Chez Nous Media Enhanced, Myfrenchlab with Pearson Etext, Oxford French Dictionary, Quick Guide to French Grammar


Author: Albert Valdman,Cathy Pons,Mary Ellen Scullen
Publisher: Pearson
ISBN: 9780205964345
Category: Foreign Language Study
Page: N.A
View: 2254
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0205964346 / 9780205964345 CHEZ NOUS Media Enhanced, MyFrenchLab with Pearson eText, Oxford French Dictionary, Quick to French Grammar 14/e Package consists of: 0132428598 / 9780132428590 Quick Guide to French Grammar 0205933769 / 9780205933761 Chez nous: Branché sur le monde francophone, Media-Enhanced Version 0205937993 / 9780205937998 MyFrenchLab with Pearson eText -- Access Card -- for Chez nous: Branché sur le monde francophone, Media-Enhanced Version (multi semester access) 0425228614 / 9780425228616 OXFORD FRENCH PENQUIN DICTIONARY

Contrastes + The Oxford New French Dictionary

Grammaire du Francais Courant
Author: Denise Rochat
Publisher: Prentice Hall
ISBN: 9780205030125
Category: Foreign Language Study
Page: 396
View: 1726
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This package contains the following components: -0425228614: OXFORD FRENCH PENQUIN DICTIONARY -0205628486: Workbook for Contrastes: Grammaire du francais courant -0205646999: Contrastes: Grammaire du fran¿s courant

The Penguin Dictionary of American English Usage and Style, Lovinger, 2000

The Penguin Dictionary of American English Usage and Style
Author: Penguin Books, Ltd
Publisher: Bukupedia
ISBN: N.A
Category: Reference
Page: 505
View: 7287
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Aim; Form The volume in your hands is meant to be both useful and enjoyable, a readable dictionary for all who are interested in our language. In A-to-Z form, it is mainly a guide to good usage of English, the American variety, contrasted with some 2,000 quoted examples of misusage and questionable usage. It does the job of “illuminating many traps and pitfalls in English usage” (as my editor puts it). I have sought to provide clear explanations in plain language. This book is designed for general readers as well as those who work with words. The examples were drawn from the popular press, broadcasting, books, and a variety of other sources, mostly in the latter eighties and the nineties. Each entry devoted to a specific word or phrase contains one or more of those quotations. The troublesome forms are contrasted with the proper forms (which are emphasized by italics) and definitions are given. Entries on general topics are presented too; they deal with matters of grammar, punctuation, style, and so on. A list of them, with further description of the two types of entry, appears under “General Topics,” following this introduction. With few exceptions, the examples have determined the choices of word entries. Thus the book in part amounts to an informal survey of contemporary problems in English usage. Both perennial problems and new ones come up. Of the misuses discouraged by earlier books on English usage, some persist; others have not turned up, but, as though to take their place, new offenses against the language have emerged. Here are some hints for finding your way around the volume: • Main entries, headed in boldface, are arranged alphabetically, letter by letter. • Many entries are divided into sections, which are numbered and titled. The sections of an entry are arranged alphabetically, and their titles are listed at the beginning, after the main title. Some sections contain subsections, distinguished by letters and titles. • There are numerous crossreferences, some standing alone and others within entries. For instance, in the C’s under Comma it says See Punctuation, 3, referring the reader to the entry. Many entries refer to related entries. Alphabetical order is used in listing any series of crossreferences and various other series. last entry vii introduction Watching Our Words Viewpoint This work could be viewed as an antidote to laissez-faire lexicography and anything-goes grammar. The doctrine that whatever emerges from people’s lips is the language and that many verbal wrongs make a right is not advocated here. Nor is the cliché of English as “a living language” dragged in to justify bad English. On the contrary, I do not hesitate to distinguish between right and wrong usage when the difference is clear. My inclination is to question deviant forms, challenge innovations to prove themselves, and resist senseless fads. (See also the final section of this introduction.) I thereby risk being labeled a “purist” by some critics—as though impurity were desirable. Perhaps in a long-range, philosophical sense there is no verbal right and wrong. But that view does not help you and me in choosing our words and putting together our sentences clearly and properly according to the educated norms of society. Those holding the permissive views follow most of the norms themselves. They do not say or write, “Them guys hasn’t came,” or “I ain’t did nothin nohow,” although some people are apt to do so. For the most part, the laws of grammar have not been repealed. Not that one should be pedantic either. The book does not flatly condemn split infinitives, prepositions at the end of sentences, conjunctions at the beginning, sentence fragments, or phrases like “It’s me.” But it does value precision over fashion, logic over illogic, and grammatical correctness over “political correctness.” (In my view, those who mutilate our language for political motives do wrong.) At times the difference between correct and incorrect usage is hazy. English has an abundance of words,* more than any other language, and multiple ways to express almost any idea. Our language is so complex that nobody ever learns it all and that even its leading authorities occasionally stumble. They disagree and one finds fault with another. Their differences concern both specific points and standards of strictness or looseness in the use of words and grammar. Some loose uses of words or phrases and some slang that may pass harmlessly in informal conversation are inappropriate when transferred to serious writing or even serious speech. This book will help the reader to make sound choices. Examples Samples of sentences that clearly fall into the wrong category follow. The first few are (alternately) by professionals of broadcasting and journalism. A correction follows each quotation. (Each comes up in the main text.) “There were roofs completely tore up.” Torn up. “I like to serve it with croutons . . . that is flavored with olive oil.” Are flavored. “Police said ——— and ——— built the bombs theirselves.” Themselves. “It would be more racism showing it’s ugly head again.” Its. “There is a way to empower your viii introduction *The Oxford English Dictionary, seeking to record all English words, says it covers more than 500,000 words and phrases in its twenty volumes. The Guinness Book of World Records places the count at more than 600,000 words plus 400,000 technical terms, a total exceeding a million. It numbers the Shakespearean vocabulary at 33,000 words and expresses doubt that any person uses more than 60,000. children and make them far more better . . . students.” Delete “more.” “Women have smaller brains then men.” Than. “The . . . campaign has got to break into the double digits to be respectful.” Respectable. (Headline:) “Be Happy She Prys.” Pries. Additional slip-ups, by people in other fields, include these: (Advertising:) “I always wanted to loose weight.” Lose. (Book publishing:) “Allow someone else to proofread [edit?] it . . . who will not be affraid to be biased in their opinion.” Afraid to be unbiased in his opinion. (Diplomacy:) “It is quite clear that the crisis has reached a critical point.” Better: the dispute or the situation. (Education:) “Me and my kids live in a dormitory.” I and. (Law:) “No one is free to flaunt the tax laws.” Flout. (Medicine:) “We’re obligated to do that biopsy irregardless of the physical findings.” Regardless. (Psychology:) “Their child don’t look so good.” Doesn’t look. The book debunks some widespread misbeliefs. If we do not fully understand the meanings of certain words or if we accept some clichés on their faces, we may believe that fury rages in the “eye” of a storm; a “fraction” is a small part; the character “Frankenstein” was a monster; to “impeach” an official is to oust him from office; a jury can find a defendant “innocent”; pencils contain the metal “lead”; a “misdemeanor” is not a crime; prostitution is the “oldest profession”; an exception “proves” a rule; the Constitution guarantees “the pursuit of happiness”; and so on. The criticism of any extract does not negate the overall merit of the work that is quoted.* Clarity Clarity is a leading theme of this book. More than 100 entries deal with the problem of ambiguity (noun): the state of being ambiguous (adjective), able to be interpreted in two or more different ways. Consider this sentence: “When P—— was hired by H——, he had a criminal record.” Which one is “he”? (That example is from Pronouns, 1. Consult also the cross-reference Ambiguity and the next section of this introduction, Wounded Words. General examples of fuzzy prose appear in Verbosity and other entries.) Clear expression requires clear thinkintroduction ix *Of 2,000-odd examples of misusage or questionable usage, almost half originated with newspapers, news agencies, or magazines; about a fifth each with broadcasters and books; and a tenth with people in many other fields or miscellaneous sources, described in the text. A few appeared in other reference works. The single most frequent source of examples was The New York Times (usually the national edition), which occasionally is quoted here approvingly too. Newspapers distributed in the San Francisco Bay area and TV and radio broadcasts heard there were significant sources. Dozens of other newspapers, from most regions of the country, yielded examples too. So did 120 books, mostly nonfiction. Some correct or incorrect examples, not counted above, were composed where fitting. The sources of the quotations are not usually identified by name. Space did not permit the publication of a list of such sources (although it had been contemplated). But a variety of reference works consulted as sources of information are listed in the back of the book. ing. It helps also to be versed in the distinctions among words and in the elements of grammar, including tense, number, mood, parts of speech, sentence structure, and punctuation. Even so, clarity may not survive hastiness, inability to express ideas simply, intentional hedging, lack of facts, language that is too pompous or too slangy, obscurity of ideas or terms, overloading of sentences, overlooking of double meanings, stinginess in using words or punctuation, too little thought, or too much abstraction and generality without concrete examples. Then, too, muddiness and confusion can overcome our best efforts. Writers on the English language often compare it with other languages and glory in its complexity, variety, and subtlety. Yet the language is so complex, with varieties of expression so vast, subtleties so fine, and such a proliferation of word meanings, that it can trap any of us at some time or other. Unqualified praise helps no one. Let us be aware of the difficulties and try to overcome them. Greater efforts to write and speak clearly, accurately, and sensibly would mean more understanding, something that society needs. Wounded Words One of the problems is that English is being deprived of the benefit of many distinctive words as looser meanings develop. The addition of the new meanings renders some of the words ambiguous. I call them wounded words. Examples of those words and their strict meanings follow; loose meanings are in parentheses. Which meaning a writer or speaker has intended is not always plain from the context. A fabulous story is one that is characteristic of a fable (or a good story). An impact is a violent contact (or an effect). A legendary figure is mythical (or famous). One who is masterful is dictatorial (or skillful). To scan a document is to examine it carefully and systematically (or quickly and superficially). If a scene is a shambles, it shows evidence of bloodshed (or disorder). If an incident transpired this year, this year is when it became known (or happened). When an ultimatum is given, a threat of war is issued (or a demand is made). That which is viable is able to live (or feasible).* Many loose or questionable uses are widespread. Does that mean we have to follow suit? Of course not. Save the Language New words continually appear. Those that fill needs are generally desirable. What ought to be questioned or resisted are the watering-down of distinctive words that we already have, the creation of ambiguity and fuzziness, the breakdown of grace and grammar, and irrational verbal fads. Change characterizes the history of English; but whereas innovations in the main language used to be tested slowly by time, and street slang usually stayed there, they are now both thrust upon the public almost instantly by the media of mass communication. x introduction *Among words in similar condition are these: accost, alibi, anticipate, bemuse, brandish, brutalize, burgeon, careen, classic, cohort, compendium, connive, cool, culminate, decimate, desecrate, destiny, dilemma, disaster, effete, eke, endemic, enormity, erstwhile, exotic, fantastic, formidable, fortuitous, fraction, gay, idyllic, incredible, increment, internecine, jurist, literal, livid, marginal, mean (noun), minimize, neat, obscene, outrageous, paranoid, pristine, quite, sure, travesty, unique, utilize, verbal, virtual, vital, weird, wherefore, willy-nilly. The words emphasized in this section have separate entries. Our language is an invaluable resource, as much a part of our heritage as forests, wildlife, and waters. Yet where are movements for verbal conservation? Who campaigns to save endangered words? When do we ever see demonstrations against linguistic pollution? To support the cause of good English, you and I need not join a group, attend rallies, or give money. We can contribute every day by knowing the language, shunning the fads, and watching our words. P.W.L. San Francisco

Dictionary of Building and Civil Engineering

English/French French/English
Author: Don Montague
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135821674
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 450
View: 2218
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This dual-language dictionary lists over 20,000 specialist terms in both French and English, covering architecture, building, engineering and property terms. It meets the needs of all building professionals working on projects overseas. It has been comprehensively researched and compiled to provide an invaluable reference source in an increasingly European marketplace.

International Books in Print


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: English imprints
Page: N.A
View: 9106
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The Oxford Handbook of Lexicography


Author: Philip Durkin
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191669318
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 736
View: 4933
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This volume provides concise, authoritative accounts of the approaches and methodologies of modern lexicography and of the aims and qualities of its end products. Leading scholars and professional lexicographers, from all over the world and representing all the main traditions and perspectives, assess the state of the art in every aspect of research and practice. The book is divided into four parts, reflecting the main types of lexicography. Part I looks at synchronic dictionaries - those for the general public, monolingual dictionaries for second-language learners, and bilingual dictionaries. Part II and III are devoted to the distinctive methodologies and concerns of the historical dictionaries and specialist dictionaries respectively, while chapters in Part IV examine specific topics such as description and prescription; the representation of pronunciation; and the practicalities of dictionary production. The book ends with a chronology of the major events in the history of lexicography. It will be a valuable resource for students, scholars, and practitioners in the field.

Oxford Dictionary of Medical Quotations


Author: Peter McDonald
Publisher: Oxford Medical Publications
ISBN: 9780198565987
Category: Medical
Page: 212
View: 2035
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The Oxford Dictionary of Medical Quotations is the one book that all doctors will want on their shelves. Packed with quotations both old and new, from the famous, and the not so famous, this book will be both a valuable reference work, and a source of considerable entertainment.

The Penguin Dictionary of English and European History, 1485-1789


Author: E. Neville Williams
Publisher: Puffin Books
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 509
View: 7658
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Events, issues, people, and places that figured prominently in the history of Europe between the fifteenth and eighteenth centuries are depicted and defined

Recommended Reference Books in Paperback


Author: Jack O'Gorman
Publisher: Libraries Unltd Incorporated
ISBN: N.A
Category: Education
Page: 315
View: 6911
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An annotated, evaluative bibliography of some 1,000 reference titles chosen for their quality, economy, and availability. Each of the volume's 36 chapters describes and assesses paperbacks references focusing on a different subject area, from general reference volumes to the specific. The book is or

Französisch für Dummies


Author: Dodi-Katrin Schmidt,Michelle M. Williams,Malika Filali,Nathalie L. Brochard
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527820558
Category: Foreign Language Study
Page: 352
View: 1433
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"Französisch für Dummies" bietet einen leichten und unterhaltsamen Einstieg in die französische Sprache. Zunächst verraten die Autoren, wie Sie französische Wörter richtig aussprechen und betonen und führen Sie auch in die Grundlagen der französischen Grammatik ein. Dann wird es praktisch, denn jedes Kapitel beschäftigt sich mit einer Alltagssituation: Sie lernen, wie Sie sich auf Französisch vorstellen, im Restaurant bestellen oder nach dem Weg fragen. Sie finden sich in einer typischen Büroumgebung wieder und vereinbaren Termine, mieten eine Wohnung an oder buchen eine Flugreise. Aber auch Ihre Freizeit kommt nicht zu kurz: Sie gehen mit Freunden aus, kaufen ein, sprechen über Ihre Hobbys und machen Sport. Dabei nehmen Sie immer die jeweils wichtigsten Sätze, Umschreibungen und Begriffe auf und erhalten nebenbei viele Informationen zum Alltag und zur Kultur in Frankreich. Am Ende jedes Kapitels gibt es kleine Übungen, mit denen Sie Ihre erworbenen Sprachkenntnisse prüfen können. Im Anhang des Buches finden Sie Verbtabellen und ein kleines Französisch-Deutsch-/Deutsch-Französisch-Wörterbuch. Auf der beiliegenden CD gibt es die Dialoge aus dem Buch zum Anhören und Nachsprechen.

The Penguin Dictionary of American English Usage and Style

A Readable Reference Book, Illuminating Thousands of Traps that Snare Writers and Speakers
Author: Paul W. Lovinger
Publisher: Viking Adult
ISBN: N.A
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 491
View: 9747
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A comprehensive resource for American English language style and usage features more than one thousand primary entries, along with more than two thousand examples of questionable style and the misuse of language, that provide valuable lessons for students, writers, and speakers.

The New Penguin Dictionary of Abbreviations

From a to Zz
Author: Rosalind Fergusson
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Abbreviations
Page: 410
View: 9787
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In the PENGUIN REFERENCE series, a book containing definitions and explanations of abbreviations used in the English language. It is compiled by the editor of PENGUIN DICTIONARY OF PROVERBS.

Dictionaries


Author: Kenneth Whittaker
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Reference
Page: 88
View: 6397
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The Penguin Dictionary of Music


Author: Arthur Jacobs
Publisher: Puffin Books
ISBN: N.A
Category: Music
Page: 493
View: 6790
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This text is now in its sixth edition. It has been thoroughly revised and expanded and the additional entries, of which there are over 500, include musical instruments, recent compositions, new composers and rising stars of the opera world. There is also a new subject area - classic musicals and their composers.

Text as resonance

modern critical readings in Diderot, Sade, Balzac, and Villiers de l'Isle-Adam
Author: Lucette Finas,Annwyl Williams
Publisher: Edwin Mellen Pr
ISBN: N.A
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 301
View: 2090
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This book will be of interest to scholars working in the fields of literary criticism, literary theory, especially those interested in modern critical theory and 18th- and 19th-century French fiction. The five readings of these French short stories are preceded by a translator's introduction on Finas's work; two short pieces by Finas herself in which she describes her approach; and Roland Barthes's preface to Le Bruit d'Iris (a selection of essays by Finas). The Appendix includes the complete text in English translation of two of the five short stories: Sade, Florville and Courval, translated by Lowell Bair, and Villiers de l'Isle-Adam, The Brigands, translated by Hamish Miles, both excellent translations, now out of print.

The Penguin Dictionary of Language


Author: David Crystal
Publisher: Penguin Books
ISBN: N.A
Category: Language and languages
Page: 390
View: 753
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What precisely are structuralism, semiotics and sociolinguistics? What distinguishes pidgins from creoles, gerunds from gerundines and the hard palate from the soft palate? How many people speak Macedonian, Malay or Makua? Now in its second edition, David

The New Penguin Dictionary of Modern History, 1789-1945


Author: Duncan Townson
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: History, Modern
Page: 612
View: 6997
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This dictionary covers the period 1789-1945. A revised edition, it includes new entries and the text has been brought up-to-date to reflect information current at the time of publication. It includes the non-European world, social, economic and ideological developments, and political events.

Paperbound Books in Print, Spring 1981


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780835213301
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 2295
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The Bookseller


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Bibliography
Page: N.A
View: 402
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