Nonlinear Optical and Electroactive Polymers

This treatise is a compendium of papers based on invited talks presented at the American Chemical Society Symposium on Electroactive Polymers which covered nonlinear optical polymers and conducting polymers, the common denominator being the ...

Author: Paras N. Prasad

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461309536

Category: Science

Page: 448

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This treatise is a compendium of papers based on invited talks presented at the American Chemical Society Symposium on Electroactive Polymers which covered nonlinear optical polymers and conducting polymers, the common denominator being the correlated pi-electron structures. The improved understanding of the consequences of pi-electron delocalization upon nonlinear optical properties and charge carrier dynamics has laid the foundation for the rapid development and application of the electroresponse of conjugated polymers. As a result, the area of electroactive and nonlinear optical polymers is emerging as a frontier of sCience and technology. It is a multidisciplinary field that is bringing together scientists and engineers of varied background to interface their expertise. The recent explosion of interest in this area stems from the prospect of utilizing nonlinear optical effects for optical switching and logic operations in optical computing, optical signal processing, optical sensing and optical fiber communications. Polymers and organic are rapidly becoming one of the major material classes for nonlinear optical applications along with multiple quantum wells, ferroelectrics and other oxides, and direct band-gap semiconductors. The reasons for this lie in the unique molecular structures of polymers and organics and the ability to molecularly engineer the architecture of these structures through chemical synthesis.
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Nonlinear Optical Effects in Organic Polymers

The area of nonlinear optics of organic molecules and polymers offers exciting opportunities for both fundamental research and technologic development. It is truly an interdisciplinary area.

Author: J. Messier

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400922952

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 396

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Photonics, the counterpart of electronics, involves the usage of Photons instead of electrons to process information and perform various switching operations. Photonics is projected to be the technology of the future because of the gain in speed, processing and interconnectivity of network. Nonlinear optical processes will play the key role in photonics Where they can be used for frequency conversion, optical switching and modulation. Organic molecules and polymers have emerged as a new class of highly promising nonlinear optical materials Which has captured the attention of scientists world wide. The organic systems offer the advantage of large nonresonant nonlinearities derived from the 1T electrons contribution, femtosecond response time and the flexibility to modify their molecular structures. In addition, organic polymers can easily be fabricated in various device structures compatible with the fiber-optics communication system. The area of nonlinear optics of organic molecules and polymers offers exciting opportunities for both fundamental research and technologic development. It is truly an interdisciplinary area. This proceeding is the outcome of the first NATO Advanced Research WOrkshop in this highly important area. The objective of the workshop was to provide a forum for scientists of varying background from both universities and industries to come together and interface their expertize. The scope of the workshop was multidisciplinary with active participations from Chemists, physicists, engineers and materials scientists from many countries.
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Introduction to Nonlinear Optical Effects in Molecules and Polymers

This book is the first to comprehensively focus on issues associated with development of new organic materials.

Author: Paras N. Prasad

Publisher: Wiley-Interscience

ISBN: UOM:39015020803030

Category: Science

Page: 307

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Molecular Dynamics in Restricted Geometries Edited by Joseph Klafter and J. M. Drake This investigation of the chemistry and physics of complex systems focuses on the role of spatial restrictions on molecular movement. A practical source-book for researchers in chemical physics, chemical engineering, and condensed matter physics, and for graduate students in these fields, it covers a broad range of topics and critically evaluates methods as they are employed. Among the many topics it covers are: relaxation and diffusion in restricted geometries, excitation energy transfer and photoinduced electron transfer phenomena in some confined systems, electron excitation transport in micelles, polymers and multilayers, and electron excitation transport on polymer chains. 1989 (0 471-60176-4) 437 pp.
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Design Synthesis and Characterization of Novel Nonlinear Optical Polymers

The principal focus of the project is to research and develop new polymeric materials based on molecular level design and solid state chemistry.

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ISBN: OCLC:227862960

Category:

Page: 27

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The principal focus of the project is to research and develop new polymeric materials based on molecular level design and solid state chemistry. The goals have been to develop electroactive polymers with novel electronic, optical and nonlinear optical properties.
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Nonlinear Optics of Organic Molecules and Polymers

Hill, R. A. and Knoesen, A., Corona poling of nonlinear polymer thin films for electro-optic modulators, Appl. Phys. ... host for nonlinear optical molecules, in Nonlinear Optical and Electroactive Polymers, American Chemical Society, ...

Author: Hari Singh Nalwa

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780429606090

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 896

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The field of nonlinear optics emerged three decades ago with the development of the first operating laser and the demonstration of frequency doubling phenomena. These milestone discoveries not only generated much interest in laser science, but also set the stage for future work on nonlinear optics. This book presents an excellent overview of the exciting new advances in nonlinear optical (NLO) materials and their applications in emerging photonics technologies. It is the first reference source available to cover every NLO material published through 1995. All theoretical approaches, measurement techniques, materials, technologies, and applications are covered. With more than 1,800 bibliographic citations, 324 figures, 218 tables, and 812 equations, this book is an invaluable reference source for graduate and undergraduate students, researchers, scientists and engineers working in academia and industries in chemistry, solid-state physics, materials science, optical and polymer engineering, and computational science.
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Design of New Multi Functional Electroactive Polymers with Emphasis on Optical Nonlinearity

Various device configurations are reviewed and recent advances in applications are discussed. Comparison is made between the performance of organic and inorganic materials for electro-optic modulation applications.

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ISBN: OCLC:227816952

Category:

Page: 59

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Synthesis and processing of organic second-order nonlinear optical materials for fabrication of electro-optic modulators are discussed. Topics dealt with in order include (1) synthesis for chromophores characterized by large hyperpolarizability and good thermal stability, (2) covalent coupling of nonlinear optical chromophores to polymer lattices, (3) lattice hardening reactions which permit locking-in of electric field poling-induced macroscopic noncentrosymmetric order, (4) fabrication of buried channel nonlinear optical waveguides by photochemical and reactive ion etching techniques, (5) coupling of nonlinear optical waveguides to fiber optic transmission lines and drive electronics, (6) prototype device fabrication and evaluation. Various device configurations are reviewed and recent advances in applications are discussed. Comparison is made between the performance of organic and inorganic materials for electro-optic modulation applications.
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Nonlinear Optics

Already, simultaneous electrooptical and photoconductive behavior in acrylate polymer systems has been demonstrated. ... P. N. Prasad, D. R. Ulrich, Eds, "Nonlinear Optical and Electroactive Polymers” (Plenum, New York, 1988). 5.

Author: S. Miyata

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780444596741

Category: Science

Page: 555

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The field of nonlinear optics developed gradually with the invention of lasers. After the discovery of second-harmonic generation in quartz, many other interesting nonlinear optical processes were rapidly discovered. Simultaneously theoretical programmes for the understanding of nonlinear optical phenomena were stimulated in accordance to develop structure-property relationships. In the beginning, research advances were made on inorganic ferroelectric materials followed by semiconductors. In the 1970's, the importance of organic materials was realised because of their nonlinear optical responses, fast optical response, high laser damage thresholds, architectural flexibility, and ease of fabrication. At present materials can be classified into three categories - inorganic ferroelectrics, semiconductors, and organic materials. Advances have also been made in quantum chemistry approaches to investigate nonlinear optical susceptibilities and in the development of novel nonlinear optical devices. Generally, inorganic and organic nonlinear optical materials and their related optical processes are reported in separate meetings. This book collects for the first time papers covering the recent developments and areas of present research in the field of nonlinear optical materials.
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Atomic and Molecular Nonlinear Optics Theory Experiment and Computation

References [1] J.A. Delaire and K. Naakatani, Chem Rev 100 (2000), 1817–1845. [2] J.L. Bredas, C. Adant, P. Tackx, A. Persoons and B.M. Pierce, Chem Rev 94 (1994), 243–278. [3] Nonlinear Optical and Electroactive Properties of Polymers, ...

Author: G. Maroulis

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 9781607507420

Category: Science

Page: 544

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The papers collected in this volume in honor of the late Stanisław Kielich cover an impressive range of modern subjects in molecular science. These subjects include, among others, the nonlinear optics of molecules, new approaches to the electronic structure of large molecules, the properties of carbon nanotubes, fluorescence polarization spectroscopy, computational studies of systems of fundamental interest to collision-induced spectroscopy, the simulation of fluids, NLO materials, chemical bonding in complex molecules, the NLO properties of functionalized DNA and the magnetic properties of molecular assemblies. Written by eminent specialists, the papers should offer valuable guidance to a wide community of graduate students and researchers.
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Characterization Techniques and Tabulations for Organic Nonlinear Optical Materials

Barzoukas, M., Fremaux, P., Josse, D., Kajzar, F., and Zyss, J., in Nonlinear Optical Properties of Polymers (A.J. ... Chollet, P. A., Kajzar, F., and Messier, J., in Nonlinear Optical and Electroactive Polymers (P. N. Prasad and D. R. ...

Author: Kuzyk

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351461801

Category: Science

Page: 912

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""Furnishes table of nonlinear optical properties of organic substances as well as experimental procedures for measuring the nonlinearity of the elements tabulated, including composite materials-offering support for scientists and engineers involved in characterizing, optimizing, and producing materials for manufacturing optical devices.
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Guided Wave Nonlinear Optics

K. D. Singer, M. G. Kuzyk and J. E. Sohn, Orientationally Ordered Electro-Optic Materials, in Nonlinear Optical and Electroactive Polymers, P. N. Paras and D. R. Ulrich Eds, Plenum Press, New York 1988, pp. 189–204.

Author: D.B. Ostrowsky

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401125369

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 660

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The object of this school, held at Cargese, Corsica (France) from August 12th to 24th 1991, was the presentation of the field of guided wave nonlinear optics in a comprehensive, coherent, and heuristic fashion. It seems appropriate that this school began with an historical introduction by Professor Nicolaas Bloembergen of Harvard, the acknowledged "father" of nonlinear optics, in general, and concluded with a round table discussion headed by Dr. Eric Spitz, the Scientific Director of a multinational electronics company interested in developing industrial applications of guided wave nonlinear optics. The lectures covered both the theoretical framework of the field and applications to basic scientific research, optical communications and technical instrumentation. Specific topics developed included materials for guided wave nonlinear optics, nonlinear interactions using integrated optical guides, nonlinear surface waves, solitons, fiber nonlinear optics, ultra-fast coupler switching as well as the related topic of fiber and integrated optical lasers and amplifiers. Lectures have also been devoted to squeezed states, chaos and strange attractors. The subjects covered by the school underlines one of the major ways in which this field has evolved over the past thirty some odd years. The path from the original experiments with materials requiring mega-watt power lasers to the recent developments in guided wave configurations using milliwatt power diode lasers is marked by the conjunction of ever improving fundamental scientific comprehension and continuing technological developments.
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Polymers for Electronic Photonic Application

Nonlinear Optical Properties of Organic and Polymeric Materials. American Chemical Society, Washington, D.C.; Chemla, ... In Nonlinear Optical and Electroactive Polymers (P. N. Prasad and D. R. Ulrich, eds.). Plenum Press, New York, p.

Author: C. P. Wong

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9781483289397

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 661

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The most recent advances in the use of polymeric materials by the electronic industry can be found in Polymers for Electronic and Photonic Applications. This book provides in-depth coverage of photoresis for micro-lithography, microelectronic encapsulants and packaging, insulators, dielectrics for multichip packaging, electronic and photonic applications of polymeric materials, among many other topics. Intended for engineers and scientists who design, process, and manufacture microelectronic components, this book will also prove useful for hybrid and systems packaging managers who want to be informed of the very latest developments in this field. * Presents most recent advances in the use of polymeric materials by the electronic industry * Contributions by foremost experts in the field
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Organic Thin Films for Waveguiding Nonlinear Optics

R. N. De Martino , E. W. Choe , G. Khanarian , D. Haas , T. Leslie , G. Nelson , J. Stamatoff , D. Stuetz , C. C. Teng and H. Yoon , in Nonlinear Optical and Electroactive Polymers , P. N. Prasad and D. R. Ulrich Eds , Plenum Press ...

Author: F. Kajzar

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 2884490701

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 829

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Organic Molecules for Nonlinear Optics and Photonics

shift measurements indicate that such materials may exhibit large optical nonlinearities although it must again be emphasized ... SPIE, 1337; Prasad, P. N. and Ulrich, D. R., ed., (1988) Nonlinear Optical and Electroactive Polymers, ...

Author: J. Messier

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401133708

Category: Science

Page: 544

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Photonics is being labelled by many as the technology for the 21st century. Because of the structural flexibility both at the molecular and bulk levels, organic materials are emerging as a very important class of nonlinear optical materials to be used for generating necessary nonlinear optical functions for the technology of photonics. Since the last NATO advanced research workshop on "Polymers for Nonlinear Optics"held in June 1988, at Nice - Sophia Antipolis, France. there has been a tremendous growth of interest worldwide and important development in this field. Significant progress has been made in theoretical modeling, material development, experimental studies and device concepts utilizing organic materials. These important recent developments provided the rationale for organizing the workshop on "Organic Materials for Nonlinear Optics and Photonics" which was held in La Rochelle, France, in August 1990. This proceeding is the outcome of the workshop held in La Rochelle. The objective of the workshop was to bring together scientists and engineers of varied backgrounds working in this field in order to assess the current status of this field by presenting significant recent developments and make recommendations on future directions of research. The workshop was multidisciplinary as it had contributions from chemists, physicists, materials scientists and device engineers. The participants were both from industries and universities. The workshop included plenary lectures by leading international scientists in this field, contributed research papers and a poster session. Panel discussion groups were organized to summarize important developments and to project future directions.
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Electroresponsive Molecular and Polymeric Systems

J. Messier et al . , eds . , Nonlinear Optical Effects in Organic Polymers , Kluwer Academic , Boston , 1989 . ... P. N. Prasad and D. R. Ulrich , eds . , Nonlinear Optical and Electroactive Polymers , Plenum Press , New York , 1987 .

Author: Terje A. Skotheim

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781000444872

Category: Science

Page: 320

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This volume focuses on the developments in theory and materials science of conjugated materials for nonlinear optics, and on the processing of conjugated polymers. It describes the microscopic origin and mechanism of the nonlinear optical susceptibilities in the framework of quantum field theory.
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Electrical and Optical Polymer Systems

96 . 9. Prasad , P. N. , and Ulrich , D. R. , ed . , Nonlinear Optical and Electroactive Polymers , Plenum Press , New York , 1988 , p . 454 . 10. Irie , M. , Photoresponsive polymers , in New Polymer Materials ( B. Boutevin , ed . ) ...

Author: Donald L. Wise

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0824701186

Category: Science

Page: 1256

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"Offers background information, methods of characterization, and applications for electrical and optical polymers, including biopolymers, and tutorial sections that explain how to use the techniques."
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Nonlinear Optics in Solids

"Nonlinear Optical and Electroactive Polymers" Eds. P. N. Prasad and D. R. Ulrich, Plenum Press (New York, 1988). ll. "Optical Nonlinearities and Instabilities in Semiconductors" Ed. H. Huag, Academic Press (London, 1988). 5.

Author: Ole Keller

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642842061

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 351

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In recent years one has witnessed in physics a substantial increase in interest in carrying out fundamental studies in the nonlinear optics of condensed matter. At the Danish universities, this increase has been especially pronounced at the Institute of Physics at the University of Aalborg, where the main activities are centered around fundamental research within the domains of nonlinear quantum optics, nonlinear optics of metals and superconductors, and nonlinear surface optics. In recognition of this it was decided to arrange the first international summer school on nonlinear optics in Denmark at the Institute of Physics at the University of Aalborg. This book is based on the lectures and contributed papers presented at this international summer school, which was held in the period 31 July-4 Au gust 1989. About 60 experienced and younger scientists from 12 different countries participated. Twenty-eight lectures were given by 14 distinguished scientists from the United States, Italy, France, Germany, Scotland, England, and Denmark. In addition to the lectures given by the invited speakers, 11 contributed papers were presented. The programme of the summer school em phasized a treatment of basic physical properties of the nonlinear interaction of light and condensed matter and both theoretical and experimental aspects were covered. Furthermore, general principles as well as topics of current interest in the research literature were discussed.
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Liquid Crystalline Polymers

Nonlinear optical and electroactive polymers : an overview . In Nonlinear Optical and Electroactive Polymers , eds . P. N. Prasad and D. R. Ulrich . New York : Plenum , pp . 1-11 . van de Witte , P. , Brehmer , M. and Lub , J. ( 1999 ) ...

Author: A. M. Donald

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521580013

Category: Science

Page: 589

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A new edition explaining the underlying science and applications of liquid crystalline polymers.
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