Norwegian Verb Particles

This book aims to explain the syntax and semantics of Norwegian verb particles.

Author: Leiv Inge Aa

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789027260833

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 184

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This book aims to explain the syntax and semantics of Norwegian verb particles. While particles have been claimed to be distributed optionally to the left (as LPrt) or right (as RPrt) of an associated DP in the linguistic literature, the dialectologically oriented literature has shown for a long time that many Norwegian particles are preferred as LPrt (corresponding to English ‘throw out the dog’). While spatial particles can appear in both positions, non-spatial particles primarily appear as LPrt. A complex predicate analysis is adopted for non-spatial particles, and a small clause analysis for spatial particles. It is argued that a non-spatial LPrt construction triggers an atelic reading, and the RPrt counterpart identifies a result state. The book combines traditional dialectology with modern linguistic theories and includes much Norwegian data that has not been shed theoretical light on before: simplex and complex spatial and non-spatial constructions, phrasal particles, ground promotion, and unaccusatives. Several earlier theoretical accounts of Norwegian particles are reviewed in a separate chapter.
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Particles

The author investigates the distribution and placement of verbal particles, which are words that do not change their form through inflection and do not fit easily into the established system of parts of speech.

Author: Marcel den Dikken

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780195091342

Category: Architecture

Page: 288

View: 754

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Particles are words that do not change their form through inflection and do not fit easily into the established system of parts of speech. Examples include the negative particle "not," the infinitival particle "to" (as in "to go"), and do and let in "do tell me" and "let's go." Particles investigates the constraints on the distribution and placement of verbal particles. A proper understanding of these constraints yields insight into the structure of various secondary predicative constructions. Starting out from a detailed analysis of complex particle constructions, den Dikken brings forth accounts of triadic constructions and Dative Shift, and the relationship between dative and transitive causative constructions--all of them built on the basic structural template proposed from complex particle constructions. Drawing on data from Norwegian, English, Dutch, German, West Flemish, and other languages, this book will interest a wide audience of students and specialists.
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Verb Particle Explorations

There is well-known evidence from English and Norwegian that particle verbs can be represented as complex heads and as verb-complement constructions. (14) shows that certain particles can be modified with adverbs if the particle is ...

Author: Nicole Dehé

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110902341

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 396

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The contributions in this book are a representative cross-section of recent research on verb-particle constructions. The syntactic, semantic, morphological, and psycholinguistic phenomena associated with the constructions in English, Dutch, German, and Swedish are analyzed from the various different theoretical viewpoints.
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Particle Verbs in English

Norwegian verb particle constructions as causative constructions. Nordic ]ournal ofLinguistics, 8, 75I98. Arnold, I. E., Wasow, T., Losongco, A., 8: Ginstrom, R. (2000). Heaviness vs. newness: The effect of structural complexity and ...

Author: Nicole Dehé

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027296283

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 305

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This book offers a new account of the transitive particle verb construction in English. The main emphasis is on the alternation between the two word orders possible in English (continuous: hand in the manuscript vs. discontinuous: hand the manuscript in). The central aim is to show that the choice of the word order is not optional as has often been claimed in related literature on the topic and that a syntactic analysis should thus not be based on optional movement operations or optional feature selection. The author argues in some detail that the choice of the word order is determined to a great extent by the information structuring of the context in which the relevant construction is embedded. The syntactic structure she develops is based on a substantial combination of empirical facts, evidence from theoretical research and the results of two experimental studies on the intonation patterns of the construction.
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The Phonology of Norwegian

Since there is no pragmatic difference between these alternants with respect to particle groups, the question arises whether this also might be the case with verb + negator, in the sense that accent 2 on the verb has the same pragmatic ...

Author: Gjert Kristoffersen

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198237655

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 366

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A the end of the fourteenth century, Norway, having previously been an independent kingdom, became by conquest a province of Denmark and remained so for three centuries. In1814, as part of the fall-out from the Napoleonic wars, the country became a largely independent nation within the monarchy of Sweden. By this time, however, Danish had become the language of government, commerce, and education, as well as of the middle and upper classes. Nationalistic Norwegians sought to reestablish native identity by creating and promulgating a new language based partly on rural dialects and partly on Old Norse. The upper and middle classes sought to retain a form of Norwegian close to Danish that would be intelligible to themselves and to their neighbours in Sweden and Denmark. The controversy has gone on ever since. One result is that the standard dictionaries of Norwegian ignore pronunciation, for no version can be counted as 'received'. Another is that there has been considerable variety and change in Norwe
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Particle Verbs and Local Domains

However , in contrast to Dutch and German , where reanalysis is restricted to cases where the particle verb is attached to a lexical head , no such restriction is attested in English and Norwegian . The following data provide evidence ...

Author: Jochen Zeller

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027227624

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 323

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This book offers a new account of particle verbs in German and Dutch by looking at the conditions under which a non-morphological structure may exhibit “word-like” properties. It shows that although particles are represented as phrasal complements of their verbs, they lack the functional structure which is usually associated with phrases. The author uses the concept of a “local domain”, which can be established by terminal nodes both in syntax and in morphology, to demonstrate why the impoverished syntactic structure of particle verbs shares important features of complex words derived in morphology. The analysis is substantiated through a detailed study of the syntactic, semantic, and morphological properties of particle verbs. Special attention is given to the relevance of local domains for the association of lexical information about sound and meaning with terminal nodes in morphological and syntactic structures.
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The Crosslinguistic Study of Language Acquisition

Scandinavian Verb-Particle Constructions Models of the acquisition of grammatical morphemes pay close attention to factors of ... The mainland Scandinavian languages—Swedish, Danish, and Norwegian—all have VERB + PARTICLE constructions, ...

Author: Dan Isaac Slobin

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781317778691

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 360

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In this final volume in the series, the contributors attempt to "expand the contexts" in which child language has been examined crosslinguistically. The chapters build on themes that have been touched on, anticipated, and promised in earlier volumes in the series. The study of child language has been situated in the disciplines of psychology and linguistics, and has been most responsive to dominant issues in those fields such as nativism and learning, comprehension and production, errors, input, and universals of morphology and syntax. The context has primarily been that of the individual child, interacting with a parent, and deciphering the linguistic code. The code has been generally treated in these volumes as a system of morphology and syntax, with little attention to phonology and prosody. Attention has been paid occasionally to the facts that the child is acquiring language in a sociocultural setting and that language is used in contexts of semantic and pragmatic communication. In addition, there has been a degree of attention paid to the interactions between language and cognition in the process of development. As for individual differences between children, they have been discussed in those studies where they could not be avoided, but such variation has rarely been the focus of systematic attention. Differences between individual languages have been of great interest, but these differences have not often been placed in a framework of systematic typological variation. And although languages and their grammars change over time, the focus of attention on the individual child learner has generally led to neglect of explanatory principles that are best found on the level of linguistic diachrony, rather than the level of innate ideas or patterns of learning and cognition in the individual child. The chapter authors seek to explore these neglected contexts in more depth.
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Syntactic Change

With nonfinite verbs, they may be prefixed to the verb. ... Such particles may also be prefixed to finite verbs. ... and the particles in modern Norwegian: they either occur to the immediate left of the main verb, or they occur in the ...

Author: Jan T. Faarlund

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110854947

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 229

View: 173

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TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS is a series of books that open new perspectives in our understanding of language. The series publishes state-of-the-art work on core areas of linguistics across theoretical frameworks as well as studies that provide new insights by building bridges to neighbouring fields such as neuroscience and cognitive science. TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS considers itself a forum for cutting-edge research based on solid empirical data on language in its various manifestations, including sign languages. It regards linguistic variation in its synchronic and diachronic dimensions as well as in its social contexts as important sources of insight for a better understanding of the design of linguistic systems and the ecology and evolution of language. TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS publishes monographs and outstanding dissertations as well as edited volumes, which provide the opportunity to address controversial topics from different empirical and theoretical viewpoints. High quality standards are ensured through anonymous reviewing.
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Handbook of Cultural Developmental Science

The Swedish and Danish particles are stressed, but only in Swedish is the particle contiguous to the verb. Danish and Norwegian also differ minimally. The Danish particle is prosodically prominent, whereas the Norwegian particle is not.

Author: Marc H. Bornstein

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781136648489

Category: Education

Page: 624

View: 444

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Researchers and theoreticians commonly acknowledge the profound impact of culture on all aspects of development. However, many in the field are often unaware of the latest cultural literatures or how development proceeds in places other than their home locations. This comprehensive handbook covers all domains of developmental science from a cultural point of view and in all regions of the globe. Part 1 covers domains of development across cultures, and Part 2 focuses on development in different places around the world. The Handbook documents child and caregiver characteristics associated with cultural variation, and it charts relations between cultural and developmental variations in physical, mental, emotional, and social development in children, parents, and cultural groups. This contemporary and scholarly resource of culture in development covers theoretical, methodological, substantive, and ethnic issues as well as geographic approaches. Each chapter includes an introduction, historical and demographic considerations, theory, an overview of the most important classical and modern research studies, recommended future directions in theory and research, and a conclusion. The chapters focus on children from the prenatal stage through adolescence. Interdisciplinary in nature, the Handbook will appeal to human development theoreticians, researchers, and students in psychology, education, and pediatrics. Ideal for those new to the field, readers will appreciate the plethora of cultural examples from all fields of child and human development and developmental examples from all fields of cultural study.
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Phrasal Verbs

As in all the Germanic languages, though, (inseparable) prefix verbs may occur, and especially in the Scandinavian group there may be considerable overlap between these and the particle verbs. Cf. e.g. the Norwegian example (135) from ...

Author: Stefan Thim

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110257038

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 316

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The book traces the evolution of the English verb-particle construction (‘phrasal verb’) from Indo-European and Germanic up to the present. A contrastive survey of the basic semantic and syntactic characteristics of verb-particle constructions in the present-day Germanic languages shows that the English construction is structurally unremarkable and its analysis as a periphrastic word-formation is proposed. From a cross-linguistic and comparative perspective the Old English prefix verbs are identified as preverbs and the shift towards postposition of the particles is connected to the development of more general patterns of word order. The interplay of phonological, morphological, syntactic and semantic factors in the loss of the native prefixes in the history of English is investigated. In this context the question is discussed to what extent the older prefixes were replaced by particles and borrowed prefixes, how the characteristic etymological and semantic properties of the Modern English phrasal verbs can be explained and what role they play in the lexicon. The author argues that their common perception as particularly ‘English’, ‘colloquial’ and ‘informal’ has its origin in the eighteenth-century normative tradition.
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Corpus Linguistics Context and Culture

Since Norwegian is a Germanic language, the PV pattern is already inherently in place, as indicated in Section 4.1, Figure 1 and 2. In addition, many basic verbs and particles with a high frequency are both formally and semantically ...

Author: Viola Wiegand

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110489071

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 499

View: 348

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Corpus Linguistics, Context and Culture demonstrates the potential of corpus linguistic methods for investigating language patterns across a range of contexts. Organised in three sections, the chapters range from detailed case studies on lexico-grammatical patterns to fundamental discussions of meaning as part of the ‘discourse, contexts and cultures’ theme. The final part on ‘learner contexts’ specifically emphasises the need for mixed-method approaches and the consideration of pedagogical implications for real world contexts. Beyond its contribution to current debates in the field, this edited volume indicates new directions in cross-disciplinary work.
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The Derivation of VO and OV

In languages with V-final VPs, there is only one particle position for particle verbs, and it is preverbal and V-adjacent.6 (cf. Haider 1997a for details) In English and in Norwegian, verb-particle combinations as well as combinations ...

Author: Peter Svenonius

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027299246

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 372

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The Derivation of VO and OV takes a new look at the relationship between head-final or OV structures and head-initial or VO ones, in light of recent work by Richard Kayne and others. The various papers in the volume take different positions with respect to whether one type of structure is derived from the other, and if so, which of the two orders is primary. Different options explored include derivation of VO order by head movement from a basic OV structure, derivation of VO by fronting of a phrasal VP remnant containing only the verb, derivation of OV by fronting of a remnant VP which the verb has vacated, and others. Each paper is thoroughly rooted in empirical observations about specific constructions drawn either from the Germanic languages or from others including Finnish, Hungarian, Japanese, and Malagasy. The volume consists of eleven original papers by Sjef Barbiers, Michael Brody, Naoki Fukui & Yuji Takano, Liliane Haegeman, Hubert Haider, Roland Hinterhölzl, Anders Holmberg, Thorbjorg Hróarsdóttir, Matthew Pearson, Peter Svenonius, and Knut Tarald Taraldsen, plus an introduction by the editor.
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The Germanic Languages

Mainly because New Norwegian strong verbs normally have no present-tense ending -er, and the usual agent noun ... Outside of the East Norwegian area, verb particles of adverbial or prepositional origin carry monosyllabic stress, ...

Author: Ekkehard Konig

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317799580

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 648

View: 814

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Provides a unique, up-to-date survey of twelve Germanic languages from English and German to Faroese and Yiddish.
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A Pragmatic Analysis of Norwegian Modal Particles

Studies a small class of uninflectable lexical items (particularly jo and na).

Author: Erik E. Andvik

Publisher: Language Data, Africa Series

ISBN: UCSC:32106010581731

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 136

View: 856

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Studies a small class of uninflectable lexical items (particularly jo and na).
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Linguistics in the Netherlands 1990

Interestingly, double SC constructions of the type in (12a) behave exactly as expected when a particle is added. ... References ÅFARLI, T. 1984 Norwegian Verb Particle Constructions as Causative Constructions, Working Papers in ...

Author: Reineke Bok-Bennema

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110849998

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 164

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Word Prosodic Systems in the Languages of Europe

Verb plus enclitic particle in Norwegian and Swedish While in (Central Standard) Swedish for the category of verbs with enclitic particles the enclitic particle carries main stress — and usually accent I, because the particle is often ...

Author: Harry van der Hulst

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110197082

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 1079

View: 333

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The series is a platform for contributions of all kinds to this rapidly developing field. General problems are studied from the perspective of individual languages, language families, language groups, or language samples. Conclusions are the result of a deepened study of empirical data. Special emphasis is given to little-known languages, whose analysis may shed new light on long-standing problems in general linguistics.
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The Cambridge Handbook of Germanic Linguistics

I would like to end by suggesting that explorations of the use of particles in various constructions might lead to ... “Norwegian verb particle constructions as causative constructions,” Nordic Journal of Linguistics 8: 75–98.

Author: Michael T. Putnam

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108386357

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page:

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The Germanic language family ranges from national languages with standardized varieties, including German, Dutch and Danish, to minority languages with relatively few speakers, such as Frisian, Yiddish and Pennsylvania German. Written by internationally renowned experts of Germanic linguistics, this Handbook provides a detailed overview and analysis of the structure of modern Germanic languages and dialects. Organized thematically, it addresses key topics in the phonology, morphology, syntax, and semantics of standard and nonstandard varieties of Germanic languages from a comparative perspective. It also includes chapters on second language acquisition, heritage and minority languages, pidgins, and urban vernaculars. The first comprehensive survey of this vast topic, the Handbook is a vital resource for students and researchers investigating the Germanic family of languages and dialects.
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Natural Language Processing in Artificial Intelligence NLPinAI 2021

The Norwegian valence resource here presented, called NorVal, has 6,300 verb lemmas. ... The paper illustrates the resources relative to their representation of light reflexives, verb particles, and frames including sentential ...

Author: Roussanka Loukanova

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030901387

Category:

Page:

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The Blackwell Companion to Syntax

verb, etc., in a given language does not have consistent phrase structural or functional properties, and therefore does not have a single representation in an ... Norwegian Verb Particle Constructions as Causative Constructions.

Author: Martin Everaert

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781405178419

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 3285

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*** Pre-Order The Wiley Blackwell Companion to Syntax, second edition, publishing December 2017. Find out more at www.companiontosyntax.com *** This long-awaited reference work marks the culmination of numerous years of research and international collaboration by the world’s leading syntacticians. There exists no other comparable collection of research that documents the development of syntax in this way. Under the editorial direction of Martin Everaert and Henk van Riemsdijk, this 5 volume set comprises 70 case studies commissioned specifically for this volume. The 80 contributors are drawn from an international group of prestigious linguists, including Joe Emonds, Sandra Chung, Susan Rothstein, Adriana Belletti, Jim Huang, Howard Lasnik, and Marcel den Dikken, among many others. A unique collection of 70 newly-commissioned case studies, offering access to research completed over the last 40 years. Brings together the world’s leading syntacticians to provide a large and diverse number of case studies in the field. Explores a comprehensive range of syntax topics from an historical perspective. Investigates empirical domains which have been well-documented and which have played a prominent role in theoretical syntax at some stage in the development of generative grammar. Serves as a research tool for not only theoretical linguistics but also the various forms of applied linguistics. Contains an accessible alphabetical structure, with an index integral to each volume featuring keywords and key figures. Each multi-volume set is also accompanied by a CD Rom of the entire Companion. Like the prestigious Blackwell Handbooks in Linguistics series, this multi-volume work, in the new The Wiley Blackwell Companions to Linguistics series, can be relied upon to deliver the quality and expertise with which Blackwell Publishing’s linguistics list is associated.
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German and Dutch in Contrast

... for L1 speakers of other V2 languages: For Icelandic, we expect L1 Icelandic speakers of L2 English to pattern with L1 Norwegian speakers because verb-particle constructions in Icelandic show the same distribution as in Norwegian, ...

Author: Gunther Vogelaer

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110669466

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 362

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Designed as a contribution to contrastive linguistics, the present volume brings up-to-date the comparison of German with its closest neighbour, Dutch, and other Germanic relatives like English, Afrikaans, and the Scandinavian languages. It takes its inspiration from the idea of a "Germanic Sandwich", i.e. the hypothesis that sets of genetically related languages diverge in systematic ways in diverse domains of the linguistic system. Its contributions set out to test this approach against new phenomena or data from synchronic, diachronic and, for the first time in a Sandwich-related volume, psycholinguistic perspectives. With topics ranging from nickname formation to the IPP (aka 'Ersatzinfinitiv'), from the grammaticalisation of the definite article to /s/-retraction, and from the role of verb-second order in the acquisition of L2 English to the psycholinguistics of gender, the volume appeals to students and specialists in modern and historical linguistics, psycholinguistics, translation studies, language pedagogy and cognitive science, providing a wealth of fresh insights into the relationships of German with its closest relatives while highlighting the potential inherent in the integration of different methodological traditions.
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