Objects and Others

Essays on Museums and Material Culture
Author: George W. Stocking
Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press
ISBN: 9780299103231
Category: Social Science
Page: 240
View: 653
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History of Anthropology is a series of annual volumes, inaugurated in 1983, each of which treats an important theme in the history of anthropological inquiry. Objects and Others, the third volume, focuses on a number of questions relating to the history of museums and material culture studies: the interaction of museum arrangement and anthropological theory; the tension between anthropological research and popular education; the contribution of museum ethnography to aesthetic practice; the relationship of humanistic and anthropological culture, and of ethnic artifact and fine art; and, more generally, the representation of culture in material objects. As the first work to cover the development of museum anthropology since the mid-nineteenth century, it will be of great interest and value not only to anthropologist, museologists, and historians of science and the social sciences, but also to those interested in "primitive" art and its reception in the Western world.

The Future of Indigenous Museums

Perspectives from the Southwest Pacific
Author: Nick Stanley
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 9781845451882
Category: Art
Page: 268
View: 9375
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Indigenous museums and cultural centres have sprung up across the developing world, and particularly in the Southwest Pacific. This book looks to the future of museum practice through examining how these museums have evolved to incorporate the present and the future in the display of culture.

To be Indian

The Life of Iroquois-Seneca Arthur Caswell Parker
Author: Joy Porter
Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press
ISBN: 9780806133171
Category: Social Science
Page: 309
View: 6141
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Born on the Seneca Indian Reservation in New York State, Arthur Caswell Parker (1881-1955) was a prominent intellectual leader both within and outside tribal circles. Of mixed Iroquois, Seneca, and Anglican descent, Parker was also a controversial figure-recognized as an advocate for Indians but criticized for his assimilationist stance. In this exhaustively researched biography-the first book-length examination of Parker’s life and career-Joy Porter explores complex issues of Indian identity that are as relevant today as in Parker’s time. From childhood on, Parker learned from his well-connected family how to straddle both Indian and white worlds. His great-uncle, Ely S. Parker, was Commissioner of Indian Affairs under Ulysses S. Grant--the first American Indian to hold the position. Influenced by family role models and a strong formal education, Parker, who became director of the Rochester Museum, was best known for his work as a "museologist" (a word he coined). Porter shows that although Parker achieved success within the dominant Euro-American culture, he was never entirely at ease with his role as assimilated Indian and voiced frustration at having "to play Indian to be Indian." In expressing this frustration, Parker articulated a challenging predicament for twentieth-century Indians: the need to negotiate imposed stereotypes, to find ways to transcend those stereotypes, and to assert an identity rooted in the present rather than in the past.

Time and the Other

How Anthropology Makes Its Object
Author: Johannes Fabian
Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
ISBN: 9780231125772
Category: History
Page: 205
View: 3786
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Johannes Fabian takes an historical look at anthropology to demonstrate the emergence, transformation, and differentiation of uses of Time. Anthropological theory, from its beginnings in philosophy and linguistics, has provided Western thought and politics with deep-rooted images and convictions amounting to a kind of political cosmology. The anthropologists are 'here and now, ' the objects of their discourse are 'there and then, ' and the existence of the 'other'-- the 'savage', 'the 'primitive, ' the 'underdeveloped' world -- in the same time as ours is regularly denied. While written for the anthropologist, Time and the Other applies equally well to the fields of literary criticism, philosophy, and history.

The Ethnographer's Magic and Other Essays in the History of Anthropology


Author: George W. Stocking
Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press
ISBN: 9780299134143
Category: Social Science
Page: 440
View: 1766
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According to George Marcus of Rice University, the essays "represent the most informative and insightful writings on Malinowski and Boas and their legacies that are yet available." Beyond their biographical material, the essays here touch upon major themes in the history of anthropology: its powerfully mythic aspect and persistent strain of romantic primitivism; the contradictions of its relationship to the larger sociopolitical sphere; its problematic integration of a variety of natural scientific and humanistic inquiries; and the tension between its scientific aspirations and its subjectively acquired data. To provide an overview against which to read the other essays, Stocking has also included a sketch of the history of anthropology from the ancient Greeks to the present. For this collection, Stocking has written prefatory commentaries for each of the essays, as well as two more extended contextualizing pieces.

A History of Anthropological Theory


Author: Paul A. Erickson,Liam Donat Murphy
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 9781442601109
Category: Social Science
Page: 296
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This overview of the history of anthropological theory provides a comprehensive history from antiquity through to the twenty-first century, with a focus on the twentieth century and beyond. Unlike other volumes, it also offers a four-field introduction to theory. As a stand-alone text, or used in conjunction with the companion volume Readings for a History of Anthropological Theory, Erickson and Murphy offer a comprehensive, affordable, and contemporary introduction to anthropological theory. The third edition has been updated and fully revised throughout to closely parallel the presentation in the companion reader, making it easier to use both books in tandem. New original essays by contemporary theorists bring theories to life, and portraits of important theorists make it a handsome volume. Sources and suggested readings have been updated, and glossary definitions have been updated, streamlined, and standardized.

Volksgeist as Method and Ethic

Essays on Boasian Ethnography and the German Anthropological Tradition
Author: George W. Stocking
Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press
ISBN: 9780299145538
Category: Social Science
Page: 358
View: 553
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Franz Boas, the major founding figure of anthropology as a discipline in the United States, came to America from Germany in 1886. This volume in the highly acclaimed History of Anthropology series is the first extensive scholarly exploration of Boas' roots in the German intellectual tradition and late nineteenth-century German anthropology, and offers a new perspective on the historical development of ethnography in the United States.

Photography, Anthropology and History

Expanding the Frame
Author: Mr Christopher Morton,Professor Elizabeth Edwards
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1409492125
Category: Social Science
Page: 310
View: 1596
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Photography, Anthropology and History examines the complex historical relationship between photography and anthropology, and in particular the strong emergence of the contemporary relevance of historical images. Thematically organized, and focusing on the visual practices developed within anthropology as a discipline, this book brings together a range of contemporary and methodologically innovative approaches to the historical image within anthropology. Importantly, it also demonstrates the ongoing relevance of both the historical image and the notion of the archive to recent anthropological thought. As current research rethinks the relationship between photography and anthropology, this volume will serve as a stimulus to this new phase of research as an essential text and methodological reference point in any course that addresses the relationship between anthropology and visuality.

Museums, Anthropology and Imperial Exchange


Author: Amiria Henare
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521835916
Category: Art
Page: 323
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Amiria Henare explores the role of material cultural research in anthropology and related disciplines from the late eighteenth century to the present.

Die Musealisierung des Anderen

Stereotype in der Ausstellung "Kunst aus Afrika"
Author: Isabel Dean
Publisher: Tübinger Vereinigung für Volkskunde e.V.
ISBN: 9783932512605
Category: Art, African
Page: 160
View: 2989
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Ethnologische Ausstellungen werben für ein besseres Verständnis fremder Kulturen. Sie haben dabei immer wieder zu prüfen, inwieweit sie sich selbst von stereotypisierenden und rassifizierenden Vorstellungen gelöst haben. Die vorliegende Arbeit analysiert die Ausstellung „Kunst aus AFRIKA“ des Berliner Ethnologischen Museums und fragt, wie weiße Europäerinnen als das „Andere“ vorstellen. Mittels einer „Dichten Beschreibung“ zeichnet die Autorin besonders aussagekräftige Displays und Objektarrangements nach und arbeitet mögliche Lesarten der Ausstellung heraus. Sie zeigt dabei exemplarisch die Schwierigkeiten und die Möglichkeiten musealer Präsentation auf, in einen „intelligenten Grenzverkehr mit dem Fremden“ (Sloterdijk) zu treten.

Delimiting Anthropology

Occasional Essays and Reflections
Author: George W. Stocking
Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press
ISBN: 9780299174507
Category: Social Science
Page: 404
View: 1242
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Delimiting Anthropology makes available sixteen essays from the influential career of George W. Stocking, Jr., the world’s preeminent historian of anthropology. The essays are grouped in four quartets, echoing the major phases of Stocking’s own research over four decades. In his introductory comments he places each essay in the context of his entire body of work. The first quartet focuses on the work of Franz Boas and the emergence of "Boasian Culturalism." In the second set of essays Stocking addresses the careers of three British "evolutionaries"—Lord Kames; Sir E. B. Tylor; and Sir James G. Frazer—tracking the development of cultural evolutionary thought from its origins in the Scottish Enlightenment through its early twentieth-century afterglow in Frazer’s The Golden Bough. The third group of essays looks at institutions and national traditions, including British ethnography exemplified in the fieldwork manual Notes and Queries; the humanistic Parisian Société d’Ethnographie; the early tension at the Laboratory of Anthropology in Santa Fe between aspiring local amateur anthropologists and professionals from Eastern universities; and the history of ethnographic museums in the European tradition. In closing, Stocking offers reflections on major tendencies in anthropology from the eighteenth century to the present.

Okinawa and the U.S. Military

Identity Making in the Age of Globalization
Author: Masamichi S. Inoue
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231511140
Category: Political Science
Page: 312
View: 2081
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In 1995, an Okinawan schoolgirl was brutally raped by several U.S. servicemen. The incident triggered a chain of protests by women's groups, teachers' associations, labor unions, reformist political parties, and various grassroots organizations across Okinawa prefecture. Reaction to the crime culminated in a rally attended by some 85,000 people, including business leaders and conservative politicians who had seldom raised their voices against the U.S. military presence. Using this event as a point of reference, Inoue explores how Okinawans began to regard themselves less as a group of uniformly poor and oppressed people and more as a confident, diverse, middle-class citizenry embracing the ideals of democracy, human rights, and women's equality. As this identity of resistance has grown, however, the Japanese government has simultaneously worked to subvert it, pressuring Okinawans to support a continued U.S. presence. Inoue traces these developments as well, revealing the ways in which Tokyo has assisted the United States in implementing a system of governance that continues to expand through the full participation and cooperation of residents. Inoue deftly connects local social concerns with the larger political processes of the Japanese nation and the global strategies of the United States. He critically engages social-movement literature along with postmodern/structural/colonial discourses and popular currents and themes in Okinawan and Japanese studies. Rich in historical and ethnographical detail, this volume is a nuanced portrait of the impact of Japanese colonialism, World War II, and U.S. military bases on the formation of contemporary Okinawan identity.

Visual Anthropology

Essential Method and Theory
Author: Fadwa El Guindi
Publisher: Rowman Altamira
ISBN: 9780759103955
Category: Social Science
Page: 293
View: 9224
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El Guindi provides a comprehensive guide to visual anthropology and the use of film in ethnographic research. She shows how visual media is now an accepted part of anthropological methodology, a vital tool that produces knowledge about the range of cultures and about culture itself. It is an excellent guide for ethnographic research, and for film and other media instruction concerned with cross-cultural representation.

Tourism Art and Souvenirs

The Material Culture of Tourism
Author: David Hume
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135038236
Category: Travel
Page: 192
View: 9725
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This book examines the relationship between art and tourism through the study of the material culture of tourism: tourist art and souvenirs. It thoroughly examines how to categorise the material culture of tourism within the discourses of contemporary art and cultural anthropology, and demonstrates that tourist art is a unique expression of place and genuine artistic style. The first investigation to consider the activity of souvenirs from both indigenous and settler tourist sites, it brings a unique addition to the existing, dated, research in the area. Working initially from Graburn’s definition of tourist art, as the art of one culture made specifically for the consumption of another, Tourism Art and Souvenirs sheds light on important aspects of the souvenir that have not been widely discussed. The most recent research is used to consider how the souvenir is designed and consumed, consumer expectations and influence on the character of the souvenir, how the souvenir maker is consumed by the tradition of heritage and how products become successful as souvenirs. The title also investigates the language involved in the representation of place and the recording of experience through the souvenir, developing a method that expresses the descriptive data of individual souvenir artefacts graphically so the patterns of language may be analysed. Enhancing the understanding of material culture in tourism and therefore adding to future tourism development this volume will be of interest to upper level students, researchers and academics in tourism, culture, heritage and sustainability.

The System of the Sciences According to Objects and Methods


Author: Paul Tillich
Publisher: Associated University Presse
ISBN: 9780838750131
Category: Science
Page: 233
View: 947
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Central Sites, Peripheral Visions

Cultural and Institutional Crossings in the History of Anthropology
Author: Richard Handler
Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press
ISBN: 9780299219239
Category: Social Science
Page: 448
View: 6846
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The terms "center" and "periphery" are particularly relevant to anthropologists, since traditionally they look outward from institutional "centers"-universities, museums, government bureaus-to learn about people on the "peripheries." Yet anthropology itself, as compared with economics, politics, or history, occupies a space somewhat on the margins of academe. Still, anthropologists, who control esoteric knowledge about the vast range of human variation, often find themselves in a theoretically central position, able to critique the "universal" truths promoted by other disciplines. Central Sites, Peripheral Visions presents five case studies that explore the dilemmas, moral as well as political, that emerge out of this unique position. From David Koester's analysis of how ethnographic descriptions of Iceland marginalized that country's population, to Kath Weston's account of an offshore penal colony where officials mixed prison work with ethnographic pursuits; from Brad Evans's reflections on the "bohemianism" of both the Harlem vogue and American anthropology, to Arthur J. Ray's study of anthropologists who serve as expert witnesses in legal cases, the essays in the eleventh volume of the History of Anthropology Series reflect on anthropology's always problematic status as centrally peripheral, or peripherally central. Finally, George W. Stocking, Jr., in a contribution that is almost a book in its own right, traces the professional trajectory of American anthropologist Robert Gelston Armstrong, who was unceremoniously expelled from his place of privilege because of his communist sympathies in the 1950s. By taking up Armstrong's unfinished business decades later, Stocking engages in an extended meditation on the relationship between center and periphery and offers "a kind of posthumous reparation," a page in the history of the discipline for a distant colleague who might otherwise have remained in the footnotes.

The Birth of the Museum

History, Theory, Politics
Author: Tony Bennett
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136115161
Category: Art
Page: 288
View: 6691
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In a series of richly detailed case studies from Britian, Australia and North America, Tony Bennett investigates how nineteenth- and twentieth-century museums, fairs and exhibitions have organized their collections, and their visitors. Discussing the historical development of museums alongside that of the fair and the international exhibition, Bennett sheds new light upon the relationship between modern forms of official and popular culture. Using Foucaltian perspectives The Birth of the Museum explores how the public museum should be understood not just as a place of instruction, but as a reformatory of manners in which a wide range of regulated social routines and performances take place. This invigorating study enriches and challenges the understanding of the museum, and places it at the centre of modern relations between culture and government. For students of museum, cultural and sociology studies, this will be an asset to their reading list.

Magnificent Objects from the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology


Author: University of Pennsylvania. Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology,Deborah I. Olszewski
Publisher: UPenn Museum of Archaeology
ISBN: 9781931707640
Category: Art
Page: 214
View: 4306
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Since the late nineteenth century hundreds of people, on behalf of the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, have searched for what it means to be human, studying the infinite variety of human cultures. The Museum's extensive collections provide vital clues in this quest. For the first time curators and Museum staff present more than 220 of the most intriguing and beautiful objects from such sites as Nippur, Thebes, the Amazon, Sitio Conte, Ur of the Chaldees, Borneo—all resonating with an eloquence that recalls the curiosity that drove the Museum and its founders and continues to drive its contemporary researchers after more than 350 international expeditions. The objects selected—from African to American to Asian, from Babylonian and Near Eastern to Egyptian, Oceanian, and Mediterranean—are important even beyond their immediate, individual aesthetic. The depth of information recovered when they are examined in their original contexts allows experts and lay readers to reconstruct the many stories, large and small, that constitute the shared lives and heritage of humanity.

Out of Time

History and Evolution in Anthropological Discourse
Author: Deapartment of Prehistory and Anthropology Nicholas Thomas,Nicholas Thomas
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
ISBN: 9780472083770
Category: Social Science
Page: 155
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A lucid theoretical reflection on the intersection of anthropology and history

The Death of Authentic Primitive Art and Other Tales of Progress


Author: Shelly Errington
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520212114
Category: Art
Page: 309
View: 6877
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Anthropologist Shelly Errington argues that Primitive Art, invented as a new type of art object at the beginning of the 20th century, has died. Errington's dissection of discourses about progress and primitivism is a lively introduction to anthropological studies of art institutions and a dramatic contribution to the growing field of cultural studies. 106 illustrations.