Nature and Human

An Intricate Mutuality
Author: Gert Melville,Carlos Rafael Ruta
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110579766
Category: History
Page: 224
View: 9585
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Die Natur als Basis des menschlichen Lebens stellt sich sowohl als Ressource als auch als Bedrohung dar. Die Herausforderung des Menschen ist, die Natur zu zähmen, sie verfügbar zu machen und verstehen. Dies kann durch die Leistung des Kulturellen, des Wissenschaftlichen und des technisch Praktischen geschehen, aber auch durch ihre Erschließung ihres Sinnes durch Religion, Philosophie und Magie. Der Band widmet sich diesen Aspekten quer über die Epochen und die großen Kulturregionen hinweg.

Natural Theology Versus Theology of Nature?

Tillich's Thinking as Impetus for a Discourse Among Theology, Philosophy, and Natural Sciences : the IVth International Paul Tillich Symposium, Held in Frankfurt/Main, 1992
Author: Gert Hummel
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 9783110139266
Category: Religion
Page: 284
View: 7880
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Hippocrate La nature de l'homme


Author: Jaques Jouanna
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3050079975
Category: History
Page: 342
View: 6845
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Die zu der Sammlung der hippokratischen Schriften gehörende Abhandlung nimmt im Corpus eine Sonderstellung ein, da sie mit ziemlicher Sicherheit einem bestimmten Autor zugewiesen werden kann: Polybos, dem Schüler und Schwiegersohn des Hippokrates. In der Auseinandersetzung mit monistischen Auffassungen, die in der zeitgenössischen Philosophie und Medizin verbreitet waren, entwirft der Autor, seinerseits in Anlehnung an philosophische Vorbilder, als medizinisches Konzept ein Vier-Säfte-Schema, nach dem Blut, Schleim, gelbe und schwarze Galle die wesentlichen Bestandteile des menschlichen Körpers bilden. Diese Theorie ist in der Folgezeit zur Grundlage der humoralbiologischen Vorstellungen geworden. Die in ihrer Thematik nicht einheitliche Schrift, die in das letzte Jahrzehnt des 5. Jahrhunderts v. Chr. zu datieren ist, schließt mit einem Abschnitt, der Grundsätze der gesunden Lebensweise behandelt. Die 2. Auflage der Edition ist ein Nachdruck der Erstveröffentlichung von 1975. Durch umfangreiche Addenda et corrigenda wird dem aktuellen Forschungsstand Rechnung getragen. Über den Editor: Jacques Jouanna ist Professor für Gräzistik an der Sorbonne, Paris. Durch seine zahlreichen Publikationen und Textausgaben hat er sich als Spezialist auf dem Gebiet der hippokratischen Medizin ausgewiesen.

Mensch macht Natur / Humans Make Nature

Landschaft im Anthropozän / Landscapes of the Anthropocene
Author: Gabriele Mackert,Paul Petritsch
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110493306
Category: Art
Page: 236
View: 554
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Das Werk diskutiert an den Themen Landschaft, Kunst, und öffentlicher Raum eine Neudefinition des Verhältnisses von Mensch und Natur gemäß der These des Anthropozän, nach der wir unseren Planeten und sein Ökosystem so irreversibel verändert haben, dass wir selbst zu einem geologischen Faktor geworden sind: Wir müssen nicht um unser Überleben in der Natur bangen, sondern auch um sie selbst, weil ja der Mensch die Natur mache.

Children and Nature

Psychological, Sociocultural, and Evolutionary Investigations
Author: Peter H. Kahn Jr.,Stephen R. Kellert
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262250122
Category: Science
Page: 370
View: 4278
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For much of human evolution, the natural world was one of the most important contexts of children's maturation. Indeed, the experience of nature was, and still may be, a critical component of human physical, emotional, intellectual, and even moral development. Yet scientific knowledge of the significance of nature during the different stages of childhood is sparse. This book provides scientific investigations and thought-provoking essays on children and nature. Children and Nature incorporates research from cognitive science, developmental psychology, ecology, education, environmental studies, evolutionary psychology, political science, primatology, psychiatry, and social psychology. The authors examine the evolutionary significance of nature during childhood; the formation of children's conceptions, values, and sympathies toward the natural world; how contact with nature affects children's physical and mental development; and the educational and political consequences of the weakened childhood experience of nature in modern society.

Leibniz sogenannte Monadologie und Principes de la nature et de la grâce fondés en raison


Author: Gottfried W. Leibniz
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110830353
Category: Philosophy
Page: 79
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Nature, Culture and Gender


Author: Carol P. MacCormack,Marilyn Strathern
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521280013
Category: Social Science
Page: 227
View: 7749
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Categories of analysis in the social sciences include the binary pair 'nature' and 'culture', as defined by western societies. Anthropologists have often imputed these categories to the world-views of non-western people and the construct has acquired the status of a universal. It has been further argued that culture (that which is regulated by human thought and technology) is universally valued as being superior to nature (the unregulated); and that female is universally associated with nature (and is therefore inferior and to be dominated) and male with culture. The essays in this volume question these propositions. They examine the assumptions behind them analytically and historically, and present ethnographic evidence to show that the dichotomy between nature and culture, and its association with a contrast between the sexes, is a particularity of western thought. The book is a commentary on the way anthropologists working within the western tradition have projected their own ideas on to the thought systems of other peoples. Its form is largely anthropological, but it will have a wide appeal within the social sciences and the humanities, especially among those interested in structuralist thought and women's studies.

Nature: From nature to natures : contestation and reconstruction


Author: David Inglis,John Bone,Rhoda Wilkie
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9780415333078
Category: Nature
Page: 4
View: 356
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Many influential stances within the social sciences regard nature in one of two ways: either as none of their concern (which is with the social and cultural aspects of human existence), or as wholly a social and cultural fabrication. But there is also another strand of social scientific thinking that seeks to understand the interplay between social and cultural factors on one side and natural factors on the other. These volumes contain the main contributions that have been made within each of these streams of thought. The selections illustrate to the reader the complexity of the various positions within these streams, and the strengths and limitations of each perspective. A new introduction places these articles in their historical and intellectual context and the volumes are completed with an extensive index and chronological table of contents.

The Nature of War in the Information Age

Clausewitzian Future
Author: David J. Lonsdale
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780714655468
Category: History
Page: 269
View: 4066
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There has been a great deal of speculation recently concerning the likely impact of the 'Information Age' on warfare. In this vein, much of the Revolution in Military Affairs (RMA) literature subscribes to the idea that the Information Age will witness a transformation in the very nature of war. In this book, David Lonsdale puts that notion to the test. Using a range of contexts, the book sets out to look at whether the classical Clausewitzian theory of the nature of war will retain its validity in this new age. The analysis covers the character of the future battlespace, the function of command, and the much-hyped concept of Strategic Information Warfare. Finally, the book broadens its perspective to examine the nature of 'Information Power' and its implications for geopolitics. Through an assessment of both historical and contemporary case studies (including the events following September 11 and the recent war in Iraq), the author concludes that although the future will see many changes to the conduct of warfare, the nature of war, as given theoretical form by Clausewitz, will remain essentially unchanged.

The nature and genius of the German language displayed


Author: Daniel Boileau
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 8611
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Nature-based Tourism in Peripheral Areas

Development Or Disaster?
Author: Colin Michael Hall,Stephen W. Boyd
Publisher: Channel View Publications
ISBN: 9781845410001
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 281
View: 4751
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Nature-based Tourism in Peripheral Areas provides a comprehensive examination of this form of tourism development as it occurs within alpine, forest, sub-polar, island, coastal and marine environments. This book goes beyond much of the debate surrounding ecotourism and the impacts of tourism in vulnerable environments to place nature-based tourism in a wider regional context, particularly when for many peripheral regions tourism remains one of the key opportunities for economic development. Therefore, a central theme that is present throughout many of the chapters is the role that nature-based tourism can play as the catalyst for larger regional development of regions. The book will serve as essential reading to senior undergraduate and postgraduate students taking courses in tourism and related degrees where the major focus is on tourism that occurs within peripheral regions. It will also serve as a key reference to researchers and professionals interested in the role of tourism as a regional development tool.

The Balance of Nature?

Ecological Issues in the Conservation of Species and Communities
Author: Stuart L. Pimm
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226668307
Category: Nature
Page: 434
View: 1493
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Why "the balance of nature"? Resilience. Temporal variability and the individual species. The effects of food-web structure. The variability of the environment. Nonlinear dynamics, strange attractors, and chaos. Extinctions. Species differences and community structure as explanations of why introductions fail. Patterns in species composition. Food-web structure and community persistence. Community assembly; or why are there so many kinds of communities? Small-scale experimental removals of species. Food webs and resistance. Changes in total density and species composition. The consequences of introductions and extinctions. Multispecies models and their limitations. Conclusions and caveats.

Erasmus Darwin's Temple of nature


Author: Leopold Brandl
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: 203
View: 7642
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Race, Nature, and the Politics of Difference


Author: Donald S. Moore,Jake Kosek,Anand Pandian
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 9780822330912
Category: Social Science
Page: 475
View: 2787
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How do race and nature work as terrains of power? From eighteenth-century claims that climate determined character to twentieth-century medical debates about the racial dimensions of genetic disease, concepts of race and nature are integrally connected, woven into notions of body, landscape, and nation. Yet rarely are these complex entanglements explored in relation to the contemporary cultural politics of difference. This volume takes up that challenge. Distinguished contributors chart the traffic between race and nature across sites including rainforests, colonies, and courtrooms. Synthesizing a number of fields--anthropology, cultural studies, and critical race, feminist, and postcolonial theory--this collection analyzes diverse historical, cultural, and spatial locations. Contributors draw on thinkers such as Fanon, Foucault, and Gramsci to investigate themes ranging from exclusionary notions of whiteness and wilderness in North America to linguistic purity in Germany. Some essayists focus on the racialized violence of imperial rule and evolutionary science and the biopolitics of race and class in the Guatemalan civil war. Others examine how race and nature are fused in biogenetic discourse--in the emergence of "racial diseases" such as sickle cell anemia, in a case of mistaken in vitro fertilization in which a white couple gave birth to a black child, and even in the world of North American dog breeding. Several essays tackle the politics of representation surrounding environmental justice movements, transnational sex tourism, and indigenous struggles for land and resource rights in Indonesia and Brazil. Contributors. Bruce Braun, Giovanna Di Chiro, Paul Gilroy, Steven Gregory, Donna Haraway, Jake Kosek, Tania Murray Li, Uli Linke, Zine Magubane, Donald S. Moore, Diane Nelson, Anand Pandian, Alcida Rita Ramos, Keith Wailoo, Robyn Wiegman

Nature and Society

Anthropological Perspectives
Author: European Association of Social Anthropologists. Conference
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9780415132169
Category: Social Science
Page: 310
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The contributors to this book focus on the relationship between nature and society from a variety of theoretical and ethnographic perspectives and emphasize the problems posed by the nature-culture dualism.

The Intrinsic Value of Nature


Author: Leena Vilkka
Publisher: Rodopi
ISBN: 9789042003255
Category: Science
Page: 168
View: 679
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What is intrinsic value? What is the origin of value? Are people always superior to nature? This book is a philosophical analysis of the human relationship to the non-human world. It is a pioneering study of the philosophy of nature-conservation in relation to the discussion of intrinsic value. Vilkka develops a naturalistic or naturocentric theory of value that is based on ethical extensionism and pluralism. Vilkka analyzes natural values and environmental attitudes: zoocentrism, biocentrism, and ecocentrism. This book forms a taxonomy for nature having intrinsic value. The theory of intrinsic value is based on naturocentric and naturogenic values. The book questions the thesis of weak anthropocentrism that denies the existence of naturogenic values. In Vilkka's theory, animals and nature are the origin of value. She defends the existence of zoogenic and biogenic values in the non-human world and discusses the possibility of ecogenic value, nature as a whole having value independent of human or animal minds. Vilkka analyzes the goodness and rights of nature, the problem of priorities, and ecological humanism. A naturocentric recommendation is that the well-being of animals and nature should have priority over human values at least in some real decision contexts. Ecological humanism recommends an attitude of respect for people, animals, and nature. The book includes an extensive glossary, index, and bibliography.

Against Nature

The Concept of Nature in Critical Theory
Author: Steven Vogel
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9780791430453
Category: Philosophy
Page: 225
View: 9755
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Against Nature examines the history of the concept of nature in the tradition of Critical Theory, with chapters on Lukacs, Horkheimer and Adorno, Marcuse, and Habermas. It argues that the tradition has been marked by significant difficulties with respect to that concept; that these problems are relevant to contemporary environmental philosophy as well; and that a solution to them requires taking seriously--and literally--the idea of nature as socially constructed.

Literature of Nature

An International Sourcebook
Author: Patrick D. Murphy,Terry Gifford,Katsunori Yamazato
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9781579580100
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 490
View: 7302
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First published in 1999. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Theories of Human Nature - Third Edition


Author: Peter Loptson
Publisher: Broadview Press
ISBN: 1551116537
Category: Philosophy
Page: 300
View: 3210
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This book explores the idea of human nature and the many understandings of it put forward by such diverse figures as Aristotle, Rousseau, Marx, Freud, Darwin, and E.O. Wilson. Each chapter looks at a different theory and offers a concise explanation, assessing the theory’s plausibility without forcing it into a mould. Some chapters deal with the ideas of only one thinker, while others (such as the chapters on liberalism and feminism) present a variety of different positions. A clear distinction is made between theories of human nature and the political theories which so often follow from them. For the new edition, Loptson has addressed the new developments in the rapidly expanding genetic and paleontological record, as well as expanded the discussion of the Christian theory of human nature by incorporating the ideas of the Marx scholar and social theorist G.A. Cohen. The new edition has also been substantively revised and updated throughout.

Second Nature

A Gardener's Education
Author: Michael Pollan
Publisher: Open Road + Grove/Atlantic
ISBN: 9780802198617
Category: Gardening
Page: 320
View: 3656
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Chosen by the American Horticultural Society as one of the seventy-five greatest books ever written about gardening, Second Nature has become a manifesto for rethinking our relationship with nature. With chapter ranging from a reconsideration of the Great American Lawn and a dispatch from one man’s war with a woodchuck to reflections on the sexual politics of roses, Pollan captures the rhythms of our everyday engagement with the outdoors in all its glory and exasperation.