidance for researchers and professionals on the tools available to answer questions on river restoration and management. Thoroughly updated since the first edition in 2003 by experts in their subfields, the book presents state-of-the-art tools that have revolutionized fluvial geomorphology in recent decades, such as physical and numerical modelling, remote sensing and GIS, new field techniques, advances in dating, tracking and sourcing, statistical approaches as well as more traditional methods such as the systems framework, stratigraphic analysis, form and flow characterisation and historical analysis. This book: Covers five main types of geomorphological questions and their associated tools: historical framework; spatial framework; chemical, physical and biological methods; analysis of processes and forms; and future understanding framework. Provides guidance on advantages and limitations of different tools for different applications, data sources, equipment and supplies needed, and case studies illustrating their application in an integrated perspective. It is an essential resource for researchers and professional geomorphologists, hydrologists, geologists, engineers, planners, and ecologists concerned with river management, conservation and restoration. It is a useful supplementary textbook for upper level undergraduate and graduate courses in Geography, Geology, Environmental Science, Civil and Environmental Engineering, and interdisciplinary courses in river management and restoration.
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Process Models and Theoretical Geomorphology

Articles on valley heads bring together views from several, sometimes conflicting, research approaches. The final group of contributions illustrate the range of problems to which theoretical methods in geomorphology can now be applied.

Author: M. J. Kirkby

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Incorporated

ISBN: UCSD:31822016272015

Category: Science

Page: 417

View: 824

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Multinational contributors present articles on a wide range of themes but with important convergences of interest on critical topics. A group of papers on tectonic and general approaches reviews the role of randomness in process models and provides a novel theoretical analysis of the relationships between tectonic and erosional forces. Selections on channel processes reflect current interest in gravel bed rivers, related to their widespread occurrence in mountain areas and in braided systems. Articles on valley heads bring together views from several, sometimes conflicting, research approaches. The final group of contributions illustrate the range of problems to which theoretical methods in geomorphology can now be applied.
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The SAGE Handbook of Geomorphology

Modelling in geomorphology is about working with these universalities, whether finding them or using them as part of geomorphological enquiry. The commitment of geomorphological science, over the last 200 years, to this universality is ...

Author: Kenneth J Gregory

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781473971554

Category: Science

Page: 648

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Geomorphology is the study of the Earth's diverse physical land-surface features and the dynamic processes that shape these features. Examining natural and anthropogenic processes, The SAGE Handbook of Geomorphology is a comprehensive exposition of the fundamentals of geomorphology that examines form, process, and applications of the discipline. Organized into five substantive sections, the Handbook is an overview of: • Foundations and Relevance: including the nature and scope of geomorphology; the origins and development of geomorphology; the role and character of theory in geomorphology; geomorphology and environmental management; and geomorphology and society • Techniques and Approaches: including observations and experiments; geomorphological mapping; the significance of models; process and form; dating surfaces and sediment; remote sensing in geomorphology; GIS in geomorphology; biogeomorphology; human activity • Process and Environment: including the evolution of regolith; weathering; fluids, flows and fluxes; sediment transport and deposition; hill slopes; riverine environments; glacial geomorphology; periglacial environments; coastal environments; aeolian environments; tropical environments; karst and karst processes • Environmental Change: including landscape evolution and tectonics; interpreting quaternary environments; environmental change; disturbance and responses to geomorphic systems • Conclusion: including challenges and perspectives; and a concluding review The Handbook has contributions from 48 international authors and was initially organized by the International Association of Geomorphologists. This will be a much-used and much-cited reference for researchers in Geomorphology, Physical Geography and the Environmental Sciences.
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Climatic Geomorphology

His ideas did not generate the relevant discussion of the predecessor models , mainly because his theory was published at a time during which emergent methods of process analysis and quantification were convulsing geomorphology with ...

Author: M. Gutierrez Elorza

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444521283

Category: Science

Page: 760

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During the past few decades climatic geomorphology has been substantially enlarged in knowledge, thanks to numerous detailed investigations, the application of a large number of techniques, and the acquisition of abundant absolute dates. The challenge of predicting the effects of the prophesied future global warming on morphogenetic processes and landforms has encouraged geomorphologists to study the Late Pleistocene and Holocene climatic changes from the geomorphological and geological record. The advances achieved in the field of climatic geomorphology during the past years are reflected by the publication of several specific monographs about the different morphoclimatic zones. The aim of this book is to provide an up-to-date general view of this branch of geomorphology. It includes a chapter on applied geomorphology for each morphoclimatic zone providing an approximation of the main environmental problems. Geoscientists, geomorphologists
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Fundamentals of Geomorphology

to study geomorphic systems is to discover expressions with explanatory and predictive powers. These powers set mathematical models apart from conceptual models. An unquantified conceptual model is not susceptible of formal proof; ...

Author: Richard Huggett

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134167135

Category: Science

Page: 488

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This extensively revised and updated edition continues to present an engaging and comprehensive introduction to the subject, exploring the world’s landforms from a broad systems perspective. It reflects on the latest developments in the field and includes new chapters on geomorphic materials and processes, hillslopes and changing landscapes. Fundamentals of Geomorphology is an engaging and comprehensive introduction. Starting with a consideration of the nature of geomorphology and the geomorphic system, geomorphic materials and processes, and the quest of process and historical geomorphologists, it moves on to discuss: structure: landforms resulting from, or influenced by, the endogenic agencies of tectonic and volcanic processes, geological structures and rock types process and form: landforms resulting from, or influenced by, the exogenic agencies of weathering, running water, flowing ice and meltwater, ground ice and frost, the wind and the sea history: earth surface history, giving a discussion of Quaternary landforms and ancient landforms, including the origin of old plains, relict, exhumed, and stagnant landscape features and evolutionary aspects of landscape change. Fundamentals of Geomorphology provides a stimulating and innovative perspective on the key topics and debates within the field of geomorphology. Written in an accessible and lively manner, it includes guides to further reading, chapter summaries and an extensive glossary of key terms. The book is also illustrated throughout with over 200 informative diagrams and attractive photographs, including a colour plate section.
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Selected Water Resources Abstracts

... Debris flow , Heterogeneity , Mathematical models , Meanders , Model studies , Particle size , Reservoirs , Slopes . ... Channel morphology , * Channel storage , * Computer modeling , " Geomorphology , * Model studies , * Sediment ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015022360518

Category: Hydrology

Page:

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Geomorphology and Natural Hazards

101 109 = Figure 5.4 Slope-area plot for distinguishing geomorphic processes. 5 Tools for Predicting Natural Hazards hazard assessment . For example , most sophisticated hazard models require computer solutions , so numerical models ...

Author: Timothy R. Davies

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118648605

Category: Science

Page: 576

View: 389

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Natural disasters are occasional intense events that disturb Earth's surface, but their impact can be felt long after. Hazard events such as earthquakes, volcanos, drought, and storms can trigger a catastrophic reshaping of the landscape through the erosion, transport, and deposition of different kinds of materials. Geomorphology and Natural Hazards: Understanding Landscape Change for Disaster Mitigation is a graduate level textbook that explores the natural hazards resulting from landscape change and shows how an Earth science perspective can inform hazard mitigation and disaster impact reduction. Volume highlights include: Definitions of hazards, risks, and disasters Impact of different natural hazards on Earth surface processes Geomorphologic insights for hazard assessment and risk mitigation Models for predicting natural hazards How human activities have altered 'natural' hazards Complementarity of geomorphology and engineering to manage threats
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Geomorphology Pure and Applied

(c) (d) example of the former would be if sand and water were used to model a beach. ... Some examples are given in Chapter 13 of the use of hardware models in applied geomorphology, and Cooke and Doornkamp (1974) discuss even more.

Author: M.G. Hart

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429558306

Category: Science

Page: 242

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This unique treatment of geomorphology, first published in 1986, provides a comprehensive work to enable students to see the subject as a whole. Taking the concepts that run through the subject and cut across its standard divisions, the book summarises the history of intellectual debate in geomorphology and then describes modern developments, both pure and applied.
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