Nonresponse in Social Science Surveys

A Research Agenda
Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on National Statistics,Panel on a Research Agenda for the Future of Social Science Data Collection
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309272475
Category: Social Science
Page: 166
View: 2120
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For many household surveys in the United States, responses rates have been steadily declining for at least the past two decades. A similar decline in survey response can be observed in all wealthy countries. Efforts to raise response rates have used such strategies as monetary incentives or repeated attempts to contact sample members and obtain completed interviews, but these strategies increase the costs of surveys. This review addresses the core issues regarding survey nonresponse. It considers why response rates are declining and what that means for the accuracy of survey results. These trends are of particular concern for the social science community, which is heavily invested in obtaining information from household surveys. The evidence to date makes it apparent that current trends in nonresponse, if not arrested, threaten to undermine the potential of household surveys to elicit information that assists in understanding social and economic issues. The trends also threaten to weaken the validity of inferences drawn from estimates based on those surveys. High nonresponse rates create the potential or risk for bias in estimates and affect survey design, data collection, estimation, and analysis. The survey community is painfully aware of these trends and has responded aggressively to these threats. The interview modes employed by surveys in the public and private sectors have proliferated as new technologies and methods have emerged and matured. To the traditional trio of mail, telephone, and face-to-face surveys have been added interactive voice response (IVR), audio computer-assisted self-interviewing (ACASI), web surveys, and a number of hybrid methods. Similarly, a growing research agenda has emerged in the past decade or so focused on seeking solutions to various aspects of the problem of survey nonresponse; the potential solutions that have been considered range from better training and deployment of interviewers to more use of incentives, better use of the information collected in the data collection, and increased use of auxiliary information from other sources in survey design and data collection. Nonresponse in Social Science Surveys: A Research Agenda also documents the increased use of information collected in the survey process in nonresponse adjustment.

Nonresponse Bias

Qualitätssicherung sozialwissenschaftlicher Umfragen
Author: Jürgen Schupp,Christof Wolf
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658104597
Category: Social Science
Page: 478
View: 4495
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Die Qualitätssicherung sozialwissenschaftlicher Umfragen ist in den letzten Jahren zu einem großen Thema geworden. Bilden Stichproben mit vergleichsweise geringer Beteiligungsquote noch die Lebenslagen, Einstellungen und Verhaltensweisen der jeweiligen Grundgesamtheit ab? Wie groß ist ihre Selektivität bzw. ihre Verzerrung, also der Nonresponse Bias? Wie geeignet sind Gewichtungs- und Hochrechnungsverfahren, um trotz geringer Ausschöpfungsquoten gleichwohl verallgemeinerbare Schlüsse auf die Grundgesamtheit ziehen zu können? Das Buch bereichert den Stand der Forschung im Bereich Surveymethodologie und leistet einen lesenswerten Beitrag zur gesamten surveydatengestützten quantitativen empirischen Sozialforschung.

The SAGE Handbook of Survey Methodology


Author: Christof Wolf,Dominique Joye,Tom E. C. Smith,Tom W Smith,Yang-chih Fu
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1473959055
Category: Reference
Page: 740
View: 5876
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Survey Methodology is becoming a more structured field of research, deserving of more and more academic attention. The SAGE Handbook of Survey Methodology explores both the increasingly scientific endeavour of surveys and their growing complexity, as different data collection modes and information sources are combined. The handbook takes a global approach, with a team of international experts looking at local and national specificities, as well as problems of cross-national, comparative survey research. The chapters are organized into seven major sections, each of which represents a stage in the survey life-cycle: Surveys and Societies Planning a Survey Measurement Sampling Data Collection Preparing Data for Use Assessing and Improving Data Quality The SAGE Handbook of Survey Methodology is a landmark and essential tool for any scholar within the social sciences.

Online Panel Research

A Data Quality Perspective
Author: Mario Callegaro,Reginald P. Baker,Jelke Bethlehem,Anja S. Göritz,Jon A. Krosnick,Paul J. Lavrakas
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118763513
Category: Mathematics
Page: 512
View: 9781
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Provides new insights into the accuracy and value of online panels for completing surveys Over the last decade, there has been a major global shift in survey and market research towards data collection, using samples selected from online panels. Yet despite their widespread use, remarkably little is known about the quality of the resulting data. This edited volume is one of the first attempts to carefully examine the quality of the survey data being generated by online samples. It describes some of the best empirically-based research on what has become a very important yet controversial method of collecting data. Online Panel Research presents 19 chapters of previously unpublished work addressing a wide range of topics, including coverage bias, nonresponse, measurement error, adjustment techniques, the relationship between nonresponse and measurement error, impact of smartphone adoption on data collection, Internet rating panels, and operational issues. The datasets used to prepare the analyses reported in the chapters are available on the accompanying website: www.wiley.com/go/online_panel Covers controversial topics such as professional respondents, speeders, and respondent validation. Addresses cutting-edge topics such as the challenge of smartphone survey completion, software to manage online panels, and Internet and mobile ratings panels. Discusses and provides examples of comparison studies between online panels and other surveys or benchmarks. Describes adjustment techniques to improve sample representativeness. Addresses coverage, nonresponse, attrition, and the relationship between nonresponse and measurement error with examples using data from the United States and Europe. Addresses practical questions such as motivations for joining an online panel and best practices for managing communications with panelists. Presents a meta-analysis of determinants of response quantity. Features contributions from 50 international authors with a wide variety of backgrounds and expertise. This book will be an invaluable resource for opinion and market researchers, academic researchers relying on web-based data collection, governmental researchers, statisticians, psychologists, sociologists, and other research practitioners.

The American Community Survey

Summary of a Workshop
Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on National Statistics
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309073154
Category: Social Science
Page: 72
View: 570
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The American Community Survey (ACS), to be run by the Census Bureau, will be a large (250,000 housing units a month), predominantly mailout/mailback survey that will collect information similar to that on the decennial census long form. The development of this new survey raises interesting questions about methods used for combining information from surveys and from administrative records, weighting to treat nonresponse and undercoverage, estimation for small areas, sample design, and calibration of the output from this survey with that from the long form. To assist the Census Bureau in developing a research agenda to address these and other methodological issues, the Committee on National Statistics held a workshop on September 13, 1998. This report summarizes that workshop.

Reducing Response Burden in the American Community Survey

Proceedings of a Workshop
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on National Statistics,Steering Committee for Workshop on Respondent Burden in the American Community Survey
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 030944943X
Category: Social Science
Page: 126
View: 6156
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Although people in the United States have historically been reasonably supportive of federal censuses and surveys, they are increasingly unavailable for or not willing to respond to interview requests from federalâ€"as well as privateâ€"sources. Moreover, even when people agree to respond to a survey, they increasingly decline to complete all questions, and both survey and item nonresponse are growing problems. In March 2016, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a workshop to consider the respondent burden and its challenges and opportunities of the American Community Survey, which is conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

Key Methods in Geography


Author: Nicholas Clifford,Gill Valentine
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761974925
Category: Science
Page: 572
View: 5075
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Key Methods in Geography is an introduction for undergraduates to the principal methodological issues involved in the collection, analysis and presentation of geographical information. It provides an accessible primer, which will be used by students as a reference throughout their degree, on all issues from research design to presentation. A unique feature of the book is that it provides definitions of terms from both human geography and physical geography. Organized into four parts: Getting Started in Geographical Research; Data Collection in Human Geography; Data Collection in Physical Geography; Analyzing and Representing Geographical Data. Each chapter is comprised of a short definition, a summary of the principal arguments, a substantive 5,000-word discussion, the use of real-life examples, and annotated notes for further reading. The teaching of research methods is integral in all geography courses. Key Methods in Geography identifies the key analytical and observational strategies with which all geography undergraduates should be conversant.

The 5-year Outlook on Science and Technology


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Research
Page: 466
View: 7685
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Survey Measurement of Work Disability

Summary of a Workshop
Author: National Research Council,Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Institute of Medicine,Committee on National Statistics
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309172160
Category: Medical
Page: 110
View: 3640
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The Social Security Administration (SSA) is engaged in redesigning its disability determination process for providing cash benefits and medical assistance to blind and disabled persons under the Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) program and the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program (Title II and Title XVI of the Social Security Act). The agency has undertaken a multiyear research effort to develop and test the feasibility, validity, reliability, and practicality of the redesigned disability determination process before making any decision about its national implementation. Survey Measurement of Work Disability reviews and provides advice on this research. One of the major areas for review is the ongoing independent, scientific review of the scope of work, design, and content of the Disability Evaluation Study (DES) and the conduct of the study by the chosen survey contractor. This report identifies statistical design, methodological, and content concerns and addresses other issues as they arise.

Access Panels and Online Research, Panacea Or Pitfall?

Proceedings of the DANS Symposium, Amsterdam, October 12th 2006
Author: Ineke A. L. Stoop
Publisher: Aksant Academic Pub
ISBN: 9789052603001
Category: Social Science
Page: 120
View: 1094
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In the previous century, survey data were often collected from random samples from the population. Respondents were questioned in face-to-face, via telephone interviews, or by mail questionnaires. Nowadays, in many polls, people are invited to express their opinion through the Internet. Is this technological progress or a methodological hornets' nest or both? In October of 2006, the Data Archiving and Networked Services (DANS) organized a symposium on this topic. DANS is the national organization in the Netherlands for storing and providing permanent access to research data from the humanities and social sciences. It is responsible for existing data archives as well as developments of data infrastructure in new fields.

Survey Methodology Bulletin


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social surveys
Page: N.A
View: 1981
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Methods, Sex, and Madness


Author: Julia O'Connell Davidson,Derek Layder
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415097642
Category: Psychology
Page: 240
View: 7180
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This book will help them to do so, focusing chiefly on research into human sexuality and madness, it introduces and critically assesses everything from survey methods to participant observation, opens up broader philosophical debates about the nature of knowledge, and highlights issues surrounding the ethics and politics of research.

The Phantom Respondents

Opinion Surveys and Political Representation
Author: John Brehm
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 266
View: 4132
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Examines a fundamental problem for opinion polls and those who use them.

Proceedings of the Section on Survey Research Methods


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781883276102
Category: Mathematical statistics
Page: N.A
View: 8325
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Heikle Fragen in Interviews

Eine Validierung der Randomized Response-Technik
Author: Felix Wolter
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3531193716
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 365
View: 1975
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Felix Wolter untersucht die Problematik sogenannter heikler Fragen in Survey-Interviews und damit ein Thema, das die Surveymethodologie seit den 1930er Jahren beschäftigt. Konkret geht es um die „Randomized Response-Technik“ (RRT), einen innovativen Vorschlag zur Vermeidung von Antwortverzerrungen bei sensiblen Fragen. Der Text gibt im ersten Teil einen Überblick über den aktuellen Forschungsstand zum Thema heikle Fragen sowie der RRT und erörtert handlungstheoretische Erklärungsangebote zur Erklärung des Befragtenverhaltens. Im zweiten Teil präsentiert der Autor empirische Analysen einer experimentellen Validierungsstudie, in der die Antworten von Befragten auf heikle Fragen mit extern validierten wahren Werten verglichen werden. Dabei ist vor allem die Frage entscheidend, wie gut die RRT im Vergleich zur konventionellen, direkten Befragung im Interview abschneidet.

Sociological Abstracts


Author: Leo P. Chall
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Sociology
Page: N.A
View: 1495
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CSA Sociological Abstracts abstracts and indexes the international literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences. The database provides abstracts of journal articles and citations to book reviews drawn from over 1,800+ serials publications, and also provides abstracts of books, book chapters, dissertations, and conference papers.

Soziale Ungleichheit in Deutschland


Author: Michael Braun,Peter Ph. Mohler
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783531132006
Category: Germany (West)
Page: 315
View: 6416
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Entwicklungspsychologie im Kindes- und Jugendalter


Author: Robert Siegler,Nancy Eisenberg,Judy DeLoache,Jenny Saffran
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3662470284
Category: Psychology
Page: 688
View: 2833
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Wer dieses Standardwerk liest, erhält einen umfassenden Überblick über einschlägige Theorien, moderne Forschungsmethoden und neueste Erkenntnisse zur Kindes- und Jugendentwicklung. Die einfache, klare Sprache sowie zahlreiche Illustrationen und Fallbeispiele machen die Lektüre des Lehrbuchs für Studierende der Entwicklungspsychologie zum echten Vergnügen. Tabellen, Schaubilder, Zusammenfassungen und Praxisbeispiele helfen dabei, den Stoff zu verstehen, zu strukturieren und zu verinnerlichen. Die Inhalte des Werkes gehen dabei teilweise deutlich über den klassischen Lehrstoff für Bachelor-Prüfungen hinaus und vermitteln ein vertieftes Verständnis dafür, wie die Entwicklung in unterschiedlichen Bereichen zusammenhängt, von welchen sozialen und gesellschaftlichen Rahmenbedingungen sie abhängt und wie die Entstehung von Problemen verhindert werden kann. Die Auseinandersetzung mit dieser Lektüre lohnt sich daher nicht nur für die Prüfungsvorbereitung im Bachelor- und Masterstudium. Auch wenn Sie bereits beruflich oder privat mit Kindern und Jugendlichen zu tun haben, wird Ihnen das Buch als wertvolles Nachschlagewerk dienen und immer wieder Lust machen, sich mit den Inhalten auseinanderzusetzen.