On the Origins of Global History

Inaugural Lecture delivered on Thursday 28 November 2013
Author: Sanjay Subrahmanyam
Publisher: Collège de France
ISBN: 2722604353
Category: History
Page: N.A
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How does one think of history on a world scale? Should one turn to the intellectuals of the past or the historians of the present? Universal history as it was practised from Antiquity started to change from the sixteenth century in varied contexts, from East Asia to Spanish America. Applying his extensive knowledge of archives across the world and his command of languages and historiographic traditions of Asia, Europe and the Americas, Sanjay Subrahmanyam considers the history of networks and exchanges of goods, myths and ideologies from a new perspective. He works outside traditional geopolitical frameworks based on the nation-state model, to present global history as a field defined and redefined by “connected histories”.

The Origins of the Modern World

A Global and Ecological Narrative from the Fifteenth to the Twenty-first Century
Author: Robert Marks
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
ISBN: 9780742554191
Category: History
Page: 221
View: 2797
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This clearly written and engrossing book presents a global narrative of the origins of the modern world from 1400 to the present. Unlike most studies, which assume that the "rise of the West" is the story of the coming of the modern world, this history, drawing upon new scholarship on Asia, Africa, and the New World, constructs a story in which those parts of the world play major roles. Robert B. Marks defines the modern world as one marked by industry, the nation state, interstate warfare, a large and growing gap between the wealthiest and poorest parts of the world, and an escape from "the biological old regime." He explains its origins by emphasizing contingencies (such as the conquest of the New World); the broad comparability of the most advanced regions in China, India, and Europe; the reasons why England was able to escape from common ecological constraints facing all of those regions by the 18th century; and a conjuncture of human and natural forces that solidified a gap between the industrialized and non-industrialized parts of the world. Now in a new edition that brings the saga of the modern world to the present, the book considers how and why the United States emerged as a world power in the twentieth century and became the sole superpower by the twenty-first century. Once again arguing that the rise of the United States to global hegemon was contingent, not inevitable, Marks also points to the resurgence of Asia and the vastly changed relationship of humans to the environment that may, in the long run, overshadow any political and economic milestones of the past hundred years.

The Origins of Global Humanitarianism

Religion, Empires, and Advocacy
Author: Peter Stamatov
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107470285
Category: Political Science
Page: 256
View: 9519
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Whether lauded and encouraged or criticized and maligned, action in solidarity with culturally and geographically distant strangers has been an integral part of European modernity. Traversing the complex political landscape of early modern European empires, this book locates the historical origins of modern global humanitarianism in the recurrent conflict over the ethical treatment of non-Europeans that pitted religious reformers against secular imperial networks. Since the sixteenth-century beginnings of European expansion overseas and in marked opposition to the exploitative logic of predatory imperialism, these reformers - members of Catholic orders and, later, Quakers and other reformist Protestants - developed an ideology and a political practice in defense of the rights and interests of distant 'others'. They also increasingly made the question of imperial injustice relevant to growing 'domestic' publics in Europe. A distinctive institutional model of long-distance advocacy crystallized out of these persistent struggles, becoming the standard weapon of transnational activists.

Empire of Cotton

A Global History
Author: Sven Beckert
Publisher: Vintage
ISBN: 0385353251
Category: History
Page: 640
View: 3856
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The epic story of the rise and fall of the empire of cotton, its centrality to the world economy, and its making and remaking of global capitalism. Cotton is so ubiquitous as to be almost invisible, yet understanding its history is key to understanding the origins of modern capitalism. Sven Beckert’s rich, fascinating book tells the story of how, in a remarkably brief period, European entrepreneurs and powerful statesmen recast the world’s most significant manufacturing industry, combining imperial expansion and slave labor with new machines and wage workers to change the world. Here is the story of how, beginning well before the advent of machine production in the 1780s, these men captured ancient trades and skills in Asia, and combined them with the expropriation of lands in the Americas and the enslavement of African workers to crucially reshape the disparate realms of cotton that had existed for millennia, and how industrial capitalism gave birth to an empire, and how this force transformed the world. The empire of cotton was, from the beginning, a fulcrum of constant global struggle between slaves and planters, merchants and statesmen, workers and factory owners. Beckert makes clear how these forces ushered in the world of modern capitalism, including the vast wealth and disturbing inequalities that are with us today. The result is a book as unsettling as it is enlightening: a book that brilliantly weaves together the story of cotton with how the present global world came to exist.

La transformación del mundo

Una historia global del siglo XIX
Author: Jürgen Osterhammel
Publisher: Grupo Planeta Spain
ISBN: 8498928990
Category: History
Page: N.A
View: 336
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Una historia global de la época que vio nacer el mundo actual: un largo siglo xix que comienza en 1760 y concluye hacia 1920. Estas páginas se despliegan en una doble secuencia de «panoramas» (niveles de vida, ciudades, fronteras, naciones) y de «temas», que abarcan desde la energía y la industria hasta la religión.

In Search of History

Historiography in the Ancient World and the Origins of Biblical History
Author: John Van Seters
Publisher: Eisenbrauns
ISBN: 9781575060132
Category: History
Page: 399
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The primary concern of this book is to understand the origins and nature of history writing in ancient Israel. The investigation is undertaken against the background of history writing in the Near Eastern and classical worlds.

What Is Global History?


Author: Sebastian Conrad
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691178194
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 312
View: 2750
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The first comprehensive overview of the innovative new discipline of global history Until very recently, historians have looked at the past with the tools of the nineteenth century. But globalization has fundamentally altered our ways of knowing, and it is no longer possible to study nations in isolation or to understand world history as emanating from the West. This book reveals why the discipline of global history has emerged as the most dynamic and innovative field in history—one that takes the connectedness of the world as its point of departure, and that poses a fundamental challenge to the premises and methods of history as we know it. What Is Global History? provides a comprehensive overview of this exciting new approach to history. The book addresses some of the biggest questions the discipline will face in the twenty-first century: How does global history differ from other interpretations of world history? How do we write a global history that is not Eurocentric yet does not fall into the trap of creating new centrisms? How can historians compare different societies and establish compatibility across space? What are the politics of global history? This in-depth and accessible book also explores the limits of the new paradigm and even its dangers, the question of whom global history should be written for, and much more. Written by a leading expert in the field, What Is Global History? shows how, by understanding the world's past as an integrated whole, historians can remap the terrain of their discipline for our globalized present.

The Modern World-System I

Capitalist Agriculture and the Origins of the European World-Economy in the Sixteenth Century
Author: Immanuel Wallerstein
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520948572
Category: History
Page: 440
View: 3957
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Immanuel Wallerstein’s highly influential, multi-volume opus, The Modern World-System, is one of this century’s greatest works of social science. An innovative, panoramic reinterpretation of global history, it traces the emergence and development of the modern world from the sixteenth to the twentieth century.

The Origins of the Modern World

A Global and Environmental Narrative from the Fifteenth to the Twenty-First Century
Author: Robert B. Marks
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1442212411
Category: History
Page: 280
View: 8517
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This clearly written and engrossing book presents a global narrative of the origins of the modern world from 1400 to the present. Unlike most studies, which assume that the “rise of the West” is the story of the coming of the modern world, this history, drawing upon new scholarship on Asia, Africa, and the New World and upon the maturing field of environmental history, constructs a story in which those parts of the world play major roles, including their impacts on the environment. Robert B. Marks defines the modern world as one marked by industry, the nation state, interstate warfare, a large and growing gap between the wealthiest and poorest parts of the world, increasing inequality within the wealthiest industrialized countries, and an escape from the environmental constraints of the “biological old regime.” He explains its origins by emphasizing contingencies (such as the conquest of the New World); the broad comparability of the most advanced regions in China, India, and Europe; the reasons why England was able to escape from common ecological constraints facing all of those regions by the eighteenth century; a conjuncture of human and natural forces that solidified a gap between the industrialized and non-industrialized parts of the world; and the mounting environmental crisis that defines the modern world. Now in a new edition that brings the saga of the modern world to the present in an environmental context, the book considers how and why the United States emerged as a world power in the twentieth century and became the sole superpower by the twenty-first century, and why the changed relationship of humans to the environmental likely will be the hallmark of the modern era—the “Anthopocene.” Once again arguing that the U.S. rise to global hegemon was contingent, not inevitable, Marks also points to the resurgence of Asia and the vastly changed relationship of humans to the environment that may in the long run overshadow any political and economic milestones of the past hundred years.

The Games: A Global History of the Olympics


Author: David Goldblatt
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 0393254119
Category: Sports & Recreation
Page: 464
View: 3433
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“A people’s history of the Olympics.”—New York Times Book Review A Boston Globe Best Book of the Year A Kirkus Reviews Best Nonfiction Book of the Year The Games is best-selling sportswriter David Goldblatt’s sweeping, definitive history of the modern Olympics. Goldblatt brilliantly traces their history from the reinvention of the Games in Athens in 1896 to Rio in 2016, revealing how the Olympics developed into a global colossus and highlighting how they have been buffeted by (and affected by) domestic and international conflicts. Along the way, Goldblatt reveals the origins of beloved Olympic traditions (winners’ medals, the torch relay, the eternal flame) and popular events (gymnastics, alpine skiing, the marathon). And he delivers memorable portraits of Olympic icons from Jesse Owens to Nadia Comaneci, the Dream Team to Usain Bolt.

A new outline of world history

from the origins to the eighteenth century
Author: John Bowle
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: N.A
View: 1963
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Falsifiers of history

an historical document on the origins of World War II : with an introduction by Frederick L. Schuman
Author: Sovinformbi︠u︡ro
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 63
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The Power of Scale

A Global History Approach
Author: John H. Bodley
Publisher: M.E. Sharpe
ISBN: 9780765609847
Category: Political Science
Page: 297
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Throughout world history, argues Bodley (anthropology, Washington State U.), particular individuals, driven to accumulate social power, have promoted growth, or scale increases, that amplified many human problems by socializing the costs of development and disproportionately concentrating the benefits. His study could be a supplemental text for a critical and theoretical college course on world civilization, and might appeal to general readers interested in public policy issues, human rights, history, or the social sciences. It begins with tribal people and ends with global capitalism. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR.

Tea

A Global History
Author: Helen Saberi
Publisher: Reaktion Books
ISBN: 1861898924
Category: Cooking
Page: 183
View: 9076
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From chai to oolong to sencha, tea is one of the world’s most popular beverages. Perhaps that is because it is a unique and adaptable drink, consumed in many different varieties by cultures across the globe and in many different settings, from the intricate traditions of Japanese teahouses to the elegant tearooms of Britain to the verandas of the deep South. In Tea food historianHelen Saberi explores this rich and fascinating history. Saberi looks at the economic and social uses of tea, such as its use as a currency during the Tang Dynasty and 1913 creation of a tea dance called “Thé Dansant” that combined tea and tango. Saberi also explores where and how tea is grown around the world and how customs and traditions surrounding the beverage have evolved from its legendary origins to its present-day popularity. Featuring vivid images of teacups, plants, tearooms, and teahouses as well as recipes for both drinking tea and using it as a flavoring, Tea will engage the senses while providing a history of tea and its uses.

Sandwich

A Global History
Author: Bee Wilson
Publisher: Reaktion Books
ISBN: 1861898916
Category: Cooking
Page: 148
View: 1242
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The humble peanut butter and jelly or bologna and cheese or corned beef on rye—no matter your cooking expertise, chances are you’ve made and eaten countless sandwiches in your lifetime. It’s quick, it’s simple, and it’s open to infinite variety and inventiveness. If there’s something bread- or bun-like in your cupboard, there is a sandwich waiting to happen. Though sandwiches are a near-universal food, their origin can be traced to a very precise historical figure: John Montagu, the Fourth Earl of Sandwich, who, sometime before 1762 being too busy to stop for dinner, asked for some cold beef to be brought to him between two slices of bread. In Sandwich,award-winning food writer Bee Wilson unravels the mystery of how the Earl invented this most elementary but delicious way of eating. Wilson explores what sandwiches might have been like before the eighteenth century, why the name sandwich stuck, and how the Earl’s invention took off so quickly around the globe. Wilson brings together a wealth of material to trace how the sandwich has evolved, looking at sandwiches around the world, from the decadent meatball hoagie to the dainty cucumber tea sandwich. Loved the world over, this popular food has surprisingly never before been the subject of a book-length history until now.

Discovering Tuberculosis

A Global History, 1900 to the Present
Author: Christian W. McMillen
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300213484
Category: History
Page: 352
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Tuberculosis is one of the world’s deadliest infectious diseases, killing nearly two million people every year—more now than at any other time in history. While the developed world has nearly forgotten about TB, it continues to wreak havoc across much of the globe. In this interdisciplinary study of global efforts to control TB, Christian McMillen examines the disease’s remarkable staying power by offering a probing look at key locations, developments, ideas, and medical successes and failures since 1900. He explores TB and race in east Africa, in South Africa, and on Native American reservations in the first half of the twentieth century, investigates the unsuccessful search for a vaccine, uncovers the origins of drug-resistant tuberculosis in Kenya and elsewhere in the decades following World War II, and details the tragic story of the resurgence of TB in the era of HIV/AIDS. Discovering Tuberculosis explains why controlling TB has been, and continues to be, so difficult.

The Road to War

The Origins of World War II
Author: Andrew Wheatcroft,Richard Overy
Publisher: Random House
ISBN: 1448112397
Category: History
Page: 576
View: 8170
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Hailed on publication as a thought-provoking, authoritative analysis of the true beginnings of the Second World War, this revised edition of The Road to War is essential reading for anyone interested in this momentous period of history. Taking each major nation in turn, the book tells the story of their road to war; recapturing the concerns, anxieties and prejudices of the statesmen of the thirties.

The Cambridge World History


Author: Jerry H. Bentley,Sanjay Subrahmanyam,Merry E. Wiesner-Hanks
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521192463
Category: History
Page: 512
View: 5445
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Comprehensive account of the intense biological, commercial, and cultural exchanges, and the creation of global connections, between 1400 and 1800.

The Origins of Autocracy

Ivan the Terrible in Russian History
Author: Alexander Yanov
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520042827
Category: History
Page: 339
View: 1927
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Traces the role of Ivan the Terrible in Russian history and the thinking of Russian historians, emphasizing the political actions and ideals of the sixteenth-century czar as they have shaped Russia's development through the present