Myanmar s Rohingya Conflict

By questioning these competing narratives, offering detailed sociopolitical analysis and examining the international dimensions of the conflict, this book offers new insights into what is preventing a peaceful resolution to this intractable ...

Author: Anthony Ware

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190050207

Category: Political Science

Page: 276

View: 955

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The plight of Myanmar's Rohingya Muslims has made international news in recent years. Reports of genocide, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity are commonplace. The Rohingyas have been denied citizenship and are widely discriminated against. Hundreds of thousands have been internally displaced by violence, or have sought refuge in neighbouring or friendly Muslim countries. This conflict has become a litmus test for change in this country in transition, and current assessments are far from positive. Whitewashing by the military, and a refusal by Aung San Suu Kyi's government to even use the name 'Rohingya', adds to international scepticism. Exploring this long-running tripartite conflict between the Rohingya, Rakhine and Burman ethnic groups, this book offers a new analysis of the complexities of the conflict: the fears and motivations driving it and the competition to control historical representations and collective memory. By questioning these competing narratives, offering detailed sociopolitical analysis and examining the international dimensions of the conflict, this book offers new insights into what is preventing a peaceful resolution to this intractable conflict.
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Myanmar s Buddhist Muslim Crisis

Myanmar’s Buddhist-Muslim Crisis is a probing search into the reasons and rationalizations behind the violence occurring in Myanmar, especially the oppressive military campaigns waged against Rohingya Muslims by the army in 2016 and 2017.

Author: John Clifford Holt

Publisher: University of Hawaii Press

ISBN: 9780824881870

Category: Religion

Page: 324

View: 122

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Myanmar’s Buddhist-Muslim Crisis is a probing search into the reasons and rationalizations behind the violence occurring in Myanmar, especially the oppressive military campaigns waged against Rohingya Muslims by the army in 2016 and 2017. Over more than three years John Holt traveled around Myanmar engaging in sustained conversations with prominent and articulate participants and observers. What emerges from his peregrinations is a series of compelling portraits revealing both deep insights and entrenched misunderstandings. To understand the conflict, Holt must first accurately capture the viewpoints of his different conversation partners, who include Buddhists and Muslims, men and women, monks and laypeople, activists and scholars. Conversations range widely over issues such as the rise of Buddhist nationalism; the sometimes enigmatic and unexpected positions taken by Aung San Suu Kyii; use of the controversial term “Rohingya”; the impact of state-sponsored propaganda on the Burmese public; resistance to narratives emanating from international media, the United Nations, and the international diplomatic community; the frustrations of local political leaders who have felt left out of the policy-making process in the Rakhine State; and the constructive hopes and efforts still being made by forward-looking activists in Yangon. Three main perspectives emerge from the voices he listens to, those of Arakanese Buddhists who are native to Rakhine (once called Arakan), where much of the conflict has taken place; Burmese Buddhists (or Bamars), who make up the vast majority of Myanmar’s population; and the Rohingya Muslims, whose tragic story has been widely disseminated by the international media. What surfaces in conversation after conversation among all three groups is a narrative of siege: all see themselves as the aggrieved party, and all recount a history of being under siege. John Holt gives voice to these different perspectives as an engaged and concerned participant, offering both a critical and empathetic account of Myanmar’s tragic predicament. Readers follow the hopes and dismay of this seasoned scholar of Theravada Buddhism as he seeks his own understanding of the variously impassioned forces in play in this still unfolding drama.
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Conflict in Myanmar

This latest volume in the Myanmar Update Series from the ANU College of Asia and the Pacific continues and deepens a tradition of intense, critical engagement with political, economic and social questions that matter to both the inhabitants ...

Author: Nick Cheesman

Publisher: ISEAS-Yusof Ishak Institute

ISBN: 9789814695862

Category: Political Science

Page: 404

View: 103

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As Myanmar’s military adjusts to life with its former opponents holding elected office, Conflict in Myanmar showcases innovative research by a rising generation of scholars, analysts and practitioners about the past five years of political transformation. Each of its seventeen chapters, from participants in the 2015 Myanmar Update conference held at the Australian National University, builds on theoretically informed, evidence-based research to grapple with significant questions about ongoing violence and political contention. The authors offer a variety of fresh views on the most intractable and controversial aspects of Myanmar’s long-running civil wars, fractious politics and religious tensions. This latest volume in the Myanmar Update Series from the ANU College of Asia and the Pacific continues and deepens a tradition of intense, critical engagement with political, economic and social questions that matter to both the inhabitants and neighbours of one of Southeast Asia’s most complicated and fascinating countries.
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The City and the Wilderness

... the Rohingya people in Myanmar, see Yegar, The Muslims of Burma; Defert,
Le Rohingya de Birmanie; Imtiaz Ahmed, The Plight of the Stateless Rohingyas;
Ibrahim, The Rohingyas; and Ware and Laoutides, Myanmar'sRohingya
Conflict.

Author: Arash Khazeni

Publisher: University of California Press

ISBN: 9780520289680

Category: History

Page: 264

View: 327

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The City and the Wilderness recounts the journeys and microhistories of Indo-Persian travelers across the Indian Ocean and their encounters with the Burmese Kingdom and its littoral at the turn of the nineteenth century. As Mughal sovereignty waned under British colonial rule, Indo-Persian travelers and intermediaries linked to the East India Company explored and surveyed the Burmese Empire, inscribing it as a forest landscape and Buddhist kingdom at the crossroads of South and Southeast Asia. Based on colonial Persian travel books and narratives in which Indo-Persian knowledge and perceptions of the wondrous edges of the Indian Ocean merged with Orientalist pursuits, The City and the Wilderness uncovers fading histories of inter-Asian crossings and exchanges at the ends of the Mughal world.
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The Rohingya Crisis

This book is recommended for students and scholars of anthropology, sociology, peace and conflict studies, political science, and Asian studies.

Author: Kawser Ahmed

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9781498585750

Category: Social Science

Page: 386

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Myanmar’s security forces have conducted clearance operations in the Rakhine State since August 2017, driving a mass exodus of ethnic Rohingyas to neighboring Bangladesh. In The Rohingya Crisis: Analyses, Responses, and Peacebuilding Avenues, Kawser Ahmed and Helal Mohiuddin address core questions about the conflict and its global and regional significance. Ahmed and Mohiuddin identify the defining characteristics of Rohingya identity, analyze the conflict, depict the geo-economic and geo-political factors contributing to the conflict, and outline peacebuilding avenues available for conflict transformation at the macro-, meso-, and micro-level. This book is recommended for students and scholars of anthropology, sociology, peace and conflict studies, political science, and Asian studies.
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Shadows Across The Golden Land Myanmar s Opening Foreign Influence And Investment

... than half a million Rohingya1 crossed the border into Bangladesh, having fled
from violent conflict impacting villages in Myanmar's Rakhine State.2 Estimates
are that there are approximately 900,0003 Rohingya refugees inside Bangladesh
 ...

Author: Simon S C Tay

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789813273566

Category: History

Page: 476

View: 710

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What are the political and economic challenges facing Myanmar as it opens to the world? And what are the opportunities and responsibilities for the international community to influence and also invest in the country?This book aims to provide readers with an assessment that integrates analysis with on-the-ground experience and insights, drawn from closely engaging with Myanmar since the country began to move towards democracy and open to the world. In order for readers to appreciate emerging trends and developments, the book evaluates the efforts of the recent Thein Sein administration and current National League of Democracy government up to the present day. It also identifies key events from the colonial period through to the decades when the country was under military rule, cut off from much of the international community. The on-going crisis in Myanmar's Rakhine State and the controversial situation of the Rohingya are examined at length, with an effort to contextualise these events in wider challenges of geopolitics and national reforms to rehabilitate the government and the economy.The book presents readers with a clear view of how the country might progress beyond current obstacles, and highlights the opportunities that remain for those willing to engage constructively for the longer term in the opening of this frontier economy and once-pariah state. As Myanmar moves ahead with its transition to democracy and with economic development, this book is recommended for both those who watch the country with interest and those who consider the ways in which the international community interacts with the region and Myanmar.
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The Arakan Army in Myanmar

Armed conflict in Myanmar's Rakhine State between the Arakan Army and the Tatmadaw, the national army, has escalated sharply in the past two years.

Author: David Scott Mathieson

Publisher:

ISBN: 1601278349

Category: Arakanese (Burmese people)

Page: 23

View: 807

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Armed conflict in Myanmar's Rakhine State between the Arakan Army and the Tatmadaw, the national army, has escalated sharply in the past two years. This development has been largely eclipsed, however, by the continuing international focus on the human rights crisis of the Rohingya Muslim minority. As this report explains, if this new conflict continues to expand in scope and ferocity, the hope of repatriating Rohingya refugees will recede into the future and the rest of the country will suffer from the increasing violence and destabilization.
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The Rise of Mono Ethnic Religious Nationalism in Myanmar and Its Impacts on the Security Situation of the South Asian Region

This radical religious phenomenon is much predominant in the Southeast and South Asian region, including the country known as Myanmar. Myanmar has become a classic example of the religious fusion of politics and social life.

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1179162204

Category: Buddhism

Page: 118

View: 842

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In spite of the technological advancement and progress of liberalism, religion has remained an essential aspect of individual and national life in many countries. In many societies, religion has manifested elements of extremism, which ultimately perpetuates violence and destruction. This radical religious phenomenon is much predominant in the Southeast and South Asian region, including the country known as Myanmar. Myanmar has become a classic example of the religious fusion of politics and social life. The hybrid form of emerging democratic tenets, albeit under military sponsorship in Myanmar, provides a breeding ground for religious nationalism, with dire consequences for religious minorities. Buddhist nationalism in Myanmar has adopted a virulent anti-Muslim narrative in particular and intolerance and hate towards the Muslim minority Rohingyas living in Rakhine state in particular. From August 2017, communal violence to date approximately 600,000 Rohingya fled Myanmar and became refugees in neighboring Bangladesh. The catastrophic humanitarian disaster that emanates through the Rohingya crisis poses a threat to regional security and therefore requires the immediate attention of the global community to stop further loss of lives and destruction. The impacts of the Rohingya conflict are not confined within the boundaries of Myanmar, but the conflict also impacts its neighboring Southeast Asian countries. This thesis emphasizes on the dangers of religious xenophobia as well as the use and explanation of faith for political and nationalistic causes. The paper also evaluates the role of Myanmar military in the socio-political and economic context to determine their involvement in setting the platform for the rise of Buddhist nationalism. The thesis argues that the culture of minority oppression and systemic discrimination against religious minority groups such as the Rohingya not only jeopardizes the county's democratic credentials and vision but also carries grave implications for Southeast Asia, one of the most volatile regions in the world.
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Citizenship in Myanmar

This is the first volume to address these issues, understanding and resolving which will be central to Myanmar's continued transition away from violence and authoritarianism.

Author: Ashley South

Publisher: ISEAS-Yusof Ishak Institute

ISBN: 9789814786201

Category: Political Science

Page: 316

View: 397

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Myanmar is going through a period of profound — and contested — transition. The country has experienced widespread if sometimes uneven reforms, including the start of a peace process between the government and Myanmar Army, and some two dozen ethnic armed organizations, which had long been fighting for greater autonomy from the militarized and Burman-dominated state. This book brings together chapters by Burmese and foreign experts, and contributions from community and political leaders, who discuss the meaning of citizenship in Myanmar/Burma. The book explores citizenship in relation to three broad categories: issues of identity and conflict; debates around concepts and practices of citizenship; and inter- and intra-community issues, including Buddhist–Muslim relations. This is the first volume to address these issues, understanding and resolving which will be central to Myanmar's continued transition away from violence and authoritarianism.
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Armed conflict and conservation

case studies from around the world : proceedings of the First International
Conference on Conservation in Conflict ... the CHT Rohingya refugees in the
1990s Thousands of Rohingya refugees came from Arakan of Myanmar to
Bangladesh on ...

Author: Mangal Man Shakya

Publisher:

ISBN: 9994682075

Category: Nature conservation

Page: 226

View: 733

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Interreligious Conflict and the Politics of Interfaith Dialogue in Myanmar

Amidst successive episodes of interreligious violence in Myanmar between 2012 and 2014, interfaith dialogue emerged as a crucial conflict resolution and prevention mechanism.

Author: Nyi Nyi Kyaw

Publisher: ISEAS-Yusof Ishak Institute

ISBN: 9789814843874

Category: Social Science

Page: 30

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Amidst successive episodes of interreligious violence in Myanmar between 2012 and 2014, interfaith dialogue emerged as a crucial conflict resolution and prevention mechanism. The 2011–16 Union Solidarity and Development Party administration often indirectly promoted the use of interfaith dialogue to defuse interreligious tensions and conflicts, though its political will was questionable. Various governmental, intergovernmental, and non-governmental actors have engaged in interfaith dialogue, peace, and harmony initiatives in the past seven years. The present National League for Democracy administration has more actively sought to engage in intrafaith promotion of Buddhism and in interfaith peace and harmony initiatives. Intergovernmental, international and local interfaith actors also work in the interfaith dialogue field, but their impact is relatively weak because the government remains the most important actor in Myanmar in transition. Although the National League for Democracy has largely eliminated Buddhist nationalist groups such as Ma Ba Tha, Buddhist identity politics remains influential after the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army’s attacks in Rakhine State in 2016 and 2017 and the consequent refugee crisis. Although extreme anti-Muslim Buddhist identity politics may not see a resurgence in the approach to the 2020 general elections, it may come back in more nuanced forms. Interfaith dialogue and other training and activities for interreligious peace and harmony will thus remain relevant to the political scene.
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States in Armed Conflict

Burmal Myanmar cont . RSO ( Rohingya Solidarity Organisation ) , ARIF ( Arakan
Rohingya Islamic Front ) 1991-92 Minor 1994 Minor34 1994 War 34 35 This
conflict is coded as being a minor armed conflict for more than 40 years in total .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105110075020

Category: Military history, Modern

Page:

View: 338

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The Rohingya Crisis

This book provides a history of the ethnic persecution of the Rohingyas in Myanmar and their disputed ethnic and national identity.

Author: Norman K. Swazo

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781000208122

Category: Political Science

Page: 84

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This book provides a history of the ethnic persecution of the Rohingyas in Myanmar and their disputed ethnic and national identity. It focuses on how the crisis has morphed into a geopolitical encounter among Bangladesh, China, India, and Myanmar. It further explores the moral, ethnographic, and public policy issues in the humanitarian response to the crisis of the Rohingya people. The volume analyzes the question of citizenship for the Rohingyas by analyzing historical documents and interviews which chronicle the status and identity of the community and their past involvement in the government and politics of Myanmar. The authors focus specifically on the changing geopolitical context of state formation in South Asia and the tense relationships between Myanmar and its neighbours – Bangladesh, China, and India. The book examines the alliances and disputes in the South and Southeast Asia region, which are predicated on economic and strategic gains, and their impact on the Rohingya crisis. It also looks at the failure of bilateral and multilateral negotiations among these countries to adequately address or alleviate the plight of the stateless Rohingyas. This volume will be of great interest to scholars and researchers of international studies, peace, human rights and conflict studies, sociology, ethnic studies, border studies, migration and diaspora studies, discrimination and exclusion studies, public policy, and Asian Studies. It will also be useful for professionals working in the media, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), think tanks, and policy makers, as well as general readers interested in the history of the persecution of the Rohingya people.
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Countries in Conflict and Processing of Peace

The denial of citizenship is another form of political exclusion that persists in a
number of countries , be it the 250 , 000 Rohingya Muslims of Myanmar , the 300
, 000 hill tribals of Thailand , 100 , 000 Bidur of Kuwait , or thousands of people of
 ...

Author: Anand Aditya

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015076854127

Category: Peace

Page: 218

View: 431

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Myanmar

The conflict has led to untold problems for the people . It is estimated that ... Since
then , Muslim insurgencies have continued in the Myanmar - Bangladesh border
led by the Arakan Rohingya National Organisation ( ARNO ) . The government ...

Author: K. Yhome

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105210622747

Category: Burma

Page: 169

View: 902

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India and Myanmar Borderlands

This book explores the India–Myanmar relationship in terms of ethnicity, security and connectivity.

Author: Pahi Saikia

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781000721829

Category: Political Science

Page: 200

View: 773

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This book explores the India–Myanmar relationship in terms of ethnicity, security and connectivity. With the process of democratic transition in Myanmar since 2011 and the ongoing Rohingya crisis, issues related to cross-border insurgency are one of the most important factors that determine bilateral ties between the two neighboring countries. The volume discusses a diverse range of themes – historical dimensions of cooperation; contested territories, resistance and violence in India–Myanmar borderlands; ethnic linkages; political economy of India–Myanmar cooperation; and Act East Policy – to examine the prospects and challenges of the strategic partnership between India and Myanmar, and analyzes further possibilities to move forward. The chapters further look at cross-border informal commercial exchanges, public health, population movements, and problems of connectivity and infrastructure projects. Comprehensive, topical and with its rich empirical data, the volume will be useful to scholars and researchers of political studies, international relations, security studies, foreign policy, contemporary history, and South Asian studies as well as government bodies and think tanks.
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Encyclopedia of Modern Asia

... Traditional - Malaysia Orang Asli Myanmar Burmans Chin Chinese in Myanmar
Ethnic ConflictMyanmar Kachin Karen Mon Rohingya Shan Philippines
Godparenthood — Philippines Thailand Clothing , Traditional — Thailand
Mechai ...

Author: David Levinson

Publisher:

ISBN: 0684312476

Category: Asia

Page: 501

View: 711

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Volume six of a six-volume set in which alphabetically arranged entries provide information on every aspect of modern Asia, including its culture, people, economy, government, arts, geography, architecture, religion, and history.
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Ethno Demographic Dynamics of the Rohingya Buddhist Conflict

Ethno-demographic grievances define the conflict between Buddhist and Rohingya-Muslim populations in the Rakhine State of Myanmar.

Author: Rachel Blomquist

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:936815837

Category: Asia

Page: 60

View: 860

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Ethno-demographic grievances define the conflict between Buddhist and Rohingya-Muslim populations in the Rakhine State of Myanmar. Nationalistic Buddhist leaders, such as the controversial monk Ashin Wirathu, maintain that the Rohingya population's rapid growth and high fertility rates threaten to overtake local Buddhist populations, reflecting local Rakhine State sentiments. This study seeks to identify quantitative and qualitative differences between the Rohingya and Buddhist populations in Rakhine State and to elucidate the theoretical and practical implications for Buddhist-Rohingya relations. Due to the government's decision to avoid enumeration of self-identifying Rohingya, this study has relied on several recent local surveys to reconstruct a local demographic description of the Rohingya. The "Demographic Security Dilemma" theory, which specifies expectations for minority-majority conflicts and their resolution, will be used to discuss the relevant forces that underlie the Buddhist-Rohingya conflict
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Bulletin of the European Communities

Table 10 - Emergency aid ( million ECU ) Country / region Motive Amount 0.3 2.5
0.5 Algeria Angola Armenia Bangladesh Estonia Ethiopia Haiti 0.5 0.25 Tuareg
refugees Conflict / measles epidemic Conflict Rohingya refugees from Myanmar
 ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: OSU:32435076257443

Category: European Economic Community countries

Page:

View: 657

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Armed Conflicts in South Asia 2009

Myanmar - Bangladesh relations remain a subject of suspicion . The Bangladesh
- Myanmar border faces the same problems as the IndiaBangladesh border with
a converse situation . Bangladesh faces a huge immigration of Rohingya ...

Author: D. Suba Chandran

Publisher: Routledge India

ISBN: STANFORD:36105215454427

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 681

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Contributed articles; volume commissioned by Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies.
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