Modernism and the Harlem Renaissance

Houston A. Baker, Jr. HoustonA. Baker, ]1/'. MODERNISM AND THE HARLEM

Author: Houston A. Baker, Jr.

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226156293

Category: Social Science

Page: 132

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"Mr. Baker perceives the harlem Renaissance as a crucial moment in a movement, predating the 1920's, when Afro-Americans embraced the task of self-determination and in so doing gave forth a distinctive form of expression that still echoes in a broad spectrum of 20th-century Afro-American arts. . . . Modernism and the Harlem Renaissance may well become Afro-America's 'studying manual.'"—Tonya Bolden, New York Times Book Review
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The Harlem Renaissance in Black and White

NORMALLY assume a configuration of "high ... of modernists — indeed,
according to the conventional understanding of literary modernism — the Harlem
Renaissance ...

Author: George Hutchinson

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 067437262X

Category: Social Science

Page: 541

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By restoring interracial dimensions left out of accounts of the Harlem Renaissance--or blamed for corrupting it--George Hutchinson transforms our understanding of black (and white) literary modernism, interracial literary relations, and twentieth-century cultural nationalism in the United States.
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Unnatural Selections

A number of literary scholars and historians over the last decade have
considered the connections between American modernism and the Harlem
Renaissance. Ann Douglas in Terrible Honesty: Mongrel Manhattan in the 1920s
(1995), ...

Author: Daylanne K. English

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 9780807863527

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

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Challenging conventional constructions of the Harlem Renaissance and American modernism, Daylanne English links writers from both movements to debates about eugenics in the Progressive Era. She argues that, in the 1920s, the form and content of writings by figures as disparate as W. E. B. Du Bois, T. S. Eliot, Gertrude Stein, and Nella Larsen were shaped by anxieties regarding immigration, migration, and intraracial breeding. English's interdisciplinary approach brings together the work of those canonical writers with relatively neglected literary, social scientific, and visual texts. She examines antilynching plays by Angelina Weld Grimke as well as the provocative writings of white female eugenics field workers. English also analyzes the Crisis magazine as a family album filtering uplift through eugenics by means of photographic documentation of an ever-improving black race. English suggests that current scholarship often misreads early-twentieth-century visual, literary, and political culture by applying contemporary social and moral standards to the past. Du Bois, she argues, was actually more of a eugenicist than Eliot. Through such reconfiguration of the modern period, English creates an allegory for the American present: because eugenics was, in its time, widely accepted as a reasonable, progressive ideology, we need to consider the long-term implications of contemporary genetic engineering, fertility enhancement and control, and legislation promoting or discouraging family growth.
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Encyclopedia of Literary Modernism

The Harlem Renaissance and Black Modernism The Harlem Renaissance
stands as a neat label for a period, running roughly from 1919 to 1932, that has
come to be seen as a remarkable efflorescence of African American cultural

Author: Paul Poplawski

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 0313310173

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 516

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Hundreds of A-Z entries map the complex field of literary modernism around the world.
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The Cambridge History of Literary Criticism Volume 7 Modernism and the New Criticism

The Harlem Renaissance Michael North If nothing else , the Harlem
Renaissance was productive of controversy . ... Thus Houston Baker ' s polemical
defence , Modernism and the Harlem Renaissance , is not about Langston
Hughes , Jean ...

Author: Professor Emeritus of English A Walton Litz

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521300126

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 565

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A comprehensive overview of the modern critical tradition in the early twentieth century, first published in 2000.
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The African American Roots of Modernism

The period between 1880 and 1918, at the end of which Jim Crow was firmly established and the Great Migration of African Americans was well under way, was not the nadir for black culture, James Smethurst reveals, but instead a time of ...

Author: James Edward Smethurst

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 9780807834633

Category: Social Science

Page: 252

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The period between 1880 and 1918, at the end of which Jim Crow was firmly established and the Great Migration of African Americans was well under way, was not the nadir for black culture, James Smethurst reveals, but instead a time of profound response fr
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Analysis and Assessment 1980 1994

University of Pennsylvania Harlem is vicious modernism . Bangclash . Vicious the
way its made . Can you stand such Beauty ? So violent and transforming .

Author: Cary D. Wintz

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 0815322186

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 482

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Twenty-nine collected essays represent a critical history of Shakespeare's play as text and as theater, beginning with Samuel Johnson in 1765, and ending with a review of the Royal Shakespeare Company production in 1991. The criticism centers on three aspects of the play: the love/friendship debate.
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Bad Modernisms

Monica L . Miller The Black Dandy as Bad Modernist Listening and Looking for
Black Modernism n his first disquisition on African American modernism ,
Modernism and the Harlem Renaissance ( 1989 ) , Houston Baker sets out to
save black ...

Author: Rebecca L. Walkowitz

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822337975

Category: Art

Page: 365

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DIVCollection of essays on the ways in which modernist literature, film, and art transgressed the artistic and cultural norms we associate we "high" modernism./div
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Modernism Postmodernism

Criticism has beenslow to recognise the integrity ofan American modernism and
slower stillto consider the relation between modernism and Black writers
andartists inthe 'Harlem Renaissance' of the twenties. This movement included
the ...

Author: Peter Brooker

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317898757

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 280

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The concepts of 'Modernism' and 'Postmodernism' constitute the single most dominant issue of twentieth-century literature and culture and are the cause of much debate. In this influential volume, Peter Brooker presents some of the key viewpoints from a variety of major critics and sets these additionally alongside challenging arguments from Third World, Black and Feminist perspectives. His excellent Introduction and detailed headnotes for each section and essay provide an indispensable guide to interpreting the many different opinions, and prove to be valuable contributions in their own right.
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Race and the Modern Artist

See Houston A. Baker Jr., Modernism and the Harlem Renaissance (Chicago:
University of Chicago Press, 1987), ... characterized by a “mastery of form” and “
deformation of mastery” that signal a discursive African American modernist

Author: Heather Hathaway

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195352629

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 280

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Definitions of modernism have been debated throughout the twentieth century. But both during the height of the modernist era and since, little to no consideration has been given to the work of minority writers as part of this movement. Considering works by writers ranging from B.A. Botkin, T.S. Eliot, Waldo Frank, and Jean Toomer to Pedro Pietri and Allen Ginsberg, these essays examine the disputed relationships between modernity, modernism, and American cultural diversity. In so doing, the collection as a whole adds an important new dimension to our understanding of twentieth-century literature.
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The Cambridge Companion to the Harlem Renaissance

modernity. ,. and. modernism. in. the. fiction. of. Nella. Larsen. and. Rudolph.
Fisher. Critics of the Harlem Renaissance often pair Nella Larsen with Jessie
Fauset , but Nella Larsen and Rudolph Fisher make a better literary pair than do
Fauset ...

Author: George Hutchinson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521673682

Category: History

Page: 272

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The most comprehensive guide on the market to the key authors and works of the African American literary movement.
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American Modernism 1910 1945

A comprehensive reference guide to the modernist movement in American literature, this volume provides a wealth of information on American modernism, the Lost Generation, modernism in the American novel, the Harlem Renaissance, modernism in ...

Author: Roger Lathbury

Publisher: Infobase Publishing

ISBN: 143811852X



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A comprehensive reference guide to the modernist movement in American literature, this volume provides a wealth of information on American modernism, the Lost Generation, modernism in the American novel, the Harlem Renaissance, modernism in poetry and drama, and the literary culture of the Moderns. Writers covered include: Countee Cullen, E. E. Cummings, John Dos Passos, T. S. Eliot, William Faulkner, F. Scott Fitzgerald, Sigmund Freud, Robert Frost, Ernest Hemingway, Langston Hughes, Zora Neale Hurston, Sinclair Lewis, Eugene O'Neill, Ezra Pound, Gertrude Stein, and more.
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American Women Writers 1900 1945

Women were able to establish their own tradition as well as contribute to
modernism and the Harlem Renaissance, the two major artistic movements that
occurred between 1900 and 1945. Modernism, the most influential literary
movement in ...

Author: Laurie Champion

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 0313309434

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 407

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Women writers have been traditionally excluded from literary canons, not until recently have scholars begun to rediscover or discover neglected women writers and their works. This reference includes alphabetically arranged entries on 58 American women authors who wrote between 1900 and 1945, a period that embraces two major artistic movements, Modernism and the Harlem Renaissance. Each entry is written by an expert contributor and includes a biography, a discussion of major works and themes, a review of the author's critical reception, and extensive primary and secondary bibliographies. The volume reflects the diversity of American culture through its coverage of African American, Native American, Mexican American, and Chinese American women writers.
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The Collage Aesthetic in the Harlem Renaissance

These are among the questions Farebrother poses as she strives for a middle ground between critics who view the Harlem Renaissance as a distinctive, and necessarily subversive, kind of modernism and those who foreground the cooperative ...

Author: Rachel Farebrother

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351892575

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 232

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Beginning with a subtle and persuasive analysis of the cultural context, Farebrother examines collage in modernist and Harlem Renaissance figurative art and unearths the collage sensibility attendant in Franz Boas's anthropology. This strategy makes explicit the formal choices of Harlem Renaissance writers by examining them in light of African American vernacular culture and early twentieth-century discourses of anthropology, cultural nationalism and international modernism. At the same time, attention to the politics of form in such texts as Toomer's Cane, Locke's The New Negro and selected works by Hurston reveals that the production of analogies, juxtapositions, frictions and distinctions on the page has aesthetic, historical and political implications. Why did these African American writers adopt collage form during the Harlem Renaissance? What did it allow them to articulate? These are among the questions Farebrother poses as she strives for a middle ground between critics who view the Harlem Renaissance as a distinctive, and necessarily subversive, kind of modernism and those who foreground the cooperative nature of interracial creative work during the period. A key feature of her project is her exploration of neglected connections between Euro-American modernism and the Harlem Renaissance, a journey she negotiates while never losing sight of the particularity of African American experience. Ambitious and wide-ranging, Rachel Farebrother's book offers us a fresh lens through which to view this crucial moment in American culture.
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Carl Van Vechten and the Harlem Renaissance

Arthur P. Davis , a co - editor of The New Negro Renaissance : An Anthology (
1975 ) , argues that the name New Negro is to be preferred because it is " more
historically accurate , " and A. Houston Baker , Jr. , in Modernism and The Harlem

Author: Leon Coleman

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 0815331266

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 185

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This book evaluates Carl Van Vechten's contribution to the Harlem Renaissance by presenting hitherto unexamined documentary evidence. The author draws on correspondence, manuscripts, personal memorabilia, and published materials to examine the origins and development of the period in the 1920s which was termed the "New Negro Renaissance." In the later years of the 1920s, as a result of the success of his novel,Nigger Heaven, Carl Van Vechten received extensive publicity associating him with Harlem and with the Harlem Renaissance. The vehement controversy which the book aroused among African American critics and the black press, who attacked it, and the African American authors and friends of Van Vechten who defended it, obscured the true extent of Van Vechten's role in the Harlem Renaissance. This study sheds light on the Van Vechten controversy which has continued to the present day. (Ph.D. dissertation, University of Minnesota, 1969; revised with new preface)
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The Dialect of Modernism

Such differences are so hard to ignore that modernism and the Harlem
Renaissance have come to seem not just mutually exclusive but even inimical
terms. Yet there was a time when it seemed natural to couple the two, when at
least some ...

Author: Michael North

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195359100

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 272

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The Dialect of Modernism uncovers the crucial role of racial masquerade and linguistic imitation in the emergence of literary modernism. Rebelling against the standard language, and literature written in it, modernists, such as Joseph Conrad, Gertrude Stein, T.S. Eliot, Ezra Pound, and William Carlos Williams reimagined themselves as racial aliens and mimicked the strategies of dialect speakers in their work. In doing so, they made possible the most radical representational strategies of modern literature, which emerged from their attack on the privilege of standard language. At the same time, however, another movement, identified with Harlem, was struggling to free itself from the very dialect the modernists appropriated, at least as it had been rendered by two generations of white dialect writers. For writers such as Claude McKay, Jean Toomer, and Zora Neale Hurston, this dialect became a barrier as rigid as the standard language itself. Thus, the two modern movements, which arrived simultaneously in 1922, were linked and divided by their different stakes in the same language. In The Dialect of Modernism, Michael North shows, through biographical and historical investigation, and through careful readings of major literary works, that however different they were, the two movements are inextricably connected, and thus, cannot be considered in isolation. Each was marked, for good and bad, by the other.
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Women of the Harlem Renaissance

The standard intellectual history of the period is Nathan Huggins, Harlem
Renaissance (New York: Oxford University Press, 1971) ... For revisionist
analyses, see Houston Baker, Modernism and the Harlem Renaissance (
Chicago: University of ...

Author: Cheryl A. Wall

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 0253114985

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

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"Wall's writing is lively and exuberant. She passes her enthusiasm for these writers' works on to the reader. She captures the mood of the times and follows through with the writers' evolution -- sometimes to success, other times to isolation.... Women of the Harlem Renaissance is a rare blend of thorough academic research with writing that anyone can appreciate." -- Jason Zappe, Copley News Service "By connecting the women to one another, to the cultural movement in which they worked, and to other early 20th-century women writers, Wall deftly defines their place in American literature. Her biographical and literary analysis surpasses others by following up on diverse careers that often ended far past the end of the movement. Highly recommended... "Â -- Library Journal "Wall offers a wealth of information and insight on their work, lives and interaction with other writers... strong critiques... " -- Publishers Weekly The lives and works of women artists in the Harlem Renaissance -- Jessie Redmon Fauset, Nella Larsen, Zora Neale Hurston, Bessie Smith, and others. Their achievements reflect the struggle of a generation of literary women to depict the lives of Black people, especially Black women, honestly and artfully.
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Modernist Party

Modernism and postmodernism, looked at through the lens of African American
cultural productions, are part of a vector that can sway in either direction. The
modernism of the Harlem Renaissance may have been more tied to presence as

Author: Kate McLoughlin

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 9780748681303

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 240

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Have you ever been struck by the number of parties in Modernist literature? In The Modernist Party, internationally distinguished scholars explore the party both as a literary device and as a social setting in which the movement's creative values were dev
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Harlem renaissance Christopher M. Mott Source: Kevin J. H. Dettmor and
Stephen Watts (eds), Marketing ... Among the many schools and movements
marketed during the modernist period, the Harlem Renaissance seems to have
pursued ...

Author: Tim Middleton

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 0415287332

Category: American literature

Page: 416

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Feminist Aesthetics and the Politics of Modernism

See his Haunted Life: Visual Culture in Black Modernity (New Brunswick: Rutgers
University Press, 2007), xx–xxiii. 28. Houston A. Baker Jr., Modernism and the
Harlem Renaissance (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1987), 56. 29.

Author: Ewa Płonowska Ziarek

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231530903

Category: Philosophy

Page: 288

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Ewa Ziarek fully articulates a feminist aesthetics, focusing on the struggle for freedom in women's literary and political modernism and the devastating impact of racist violence and sexism. She examines the contradiction between women's transformative literary and political practices and the oppressive realities of racist violence and sexism, and she situates these tensions within the entrenched opposition between revolt and melancholia in studies of modernity and within the friction between material injuries and experimental aesthetic forms. Ziarek's political and aesthetic investigations concern the exclusion and destruction of women in politics and literary production and the transformation of this oppression into the inaugural possibilities of writing and action. Her study is one of the first to combine an in-depth engagement with philosophical aesthetics, especially the work of Theodor W. Adorno, with women's literary modernism, particularly the writing of Virginia Woolf and Nella Larsen, along with feminist theories on the politics of race and gender. By bringing seemingly apolitical, gender-neutral debates about modernism's experimental forms together with an analysis of violence and destroyed materialities, Ziarek challenges both the anti-aesthetic subordination of modern literature to its political uses and the appreciation of art's emancipatory potential at the expense of feminist and anti-racist political struggles.
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