Oral Performance and Its Context

This volume is concerned with the way that the spoken word and the written word co-exist and interact in antiquity. Papers deal with different genres from antiquity, from the period of early Greek antiquity through to the Roman world.

Author: C. J. MacKie

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004136800

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

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This volume is concerned with the way that the spoken word and the written word co-exist and interact in antiquity. Papers deal with different genres from antiquity, from the period of early Greek antiquity through to the Roman world.
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Oral Performance Popular Tradition and Hidden Transcript in Q

To work from analogies with other performances, we want to consider not just a few isolated lines but whole arias or speeches in the larger context of the complete libretto of an opera or the complete script of a play.

Author: Richard A. Horsley

Publisher: Society of Biblical Lit

ISBN: 9781589832480

Category: Religion

Page: 229

View: 816

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This collection of essays pursues two new approaches to Q, the speeches of Jesus paralleled in the Gospels of Matthew and Luke. The essays in Part One suggest that recent work in ethnopoetics, the ethnography of performance, and theory of verbal art (especially that of John Miles Foley) both complements and challenges standard approaches to the teaching of Jesus. They explore how Q speeches might be appreciated as oral performance that resonates with listeners in a community context by referencing Israelite popular tradition. The essays in Part Two examine how the work of anthropologist and political scientist James C. Scott on popular tradition, "the moral economy of the peasant," and "hidden transcripts" may illuminate the social context and political implications of Q speeches. --From publisher's description.
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Whoever Hears You Hears Me

ley argues that the oral context of an oral performance fixed in written text can be reconstructed , since it survives in rhetorical form : In simplest terms there no longer exists an actual , tangible " place " devoted to this function ...

Author: Richard A. Horsley

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1563382725

Category: Religion

Page: 326

View: 387

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Here is a challenge to New Testament scholars to engage in a fresh analysis of Q. The authors argue that recent American study of Q has been dominated by those trained in form-criticism and oriented to Hellenistic rather than Judean culture, resulting in the extreme atomization of the Q sayings and reconstructions of Jesus and his first followers as Cynics, and in the de-politicization and de-judaization of the Q materials and Jesus. Also determinative of the current situation has been the assumption in New Testament studies of textuality, of an ethos of written communication and of textual models for analysis. However, as is recently becoming clear from studies of oral and written communication, the communication situation of Jesus and his first followers was almost certainly oral. Horsley and Draper therefore contend that it is time the interpretation of Q took seriously the oral communication environment in which this material developed and continued before Matthew and Luke incorporated it into their Gospels. This book, then, applies approaches to oral-derived literature from oral theorists, socio-linguistics, ethnopoetics, and the ethnography of speaking to the Q materials. The result is a developing theory of oral performance that generates meaning as symbols articulated in the appropriate performance situation resonate with the cultural tradition in which the hearers are grounded. Richard A. Horsley is Professor of Classics and Religion at the University of Massachusetts, Boston. Jonathan A. Draper teaches at the University of Natal, South Africa.
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The Palgrave Handbook of African Oral Traditions and Folklore

These four principles, no doubt, are effective instruments for evolving any kind of oral performance. The ... its characteristics, and its role in the context of oral performance have also been carefully examined in detail with relevant ...

Author: Akíntúndé Akínyẹmí

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030555177

Category: Folk literature, African

Page: 1026

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This handbook offers the most comprehensive, analytic, and multidisciplinary study of oral traditions and folklore in Africa and the African Diaspora to date. Preeminent scholars Akintunde Akinyemi and Toyin Falola assemble a team of leading and rising stars across African Studies research to retrieve and renew the scholarship of oral traditions and folklore in Africa and the Diaspora just as critical concerns about their survival are pushed to the forefront of the field. With five sections on the central themes within orality and folklore including engagement ranging from popular culture to technology, methods to pedagogy this handbook is an indispensable resource to scholars, students, and practitioners of oral traditions and folklore preservation alike. This definitive reference is the first to provide detailed, systematic discussion, and up-to-date analysis of African oral traditions and folklore.
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Oral Scribal Dimensions of Scripture Piety and Practice

Further exploration of Mark's narrative in oral performance should open up additional memorable and performable aspects of the Gospel. MARK'S RESONANCE WITH HEARERS IN CONTEXT As a performed text, the Gospel of Mark would have resonated ...

Author: Werner H. Kelber

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781498236690

Category: Religion

Page: 356

View: 108

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In April 2008 a conference was convened at Rice University that brought together experts in the three monotheistic religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. The papers discussed at the conference are presented here, revised and updated. The thirteen contributions comprise the keynote address by John Miles Foley; three essays on Judaism and the Hebrew Bible; three on the New Testament; three on the Qur'an; and two summarizing pieces, by the Africanist Ruth Finnegan and the Islamicist William Graham respectively. The central thesis of the book states that sacred Scripture was experienced by the three faiths less as a text contained between two covers and a literary genre, and far more as an oral phenomenon. In developing the performative, recitative aspects of the three religions, the authors directly or by implication challenge their distinctly textual identities. Instead of viewing the three faiths as quintessential religions of the book, these writers argue that the religions have been and continue to be appropriated not only as written but also very much as oral authorities, with the two media interpenetrating and mutually influencing each other in myriad ways.
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The Dictionary of the Bible and Ancient Media

Oral tradition and the New Testament See JESUS TRADITION; JESUS TRADITION AND MEMORY Orality In discussions of biblical media, ... An oral 'text' can be more readily adapted to the needs of the moment, the context of performance, or the ...

Author: Tom Thatcher

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9780567678386

Category: Religion

Page: 504

View: 335

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The Dictionary of the Bible and Ancient Media is a convenient and authoritative reference tool, introducing specific terms and concepts helpful to the study of the Bible and related literature in ancient communications culture. Since the early 1980s, biblical scholars have begun to explore the potentials of interdisciplinary theories of oral tradition, oral performance, personal and collective memory, ancient literacy and scribality, visual culture and ritual. Over time these theories have been combined with considerations of critical and exegetical problems in the study of the Bible, the history of Israel, Christian origins, and rabbinics. The Dictionary of the Bible and Ancient Media responds to the rapid growth of the field by providing a source of reference that offers clear definitions, and in-depth discussions of relevant terms and concepts, and the relationships between them. The volume begins with an overview of 'ancient media studies' and a brief history of research to orient the reader to the field and the broader research context of the book, with individual entries on terms and topics commonly encountered in studies of the Bible in ancient media culture. Each entry defines the term/ concept under consideration, then offers more sustained discussion of the topic, paying particular attention to its relevance for the study of the Bible and related literature
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Dead Sea Media

Viewed in their sociolinguistic context, the Dead Sea Scrolls were dynamic discourses that represented spoken words (speech) heard in shifting contexts of oral performance (reading). Whether by reciting from memory or by reading from a ...

Author: Shem Miller

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004408203

Category: Religion

Page: 344

View: 989

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In Dead Sea Media, Shem Miller offers an innovative media criticism of the Dead Sea Scrolls that examines the roles of orality and memory in the social setting and scribal practices of the Dead Sea Scrolls.
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Encyclopedia of Africa

Oral performance brings to the fore and concretizes the interaction among the principals of text, medium, performer, and audience so that an utterance can most adequately be interpreted and evaluated within the context of the total ...

Author: Anthony Appiah

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780195337709

Category: History

Page: 1392

View: 895

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"The Encyclopedia of Africa focuses on African history and culture with articles that cover prominent individuals, events, trends, places, political movements, art forms, business and trade, religions, ethnic groups, organizations, and countries throughout Africa"--Provided by publisher.
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The Interface of Orality and Writing

sitions themselves give many explicit expressions reflecting and guiding the oral performance – such as volume (“screamed”), movement (“entered”), ... For performance in antiquity, see Oral Performance and Its Context (ed.

Author: Annette Weissenrieder

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781498237420

Category: Religion

Page: 458

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How did the visual, the oral, and the written interrelate in antiquity? The essays in this collection address the competing and complementary roles of visual media, forms of memory, oral performance, and literacy and popular culture in the ancient Mediterranean world. Incorporating both customary and innovative perspectives, the essays advance the frontiers of our understanding of the nature of ancient texts as regards audibility and performance, the vital importance of the visual in the comprehension of texts, and basic concepts of communication, particularly the need to account for disjunctive and non-reciprocal social relations in communication. Thus the contributions show how the investigation of the interface of the oral and written, across the spectrum of seeing, hearing, and writing, generates new concepts of media and mediation.
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African Literature and the Politics of Culture

What is, however, unique and refreshing about Clark-Bekederemo's revisionist project in The Ozidi Saga is that it marks ... Two types of audiences can be critically identified in this context of oral performance: the approbative and the ...

Author: James Tar Tsaaior

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781443853828

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 618

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This book essentially negotiates African literature as a veritable site of artistic and cultural production and situates it within the dynamic of postcolonial cultural politics. It critically evaluates African literature as a contour of cultural contestation with the imperial politics of knowledge production about others and as an ideological strategy for knowing them. The book’s main contribution to the critical discourse on African literature and culture inheres in the fact that politics constitutes the enduring concern of society as it re/shapes and over-determines discourses which have continued to remain crucial to societal engineering. It, however, imagines the discursive existence as necessary for the evolving of a dynamic African literary tradition with an abiding fidelity to the verities of history. The book is useful for literary scholars, historians, critics, experts and students of postcolonial/cultural studies as well as general readership interested in African studies.
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Heroism and the Supernatural in the African Epic

interest in the study of African oral epic has generated one of the most significant developments within the field of the ... the literary and aesthetic context on which the perception and appreciation of the oral performance depend, ...

Author: Mariam Konaté Deme

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136932656

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 148

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There exists a strong tendency within Western literary criticism to either deny the existence of epics in Africa or to see African literatures as exotic copies of European originals. In both cases, Western criticism has largely failed to acknowledge the distinctiveness of African literary aesthetics. This book revises traditional literary canons in examining the social, cultural and emotional specificity of African epics. Mariam Konate Deme highlights the distinguishing features that characterize the African epic, emphasizing the significance of the fantastic and its use as an essential element in the dramatic structure of African epics. As Deme notes, the fantastic can be fully appreciated only against the cosmological background of the societies that produce those heroic tales. This book not only contributes to the scholarship on African oral literature, but also adds reshapes our understanding of heroic literature in general.
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Translating Scripture for Sound and Performance

materials in the imagined context of performance events of the early church, with a full understanding of the performative ... he is seeking to place the translation in the context of performance events of a contemporary oral culture.

Author: James A. Maxey

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781620322970

Category: Religion

Page: 228

View: 188

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The various studies presented in this anthology underscore the foundational matter of translation in biblical studies as understood from the specific perspective of Biblical Performance Criticism. If the assumption for the biblical messages being received is not individual silent reading, then the question becomes, how does this public performative mode of communication affect the translation of this biblical material? Rather than respond to this in general theoretical terms, most in this collection of articles offer specific applications to particular Hebrew and Greek passages of Scripture. Almost all the authors have firsthand experience with the translation of biblical materials into non-European languages in communities who maintain a vibrant oral tradition. The premise is that the original Scriptures, which were composed in and for performance, are being prepared again for live audiences who will receive these sacred texts, not primarily in printed form, but first and foremost in community by means of oral and visual media. This volume is an invitation for others to join us in researching more intensely this intersection of sound, performance, and translation in a contemporary communication of the Word.
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Oral Traditions and the Verbal Arts

The most obvious acoustic medium in the context of oral performance is indeed that of words (though in some traditions words might seem to be equally or better classifiable among visual media). In the context of performance, however, ...

Author: Ruth Finnegan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134945399

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 519

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The study of oral traditions and verbal arts leads into an area of human culture to which anthropologists are increasingly turning their attention. Oral Traditions and the Verbal Arts provides up-to-date guidance on how to approach the study of oral form and their performances, treating both the practicalities of fieldwork and the methods by which oral texts and performances can be observed, collected or analysed. It also relates to those current controversies about the nature of performance and of 'text'. Designed as a practical and systematic introduction to the processes and problems of researching in this area, this is an invaluable guide for students, and lecturers of anthropology and cultural studies and also for general readers who are interested in enjoying oral literature for its own sake.
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Writing and the Origins of Greek Literature

and apothegms ( “ a stitch in time saves nine " ) are usually oral in origin and orally transmitted , but they are probably not literature . A practical way to understand genre in oral performance is through the context of performance .

Author: Barry B. Powell

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521036313

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 228

View: 961

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Examines the contribution of the alphabetic revolution to the genesis of archaic Greek literature.
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Jesus in Context

Whether or not these texts existed already in written form, they would presumably have been the earliest texts performed. Understanding them in oral performance also has implications for our understanding of Matthew and Luke, ...

Author: Richard A. Horsley

Publisher: Fortress Press

ISBN: 9781451416695

Category: Religion

Page: 274

View: 547

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*Applies new methods to the study of the historical Jesus * Includes illuminating maps
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Seven Days of Nectar

Among these is the important notion of artfulness or the poetics of oral performance. ... Performance theory emphasizes the centrality and importance of the context in which the performance is held. The context serves to attune an ...

Author: McComas Taylor

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190618926

Category: Religion

Page: 272

View: 132

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The thousand-year-old Sanskrit classic the Bhagavatapurana, or "Stories of the Lord," is the foundational source of narratives concerning the beloved Hindu deity Krishna. For centuries pious individuals, families, and community groups have engaged specialist scholar-orators to give week-long oral performances based on this text. Seated on a dais in front of the audience, the orator intones selected Sanskrit verses from the text and narrates the story of Krishna in the local language. These sacred performances are thought to bring blessings and good fortune to those who sponsor, perform, or attend them. Devotees believe that the narratives of Krishna are like the nectar of immortality for those who can appreciate them. In recent years, these events have grown in number, scale, and popularity. Once confined to private homes or temple spaces, contemporary performances now fill vast public arenas such as sports stadiums, and attract live audiences in the tens of thousands while being simulcast around the world. In Seven Days of Nectar, McComas Taylor applies the tools of performance theory to uncover the factors that contribute to the explosive growth of this tradition. His innovative approach, which draws on close textual reading, philology, and ethnography, casts new light on the ways in which narratives are experienced as authentic and transformative and, more broadly, how texts shape societies.
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The Emergence of the Lyric Canon

Csapo, E. and Slater, W. J. (1994), The Context of Ancient Drama. Ann Arbor MI. Currie, B. (2004), 'Reperformance Scenarios for Pindar's Odes', in Mackie, J. (ed.), Oral Performance and its Context. Leiden, 49-69.

Author: Theodora A. Hadjimichael

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192538925

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 352

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The Hellenistic period was an era of literary canons, of privileged texts and collections. One of the most stable of these consisted of the nine (rarely ten) lyric poets: whether the selection was based on poetic quality, popularity, or the availability of texts in the Library of Alexandria, the Lyric Canon offers a valuable and revealing window on the reception and survival of lyric in antiquity. This volume explores the complexities inherent in the process by which lyric poetry was canonized, and discusses questions connected with the textual transmission and preservation of lyric poems from the archaic period through to the Hellenistic era. It firstly contextualizes lyric poetry geographically, and then focuses on a broad range of sources that played a critical role in the survival of lyric poetry - in particular, comedy, Plato, Aristotle's Peripatetic school, and the Hellenistic scholars - to discuss the reception of the nine canonical lyric poets and their work. By exploring the ways in which fifth- and fourth-century sources interpreted lyric material, and the role they played both in the scholarly work of the Alexandrians and in the creation of what we conventionally call the Hellenistic Lyric Canon, it elucidates what can be defined as the prevailing pattern in the transmission of lyric poetry, as well as the place of Bacchylides as a puzzling exception to this norm. The overall discussion conclusively demonstrates that the canonizing process of the lyric poets was already at work from the fifth century BC and that it is reflected both in the evaluation of lyric by fourth-century thinkers and in the activities of the Hellenistic scholars in the Library of Alexandria.
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Narrative Traditions of a Telugu Epic Paln tiv rula Katha

The originality of an oral performance loses its relevance in such a context and it becomes an encumbrance considering the elaborate preparations required for an oral performance and secondarily when an easy availability of an ...

Author: Aruna Bommareddi

Publisher: Notion Press

ISBN: 9781646787333

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 194

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In the current climate of increasing absence of resistance from within traditions as that of Hinduism, this book offers a fresh read for those who look for resisting narratives that break free from the fold of larger narratives. The ‘little narrative’ here is an oral epic of the Telugu peoples that itself has spawned a flowing tradition of its own, with several other written texts, performances, plays and songs, and even movies based on it. However, what this book foregrounds is not the popularity of this Telugu oral epic tradition, but the problems involved when the oral tradition in all its variety of storytelling and performative renditions undergoes a cultural translation and appropriation by the dominant textual tradition. For instance, there have been attempts to bring all the different versions of the Palna?tivi?rula Katha under one textual rubric. This book, gently suggests that there must be a cultural politics at work behind such attempts and within the ambit of its five chapters and the attendant annexures, presents the oral epic narrative in all its multiplicities of story lines as also presentations. The larger effort here is to highlight the resistance offered by a people in terms of the creation and production of local narratives that have stood the test of time and, more importantly, the retrieval of the consciousness of a people by revisiting and foregrounding these creations. This book, as one turns its last page, certainly gets the reader in touch with a Telugu consciousness, for gaining a sense of which we need not search inside the books in a library but must restore to the people their oral stories and performances in all their varieties and contradictions.
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Sports Global Influence A Survey of Society and Culture in the Context of Sport

It is an activity that frames itself in and helps develop an oral performance. This performance draws on social myths and tropes from the immediate social cultural context and asks them to process the reception experience into a moment ...

Author: Skye G. Arthur-Banning

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9781848883871

Category: Social Science

Page: 112

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