On the Compositional Nature of the Aspects

This book is a thesis submitted to the Faculty of Arts of the University of Utrecht.

Author: H.J. Verkuyl

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401724784

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 186

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This book is a thesis submitted to the Faculty of Arts of the University of Utrecht. It was prepared under the supervision of Prof. Dr. H. Schultink. I would like to express my gratitude to him for his criticisms of earlier versions which led to many improvements, in particular with respect to the exposition of the argument. To my co-referent Dirk van Dalen, reader in the Department of Philo sophy (,Centrale Interfaculteit') of the University of Utrecht, I am greatly indebted for his valuable and fruitful suggestions about problems relevant to both linguistics and logic. Several ideas developed in this study owe their present concrete form to our many discussions. This thesis originates in syntactic research into the Aspects carried out in 1967 under the supervision of Albert Kraak, professor at the University of Nijmegen, who ever since gave much attention to my work in progress. I am very grateful to him for his careful and stimulating criticism as well as for the continuous support he gave me during these years. The present study closely relates to the work of my colleague Wim Klooster with regard to both its theoretical framework and its subject matter. Our joint work on the measurement of duration in Dutch is an integral part of the argument. I have greatly profited from the numerous discussions we have had.
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The Compositional Nature of Tense Mood and Aspect

THE COMPOSITIONAL NATURE OF TENSE, MOOD AND ASPECT Bringing together fifty years' worth of cross-linguistic research, this pioneering monograph explores the complex interaction between tense, mood and aspect. It looks at the long way of ...

Author: Henk J. Verkuyl

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108839280

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 250

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A linguistic view of how natural language speakers package and open information, to deal with the expression of time.
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Aspect in English

A CORNERSTONE IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF ASPECTOLOGY Verkuyl's work On the compositional nature of the aspects appeared as a dissertation in 1971 and was published a year later (Verkuyl 1972). It was to turn into a cornerstone in the ...

Author: K. Kabakciev

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792365389

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 348

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Based on an earlier edition published in 1992 in Bulgarian, this book offers a specific approach to one of the most controversial problems in linguistics. According to it, aspect is the result of a subtle and complex interplay between the referents of verbs and nouns in the sentence. This volume is of interest to researchers of aspect and related problems, theoretical and applied linguists, psycholinguists, philosophers of language, graduate students of general linguistics, English (Germanic), and Bulgarian (Slavic).
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On the Compositional Nature of States

The Compositional Nature of the Aspects [Foundations of Language Supplementary Series 15]. Dordrecht: Reidel. Verkuyl, Henk J. 1987. Nondurative closure of events. In Studies in Discourse Representation Theory and the Theory of ...

Author: E. Matthew Husband

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027255716

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 170

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This monograph pursues a structural analogy between the availability of an existential interpretation in states and the telicity of events. Focusing on evidence from both verbal and adjectival predicates, it argues that quantization forms the basis of a unified theory of aktionsart and provides a theory in which the availability of an existential interpretation in states is, like the telicity of events, determined compositionally by the predicate and the quantization of its internal argument. Quantization is further argued to reflect the internal temporal constitution of the stages of an individual which is tied to the generation of an existential interpretation. This monograph will be of interest to syntacticians and semanticists who are specifically concerned with compositional approaches to eventualities, and to those who have a more general interest in the role linguistic theory can play in determining core properties of the mind.
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Perspectives on Aspect

On the Compositional Nature of the Aspects. Dordrecht: Reidel. Verkuyl, H. J. (1976). Interpretive rules and the description of the aspects. Foundations of Language, 14, 471–503. Verkuyl, H. J. (1993). A Theoryr ofo Aspectualit f yt.

Author: Henk J. Verkuyl

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402032325

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 268

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This book offers both a retrospective view on how theories of aspectuality have developed over the past 30 years, and presents current, new directions of aspectuality research. The articles in this book take a wide crosslinguistic scope including aspectual analyses of the following languages: English and two varieties of English: African American English and Colloquial Singapore English, Italian, French, Bulgarian, Czech, Mandarin Chinese, West-Greenlandic, Wakashan languages, and Nahk-Daghestanian languages.
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Aspect in Grammatical Variation

... and all contributions assume the compositional nature of aspect. In addition, some contributions have in common their examination of the interplay between aspect and grammaticalization (LeBlanc, Schwenter and Torres Cacoullos), ...

Author: James Anthony Walker

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027234865

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 150

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The articles in this edited volume represent a range of approaches to studying the role of verbal aspect in grammatical variation. Issues addressed include: defining the variable context; operationalizing aspectual distinctions as factors conditioning linguistic variation; and the appropriate number of aspectual distinctions and levels. Apart from bringing to light various methodological and analytical issues, this volume gathers together a unique collection of original research, based on spoken- and written-language corpora, of an array of languages and linguistic varieties: African American Vernacular English, Caribbean English and English-based creole, Indian English, Newfoundland English, Canadian French, Brazilian Portuguese, Ecuadorian Spanish, Mexican Spanish, and Peninsular Spanish. This volume should not only benefit research on grammatical variation but also be of interest more generally to the study of verbal aspect.
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On the Compositional Nature of Stativity

Schmitt , Cristina . 1992. Ser and Estar : A matter of aspect . In Proceesings of Northeastern Linguistics Society , 411-425 . Schmitt , Cristina . 2005. Semi - copulas : Event and aspectual composition . In Aspectual inquiries , ed .

Author: E. Matthew Husband

Publisher:

ISBN: MSU:31293031636594

Category: Composition (Language arts)

Page: 414

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Since at least Verkuyl (1972), aktionsart has been considered a property of phrasal configurations minimally resulting from a combination of a predicate and its internal argument. This has been demonstrated most clearly in the literature on telicity where certain predicate-argument configurations allow for a telic interpretation while others permit only an atelic interpretation. The properties shared by nominals and events and the manner of their composition has been the source of much debate, leading to a rich literature on the composition of events. Largely left out of this debate, however, has been the role that arguments might play, if any at all, in the composition of states. This dissertation explores the role arguments and predicates play in determining the availability of an existential interpretation of a stative subject, one property distinguishing between the stage-level and individual-level behavior of predicates. It develops a theory of aktionsart in which quantization, the opposition of quantized and homogeneous structures, plays a central role in determining the aspectual behavior of stative predicates. It argues that the distinction between stage-level and individual-level states is determined compositionally, taking into account properties of the predicate, both verbal and adjectival, and its arguments. I begin by observing two empirical puzzles which affect the availability of existential interpretation: the effects of internal arguments in verbal statives first observed in Fernald (1994) and the scale structure effects of adjectival predicates. Pursuing an analogy between the availability of existential interpretation in states and telicity in events, I explore the possible role verbs in stative predicates play in determining the existential interpretation of their subject, ultimately arguing that there are no individual-level or stage-level verbs. I then turn to the role played by verbal arguments in stative predicates. I propose, in opposition to topic-comment theories of the internal argument effects, that the quantization of the object of transitive stative verbs determines whether they license an existential interpretation of their subject. Predicates with quantized objects license an existential interpretation, while those with homogeneous objects do not. Given the structural analogy between the availability of existential interpretation and telicity, I propose that stative and eventive predicates are composed by the same mechanisms, with the distinction between states and events arising from the selectional restrictions on Voice, following Kratzer (1996, 2004). I then turn to adjectival predicates and the observation that their scale structure influences the availability of existential interpretation. I demonstrate that scale structure is a type of quantization (closed scales are quantized; open scales are homogeneous) and argue that this compositionally determines their stage-level/individual-level behavior. I further consider the role arguments play in determining the availability of existential interpretation, observing that, as with telicity, the quantization of arguments affects a predicate's stage-level/individual-level behavior. The dissertation closes with an overview of its content and presents a highly speculative discussion on the role played by quantization in language and the possible role it may play in vision, suggesting that quantization may be a core component of cognition more generally. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest llc. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page: http://www.proquest.com/en-US/products/dissertations/individuals.shtml.].
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Studies in the Composition and Decomposition of Event Predicates

Context effects in coercion: Evidence from eye movement. Journal of Memory and Language 53: 1—25. Vendler, Zeno. 1957. Verbs and times. Philosophical Review 56: 143—160. Verkuyl, Henk. 1972. On the compositional nature of the aspects, ...

Author: Boban Arsenijević

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400759831

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 252

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This detailed, perceptive addition to the linguistics literature analyzes the semantic components of event predicates, exploring their fine-grained elements as well as their agency in linguistic processing. The papers go beyond pure semantics to consider their varying influences of event predicates on argument structure, aspect, scalarity, and event structure. The volume shows how advances in the linguistic theory of event predicates, which have spawned Davidsonian and neo-Davidsonian notions of event arguments, in addition to ‘event structure’ frameworks and mereological models for the eventuality domain, have sidelined research on specific sets of entailments that support a typology of event predicates. Addressing this imbalance in the literature, the work also presents evidence indicating a more complex role for scalar structures than currently assumed. It will enrich the work of semanticists, psycholinguists, and syntacticians with a decompositional approach to verb phrase structure.
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