A Finalist for the Pulitzer Prize and Winner of the Bancroft Prize. "No one has written a better book about a city…Nature's Metropolis is elegant testimony to the proposition that economic, urban, environmental, and business history can be as graceful, powerful, and fascinating as a novel." —Kenneth T. Jackson, Boston Globe
A Finalist for the Pulitzer Prize and Winner of the Bancroft Prize.
Author: William Cronon
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
What caused the rise of Chicago, and how did the city's expansion fuel the westward movement of the American frontier – and influence the type of society that evolved as a result? Nature's Metropolis emerged as a result of William Cronon asking and answering those questions, and the work can usefully be seen as an extended example of the critical thinking skill of problem-solving in action. Cronon navigates a path between the followers of Frederick Jackson Turner, author of the thesis that American character was shaped by the experience of the frontier, and revisionists who sought to suggest that the rugged individualism Turner depicted as a creation of life in the West was little but a fiction. For Cronon, the most productive question to ask was not whether or not men forged in the liberty-loving furnace of the Wild West had the sort of impact on America that Turner posited, but the quite different one of how capitalism and political economy had combined to drive the westward expansion of the US. For Cronon, individualism was scarcely even possible in a capitalist machine in which humans were little more than cogs, and the needs and demands of capital, not capitalists, prevailed. Nature's Metropolis, then, is a work in which the rise of Chicago is explained by generating alternative possibilities, and one that uses a rigorous study of the evidence to decide between competing solutions to the problem. It is also a fine work of interpretation, for a large part of Cronon's argument revolves around his attempt to define exactly what is rural, and what is urban, and how the two interact to create a novel economic force.
William Cronon's body of work investigates the history of human interactions with
nature within the United States. Nature's Metropolis was a mature realization of
insights apparent in Cronon's first book. He has not yet published a third major ...
Author: Cheryl Hudson
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
A prolific artist, writer, designer, and political activist, William Morris remains remarkably powerful and relevant today. But how do you teach someone like Morris who made significant contributions to several different fields of study? And how, within the exigencies of the modern educational system, can teachers capture the interdisciplinary spirit of Morris, whose various contributions hang so curiously together? Teaching William Morris gathers together the work of nineteen Morris scholars from a variety of fields, offering a wide array of perspectives on the challenges and the rewards of teaching William Morris. Across this book’s five sections—“Pasts and Presents,” “Political Contexts,” “Literature,” “Art and Design,” and “Digital Humanities”—readers will learn the history of Morris’s place in the modern curriculum, the current state of the field for teaching Morris’s work today, and how this pedagogical effort is reaching well beyond the college classroom.
NOTES Wrong Nature,” in Uncommon Ground: Rethinking the Human Place in ...
and hinterland natural systems in the nineteenth century, see William Cronon,
Nature's Metropolis: Chicago and the Great West (New York: W.W. Norton, 1991).
Author: Jason D. Martinek
Publisher: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press
Category: Literary Criticism
From the pilgrims to Las Vegas, hippie communes to the smart city, utopianism has shaped American landscapes. The Puritan small town was the New Jerusalem. Thomas Jefferson dreamed of rational farm grids. Reformers tackled slums through crusades of civic architecture. To understand American space, Alex Krieger looks to the drama of utopian ideals.
7 Kenneth T. Jackson, “The Capital of Capitalism: The New York Metropolitan
Region, 1890–1940,” in Metropolis, ed. Anthony Sutcliffe (Chicago: University of
Chicago Press, 1984), 312. 8 William Cronon, Nature's Metropolis: Chicago and
Author: Alex Krieger
Publisher: Belknap Press
By 1900, Miller & Lux epitomized the innovative corporations that guided the Far West's development; a window into the region's modernization between 1850 and 1920.
Nature, Private Property, and Region in the Far West, 1850-1920 David Bruce
Igler. contemporaneous midwestern cities . In Nature's Metropolis : Chicago and
the Great West , William Cronon demonstrates how the exchange of natural ...
Author: David Bruce Igler
Category: Meat industry and trade
Designed to be used on its own or as a companion volume to the textbook, this book offers in-depth readings on the technological dimensions of US cities from the earliest settlements to the internet communications of the 1990s.
CHICAGO : NATURE'S METROPOLIS by William Cronon Source : William
Cronon , Nature's Metropolis : Chicago and the Great West , New York , W.W.
Norton , 1991 , pp . 46-65 , 91-3 , 278-84 , 307-8 Zone of trapping , hunting Indian
Author: Open University
Publisher: Psychology Press
Category: Technology & Engineering
Only in Chicago Can Zoning Be Epic... Chicago is renowned for its distinctive skyline, its bustling Loop business district, and its diverse neighborhoods. How the face of Chicago came to be is a story of enterprise, ingenuity, opportunity--and zoning. Until now, however, there has not been a book that focuses on the important, often surprising, role of zoning in shaping the 'The City that Works.' "The Politics of Place: A History of Zoning in Chicago" reviews the interplay among development, planning, and zoning in the growth of the Gold Coast, the Central Area, and, more recently, massive 'Planned Developments'; such as Marina City, Illinois Center, and Dearborn Park. It tells the story of bold visions compromised by political realities, battles between residents and developers, and occasional misfires from City Council and City Hall. What emerges is a fascinating, behind-the-scenes inspection of the evolving character of the city's landscape. Schwieterman and Caspall recount the many planning innovations that have originated in Chicago, the complexities and intrigue of its zoning debates, and the recent adoption of a new zoning ordinance that promises to affect the city's economy and image for years to come.
Chicago Municipal Code , Section 33 . . Einhorn , Property Rules , 207 . - . Mayer
and Wade , Growth of a Metropolis , 106 . . Bosselman , “ Nature's Metropolis , ”
549–550 . . Chicago Citizens ' Zone Plan Conference , Report of Proceedings ...
Author: Joseph P. Schwieterman
Publisher: Lake Claremont Press
1992. Regeneration : Toronto's Waterfront and the Sustainable City . Toronto :
Royal Commission on the Future of the Toronto Waterfront . Cronon , William .
1991. Nature's Metropolis : Chicago and the Great West . New York : Norton .
Author: Stephen Maxwell Wheeler
One of the first to do so was William Cronon's Nature's Metropolis : Chicago and
the Great West . Cronon's environmental history showed that Chicago's proximity
to the natural resources of its hinterlands — timber to the north and northeast ...
Author: Ted Robert Mitchell
Category: Chicago (Ill.)
Kates , et al . , " The Great Transformation , " 1-17 ; Cronon , Nature's Metropolis ,
149–150 . 9 . ... The Realm of Meaning : The Inadequacy of Human - Nature
Theory and the View of Mass Consumption , ” in The Earth as Transformed , ed .
Frontier Boosters is a compelling social history of urbanization and economic development in the nineteenth-century American West. Focusing on Port Townsend, Washington and the surrounding Puget Sound region, Elaine Naylor examines economic development, "boosterism," and the dynamics of class and race in frontier settlement. In the late-nineteenth century, Seattle had not yet fully emerged as the premier city of the Pacific Northwest, and the residents of Port Townsend had every reason to imagine their town - located at the entrance to Puget Sound, the waterway for the timber resources that drove Washington's frontier economy - as the region's burgeoning metropolis. Naylor argues that the promotion of local economic development, defined as boosterism and commonly linked with land speculators, investors, and businessmen, was in fact embraced by ordinary frontier citizens. As such a "booster" mentality became integrated into Port Townsend's social dynamics, shaping the town's class and race relations, specifically between its Euro-American, Native American, and Chinese communities. Frontier Boosters illuminates the importance of economic development to ordinary settlers and highlights the complex interrelationship between the social dynamics of class and race within the context of the American frontier.
19 Cronon, Nature's Metropolis, 398–9, n. 79. 20 Wrobel, Promised Lands. 2;
Cronon, Nature's Metropolis, 36–41, quotation, 36; Abbott, Boosters and
Businessmen. 21 Glaab, “Jesup W. Scott and a West of Cities,” 12; Scott, “Our
Author: Elaine Naylor
Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
READINGS How Chicago became the gateway to the west NATURE'S
METROPOLIS WILLIAM CRONON Eur Nature's Metropolis : Chicago and the
Great West by William Cronon . W.W. Norton & Company ( New York ) , 530
pages , $ 27.50 ...
Category: Chicago (Ill.)
Boston and the Construction of the American Metropolis, 1880-1920 Michael J.
Rawson. understanding of the relationship between nature and cities , scholars
must therefore consider material and cultural nature together and acknowledge
Author: Michael J. Rawson
Category: Boston (Mass.)
In the dramatic narratives that comprise The Republic of Nature, Mark Fiege reframes the canonical account of American history based on the simple but radical premise that nothing in the nation's past can be considered apart from the natural circumstances in which it occurred. Revisiting historical icons so familiar that schoolchildren learn to take them for granted, he makes surprising connections that enable readers to see old stories in a new light. Among the historical moments revisited here, a revolutionary nation arises from its environment and struggles to reconcile the diversity of its people with the claim that nature is the source of liberty. Abraham Lincoln, an unlettered citizen from the countryside, steers the Union through a moment of extreme peril, guided by his clear-eyed vision of nature's capacity for improvement. In Topeka, Kansas, transformations of land and life prompt a lawsuit that culminates in the momentous civil rights case of Brown v. Board of Education. By focusing on materials and processes intrinsic to all things and by highlighting the nature of the United States, Fiege recovers the forgotten and overlooked ground on which so much history has unfolded. In these pages, the nation's birth and development, pain and sorrow, ideals and enduring promise come to life as never before, making a once-familiar past seem new. The Republic of Nature points to a startlingly different version of history that calls on readers to reconnect with fundamental forces that shaped the American experience. For more information, visit the author's website: http://republicofnature.com/
See also Cronon, Nature's Metropolis. These themes are elucidated in Niebuhr,
Nature and Destiny of Man, vol. 1, Human Nature, and vol. 2, Human Destiny.
The classic statement about ideas of nature is Williams, “Ideas of Nature.” On
Author: Mark Fiege
Publisher: University of Washington Press
The field of environmental history emerged just decades ago but has established itself as one of the most innovative and important new approaches to history, one that bridges the human and natural world, the humanities and the sciences. With the current trend towards internationalizing history, environmental history is perhaps the quintessential approach to studying subjects outside the nation-state model, with pollution, global warming, and other issues affecting the earth not stopping at national borders. With 25 essays, this Handbook is global in scope and innovative in organization, looking at the field thematically through such categories as climate, disease, oceans, the body, energy, consumerism, and international relations.
That year, William Cronon published Nature's Metropolis: Chicago and the Great
West. ... ones remade by humans, which Cronon, borrowing from Hegel and Marx
, termed “first” and “second” natures.29 Through commerce, commodity flows, ...
Author: Andrew C. Isenberg
Publisher: Oxford University Press
The articles collected together in this volume capture conceptual developments in the field of environmental studies in human geography and illustrate the diversity and remarkable vitality of geographical research on society-environment relations.
Nature's Metropolis is , in my opinion , the finest exemplification of Smith's
general thesis . Although not ... But it also , significantly , does not fall into the
dangers of underplaying the materiality of nature which , I argue , Smith does .
Author: Kay Anderson
19 Cronon , Nature's Metropolis , 114-116 . 20 The stations were Cottage Hill (
Elmhurst ) , Babcocks Grove ( Lombard ) , Danby ( Glen Ellyn ) , Wheaton ,
Winfield , Turners Junction ( West Chicago ) , and Wayne . 21 DuPage County
Chicago - Nature's Metropolis UI. Eighteen railroad truck lines and Great Lakes
shipping quickly made Chicago a livestock and grain market hub . The “
International ” Amphitheatre and the twenty buildings that. River , giving the city a
Author: Dale F. Runnion
From pre-Columbian times to the environmental justice movements of the present, women and men frequently responded to the environment and environmental issues in profoundly different ways. Although both environmental history and women's history are flourishing fields, explorations of the synergy produced by the interplay between environment and sex, sexuality, and gender are just beginning. Offering more than biographies of great women in environmental history, Beyond Nature's Housekeepers examines the intersections that shaped women's unique environmental concerns and activism and that framed the way the larger culture responded. Women featured include Native Americans, colonists, enslaved field workers, pioneers, homemakers, municipal housekeepers, immigrants, hunters, nature writers, soil conservationists, scientists, migrant laborers, nuclear protestors, and environmental justice activists. As women, they fared, thought, and acted in ways complicated by social, political, and economic norms, as well as issues of sexuality and childbearing. Nancy C. Unger reveals how women have played a unique role, for better and sometimes for worse, in the shaping of the American environment.
Melbourne: Melbourne University Publishing, 2001. Cronon, William. Changes in
the Land: Indians, Colonists, and the Ecology of New England. New York: Hill
and Wang, 1983, 2003. ———. Nature's Metropolis: Chicago and the Great West.
Author: Nancy C. Unger
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Category: Social Science