Parameters of Predicate Fronting

This volume takes steps towards this goal by showcasing the state of the art in research on predicate fronting and the parameters governing its realization in a range of diverse languages.

Author: Vera Lee-Schoenfeld

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780197545577

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

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Many of the world's languages permit or require clause-initial positioning of the primary predicate, potentially alongside some or all of its dependents. While such predicate fronting (where "fronting" may or may not involve movement) is a widespread phenomenon, it is also subject to intricate and largely unexplained variation. In Parameters of Predicate Fronting, Vera Lee-Schoenfeld and Dennis Ott bring together leaders in the field of comparative syntax to explore the empirical manifestations and theoretical modelling of predicate fronting across languages. There exists by now a rich literature on predicate fronting, but few attempts have been made at synthesizing the resulting empirical observations and theoretical implementations. While individual phenomena have been described in some detail, we are currently far from a complete understanding of the uniformity and variation underlying the wider cross-linguistic picture. This volume takes steps towards this goal by showcasing the state of the art in research on predicate fronting and the parameters governing its realization in a range of diverse languages. Covering topics like prosody, VP-fronting, and predicate doubling across a wide arrange of languages, including English, German, Malagasy, Niuean, Ch'ol, Asante, Twi, Limbum, Krachi, Hebrew, and multiple sign languages, this collection enriches our understanding of the predicate fronting phenomenon.
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Parameters of Predicate Fronting

Including analysis of English, German, Malagasy, Niuean, Ch'ol, Asante, Twi, Limbum, Krachi, Hebrew, and multiple sign languages, this volume takes researchers one step closer to a complete understanding of the uniformity and variation in ...

Author: Vera Lee-Schoenfeld

Publisher:

ISBN: 0197545599

Category: Grammar, Comparative and general

Page: 234

View: 848

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In Parameters of Predicate Fronting, Vera Lee-Schoenfeld and Dennis Ott bring together leaders in the field of comparative syntax to explore the empirical manifestations and theoretical modelling of predicate fronting across languages. Including analysis of English, German, Malagasy, Niuean, Ch'ol, Asante, Twi, Limbum, Krachi, Hebrew, and multiple sign languages, this volume takes researchers one step closer to a complete understanding of the uniformity and variation in predicate fronting across languages.
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Parameters of Predicate Fronting

Consider the following data involving the multipart predicates 'forget' (tιŋ + sO) and 'believe' (kware + gyι), which take caseless CP complements. (10) a. ... One instance of the verb must be in [136] Parameters of Predicate Fronting.

Author: Vera Lee-Schoenfeld

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780197545584

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

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Many of the world's languages permit or require clause-initial positioning of the primary predicate, potentially alongside some or all of its dependents. While such predicate fronting (where "fronting" may or may not involve movement) is a widespread phenomenon, it is also subject to intricate and largely unexplained variation. In Parameters of Predicate Fronting, Vera Lee-Schoenfeld and Dennis Ott bring together leaders in the field of comparative syntax to explore the empirical manifestations and theoretical modelling of predicate fronting across languages. There exists by now a rich literature on predicate fronting, but few attempts have been made at synthesizing the resulting empirical observations and theoretical implementations. While individual phenomena have been described in some detail, we are currently far from a complete understanding of the uniformity and variation underlying the wider cross-linguistic picture. This volume takes steps towards this goal by showcasing the state of the art in research on predicate fronting and the parameters governing its realization in a range of diverse languages. Covering topics like prosody, VP-fronting, and predicate doubling across a wide arrange of languages, including English, German, Malagasy, Niuean, Ch'ol, Asante, Twi, Limbum, Krachi, Hebrew, and multiple sign languages, this collection enriches our understanding of the predicate fronting phenomenon.
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Incomplete Category Fronting

In Principles and Parameters in Comparative Grammar, ed. Robert Freidin, 182-218. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press. Takahashi, Daiko. 1994. ... Predicate Fronting and Internal Subjects. Linguistic Inquiry 26:327–340. Tappe, Thilo. 1984.

Author: Gereon Müller

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401718646

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 342

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Incomplete Category Fronting is a detailed investigation of the syntax of incomplete category fronting in German, carried out from a cross-linguistic perspective. The study presents a wealth of empirical evidence involving unbound traces created by remnant topicalization, wh-movement, scrambling, left dislocation, and extraposition. Four characteristic properties of remnant movement are identified that pose severe problems for a representational movement theory. It is argued that these properties can be fruitfully addressed on the basis of Chomsky's minimalist program, and that they follow from a derivational movement theory that incorporates the Barriers Condition, the Strict Cycle Condition, Fewest Steps, Last Resort, and the Minimal Link Condition but completely dispenses with surface filters. Incomplete Category Fronting provides an empirical underpinning for the minimalist program and presents a powerful argument for a derivational theory of grammar. Audience: Incomplete Category Fronting will interest all linguists working on theoretical syntax, Germanic syntax or the syntax-semantics interface.
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Parameter Hierarchies and Universal Grammar

Predicate fronting and lexical category in Niuean . In Andrew Carnie , Heidi Harley , & Sheila Dooley - Colburg ( eds ) , Verb First : Studies in Predicate Initial Languages , 227-42 . ... Predicates and Arguments in Niuean .

Author: Ian Roberts

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192526793

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 800

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This book develops a minimalist approach to cross-linguistic morphosyntactic variation. Ian Roberts argues that the essential insight of the principles-and-parameters approach to variation can be maintained - albeit in a somewhat different guise - in the context of the minimalist programme for linguistic theory. The central idea is to organize the parameters of Universal Grammar (UG) into hierarchies that define the ways in which properties of individually variant categories and features may act in concert. A further leading idea, which is consistent with the overall goal of the minimalist programme to reduce the content of UG, is that the parameter hierarchies are not directly determined by UG, and are instead emergent properties stemming from the interaction of the three factors in language design. Cross-linguistic variation in word order, null subjects, incorporation, verb-movement, case/alignment, wh-movement, and negation are all analysed in the light of this approach. This book represents a significant new contribution to the formal study of cross-linguistic morphosyntactic variation on both the empirical and theoretical levels, and will appeal to researchers and students in all areas of theoretical linguistics and comparative syntax.
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Microparameters in the Grammar of Basque

... 116, 120, 130, 149, 155–156 postpositions 25 pragmatic coreference 146–147 pragmatics 168, 177 predicate aspectual 71, ... 50 perception predicates 43, 47, 80, 113, 152, 153 physical contact 71–72 predicate fronting 284 primary 49 ...

Author: Beatriz Fernández

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789027266422

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 302

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This book is an endeavor to present and analyze some standard topics in the grammar of Basque from a micro-comparative perspective. From case and agreement to word order and the left periphery, and including an incursion into determiners, the book combines fine-grained theoretical analyses with empirically detailed descriptions. Working from a micro-parametric perspective, the contributions to the volume address in depth some of the exuberant variation attested in the different dialects and subdialects of Basque. At the same time, although the contributions focus mainly on Basque data, cross-linguistic evidence is also presented and discussed. After all, the goal pursued in this book is to attempt to explain variation in Basque as a particular instantiation of variation in human language at large. The volume presents and analyzes a wide range of empirical phenomena, many typologically marked among European languages, and will therefore be a welcome resource to linguists looking for detailed description and/or theoretical discussion.
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Parameter Theory and Linguistic Change

'Lexical categories, lack of inflection, and predicate fronting in Niuean'. In Andrew Carnie, Heidi Harley, and Sheila Ann Dooley (eds), Verb first: On the syntax of verb-initial languages. Linguistik Aktuell/Linguistic Today 73.

Author: Charlotte Galves

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199659203

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 386

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Leading scholars examine languages ranging from old Egyptian to modern Afrikaans. They consider the insights parametric theory offers to understanding the dynamics of language change and test new hypotheses against an extensive array of data. In both the broad range of languages it discusses and its use of linguistic theory this is an outstanding book.
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Niuean Predicates and Arguments in an Isolating Language

VP Fronting within a Movement Typology', in Dennis Ott and Vera-Lee Shoenfeld (eds.). The Parameters of VP-fronting. New York: Oxford University Press. Travis, Lisa De Mena, and Edwin Williams (1984). 'Externalization of Arguments in ...

Author: Diane Massam

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198793557

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 352

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This volume explores the grammar of Niuean, an endangered Polynesian language spoken on the island of Niue and in New Zealand, with a focus on the issue of predication. Since Aristotle, it has been claimed that a sentence consists of a subject and a predicate. Niuean constitutes the perfect testing ground for this claim: it displays verb-subject-object word order, in which the subject interrupts the predicate, and has an ergative case system, in which subjects are not clearly distinguished from objects in their marking for grammatical case. Diane Massam uses the framework of generative grammar to carry out a detailed analysis of the internal structure of Niuean predicates and arguments, as well as the relations between them, touching on many other topics including the nature of displacement, word formation, determiners, and thematic roles. The proposal is that Niuean complex predicates are formed via successive inversion, prior to the merge of all arguments (high argument merge), and that the predicate undergoes fronting to initial position across the arguments, with the same structure found also in nominal clauses. The conclusion is that Niuean does not have a subject in the usual sense, and this is related to the fact that the language has isolating morphology, lacking all tense and agreement inflection and nominative case. Instead, the language exhibits low absolutive predication, applicative ergative agents, and predicate fronting in lieu of subject extraction. The book extends our understanding of cross-linguistic sentence structure and grammatical case, and will be of interest to scholars in the fields of Austronesian linguistics, typology, and theoretical linguistics.
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The Serial Verb Construction Parameter

This is based on the assumption that predicate clefts are derived by fronting the cognate object of the verb and licensed uniformly. On the basis of the observed properties of predicate clefts, I propose a syntactic account whereby the ...

Author: Osamuyimen Thompson Stewart

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135726744

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 310

View: 102

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An investigation of the serial verb construction, this work engages central issues in syntactic theory-complex predicates, clausal architecture and syntactic variation.
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Principles and Parameters in Comparative Grammar

(1986) observes that in Hungarian, small clause predicates typically undergo movement to the preverbal FOCUS ... Cline (1986) accounts for Verb- Object-Subject constituent order in Hixkaryana in terms of V'-fronting, which (as he points ...

Author: Joseph Aoun Yen-Hui, Audrey

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262061406

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 463

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These essays by an outstanding group of linguists present case studies in contemporary comparative grammar, illustrating the rich and varied ways in which the principles and parameters framework of generative grammar can provide explanations for both the underlying universal properties of the world's languages and the ways in which they differ. The final essay by Noam Chomsky offers a new perspective on the principles and parameters approach to comparative grammar. In his introduction, Freidin describes the historical background of current work in comparative grammar and compares this work to the comparative studies of the nineteenth century. He notes how the current approach traces the fundamental unity of all languages to the language faculty, in contrast to that of the nineteenth century which was primarily concerned with the ancestral relations among languages. The essays that follow convey the wide scope of the interaction between current theory and crosslinguistic studies. Topics include the relevance of binding theory for crosslinguistic studies; the interaction between the syntax/lexical semantics interface and the theory of UG; the role of phrase structure and levels of representation in accounting or syntactic variation; crosslinguistic variation in word order phenomena; and the ways in which the study of comparative grammar can itself contribute to the understanding of UG. Contributors Joseph Aoun. Adriana Belletti. Noam Chomsky. Robert Freidin. Wayne Harbert. Norbert Hornstein. C.-T. James Huang. Anthony S. Kroch. Howard Lasnik. Yen-hui Audrey Li. David Lightfoot. Luigi Rizzi. Ken Safir. Beatrice Santorini. Rex A. Sprouse. Timothy Stowell. Tarald Taraldsen. Lisa deMena Travis. Edwin Williams
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Principles and Parameters in a VSO Language A Case Study in Welsh

A fourth argument that the subject leaves VP can be derived from Huang's (1993) work on VP-fronting and reconstruction. Huang analyzes the differences in interpretation of anaphors in fronted predicates as compared to fronted arguments ...

Author: Ian G. Roberts Professor of Linguistics University of Cambridge

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195347081

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 216

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Introducing a lucid and succinct analysis of the main syntactic properties of Welsh, Roberts puts forward a general analysis of clause structure, agreement, case-marking and other phenomena. He also provides us with a comparative analysis of these phenomena in relation to other Celtic languages, Germanic and Romance languages, and English. The study of P&P theory is unprecedented, and this monograph will be a strong addition to the Oxford Studies in Comparative Syntax series.
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The Blackwell Companion to Syntax

... fronting, II.185 Predicate Internal Subject Hypothesis, IV.71, IV.72, IV.78 predicate movement, and Condition C, IV.78–84 predicate nominals, existential polarity items as, III.376–80 predicates assertive, II.188–9 co-arguments, ...

Author: Martin Everaert

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781405178419

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 3285

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*** Pre-Order The Wiley Blackwell Companion to Syntax, second edition, publishing December 2017. Find out more at www.companiontosyntax.com *** This long-awaited reference work marks the culmination of numerous years of research and international collaboration by the world’s leading syntacticians. There exists no other comparable collection of research that documents the development of syntax in this way. Under the editorial direction of Martin Everaert and Henk van Riemsdijk, this 5 volume set comprises 70 case studies commissioned specifically for this volume. The 80 contributors are drawn from an international group of prestigious linguists, including Joe Emonds, Sandra Chung, Susan Rothstein, Adriana Belletti, Jim Huang, Howard Lasnik, and Marcel den Dikken, among many others. A unique collection of 70 newly-commissioned case studies, offering access to research completed over the last 40 years. Brings together the world’s leading syntacticians to provide a large and diverse number of case studies in the field. Explores a comprehensive range of syntax topics from an historical perspective. Investigates empirical domains which have been well-documented and which have played a prominent role in theoretical syntax at some stage in the development of generative grammar. Serves as a research tool for not only theoretical linguistics but also the various forms of applied linguistics. Contains an accessible alphabetical structure, with an index integral to each volume featuring keywords and key figures. Each multi-volume set is also accompanied by a CD Rom of the entire Companion. Like the prestigious Blackwell Handbooks in Linguistics series, this multi-volume work, in the new The Wiley Blackwell Companions to Linguistics series, can be relied upon to deliver the quality and expertise with which Blackwell Publishing’s linguistics list is associated.
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Verb First

... conclude that VSO order is a result of various different factors rather than a single parameter. The chapter is organized as follows. In Section 2, Niuean data and Massam's (2000a, 2001a) predicate fronting analysis are discussed.

Author: Andrew Carnie

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027294753

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 434

View: 958

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This collection of papers brings together the most recent crosslinguistic research on the syntax of verb-initial languages. Authors with a variety of theoretical perspectives pursue the questions of how verb-initial order is derived, and how these derivations play into the characteristic syntax of these languages. Major themes in the volume include the role of syntactic category in languages with verb-initial order; the different mechanisms of deriving V-initial order; and the universal correlates of the order. This book should be of interest to scholars who work on theoretical approaches to word order derivation, typologists, and those who work on the particular grammars of Celtic, Zapotec, Mixtec, Polynesian, Austronesian, Mayan, Salish, Aboriginal, and Nilotic languages.
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Advances in Greek Generative Syntax

The theory of empty categories and the pro-drop parameter in Modern Greek. Iournal ofLinguistics, 23, 2894318. ... In R. Freidin (Ed.), Principles and Parameters in Comparative Grammar (pp ... Predicate fronting and internal subjects.

Author: Melita Stavrou

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027294517

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 366

View: 636

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This collection of original research focuses on various lesser studied aspects of Greek syntax. The articles combine a sound empirical coverage within current developments of generative theory and cover a wide spectrum of areas. The syntax of sentential structure is dealt with by two articles, one is an extensive analysis of the distribution of goal and beneficiary dative DPs in Greek (and cross-linguistically) and the other addresses the relation agree in small clauses (and between adjectives and nouns). Two articles study the acquisition of the left periphery and of eventivity and one focuses on the historical evolution of participles in Greek, out of which gerunds emerged. The syntax and semantics of wh-clauses in DP positions and of the non-volitional verb θelo are the focus of two articles situated in the syntax–semantics interface. The DP domain is approached by two theoretical articles, one on a Greek possessive adjective and another on determiner heads. The final contribution studies the acquisition of the Greek definite article.
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Austronesian and Theoretical Linguistics

Pearce and Massam both crucially use predicate fronting to account for word order while Frascarelli uses predicate ... Kinande, Spanish, Welsh, Icelandic, Hindi, Burushanski, Georgian), he shows that the parameters that are relevant for ...

Author: Raphael Mercado

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027255501

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 379

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"The papers presented within this volume were selected from the fourteenth meeting of the Austronesian Formal Linguistics Association (AFLA XIV), held May 4-6, 2007 at McGill University in Montreal, Quebec, Canada."
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Verb Doubling and Dummy Verb

Gap Avoidance Strategies in Verbal Fronting Johannes Hein ... The contrastive predicate construction in Vietnamese Guangdong, China: National Sun Yat-Sen University MA thesis. a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o, p, q, r, s, t, ...

Author: Johannes Hein

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110635430

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 524

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This monograph provides the first cross-linguistic study of repair strategies in verbal fronting, verb doubling and do-support, addressing both typological properties and theoretical aspects. First, it brings together data hitherto scattered across the empirical and theoretical literature and adds newly collected data from two African languages. For each of the 47 languages, the properties of verbal fronting are documented in detail. Based on this sample, the empirical part establishes two novel typological generalizations regarding the interaction between the size of the fronted category and the type of repair strategy used. The first of these identifies a systematic typological gap: No language that allows both verb and verb phrase fronting has do-support with the former and verb doubling with the latter. In the theoretical part, it is shown that previous theories of verb doubling/do-support are unable to account for both generalizations. A new approach within the Copy Theory of the Minimalist Framework is developed, that rests on the interaction of head movement, copy deletion, and the properties of different movement types. The book thus provides the first comprehensive empirical and theoretical overview of repair patterns in verbal fronting.
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Local Modelling of Non Local Dependencies in Syntax

Takano, Yuji (1995): 'Predicate Fronting and Internal Subjects', Linguistic Inquiry 26, 3274340. Uriagereka, Juan (1988):, On Government. Doctoral disseitation, University of Connecticut: Wexler, Ken and R. Manzini (1987): Parameter and ...

Author: Artemis Alexiadou

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110294774

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 532

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Syntactic dependencies are often non-local: They can involve two positions in a syntactic structure whose correspondence cannot be captured by invoking concepts like minimal clause or predicate/argument structure. Relevant phenomena include long-distance movement, long-distance reflexivization, long-distance agreement, control, non-local deletion, long-distance case assignment, consecutio temporum, extended scope of negation, and semantic binding of pronouns. A recurring strategy pursued in many contemporary syntactic theories is to model cases of non-local dependencies in a strictly local way, by successively passing on the relevant information in small domains of syntactic structures. The present volume brings together eighteen articles that investigate non-local dependencies in movement, agreement, binding, scope, and deletion constructions from different theoretical backgrounds (among them versions of the Minimalist Program, HPSG, and Categorial Grammar), and based on evidence from a variety of typologically distinct languages. This way, advantages and disadvantages of local treatments of non-local dependencies become evident. Furthermore, it turns out that local analyses of non-local phenomena developed in different syntactic theories (spanning the derivational/declarative divide) often may not only share identical research questions but also rely on identical research strategies.
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Particles

This is the strongest possible (hence most attractive) view to take in varieties of the principles-and-parameters ... predicate fronting is the entire SC, containing a trace of the SC subject (which is moved out prior to movement); cf.

Author: Marcel den Dikken

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195358007

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 304

View: 561

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Particles are words that do not change their form through inflection and do not fit easily into the established system of parts of speech. Examples include the negative particle "not," the infinitival particle "to" (as in "to go"), and do and let in "do tell me" and "let's go." Particles investigates the constraints on the distribution and placement of verbal particles. A proper understanding of these constraints yields insight into the structure of various secondary predicative constructions. Starting out from a detailed analysis of complex particle constructions, den Dikken brings forth accounts of triadic constructions and Dative Shift, and the relationship between dative and transitive causative constructions--all of them built on the basic structural template proposed from complex particle constructions. Drawing on data from Norwegian, English, Dutch, German, West Flemish, and other languages, this book will interest a wide audience of students and specialists.
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Between Syntax and Semantics

See pro-drop; parameter O Overt Pronoun Constraint (OPC), 169–170 P Parallelism Constraint on Operator Binding (PCOB), ... 86–99, 135, 160–161, 165 Portuguese, 235, 241, 249, 268 Predicate Calculus, 134, 140 predicate fronting.

Author: C.T. James Huang

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135217587

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 486

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This indispensable volume contains articles that represent the best of Huang's work on the syntax-semantics interface over the last two decades. It includes three general topics: (a) questions, indefinites and quantification, (b) anaphora, (c) lexical structure and the syntax of events.
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The Edginess of Silence

Parameters and Effects of Word Order Variation. ... Towards a unified theory of movement: an argument from Spanish predicate clefts. Leiden Papers in Linguistics ... An alternative to remnant movement for partial predicate fronting.

Author: Tue Trinh

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110637465

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 144

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Natural language differs from artificial ones in having the "displacement property," allowing expressions to "move" from one position to another in the sentence. The mapping from syntax to phonology, therefore, must include rules specifying how objects created by movement are pronounced, or in technical jargon, how chains are linearized. One of these rules is Copy Deletion. The present study investigates the structural description of Copy Deletion. Specifically, it proposes a phrase geometric constraint on its application. The proposal is corroborated by empirical arguments based on distributional and interpretational facts concerning predicate clefts, NP-Splits, and head ordering patterns. The data are drawn from languages of different types and families including Chinese, English, Dutch, German, Hebrew, Norwegian, Swedish, and Vietnamese. The book, thus, contributes to our understanding of a crucial property of natural language and should be of relevance to readers who are interested in the cross-linguistic approach to Universal Grammar research.
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