Nutrition and Malnutrition

We are deeply grateful to her. And grateful, too, for the organization and friendly warm spoiling by the Wenner-Gren staff in residence at Burg Wartenstein. Our nutritional status was high.

Author: Alex Roche

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1468432540

Category: Science

Page: 367

View: 188

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The Burg Wartenstein Symposia have become rightly celebrated for achieving their original purpose: to be of service and interest to the anthropological profes sion as a whole and to contribute to related sciences. We are specially grateful to the Board of Directors of the Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research for the award of a symposium on Physical Anthropology and Nutritional Status. We had considered that such a subject was timely and that an inter-disciplinary approach would contribute useful knowledge in a most important area--particularly in the field of child health. This pUblication of the proceedings will show the degree of success of these aims. Mrs. Lita Osmundsen, Director of Research at the Wenner-Gren Foundation, not only steered us in the early stages but, during our delightful time at Burg Wartenstein, and subsequently, she has been that most charming of crosses--den mother and first class science administrator. We are deeply grateful to her. And grateful, too, for the organization and friendly warm spoiling by the Wenner-Gren staff in residence at Burg Wartenstein. Our nutritional status was high. Nothing was too much trouble for them and it was a wrench to leave and say goodbye to them. The Foundation has since supported our efforts towards this publication. Here we owe a very special debt of gratitide to the cooperation and friendly exper tise of Mr. Seymour Weingarten, Senior Editor of the Plenum Publishing Corporation, aided by Mr. John Matzka, Managing Editor of this Corporation.
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The Fight Against Hunger and Malnutrition

Details strategies and practical approaches designed to alleviate hunger and malnutrition in a new era where technological change, markets, patterns of governance, and social programs have an increasingly global dimension.

Author: David E. Sahn

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198733201

Category: Food industry and trade

Page: 384

View: 778

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Advances in science and policy during the past 50 years have prevented the predicted widespread food shortages as the world's population soared. Malnutrition, however, remains prevalent. This book details strategies and practical approaches to scientific and policy challenges for alleviating hunger and malnutrition in an era where technological change, markets, patterns of governance, and social programs have an increasingly global dimension. The contours ofagricultural, food, and nutrition policy have been redrawn by a range of factors, including the unfettered reach of multinational corporations, emerging technologies such as genetically modified foods, andthe new competition between the food and energy sectors for agricultural output. More emphasis on evidence-based policymaking is raising the standard of proof for evaluating the impact of social programs and targeted interventions. Overlaying all these challenges are domestic and international political and social constraints that need to be addressed when trying to translate scientific knowledge and information into practice.
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Hidden Hunger

This book looks at malnutrition in high-income countries, the nutrition transition and nutritional deficiencies in low-income countries, consequences of hidden hunger, and interventions to improve nutrition security.

Author: H.K. Biesalski

Publisher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers

ISBN: 9783318056853

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 244

View: 670

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Malnutrition caused by deficiencies of vitamins and minerals - also called hidden hunger - impairs both the intellectual and physical development of a child. Due to the absence of clinical symptoms and assessments, no intervention can be staged. The tragedy is that this, in turn, decreases the child’s chance to escape from poverty. This book looks at malnutrition in high-income countries, the nutrition transition and nutritional deficiencies in low-income countries, consequences of hidden hunger, and interventions to improve nutrition security. Written by leading experts in the field, it clearly stresses that national governments and international organizations must make malnutrition one of their top priorities in order to provide children with optimal conditions for a healthy future.
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Nutrition Intervention Strategies in National Development

Scientists, nutritionists, policymakers, medical doctors, economists, education specialists, and health workers concerned with nutrition intervention programs will find this book extremely helpful.

Author: Barbara Underwood

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780323149952

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 448

View: 440

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Nutrition Intervention Strategies in National Development reviews nutritional programs as key components of policy planning for national development in general and health programs in particular. It summarizes research on targeted application of nutrition knowledge in public health and efforts to reduce worldwide malnutrition, and it highlights the importance of planned controlled change in the quality of diet as a preventive strategy against widespread disease. Organized into seven sections encompassing 33 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the basic concepts of nutrition intervention and some elements of successful nutrition intervention strategies. It then discusses the economic effects of early malnutrition and economic considerations for nutrition intervention programs; the role of the government in income distribution and nutritional improvement; supplementary feeding programs; and strategies for addressing protein energy malnutrition. The reader is also introduced to the nutrition-infection cycle in relation to intervention techniques, nutrient-specific interventions including prevention of iron deficiency, and nutrition education. Scientists, nutritionists, policymakers, medical doctors, economists, education specialists, and health workers concerned with nutrition intervention programs will find this book extremely helpful.
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Emerging Societies

This is followed by an in-depth evaluation of the phenomenon, focussing on the origin and prevalence of malnutrition and its link to obesity, the possible mechanisms of metabolic injury, and the strategies for preventing the projected ...

Author: Satish C. Kalhan

Publisher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers

ISBN: 9783805590099

Category: Medical

Page: 273

View: 425

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In many developing and emerging societies, the coexistence of malnutrition and obesity is becoming increasingly prevalent. Caused by a rapid change in terms of economic growth and increased availability of food, the main challenge of this nutrition transition is the balance between short-term benefits and long-term risks of increased metabolic diseases.The publication at hand starts with an epidemiological overview, including regional case studies from India, China and Africa. This is followed by an in-depth evaluation of the phenomenon, focussing on the origin and prevalence of malnutrition and its link to obesity, the possible mechanisms of metabolic injury, and the strategies for preventing the projected epidemic of non-communicable disease. Also stressed is the need for further research to determine which population segments should be targeted at what stages of their lifecycle in order to achieve optimal results.Written by an international panel of experts, this volume will be of particular value for pediatricians, perinatologists, obstetricians, endocrinologists, public health scientists and epidemiologists.
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Disease related Malnutrition

This book is unique in that it draws together the results of numerous different studies that demonstrate the benefits of nutritional support and provides an evidence base for it.

Author: Rebecca J. Stratton

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 9780851996486

Category: Medical

Page: 824

View: 903

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Disease-related malnutrition is a global public health problem. The consequences of disease-related malnutrition are numerous, and include shorter survival rates, lower functional capacity, longer hospital stays, greater complication rates, and higher prescription rates. Nutritional support, in the form of oral nutritional supplements or tube feeding, has proven to lead to an improvement in patient outcome. This book is unique in that it draws together the results of numerous different studies that demonstrate the benefits of nutritional support and provides an evidence base for it. It also discusses the causes, consequences, and prevalence of disease-related malnutrition, and provides insights into the best possible use of enteral nutritional support.
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Essentials of Nutrition

This book is about the following: Positive and negative aspects of nutrition What to eat and drink and not to eat and drink The importance of exercise The necessity of vitamins, minerals, and water The endocrine gland systems fight-or ...

Author: Joel Bressler

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 9781514483701

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 198

View: 505

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This book is about the following: Positive and negative aspects of nutrition What to eat and drink and not to eat and drink The importance of exercise The necessity of vitamins, minerals, and water The endocrine gland systems fight-or-flight reflex Which solvents to avoid How to prevent or treat diseases nutritionally, including the following: 1. Acne, allergies, arthritis, autism, gout, diabetes, Crohns, obesity, osteoporosis 2. Back trouble, bedsores, bipolar, cancer (brain, breast, lung, prostate, etc.), cardiovascular (cholesterol, heart problems, high blood pressure, sickle cell, stroke), mental (ADHD, alcoholism, depression, epilepsy, PTSD, schizophrenia, violence) 3. Neuromuscular (ALS, Alzheimers, fibromyalgia, MS, MD, MG, Parkinsons) 4. Respiratory (COPD, influenza, pneumonia), viral (Ebola, Shingles, Zika) How the doctor and the educator will improve our health in the future
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Impacts of Agriculture on Human Health and Nutrition Volume I

These two volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs.

Author: Ismail Cakmak

Publisher: EOLSS Publications

ISBN: 9781848260931

Category:

Page: 480

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Impacts of Agriculture on Human Health and Nutrition is a component of Encyclopedia of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The Theme on Agriculture on Human Health and Nutrition provides the essential aspects and a number of issues of importance in human life: Global Prevalence of Micronutrient Malnutrition and Impacts on the Health of Children; Community-Centered Food-Based Strategies for Alleviating and Preventing Malnutrition; Influence of Mineral Fertilizers on Nutritional Quality of Staple Food Crops; Molecular Genetic Approaches to Improve the Nutritional Quality of Staple Food Crops; Nutritional Consequences of Using Organic Agricultural Methods in Developing Countries which are then expanded into multiple subtopics, each as a chapter. These two volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs.
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Global Nutrition Report 2016

Few challenges facing the global community today match the scale of malnutrition, a condition that directly affects 1 in 3 people.

Author: International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: 9780896295841

Category: Political Science

Page: 182

View: 644

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Few challenges facing the global community today match the scale of malnutrition, a condition that directly affects 1 in 3 people. Malnutrition manifests itself in many different ways: as poor child growth and development; as individuals who are skin and bone or prone to infection; as those who are carrying too much weight or whose blood contains too much sugar, salt, fat, or cholesterol; or those who are deficient in important vitamins or minerals. Malnutrition and diet are by far the biggest risk factors for the global burden of disease: every country is facing a serious public health challenge from malnutrition. The economic consequences represent losses of 11 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) every year in Africa and Asia, whereas preventing malnutrion delivers $16 in returns on investment for every $1 spent. The world’s countries have agreed on targets for nutrition, but despite some progress in recent years the world is off track to reach those targets. This third stocktaking of the state of the world’s nutrition points to ways to reverse this trend and end all forms of malnutrition by 2030.
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