Models of Nature

This new edition includes an afterword by the author that reflects upon the study's impact and discusses advances in the field since the book was first published.

Author: Douglas R. Weiner

Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Pre

ISBN: 0822972158

Category: Nature

Page: 324

View: 236

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Models of Nature studies the early and turbulent years of the Soviet conservation movement from the October Revolution to the mid-1930s—Lenin's rule to the rise of Stalin. This new edition includes an afterword by the author that reflects upon the study's impact and discusses advances in the field since the book was first published.
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The Modeling of Nature

The Modeling of Nature provides an excellent introduction to the fundamentals of natural philosophy, psychology, logic, and epistemology.

Author: William A Wallace

Publisher: CUA Press

ISBN: 0813208602

Category: Philosophy

Page: 450

View: 985

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The Modeling of Nature provides an excellent introduction to the fundamentals of natural philosophy, psychology, logic, and epistemology.
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Models of Nature

And a puzzle at the end of the story encourages rereading for pleasure.

Author: Douglas R. Weiner

Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Pre

ISBN: 0822957337

Category: History

Page: 324

View: 232

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Models of Nature studies the early and turbulent years of the Soviet conservation movement from the October Revolution to the mid-1930s—Lenin's rule to the rise of Stalin. This new edition includes an afterword by the author that reflects upon the study's impact and discusses advances in the field since the book was first published.
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Modeling Nature

This second edition includes a new afterword that brings the book up to date, with special attention to the rise of "the new natural history" and debates about ecology's future as a large-scale scientific enterprise.

Author: Sharon E. Kingsland

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226437280

Category: Science

Page: 306

View: 113

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The first history of population ecology traces two generations of science and scientists from the opening of the twentieth century through 1970. Kingsland chronicles the careers of key figures and the field's theoretical, empirical, and institutional development, with special attention to tensions between the descriptive studies of field biologists and later mathematical models. This second edition includes a new afterword that brings the book up to date, with special attention to the rise of "the new natural history" and debates about ecology's future as a large-scale scientific enterprise.
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Cultural Models of Nature

Figure I.3 Holistic CM of Nature (Bennardo). The three causal models suggested
in Bennardo (2014) are the Holistic model (see Figure I.3), the God-Centered
model (see Figure I.4), and the God-Humans-Centered model (see Figure I.5).

Author: Giovanni Bennardo

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351127882

Category: Social Science

Page: 290

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Drawing on the ethnographic experience of the contributors, this volume explores the Cultural Models of Nature found in a range of food-producing communities located in climate-change affected areas. These Cultural Models represent specific organizations of the etic categories underlying the concept of Nature (i.e. plants, animals, the physical environment, the weather, humans, and the supernatural). The adoption of a common methodology across the research projects allows the drawing of meaningful cross-cultural comparisons between these communities. The research will be of interest to scholars and policymakers actively involved in research and solution-providing in the climate change arena.
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The Social Life of Climate Change Models

Drawing on a combination of perspectives from diverse fields, this volume offers an anthropological study of climate change and the ways in which people attempt to predict its local implications, showing how the processes of knowledge ...

Author: Kirsten Hastrup

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780415628587

Category: Nature

Page: 240

View: 949

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Drawing on a combination of perspectives from diverse fields, this volume offers an anthropological study of climate change and the ways in which people attempt to predict its local implications, showing how the processes of knowledge making among lay people and experts are not only comparable but also deeply entangled. Through analysis of predictive practices in a diversity of regions affected by climate change – including coastal India, the Cook Islands, Tibet, and the High Arctic, and various domains of scientific expertise and policy making such as ice core drilling, flood risk modelling, and coastal adaptation – the book shows how all attempts at modelling nature’s course are deeply social, and how current research in "climate" contributes to a rethinking of nature as a multiplicity of modalities that impact social life.
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Planning Scenery for Your Model Railroad

Learn how to model natural land forms, crops, forests, and lakes. You'll be able to apply what you see in real life to your modeling and recreate these scenic elements. Produce impressive signature scenes for your model railroad.

Author: Tony Koester

Publisher: Kalmbach Publishing, Co.

ISBN: 9780890246573

Category: Crafts & Hobbies

Page: 96

View: 752

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Learn how to model natural land forms, crops, forests, and lakes. You'll be able to apply what you see in real life to your modeling and recreate these scenic elements. Produce impressive signature scenes for your model railroad.
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Mathematics in Nature

Examining such readily observable phenomena, this book introduces readers to the beauty of nature as revealed by mathematics and the beauty of mathematics as revealed in nature.

Author: John A. Adam

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400841011

Category: Mathematics

Page: 392

View: 419

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From rainbows, river meanders, and shadows to spider webs, honeycombs, and the markings on animal coats, the visible world is full of patterns that can be described mathematically. Examining such readily observable phenomena, this book introduces readers to the beauty of nature as revealed by mathematics and the beauty of mathematics as revealed in nature. Generously illustrated, written in an informal style, and replete with examples from everyday life, Mathematics in Nature is an excellent and undaunting introduction to the ideas and methods of mathematical modeling. It illustrates how mathematics can be used to formulate and solve puzzles observed in nature and to interpret the solutions. In the process, it teaches such topics as the art of estimation and the effects of scale, particularly what happens as things get bigger. Readers will develop an understanding of the symbiosis that exists between basic scientific principles and their mathematical expressions as well as a deeper appreciation for such natural phenomena as cloud formations, halos and glories, tree heights and leaf patterns, butterfly and moth wings, and even puddles and mud cracks. Developed out of a university course, this book makes an ideal supplemental text for courses in applied mathematics and mathematical modeling. It will also appeal to mathematics educators and enthusiasts at all levels, and is designed so that it can be dipped into at leisure.
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The Nature of Technological Knowledge Are Models of Scientific Change Relevant

INTRODUCTION Thomas Hughes has recently noted that historians of
technology have been shifting from their traditional concern with the interrelations
of science and technology to a focus on the nature of technological development.

Author: L. Laudan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401576994

Category: Science

Page: 147

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One of the ironies of our time is the sparsity of useful analytic tools for understanding change and development within technology itself. For all the diatribes about the disastrous effects of technology on modern life, for all the equally uncritical paeans to technology as the panacea for human ills, the vociferous pro- and anti-technology movements have failed to illuminate the nature of technology. On a more scholarly level, in the midst of claims by Marxists and non-Marxists alike about the technological underpinnings of the major social and economic changes of the last couple of centuries, and despite advice given to government and industry about managing science and technology by a small army of consultants and policy analysts, technology itself remains locked inside an impenetrable black box, a deus ex machina to be invoked when all other explanations of puzzling social and economic pheoomena fail. The discipline that has probably done most to penetrate that black box in recent years by studying the 1 internal development of technology is history. Historians of technology and certain economic historians have carried out careful and detailed studies on the genesis and impact of technological innovations, and the structu-re of the social systems associated with those innovations. Within the past few decades tentative consensus about the periodization and the major traditions within the history of technology has begun to emerge, at least as far as Britain and America in the eighteenth and nineteenth century are concerned.
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Modelling Nature based Solutions

This book will help decision makers model nature-based solutions to the complex problem of sustainable development, locally and globally.

Author: Neil Sang

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108428934

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 400

View: 283

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This book will help decision makers model nature-based solutions to the complex problem of sustainable development, locally and globally.
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Models in Archaeology

The purpose of this discussion is to examine the current state of theory and
model building in the field of palaeolithic archaeology. ... the relevant facts of
nature do not of their own accord separate themselves from all the others, nor do
they ...

Author: David L. Clarke

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317606185

Category: Social Science

Page: 1086

View: 833

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This major study reflects the increasing significance of careful model formation and testing in those academic subjects that are struggling from intuitive and aesthetic obscurantism toward a more disciplined and integrated approach to their fields of study. The twenty-six original contributions represent the carefully selected work of progressive archaeologists around the world, covering the use of models on archaeological material of all kinds and from all periods from Palaeolithic to Medieval. Their common theme is archaeological generalisation by means of explicit model building, testing, modification and reapplication. The contributors seek to show that it is the use of certain models in particular ways that defines archaeology as the practice of one discipline, with a set of general tenets that are as applicable in Peru as in Persia, Australia as Alaska, Sweden as Scotland, on material from the second millennium B.C. to the second millennium A.D. They assert that careful model formulation within archaeology and the cautious exchange and testing of models within and beyond the discipline provides the only route to the formation of the common, internationally valid body of theory which defines a vigorous and coherent discipline and distinguishes it from being a collection of merely regionally applicable special cases.
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Mathematical Models of Information and Stochastic Systems

As will be shown, how much is known about a system will play an important role
in the mathematical models that will be used to foretell the future. Technology is
the application of the mathematical models of nature developed by humans.

Author: Philipp Kornreich

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420058840

Category: Mathematics

Page: 376

View: 931

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From ancient soothsayers and astrologists to today’s pollsters and economists, probability theory has long been used to predict the future on the basis of past and present knowledge. Mathematical Models of Information and Stochastic Systems shows that the amount of knowledge about a system plays an important role in the mathematical models used to foretell the future of the system. It explains how this known quantity of information is used to derive a system’s probabilistic properties. After an introduction, the book presents several basic principles that are employed in the remainder of the text to develop useful examples of probability theory. It examines both discrete and continuous distribution functions and random variables, followed by a chapter on the average values, correlations, and covariances of functions of variables as well as the probabilistic mathematical model of quantum mechanics. The author then explores the concepts of randomness and entropy and derives various discrete probabilities and continuous probability density functions from what is known about a particular stochastic system. The final chapters discuss information of discrete and continuous systems, time-dependent stochastic processes, data analysis, and chaotic systems and fractals. By building a range of probability distributions based on prior knowledge of the problem, this classroom-tested text illustrates how to predict the behavior of diverse systems. A solutions manual is available for qualifying instructors.
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The Nature and Development of Decision making

This book has two primary goals: * to provide a comprehensive review of the developmental literature on the decision-making skills of children, adolescents, and adults, and * to propose a theoretical model of decision-making skill that ...

Author: James P. Byrnes

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781135809119

Category: Psychology

Page: 232

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Although everyone has goals, only some people successfully attain their respective goals on a regular basis. With this in mind, the author attempts to answer the question of why some people are more successful than others. He begins with the assumption that the key to personal success is effective decision-making, and then utilizes his own theory--The Self-Regulation Model--to explain the origin and nature of individual differences in decision-making competence. The author also summarizes a number of existing models of decision-making and risk-taking. This book has two primary goals: * to provide a comprehensive review of the developmental literature on the decision-making skills of children, adolescents, and adults, and * to propose a theoretical model of decision-making skill that offers a better description of this skill than prior accounts. Taken together, the literature review and theoretical model help the reader acquire a clear sense of the development of decision-making skills as well as reasons for the developmental differences that seem to emerge.
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The Scientist as Philosopher

The use of various kinds of models is a recognition that new forms of physical
understanding are required for new views of Nature. As Hertz and Maxwell
indicate, purely mechanical models of Nature no longer suffice. Relativity and
quantum ...

Author: Friedel Weinert

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540213740

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 342

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How do major scientific discoveries reshape their originators’, and our own, sense of reality and concept of the physical world? The Scientist as Philosopher explores the interaction between physics and philosophy. Clearly written and well illustrated, the book first places the scientist-philosophers in the limelight as we learn how their great scientific discoveries forced them to reconsider the time-honored notions with which science had described the natural world. Then, the book explains that what we understand by nature and science have undergone fundamental conceptual changes as a result of the discoveries of electromagnetism, thermodynamics and atomic structure. Even more dramatically, the quantum theory and special theory of relativity questioned traditional assumptions about causation and the passage of time. The author concludes that the dance between science and philosophy is an evolutionary process, which will keep them forever entwined.
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Environmental Values in American Culture

The models of nature described here apply to any environmental problem, not
just global ones, and subsequent chapters will demonstrate that these general
models are the basic conceptual underpinning of popular American thinking
about ...

Author: Willett Kempton

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262611236

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 934

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How do Americans view environmental issues? This study by a team of cognitive anthropologists reveals similarities in the way different groups of Americans view environmental change, while also showing that Americans may have misunderstandings about these
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The Swimsuit Issue and Sport

Many parts of the swimsuit issue texts encourage consumers to interpret the
models as valid representatives of ideal ... Poses, appearance management
techniques, and swimwear featured in the swimsuit issue link the models to
nature.

Author: Laurel R. Davis

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 0791433919

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 168

View: 842

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Explores the cultural meanings of the swimsuit issue and shows how Sports Illustrated secures a large audience of men by creating a climate of hegemonic masculinity.
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Alternate Realities

The focus is on going from the observed behavior of natural and human systems to the development of formal mathematical models of such behavior. The book probes these problems in a "user-friendly" mathematical environment.

Author: John Casti

Publisher: Wiley-Interscience

ISBN: UCAL:B4406846

Category: Mathematics

Page: 493

View: 660

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Contents: Chapter 1. The Ways of Modelmaking: Natural Systems and Formal Mathematical Representations; 2. Pattern and the Emergence of Living Forms: Cellular Automata and Discrete Dynamics; 3. The Analytical Engine: A Newtonian View of Brains, Minds and Mechanisms; 4. Catastrophes and Life: The Singularities of Ecological and Natural Resource Systems; 5. Order in Chaos: Turbulence and Pattern in the Flow of Fluids, Populations and Money; 6. Strategies for Survival: Competition, Games and the Theory of Evolution; 7. Taming Nature and Man: Control, Anticipation and Adaptation in Social and Biological Processes; 8. The Geometry of Human Affairs: Connective Structure in Art, Literature and Games of Chance; 9. How Do We Know?: Myths, Models and Paradigms in the Creation of Beliefs.
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Nature Space and the Sacred

The list of problems , from global warming through loss of biodiversity and
pollution to fraying life support systems , is now well known , and much of the
concern is fuelled by scientific data and models of nature . What happens if we
deconstruct ...

Author: Sigurd Bergmann

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 0754666867

Category: Religion

Page: 340

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Nature, Space and the Sacred offers the first investigative mapping of a new and highly significant agenda: the spatial interactions between religion, nature and culture. In this ground-breaking work, different concepts of religion, theology, space and place and their internal relations are discussed in an impressive range of approaches. Weaving together a diversity of perspectives, this book presents an innovative and truly transdisciplinary environmental science. Its broad range offers a rich exchange of insights, methods and theoretical engagements.
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