This research emphasizes semantic, syntactic and pragmatic considerations illustrating a wide array of linguistic approaches. Written from within the theoretical framework of Generalized Quantifiers, the three main areas considered are collocations, polarity items and multiple negations.
At one moment in their book, von Bergen and von Bergen (1993) become completely agnostic and define negative contexts as those contexts that license NPIs: (64) Definition: Negative contexts according to von Bergen and von Bergen (1993) ...
Author: Ton van der Wouden
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Despite the advances of radio and television and increasing mobility and urbanization, spoken English is by no means becoming more like the written standard. English dialect grammar, however, is still a new and relatively undeveloped area of research, and most studies to date are either restricted regionally, or based on impressionistic statements. This book provides the first thorough empirical study of the field of non-standard negation across Great Britain.
WERE-generalization in both positive and negative contexts (generalization strategy (2)) occurs in four cases, although the areal distribution is not as coherent. These four dialect areas are the contiguous regions of northeast England ...
Author: Lieselotte Anderwald
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Vendler, Z. (1967) Linguistics in Philosophy, Cornell University Press, Ithaca. van der Wouden, T. (1994) Negative Contexts, Ph.D. dissertation, University of Groningen. Zwarts, F. (1981) "Negatief Polarie Uitdrukkingen I," GLOT 4, pp.
Author: Eric Griffin Jackson
There are several devices that can be employed to differenciate unnegated indefinites from negated indefinites in a negative context . They are part of the syntax and lexicon of the language with their own functions .
Category: Language and languages
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the International Conference on Analytic Tableaux and Related Methods, TABLEAUX'99, held in Saratoga Springs, NY, USA, in June 1999. The volume presents 18 revised full papers and three system descriptions selected from 41 submissions. Also included are system comparisons and abstracts of an invited paper and of two tutorials. All current issues surrounding mechanization of reasoning with tableaux and similar methods are addressed - ranging from theoretical foundations to implementation and systems development and applications, as well as covering a broad variety of logic calculi. As application areas, formal verification of software and computer systems, deductive databases, knowledge representation, and systems diagnosis are covered.
Consequently, it remains to prove that the negative and positive context rules allow only correct contexts to be derived. We handle the case of the negative contexts and leave the other case, which is similar, to the reader.
Author: Neil V. Murray
Theorizing Women and Leadership: New Insights and Contributions from Multiple Perspectives is the fifth volume in the Women and Leadership: Research, Theory, and Practice series. This cross?disciplinary series, from the International Leadership Association, enhances leadership knowledge and improves leadership development of women around the world. The purpose of this volume is to provide a forum for women to theorize about women’s leadership in multiple ways and in multiple contexts. Theorizing has been a viewed as a gendered activity (Swedberg, 2014), and this series of chapters seeks to upend that imbalance. The chapters are written by women who represent multiple disciplines, cultures, races, and subject positions. The diversity extends into research paradigm and method, and the chapters combine to illuminate the multiple ways of knowing about and being a woman leader. Twenty?first century leadership scholars acknowledge the importance of context, and many are considering post?heroic leadership models based on relationships rather than traits. This volume contributes to this discussion by offering a diverse array of perspectives and ways of knowing about leadership and leading. The purpose of the volume is to provide readers with not only interesting new ideas about women and leadership, but also to highlight the diverse epistemologies that can contribute to theorizing about women leaders. Some chapters represent typical social scientific practices and processes, while others represent newer knowledge forms and ways of knowing. The volume contributors adopt various epistemological positions, ranging from objective researcher to embedded co?participant. The chapters link their new findings to existing empirical or conceptual work and illustrate how the findings extend, amend, contradict, or confirm existing research. The diversity of the chapters is one of the volume’s strengths because it illuminates the multiple ways that leadership theory for women can be advanced. Typically, research based on a realist perspective is more valued in the academy. This perspective has indeed generated robust information about leadership in general and women’s leadership in particular. However, readers of this volume are offered an opportunity to explore multiple ways of knowing, different ways of researching, and are invited to de?center researcher objectivity. The authors of the chapters offer conceptual and empirical findings, illuminate multiple and alternative research practices, and in the end suggest future directions for quantitative, qualitative, and mixed?methods research.
The contexts of family and community as well as engaging in leadership behaviors that had both positive and negative contexts in “everyday life” emerged as salient in our research. The connections and experiences we had in these ...
Author: Julia Storberg-Walker
Category: Business & Economics
Looking for an introduction to positive psychology that offers real-life examples? This overview of the science of happiness supplies case studies from some of the world's most successful organizations and describes ways to experience the personal impact of this exciting scientific field. Grounded in academics but accessible to a wide range of readers Challenges the reader to engage in the material and examine the application of positive psychology across multiple domains Provides an extensive bibliography with references to books, journal articles, popular press articles, and websites Includes examples of how media and technology can promote happiness and well-being Provides practical and applied knowledge in the field that can be used in one's daily life
The good news is that optimism can be learned by practicing resiliency and creating a context for that resiliency to grow. • Avoid negative contexts: Some people like to focus on the worst of things and some organizations are negative ...
Author: Erik M. Gregory
What if the stimulus were presented in an unpleasantly toned , negative context ? If you were a convict , how would you feel about your cellmate after a decade or two of confinement ? As a result of peeping out of your cell window and ...
Author: Albert A. Harrison
Publisher: Monterey, Calif. : Brooks/Cole Publishing Company
Category: Groupes sociaux
The Wiley Handbook of Contextual Behavioral Science describes the philosophical and empirical foundation of the contextual behavioral science movement; it explores the history and goals of CBS, explains its core analytic assumptions, and describes Relational Frame Theory as a research and practice program. This is the first thorough examination of the philosophy, basic science, applied science, and applications of Contextual Behavioral Science Brings together the philosophical and empirical contributions that CBS is making to practical efforts to improve human wellbeing Organized and written in such a way that it can be read in its entirety or on a section-by-section basis, allowing readers to choose how deeply they delve into CBS Extensive coverage of this wide ranging and complex area that encompasses both a rich basic experimental tradition and in-depth clinical application of that experimental knowledge Looks at the development of RFT, and its implications for alleviating human suffering
First, it appears to be a biological measure of sensitivity to positive, neutral, and negative contexts. CBS interventions such as ACT are intended to increase responsiveness to environmental feedback, and so HRV would seem to be an ...
Author: Robert D. Zettle
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Gifts are always with us: we use them positively to display affection and show gratitude for favours; we suspect that others give and accept them as douceurs and bribes. The gift also performed these roles in early modern English culture: and assumed a more significant role because networks of informal support and patronage were central to social and political behaviour. Favours, and their proper acknowledgement, were preoccupations of the age of Erasmus, Shakespeare, and Hobbes. As in modern society, giving and receiving was complex and full of the potential for social damage. 'Almost nothing', men of the Renaissance learned from that great classical guide to morality, Lucius Annaeus Seneca, 'is more disgraceful than the fact that we do not know how either to give or receive benefits'. The Power of Gifts is about those gifts and benefits - what they were, and how they were offered and received in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. It shows that the mode of giving, as well as what was given, was crucial to social bonding and political success. The volume moves from a general consideration of the nature of the gift to an exploration of the politics of giving. In the latter chapters some of the well-known rituals of English court life - the New Year ceremony, royal progresses, diplomatic missions - are viewed through the prism of gift-exchange. Gifts to monarchs or their ministers could focus attention on the donor, those from the crown could offer some assurance of favour. These fundamentals remained the same throughout the century and a half before the Civil War, but the attitude of individual monarchs altered specific behaviour. Elizabeth expected to be wooed with gifts and dispensed benefits largely for service rendered, James I modelled giving as the largesse of the Renaissance prince, Charles I's gift-exchanges focused on the art collecting of his coterie. And always in both politics and the law courts there was the danger that gifts would be corroded, morphing from acceptable behaviour into bribes and corruption. The Power of Gifts explores prescriptive literature, pamphlets, correspondence, legal cases and financial records, to illuminate social attitudes and behaviour through a rich series of examples and case-studies.
Again, the negative connotation of the term bribe had long been linguistically available. ... with positive and negative contexts being equally common.38 Edward Hall's Chronicle follows the same pattern: his dubious politicians and ...
Author: Felicity Heal
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA