On Killing

The Psychological Cost of Learning to Kill in War and Society
Author: Dave Grossman
Publisher: Open Road Media
ISBN: 1497629209
Category: Social Science
Page: 416
View: 6762
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A controversial psychological examination of how soldiers’ willingness to kill has been encouraged and exploited to the detriment of contemporary civilian society. Psychologist and US Army Ranger Dave Grossman writes that the vast majority of soldiers are loath to pull the trigger in battle. Unfortunately, modern armies, using Pavlovian and operant conditioning, have developed sophisticated ways of overcoming this instinctive aversion. The mental cost for members of the military, as witnessed by the increase in post-traumatic stress, is devastating. The sociological cost for the rest of us is even worse: Contemporary civilian society, particularly the media, replicates the army’s conditioning techniques and, Grossman argues, is responsible for the rising rate of murder and violence, especially among the young. Drawing from interviews, personal accounts, and academic studies, On Killing is an important look at the techniques the military uses to overcome the powerful reluctance to kill, of how killing affects the soldier, and of the societal implications of escalating violence.

On Killing


Author: Dave Grossman,Back Bay Books
Publisher: Dave Grossman
ISBN: 8892513494
Category: History
Page: N.A
View: 8186
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The twentieth century, with its bloody world wars, revolutions, and genocides accounting for hundreds of millions dead, would seem to prove that human beings are incredibly vicious predators and that killing is as natural as eating. But Lieutenant Colonel Dave Grossman, a psychologist and U.S. Army Ranger, demonstrates this is not the case. The good news, according to Grossman - drawing on dozens of interviews, first-person reports, and historic studies of combat, ranging from Frederick the Great's battles in the eighteenth century through Vietnam - is that the vast majority of soldiers are loath to kill. In World War II, for instance, only 15 to 25 percent of combat infantry were willing to fire their rifles. The provocative news is that modern armies, using Pavlovian and operant conditioning, have learned how to overcome this reluctance. In Korea about 50 percent of combat infantry were willing to shoot, and in Vietnam the figure rose to over 90 percent. The bad news is that by conditioning soldiers to overcome their instinctive loathing of killing, we have drastically increased post-combat stress - witness the devastated psychological state of our Vietnam vets as compared with those from earlier wars. And the truly terrible news is that contemporary civilian society, particularly the media, replicates the army's conditioning techniques and - according to Grossman's controversial thesis - is responsible for our rising rates of murder and violence, particularly among the young. In the explosive last section of the book, he argues that high-body-count movies, television violence (both news and entertainment), and interactive point-and-shoot video games are dangerously similar to the training programs that dehumanize the enemy, desensitize soldiers to the psychological ramifications of killing, and make pulling the trigger an automatic response. About the Author: LT. COL. DAVE GROSSMAN, U.S. Army (Ret.) Director, Warrior Science Group, www.killology.com: Member, American Board for Certification in Homeland Security; Member, American College of Forensic Examiners Institute Lt. Col. Dave Grossman is an internationally recognized scholar, author, soldier, and speaker who is one of the world's foremost experts in the field of human aggression and the roots of violence and violent crime. Col. Grossman is a former West Point psychology professor, Professor of Military Science, and an Army Ranger who has combined his experiences to become the founder of a new field of scientific endeavor, which has been termed "killology." In this new field Col. Grossman has made revolutionary new contributions to our understanding of killing in war, the psychological costs of war, the root causes of the current "virus" of violent crime that is raging around the world, and the process of healing the victims of violence, in war and peace.

Töten im Krieg


Author: Claudia Curcuruto
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3640394887
Category: Religion
Page: 55
View: 9766
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Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2009 im Fachbereich Theologie - Sonstiges, Note: 1,0, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz (Seminar für Moraltheologie), Veranstaltung: Seminar: Tödliche Konflikte - moralisches Handeln zwischen Leben und Tod, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: [...] Den Fragen nach der Anwendbarkeit bestimmter moralischer Prinzipien in der Ausnahme- oder Extremsituation ‚Krieg’ dürfte wohl eines der zentralen Probleme der Moralphilosophie sein. Über das Töten im Krieg wird allerdings in Darstellungen von Kriegen das Töten vorzugsweise nur indirekt zur Sprache gebracht; man redet über Ursachen und Folgen des Tötens, aber das Töten selbst verschwindet hinter verallgemeinernden Formulierungen. Insbesondere wird deutlich, dass bei der Debatte über die ethische Dimension des Privilegs von Soldaten töten zu dürfen entscheidende Fragen ausgeklammert bleiben: Auf welche Weise kommt das Privileg des Soldaten Menschen notfalls töten zu dürfen zustande und wie ist es ethisch legitimiert? Gerade diese Fragen führen zum eigentlichen Kern des Streites um die Frage, warum ein Soldat töten darf. In dieser Arbeit müssen zudem speziellere Fragen geklärt werden, um zu ermitteln, unter welchen Bedingungen es als moralisch gerechtfertigt erachtet werden kann, einen Krieg zu führen, ob sich Bedingungen spezifizieren lassen, und unter welchen Maßstäben sich ein Krieg führen lässt. Aus dieser Fokussierung ergibt sich eine Reihe von Fragen, denen die Arbeit nachgehen wird: Welche ethisch-moralischen Probleme und Prinzipien sind mit dem Krieg verbunden? Was ist mit zivilen Opfern, den so genannten ‚Kollateralschäden’? Ist der Krieg prinzipiell illegitim? Dieser Sachverhalt wird in dieser Arbeit zu berücksichtigten sein und zu Recht finden sie vor allem in den letzten Jahren in der Literatur wieder viel Beachtung. Die vorliegende 39-seitige (ohne Literaturverzeichnis) Hauptseminararbeit ist folgendermaßen gegliedert: I. „TÖTEN IM KRIEG“: EINE EINFÜHRUNG II. BEGRIFF UND PROBLEMATIK DES KRIEGES 2.1 Begriff und Definition 2.1.1 Der klassische Staatenkrieg: Einige Beobachtungen [...] 2.2 Die Problematik des Krieges und die Abgrenzung zum „Terrorismus“ III. DAS RECHT AUF SELBSTVERTEIDIGUNG 3.1 Einführung 3.2 Das Unterscheidungsprinzip von Kombattanten und Nichtkombattanten [...] 3.3 Warum dürfen Soldaten töten? 3.4 Anwendbarkeit von Angriffs- und Verteidigungskrieg [...] IV. SCHLUSSWORT – zusammenfassende Schau der Ergebnisse

Verbales Judo

Die sanfte Kunst der Überzeugung
Author: George J. Thompson,Jerry B. Jenkins
Publisher: MVG Verlag
ISBN: 3961212090
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 320
View: 5824
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Mit diesem Longseller aus den USA lernt der Leser, wie er die größten Kommunikationsfehler durch einfache, leicht zu merkende Strategien vermeiden kann. Verbales Judo ist die Kunst, auf jeden Schlagabtausch perfekt vorbereitet zu sein. Effektiver zuhören und sprechen, andere durch Empathie für sich einnehmen, Konflikte entschärfen und einvernehmlich mit dem Partner oder dem Chef eine Lösung finden: All das und noch viel mehr verspricht George J. Thompson. Mit diesen Tipps muss man keinen Konflikt mehr scheuen!

American War

Roman
Author: Omar El Akkad
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 3104905177
Category: Fiction
Page: 448
View: 7950
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»American War« - das Buch der Stunde. »Ein gewaltiger Roman«, schreibt die renommierteste Literaturkritikerin der USA, Michiko Kakutani. Ein Roman über den nächsten amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg und das dramatische Schicksal einer Familie. Was wird sein, wenn die erschütternde Realität der Gegenwart - Drohnenangriffe, Folter, Selbstmordattentate und die Folgen von Umweltkatastrophen - mit aller Gewalt in die USA zurückkehrt? Vor diesem Hintergrund entfaltet Omar El Akkad mit großer erzählerischer Kraft den dramatischen Kampf der jungen Sarat Chestnut, die beschließt, mit allen Mitteln für das Überleben zu kämpfen. »American War« ist in den USA ein literarisches Ereignis, das schon jetzt mit Cormac McCarthy »Die Straße« und Philip Roth »Verschwörung gegen Amerika« verglichen wird.

Im Namen Gottes

Religion und Gewalt
Author: Karen Armstrong
Publisher: Pattloch eBook
ISBN: 3629320627
Category: Religion
Page: 688
View: 9120
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In ihrem neuen Buch "Im Namen Gottes" nimmt die Autorin erstmals die Geschichte und Gegenwart von Judentum, Christentum und Islam in Bezug auf religiöse Gewalt in den Blick. Karen Armstrong geht den Ursachen dieser Gewalt auf den Grund. Das Ergebnis ihrer Untersuchung: Jahrtausendelang waren Politik und Religion ineinander verwoben. Die Trennung von Politik und Religion in der Neuzeit konnte die Gewalt nicht eindämmen. Mit ihrer Analyse schafft Karen Armstrong die Grundlagen für das Verständnis der aktuellen internationalen Konflikte, die von politischen, wirtschaftlichen, kulturellen und religiösen Interessen beherrscht sind. »Geistreich, informativ und nachdenklich: Karen Armstrong versteht es, komplexe Zusammenhänge einfach darzustellen, aber sie vereinfacht nicht.« New York Times Book Review

Stop Teaching Our Kids To Kill, Revised and Updated Edition

A Call to Action Against TV, Movie & Video Game Violence
Author: Lt. Col. Dave Grossman,Gloria Degaetano
Publisher: Harmony
ISBN: 0804139369
Category: Family & Relationships
Page: 256
View: 5809
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Completely revised and updated, a much-needed call to action for every parent, teacher, and citizen to help our children and stop the wave of killing and violence gripping America's youth Newtown, Aurora, Virginia Tech, Columbine. Thereis no bigger or more important issue in America than youth violence. Kids, some as young as ten years old, take up arms with the intention to murder. Why is this happening? Lt. Col. Dave Grossman and Gloria DeGaetano believe the root cause is the steady diet of violent entertainment kids see on TV, in movies, and in the video games they play—witnessing hundreds of violent images a day. Offering incontrovertible evidence based on recent scientific studies and research, they posit that this media is not just conditioning children to be violent and see killing as acceptable but teaching them the mechanics of killing as well. Stop Teaching Our Kids to Kill supplies the statistics, interprets the copious research that exists on the subject, and suggests the many ways to make a difference in your home, at school, in your community, in the courts, and in the larger world. In using this book, parents, educators, social-service workers, youth advocates, and anyone interested in the welfare of our children will have a solid foundation for effective action and prevention of future Columbines, Jonesboros, and Newtowns.

Religion and the Politics of Peace and Conflict


Author: Linda Hogan,Dylan Lehrke
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1630878235
Category: Religion
Page: 262
View: 7105
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The connections between religion and violence are complex and multifaceted. From the conflicts in Middle East and the Balkans to those in Southeast Asia and beyond, religion frames and legitimates political violence. Moreover, in international relations since 9/11, religious language and metaphors have acquired a new significance. In this context the emerging consensus appears to be not only that violence is intrinsic to religion, but also that religions incite, legitimate, and intensify political violence. However, such an unambiguous indictment of religions is incomplete in that it fails both to appreciate significant counter examples and to recognize the diversity that exists within religions on the issue of violence, particularly the religious roots of pacifism and the ethics of non-violence. This collection explores aspects of this ambivalence between religion and violence. It focuses on traditions of legitimation and pacifism within the three monotheistic religions: Judaism, Christianity and Islam, and concludes with an examination of this ambivalence as it unfolds in each tradition's engagement with the politics of gender.

Stop Teaching Our Kids to Kill

A Call to Action Against TV, Movie & Video Game Violence
Author: Lt. Col. Dave Grossman,Gloria Degaetano
Publisher: Harmony
ISBN: 0307429458
Category: Family & Relationships
Page: 208
View: 5247
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There is perhaps no bigger or more important issue in America at present than youth violence. Columbine, Sandy Hook, Aurora: We know them all too well, and for all the wrong reasons: kids, some as young as eleven years old, taking up arms and, with deadly, frightening accuracy, murdering anyone in their paths. What is going on? According to the authors of Stop Teaching Our Kids to Kill, there is blame to be laid right at the feet of the makers of violent video games (called "murder trainers" by one expert), the TV networks, and the Hollywood movie studios--the people responsible for the fact that children witness literally thousands of violent images a day. Authors Lt. Col. Dave Grossman and Gloria DeGaetano offer incontrovertible evidence, much of it based on recent major scientific studies and empirical research, that movies, TV, and video games are not just conditioning children to be violent--and unaware of the consequences of that violence--but are teaching the very mechanics of killing. Their book is a much-needed call to action for every parent, teacher, and citizen to help our children and stop the wave of killing and violence gripping America's youth. And, most important, it is a blueprint for us all on how that can be achieved. In Paducah, Kentucky, Michael Carneal, a fourteen-year-old boy who stole a gun from a neighbor's house, brought it to school and fired eight shots at a student prayer group as they were breaking up. Prior to this event, he had never shot a real gun before. Of the eight shots he fired, he had eight hits on eight different kids. Five were head shots, the other three upper torso. The result was three dead, one paralyzed for life. The FBI says that the average, experienced, qualified law enforcement officer, in the average shootout, at an average range of seven yards, hits with less than one bullet in five. How does a child acquire such killing ability? What would lead him to go out and commit such a horrific act? From the Hardcover edition.

At the Crossroads of Justice

My Lai and Son Thang—American Atrocities in Vietnam
Author: Paul J. Noto
Publisher: iUniverse
ISBN: 1462050131
Category: History
Page: 148
View: 8145
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Vietnam is remembered as the war that divided a nation and scarred a generation. While the vast majority of American personnel in Vietnam served honorably, a few highly publicized atrocities tarnished the reputation of the military. In At the Crossroads of Justice: My Lai and Son ThangAmerican Atrocities in Vietnam, author Paul J. Noto analyzes two of those incidentsMy Lai and Son Thangagainst the backdrop of a flawed military justice system and an arrogant and inept civilian and military leadership that failed to articulate a coherent military strategy to win the war. Noto shows that failure of leadership contributed to problems of command discipline, racial tension, drug abuse, and general disregard for military protocol. His study examines these issues and describes how ordinary American boys became cold-blooded killers seemingly overnight, what combination of factors led to these tragic events, and how the military can prevent them from happening in future conflicts. By studying these crimes and the judicial process that followed, Noto provides an insightful analysis of the related issues and how they have impacted military training to the present day.

Wer hat unseren Kindern das Töten beigebracht?

ein Aufruhr gegen Gewalt in Fernsehen, Film und Computerspielen
Author: Dave Grossman,Gloria DeGaetano
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783772522253
Category:
Page: 194
View: 3540
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The Better World Handbook

Small Changes That Make A Big Difference
Author: Ellis Jones,Brett Johnson
Publisher: New Society Publishers
ISBN: 155092365X
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 320
View: 3044
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Specifically designed to reach people who normally would not consider themselves activists, The Better World Handbook is directed toward those who care about creating a more just, sustainable, and socially responsible world but don’t know where to begin. Substantially updated, this revised bestseller now contains more recent information on global problems, more effective actions, and many new resources.

The Veterans and Active Duty Military Psychotherapy Treatment Planner, with DSM-5 Updates


Author: Bret A. Moore,Arthur E. Jongsma, Jr.
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119064112
Category: Psychology
Page: 340
View: 1533
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This timesaving resource features: Treatment plan components for 39 behaviorally based presentingproblems Over 1,000 prewritten treatment goals, objectives, andinterventions—plus space to record your own treatment planoptions A step-by-step guide to writing treatment plans that meet therequirements of most insurance companies and third-partypayors Includes Evidence-Based Practice Interventions asrequired by many public funding sources and private insurers PracticePlanners® THE BESTSELLINGTREATMENT PLANNING SYSTEM FOR MENTAL HEALTH PROFESSIONALS The Veterans and Active Duty Military Psychotherapy TreatmentPlanner provides all the elements necessary to quickly andeasily develop formal treatment plans that satisfy the demands ofHMOs, managed care companies, third-party payors, and state andfederal agencies. Features empirically supported, evidence-based treatmentinterventions Organized around 39 main presenting problems in treatingveterans and active duty military personnel, including substanceabuse, adjustment to killing, anger management and domesticviolence, pre-deployment stress, survivors' guilt, and combat andoperational stress reaction Over 1,000 prewritten treatment goals, objectives, andinterventions—plus space to record your own treatment planoptions Easy-to-use reference format helps locate treatment plancomponents by behavioral problem Designed to correspond with The Veterans and Active DutyMilitary Psychotherapy Progress Notes Planner Includes a sample treatment plan that conforms to therequirements of most third-party payors and accrediting agenciesincluding CARF, The Joint Commission (TJC), COA, and the NCQA Additional resources in thePracticePlanners® series: Progress Notes Planners contain complete, prewrittenprogress notes for each presenting problem in the companionTreatment Planners. Homework Planners feature behaviorally based, ready-to-useassignments to speed treatment and keep clients engaged betweensessions. For more information on ourPracticePlanners®, including our full lineof Treatment Planners, visit us on the Web at:www.wiley.com/practiceplanners

Love and War

How Militarism Shapes Sexuality and Romance
Author: Tom Digby
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231538405
Category: Philosophy
Page: 240
View: 6062
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Ideas of masculinity and femininity become sharply defined in war-reliant societies, resulting in a presumed enmity between men and women. This so-called "battle of the sexes" is intensified by the use of misogyny to encourage men and boys to conform to the demands of masculinity. These are among Tom Digby's fascinating insights shared in Love and War, which describes the making and manipulation of gender in militaristic societies and the sweeping consequences for men and women in their personal, romantic, sexual, and professional lives. Drawing on cross-cultural comparisons and examples from popular media, including sports culture, the rise of "gonzo" and "bangbus" pornography, and "internet trolls," Digby describes how the hatred of women and the suppression of empathy are used to define masculinity, thereby undermining relations between women and men—sometimes even to the extent of violence. Employing diverse philosophical methodologies, he identifies the cultural elements that contribute to heterosexual antagonism, such as an enduring faith in male force to solve problems, the glorification of violent men who suppress caring emotions, the devaluation of men's physical and emotional lives, an imaginary gender binary, male privilege premised on the subordination of women, and the use of misogyny to encourage masculine behavior. Digby tracks the "collateral damage" of this disabling misogyny in the lives of both men and women, but ends on a hopeful note. He ultimately finds the link between war and gender to be dissolving in many societies: war is becoming slowly de-gendered, and gender is becoming slowly de-militarized.

First Person

New Media as Story, Performance, and Game
Author: Associate Professor in the Computer Science Department at the University of California Santa Cruz Noah Wardrip-Fruin,Noah Wardrip-Fruin,Pat Harrigan,Freelance Writer and Editor Pat Harrigan
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262232326
Category: Games & Activities
Page: 331
View: 6520
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The relationship between story and game, and related questions of electronic writing and play, examined through a series of discussions among new media creators and theorists.

Mindwise

Why We Misunderstand What Others Think, Believe, Feel, and Want
Author: Nicholas Epley
Publisher: Vintage
ISBN: 0385351674
Category: Psychology
Page: 272
View: 3553
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You are a mind reader, born with an extraordinary ability to understand what others think, feel, believe, want, and know. It’s a sixth sense you use every day, in every personal and professional relationship you have. At its best, this ability allows you to achieve the most important goal in almost any life: connecting, deeply and intimately and honestly, to other human beings. At its worst, it is a source of misunderstanding and unnecessary conflict, leading to damaged relationships and broken dreams. How good are you at knowing the minds of others? How well can you guess what others think of you, know who really likes you, or tell when someone is lying? How well do you really understand the minds of those closest to you, from your spouse to your kids to your best friends? Do you really know what your coworkers, employees, competitors, or clients want? In this illuminating exploration of one of the great mysteries of the human mind, University of Chicago psychologist Nicholas Epley introduces us to what scientists have learned about our ability to understand the most complicated puzzle on the planet—other people—and the surprising mistakes we so routinely make. Why are we sometimes blind to the minds of others, treating them like objects or animals? Why do we sometimes talk to our cars, or the stars, as if there is a mind that can hear us? Why do we so routinely believe that others think, feel, and want what we do when, in fact, they do not? And why do we believe we understand our spouses, family, and friends so much better than we actually do? Mindwise will not turn other people into open books, but it will give you the wisdom to revolutionize how you think about them—and yourself. From the Hardcover edition.

Liars and Outliers

Enabling the Trust that Society Needs to Thrive
Author: Bruce Schneier
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118239016
Category: Social Science
Page: 384
View: 4147
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In today's hyper-connected society, understanding the mechanisms of trust is crucial. Issues of trust are critical to solving problems as diverse as corporate responsibility, global warming, and the political system. In this insightful and entertaining book, Schneier weaves together ideas from across the social and biological sciences to explain how society induces trust. He shows the unique role of trust in facilitating and stabilizing human society. He discusses why and how trust has evolved, why it works the way it does, and the ways the information society is changing everything.

Belligerent Muse

Five Northern Writers and How They Shaped Our Understanding of the Civil War
Author: Stephen Cushman
Publisher: UNC Press Books
ISBN: 1469618788
Category: History
Page: 232
View: 882
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War destroys, but it also inspires, stimulates, and creates. It is, in this way, a muse, and a powerful one at that. The American Civil War was a particularly prolific muse--unleashing with its violent realities a torrent of language, from soldiers' intimate letters and diaries to everyday newspaper accounts, great speeches, and enduring literary works. In Belligerent Muse, Stephen Cushman considers the Civil War writings of five of the most significant and best known narrators of the conflict: Abraham Lincoln, Walt Whitman, William Tecumseh Sherman, Ambrose Bierce, and Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain. Considering their writings both as literary expressions and as efforts to record the rigors of the war, Cushman analyzes their narratives and the aesthetics underlying them to offer a richer understanding of how Civil War writing chronicled the events of the conflict as they unfolded and then served to frame the memory of the war afterward. Elegantly interweaving military and literary history, Cushman uses some of the war's most famous writers and their works to explore the profound ways in which our nation's great conflict not only changed the lives of its combatants and chroniclers but also fundamentally transformed American letters.

Trauma Transformed

An Empowerment Response
Author: Marian Bussey,Judith Bula Wise
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231510977
Category: Social Science
Page: 384
View: 6938
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Whether it's physical, psychological, social, historical, or ongoing, trauma is a universal experience, and this book provides professionals with the approaches necessary for successful and empowering interventions across the trauma spectrum. Part one examines the steps individuals take to heal their traumas. Nicolas survives an attack by his own dog; Tay rebuilds her life after years of incest; Claire speaks out about being molested by a program participant at her mental health clinic; and Erma copes with the shattering memories of childhood abuse. Part two focuses on interpersonal dynamics. Frank is held accountable for his violence toward his wife; Erin and her mother confront the reality of bullying and victimization in schools; Beth faces discrimination because of her sexual orientation; and staff members at a transitional housing shelter deal with the death of a client. Part three recounts stories of resilience and healing at the social and community level. Salome and her family process the historical trauma of the massacre of her American Indian ancestors. A group of boys who became fatherless after 9/11 respond to experiential ways of coping with their grief. Jennifer and Kim live daily with the social trauma of poverty. Three Liberian families survive torture, flight, refugee camps, and resettlement. Amory struggles to find meaning and move on from his experience as a combat veteran, and the story of Angelina Batiste epitomizes the loss and resilience of those who lived through Hurricane Katrina. Trauma Transformed provides insight into the psychological and spiritual resources practitioners need to help victims move forward and improve upon their circumstances. Readers will also learn to strengthen their sense of self to prevent secondary trauma.