Novel Aspects of Insect Plant Interactions

First section looks at effects of plant allelochemicals on predator-prey and host-parasitoid interactions. Second section reveals the role of microorganisms as mediators of interactions between insects and plants.

Author: Pedro Barbosa

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471832766

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 362

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Presents the first efforts to explore ecological interactions between insects and plants across several trophic levels, with special focus on mediation of complex interactions by plant allelochemicals. First section looks at effects of plant allelochemicals on predator-prey and host-parasitoid interactions. Second section reveals the role of microorganisms as mediators of interactions between insects and plants. Third section unifies and extends current theory to examine the effects of allelochemicals on the second and third trophic levels. Final section traces the physiological effects of plant allelochemicals in animal behavior, population regulation, maintenance of mimicry systems, and evolution of host range.
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Microbial Mediation of Plant Herbivore Interactions

Integrated Pest Management Systems and Cotton Production Edited by Raymond E. Frisbie, Kamal M. El-Zik and L. Ted Wilson This work sheds light on the link between the thriving U.S. cotton crop and integrated pest management.

Author: Pedro Barbosa

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 047161324X

Category: Science

Page: 530

View: 408

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Novel Aspects of Insect-Plant Interactions Edited by Pedro Barbosa and Deborah K. Letourneau Focusing on three trophic levels, this study widens the current understanding of the ecological interactions between plants, herbivores, and their parasitoids and predators. Emphasized are the mediating effects of plant-derived allelochemicals on those interactions. The book also covers microorganisms as mediators of intertrophic and intratrophic interactions; theory and mechanisms: plant effects via allelochemicals on the third trophic level; and key roles of plant allelochemicals in survival strategies of herbivores. 1988 (0 471-83276-6) 362 pp. Plant-Animal Interactions Evolutionary Ecology in Tropical and Temperate Regions Edited by Peter W. Price, Thomas M. Lewinsohn, G. Wilson Fernandes and Woodruff W. Benson An outgrowth of an international symposium on Evolutionary Ecology of Tropical Herbivores held at UNICAMP, Brazil, this unique collaborative effort from leading scientists worldwide is the first comparative analysis of the existing ecological systems of temperate and tropical regions. In-depth and timely, the book's manifold analyses includes a discussion of tropical and temperate comparisons; mutualistic relationships between plants and animals; antagonistic relationships between plants and animals; plant-butterfly interactions; specificity in plant utilization; and community patterns in natural and agricultural systems. Amply illustrated with 150 detailed graphics, the book provides a fascinating visual tour of the flora and fauna described. 1991 (0 471-50937-X) 639 pp. Integrated Pest Management Systems and Cotton Production Edited by Raymond E. Frisbie, Kamal M. El-Zik and L. Ted Wilson This work sheds light on the link between the thriving U.S. cotton crop and integrated pest management. It offers a unique theoretical and conceptual framework for studying the cotton-IPM system. Other relevant issues such as the development and use of pest models, quantitative sampling principles in cotton IPM, economic injury levels and thresholds for cotton pests, and strategies and tactics for managing weeds, plant pathogens, nematodes, and insects are also described. Covering every facet of IPM technology, this is a significant contribution to the literature of pest management. 1989 (0 471-81782-1) 437 pp.
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Arthropod Plant Interactions

This book will be the first one that integrates all this fascinating and newest (from the last 5 years) information from different leading research laboratories in the world and with perspectives from academia, government and industry.

Author: Guy Smagghe

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400738737

Category: Science

Page: 228

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The book consists of multiple chapters by leading experts on the different aspects in the unique relationship between arthropods and plants, the underlying mechanisms, realized successes and failures of interactions and application for IPM, and future lines of research and perspectives. Interesting is the availability of the current genomes of different insects, mites and nematodes and different important plants and agricultural crops to bring better insights in the cross talk mechanisms and interacting players. This book will be the first one that integrates all this fascinating and newest (from the last 5 years) information from different leading research laboratories in the world and with perspectives from academia, government and industry.
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Plant Animal Interactions

This fascinating work represents not simply a bold expedition into the lush primeval terrain of the tropics but into the new landscape—bridging all latitudes—of ecological science tomorrow.

Author: Peter W. Price

Publisher: Wiley-Interscience

ISBN: 047150937X

Category: Science

Page: 639

View: 557

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Novel Aspects of Insect-Plant Interactions Edited by Pedro Barbosa and Deborah K. Letourneau Focusing on three trophic levels, this study widens the current understanding of the ecological interactions between plants, herbivores, and their parasitoids and predators. Emphasized are the mediating effects of plant-derived allelochemicals on those interactions. The text also covers microorganisms as mediators of intertrophic and intratrophic interactions; theory and mechanisms: plant effects via allelochemicals on the third trophic level; and key roles of plant allelochemicals in survival strategies of herbivores. 1988 (0 471-83276-6) 362 pp. Plant Stress-Insect Interactions Edited by E. A. Heinrichs "This is a far-reaching, seminal book that summarizes our understanding of the complexity of real-world ecology." —Choice This first major overview of the various abiotic and biotic stresses on plants outlines in detail what impact their responses have on their suitability as insect hosts. The effects of abiotic stress are catalogued in up-to-date research from leading specialists. The implications of plant stress on global food production in this era of diminishing croplands and rising populations is described, as well as avenues for the development of tolerant crop cultivars. 1988 (0 471-82648-0) 492 pp. Plant Resistance to Insects A Fundamental Approach C. Michael Smith This comprehensive text—developed out of the author’s vast field and academic experience—describes how biological and agricultural scientists identify and develop plant materials resistant to insects. Covers terminology and categories of resistance; investigative techniques for studying plant resistance; and crop management systems that use insect-resistant cultivars. Supplemented with tables detailing types and numbers of insect-resistant plant cultivars in the U.S. and formulae on quantifying plant tolerance of insects. 1989 (0 471-84938-3) 286 pp.
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Biology of Grasshoppers

Novel Aspects of Insect-Plant Interactions Edited by Pedro Barbosa and Deborah Letourneau This volume represents the forefront of two rapidly advancing areas of ecology: three-trophic-level interactions and the interdisciplinary field of ...

Author: R. F. Chapman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471609013

Category: Science

Page: 576

View: 454

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Novel Aspects of Insect-Plant Interactions Edited by Pedro Barbosa and Deborah Letourneau This volume represents the forefront of two rapidly advancing areas of ecology: three-trophic-level interactions and the interdisciplinary field of chemical ecology The book focuses on the role of microorganisms as mediators of interactions between insects and plants, providing critical appraisal of studies and suggesting ways to integrate competing hypotheses of insect-plant dynamics. 1988 (0 471-83276-6) 362 pp. Arthropod Biological Control Agents and Pesticides Brian A. Croft Examining the effects of pesticides on predators and parasites and exploring methods for reducing negative impacts of pesticide use, this book focuses on the interaction of pesticides with entomophagous arthropods. It surveys the history of research in the field and discusses susceptibility assessment, lethal, sublethal, and ecological effects of pesticides, and selectivity, resistance, and resistance management. 1990 (0 471-81975-1) 723 pp. Lepidopteran Anatomy, John Eaton This single-source treatment on the anatomy of Lepidoptera provides a detailed exposition of its anatomy plus all its life stages, including the larva and adult forms of the exoskeleton, musculature, organ systems, and specialized structures. As the only thorough examination of the morphology of this insect group, it is an essential acquisition for entomologists, morphologists, and insect physiologists. 1988 (1-05862-9) 257 pp. Integrated Pest Management Systems and Cotton Production Edited by Ray Frisbie, Kamal El-Zik, and L. Ted Wilson The most complete and authoritative work available on the subject, this book brings together information on integrated pest management strategies that are applicable to cotton. It addresses economic, agronomic, and biological factors of pest management and focuses on plant resistance to pests and the genetic rationale for improving plant health. 1989 (0 471-81782-1) 437 pp.
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Insect Plant Interactions 1990

E., Mantids and milkweed bugs: efficacy of aposematic coloration against invertebrate predators, Am. Midi. ... plant allelochemicals in the development of insecticide resistance, in Novel Aspects of Insect-Plant Interactions, Barbosa, ...

Author: Elizabeth A. Bernays

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781351361385

Category: Science

Page: 266

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Insect-Plant Interactions is a series devoted to reviews across the breadth of the topic from cellular mechanisms to ecology and evolution. Articles are selected from areas of particular current interest or subjects that would especially benefit from a new review. It is hoped that the interdisciplinary selection in each volume will help readers to enter new fields of insect-plant interactions. Volume III contains six contrasting articles.
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Herbivores Their Interactions with Secondary Plant Metabolites

In "Novel Aspects of InsectPlant Interactions" (P. Barbosa and D. K. Letourneau, eds.), pp. 201-209. Wiley, New York. Barbosa, P., and Krischik, V. A. (1987). Am. Nat. 130, 53—69. Barbosa, P., and Letourneau, D. K. (eds.) (1988).

Author:

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080925455

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 493

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This volume presents the latest research on herbivores, aquatic and terrestrial mammals and insects. The Second Edition, written almost entirely by new authors, effectively complements the initial work. It includes advances in molecular biology and microbiology, ecology, and evolutionary theory that have been achieved since the first edition was published in 1979. The book also incorporates relatively new methodologies in the area of molecular biology, like protein purification and gene cloning. Volume II, Ecological and Evolutionary Processes, also opens up entirely new subjects: The discussions of interactions have expanded to include phenomena at higher trophic levels, such as predation and microbial processing and other environmental influences. Both this and Volume I, The Chemical Participants, will be of interest to chemists, biochemists, plant and insect ecologists, evolutionary biologists, physiologists, entomologists, and agroecologists interested in both crop and animal science. Presents coevolution of herbivores and host plants Examines resource availability and its effects on secondary metabolism and herbivores Studies physiology and biochemistry of adaptation to hosts Includes tri-trophic interactions involving predators and microbes
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Insect Plant Biology

Books. that. focus. wholly. or. to. a. large. extent. on. insect–plant. interactions. Abrahamson, W.G. (ed.) (1989). Plant–animal interactions ... Barbosa, P. and Letourneau, D.K. (eds) (1988) Novel aspects of insectplant interactions.

Author: Louis M. Schoonhoven

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198525943

Category: Science

Page: 421

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"This multidisciplinary approach will appeal to students in agricultural entomology, plant sciences, ecology, and indeed anyone interested in the principles underlying the relationships between the two largest groups of organisms on earth: plants and insects."--BOOK JACKET.
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Insect plant Interactions in a Warming World

As expected, the wild species of tomato show higher levels of constitutive defenses, but the novel finding is that the cultivated tomato demonstrated the highest level of induced defenses (Paudel et al., 2019).

Author: Sulav Paudel

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1139650046

Category:

Page:

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Predicting the impact of climate change is one of the leading challenges of current times. Despite the potential to substantially impact crops economically, overall impacts of elevated temperature on insect-plant interactions are poorly understood, especially in agricultural systems. The goal of this dissertation is to investigate the impact of climate warming on insect herbivores, on their host plants and the interactions between them using the case of the corn earworm on tomatoes. First, the interactive effects of elevated temperature on insect herbivory (Helicoverpa zea) and resistance/tolerance traits of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum var Better Boy) were evaluated using artificial warming. In addition to an asymmetric responses between plant and insects, novel mechanisms were identified explaining how varying temperature affected the biosynthesis of insect elicitors and the ability of insects to trigger plant defense responses; insects reared at a warmer temperatures produced significantly less glucose oxidase (GOX), which paralleled a lower level of induction of plant defensive proteins, polyphenol oxidase (PPO) and trypsin protease inhibitors (TPI). Similarly, induction of plant defenses and plant resistance to the insect herbivore was highest in plants grown at above optimum temperatures but varied between damaged and undamaged leaves; herbivore growth was significantly reduced when fed on damaged leaves compared to undamaged control. These findings add an exciting new dimension to how climate change may alter plant-insect interactions. Second, using elevation as a proxy for temperature change, a field study in Nepal and greenhouse experiments at Penn State on tomato accessions from the Andes were tested to evaluate changes to plant herbivore interactions approximating the impacts of climate warming. The field study was conducted at various elevations in the Himalayan Mountains of Nepal in farmers fields to simulate climate change. Temperature varied with elevation in the field and significantly affected both insect populations and plant damage. At higher elevation, natural herbivore populations and plant damage from herbivory were significantly increased compared to low-elevation counterparts. In greenhouse experiments, changes in plant defense strategies and resistance to insect herbivory along an elevational gradient was also established by using tomato accessions adapted to a specific elevation range in South America. Plant resistance and defensive chemicals (e.g.,total phenolics content) to insect herbivory was enhanced in accessions from higher elevation. Results from both field and greenhouse experiments indicated a great deal of plasticity and variability in plant defense responses to both biotic and abiotic stresses. Last, the variation in induced plant defensive traits and strategies between wild and cultivated tomato genotypes was also investigated. Three different tomato genotypes were used; Solanum pimpinellifolium L. (accession LA 2093), b) cherry tomato, S. lycopersicum L. var. cerasiforme (accession Matts Wild Cherry), and c) cultivated tomato, S. lycopersicum L. var. Better Boy). Multiple chemical (plant volatiles, phenolics, defense proteins) and physical defenses (trichomes) in the cultivated tomato and its closest progenitors were measured. As expected, the wild species of tomato show higher levels of constitutive defenses, but the novel finding is that the cultivated tomato demonstrated the highest level of induced defenses (Paudel et al., 2019). While crop losses are expected to increase with global warming, elevated temperatures in this study produced asymmetric responses between insects and plants, indicating a more complicated response of plants and their herbivores under a climate change scenario. A plasticity in plant defense mechanisms were observed in the elevational studies which may possibly determine the amount of plant damages with expected geographical shift of insect pests towards higher elevations. Similarly, a large variation in plant defense mechanisms were demonstrated between wild and domesticated tomato genotypes which could be exploited as a component of sustainable crop protection in the face of climate change. Moving forward, we cannot assume that all of these crop-pest relationships will change in the same way due to climate warming. Therefore, future studies should include a wide range of host plants, insect herbivores (using both individual plant/herbivore pairs and groupings) and tri-trophic interactions complemented by field studies to provide more realistic assessments.
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Novel aspects of the biology of Chrysomelidae

Novel aspects of insect-plant interactions. John Wiley & Sons, New York, pp. 65–90. Olmstead, K. L. & Denno, R. F. 1992. Cost of shield defence for tortoise beetles (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Ecol. Ent. 7:237-243.

Author: Pierre H. Jolivet

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401117814

Category: Science

Page: 582

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Chrysomelidae, along with Curculionidae and Bruchidae, are the most important phytophagous Coleoptera. At least 37,000 species of leaf beetles belonging to 19 subfamilies have now been described, and more probably remain to be discovered, especially in the tropics. Many species are familiar agricultural pests. The Colorado potato beetle, the cereal beetle, flea beetle and the corn root worms are but a few of the well known pests. Because of the economic importance and biological diversity, chrysomelids are an important taxonomic group for scientific inquiry. This book is divided into eight parts, entitled palaeontology, larvae and larval biology, trophic selection, genetics and evolution defence mechanisms, anatomy and reproduction, pathogens and natural enemies, and general studies in biology. The biologies of agricultural and forestry pests, Leptinotarsa, Plagiodera, Entomoscelis, Paropsis, Mecistomela and Aspidomorpha are dealt with in detail. Others, such as Timarcha and those in the poorly known Megalopodinae, are covered in Part VIII. In this volume the American, European, Asian and Australian fauna occupy the greatest part. This volume, together with Biology of Chrysomelidae (1988), provides a comprehensive coverage and helps to complete the picture of chrysomelid biology.
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Plant Genome Science

Allelochemicals in insect - microbe - plant interactions : Agents provacateurs in the coevolutionary arms race . p . 97-123 . In : P. Barbosa and D.K. Letourneau ( eds . ) . Novel aspects of insect - plant interactions .

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science. Subcommittee on Basic Research

Publisher:

ISBN: PSU:000046310040

Category: Plant genetic engineering

Page: 686

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Vertical Food Web Interactions

Worldwide, many research projects deal with the construction of transgenic plants which produce and enrich natural insecticidal ... Wiley, New York, pp 201–229 Barbosa P, Letourneau DK (1988) Novel aspects of insect-plant interactions.

Author: Konrad Dettner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642607257

Category: Science

Page: 390

View: 240

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In the past years, much work has been carried out on either life-history evolu tion or structure and function of food webs. However, most studies dealt with only one of these areas and often touched upon the other only marginally. In this volume, we try to synthesize aspects of both disciplines and will concen trate on how the interactions between organisms depend on their life-history strategies. Since this is a very comprehensive topic, this volume will focus on vertical interactions to remain within a clearly arranged field. We present some scenaria based on life-history variation of resource and consumer, and show how particular patterns of life-history combinations will lead to particular patterns in trophic relationships. We want to deal with the selective forces underlying these patterns: the degree of specificity of the consumers deter mines the dependence on its resource, and its adaptation to the spatial and temporal availability of the resource. In this respect, the spatial structure of the resource and its "quality" may play an important role. The impact of natural enemies is another important selective force which may influence the evolu tion of interactions between species and the structure of communities. Here, the acquirement of an enemy-free space may provide selective adavantages. The importance of the impact of enemies is also expressed by the development of numerous and sometimes very subtle defense strategies. This will be dem onstrated especially for various aspects of chemical ecology.
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Effects of Resource Distribution on Animal Plant Interactions

Novel Aspects of InsectPlant Interactions.” J. Wiley, New York. Barbosa, P., Saunders, J. A., Kemper, J., Trumbule, R., Olechno, J., and Martinat, P. (1986). Plant allelchemicals and insect parasitoids. Effects of nicotine on Cotesia ...

Author: Mark D. Hunter

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080918815

Category: Science

Page: 505

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Aimed primarily at advanced graduate students and professional biologists, this book explores the degree to which animal*b1plant interactions are determined by plant and animal variability. Many of the patterns seen in natural communities appear to result from cascading effects up as well as down the trophic system. Variability among primary producers can influence animal and plant population quality and dynamics, community structure, and the evolution of animal*b1plant interations.
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Appropriate Oversight for Plants with Inherited Traits for Resistance to Pests

Allelochemicals in insect - microbe - plant interactions : Agents provacateurs in the coevolutionary arms race . p . 97-123 . In : P. Barbosa and D.K. Letourneau ( eds . ) . Novel aspects of insect - plant interactions .

Author: Calvin O. Qualset

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 0788142070

Category:

Page: 35

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A report from a coalition of 11 scientific societies regarding the EPA's policy on genetically engineered plants and a proposal to regulate "plant-pesticides". Considers that pending federal regulations threaten to stifle the development of alternatives to chemical pesticides. Urges the EPA to reconsider its policy before it becomes final. The Agency wants to expand its federal regulatory powers over the characteristics of plants that help plants resist diseases and pests. Emphasizes that all plants are able to prevent, destroy, repel or mitigate pests or diseases. Illustrated.
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Departments of Veterans Affairs and Housing and Urban Development and Independent Agencies Appropriations for 1999

Allelochemicals in insect - microbe - plant interactions : Agents provacateurs in the coevolutionary arms race . p . 97-123 . In : P. Barbosa and D.K. Letourneau ( eds . ) . Novel aspects of insect - plant interactions .

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on VA, HUD, and Independent Agencies

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105119581986

Category: United States

Page:

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Insect Symbiosis

Barbosa, P. and Letourneau, D.K. (1988). Novel Aspects of InsectPlant Interactions. Wiley Interscience, New York. Barbosa, P., Krischik, V.A., and Jones, C.G., Eds. (1991). Microbial Mediation of Plant–Herbivore Interactions.

Author: Kostas Bourtzis

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203009918

Category: Medical

Page: 368

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Insect Symbiosis summarizes the current knowledge of the relationship between symbiotic organisms and their insect hosts and provides an unparalleled analysis of cutting-edge research on this issue. Findings from international experts reveal possible new ways to control disease-carrying insects and agricultural pests worldwide. An examination of Wo
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Advanced Engineered Pesticides

M. R. Berenbaum , Allelochemicals in insect - microbe - plant interactions : agents provocateurs in the coevolutionary arms race , Novel Aspects of Insect - Plant Interactions ( P. Barbosa and D. K. Letourneau , eds . ) ...

Author: Kim

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0824789903

Category: Science

Page: 448

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Emphasizing the need for more integrated pest management programmes, this work presents the development and state-of-the-art technology of genetically-engineered microbes, viruses, bacterial toxins and plants. Throughout, both environmental and regulatory concerns are addressed.
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Insect Chemoreception

Novel Aspects of Insect-Plant Interactions. Wiley and Sons, New York, pp. 11-64. Whitman, D.W. and Eller, F.J. (1990) Parasitic wasps orient to green leaf volatiles. Chemoecology 1, 69-75. Whittaker, R.H. and Feeny, ...

Author: M.F. Ryan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780306475818

Category: Science

Page: 330

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In this time of edited volumes when the list of individual contributors may reach double figures, it is appropriate to question the usefulness of a volume, with such a broad scope, by a single author. The answer is simple. For years he has believed that the rather sharp distinction between fundamental and applied aspects of this discipline, has ill-served the significance of each; and has diminished the incidence of fruitful synergies. Yet the need for these was never greater, and this case may be developed by a single author with experience of each aspect. The inclusion of a Chapter on Genetic Engineering may raise some doubts, but it is enabled by the chosen title “Chemoreception”, as distinct from Chemoperception: the latter implies detection of a chemical, followed by a behavioural response. But the former broader category subsumes Chemoperception and allows for the reception of a chemical toxin so potent as to prelude a behavioural or physiological response, other than death. Accordingly, chemical toxins are a legitimate inclusion. In which event, their delivery through a GM plant is as appropriate for study as their application in a spray.
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Allelopathy the Effects of Chemicals Produced by Plants

Novel aspects of insect - plant interactions / edited by Pedro Barbosa , and Deborah K. Letourneau . p . 201-229 ; 1988. Literature review . Includes references . 182 NAL Call No : 421 EN895 Nonprotein amino acid - aphid interaction ...

Author: Henry Gilbert

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:31951D00309419O

Category: Allelopathy

Page: 59

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Departments of Veterans Affairs and Housing and Urban Development and Independent Agencies Appropriations for 1999 Testimony of members of Congress and other interested individuals and organizations

Allelochemicals in insect - microbe - plant interactions : Agents provacateurs in the coevolutionary arms race . p . 97-123 . ... Novel aspects of insect - plant interac . tions . ... Novel aspects of insectplant interactions .

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on VA, HUD, and Independent Agencies

Publisher:

ISBN: LOC:00185813125

Category: United States

Page:

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