Stephen Bunker challenges the image of peasants as passive victims and argues that coffee growers in the Bugisu District of Uganda, because they own land and may choose which crops to produce, maintain an unusual degree of economic and political independence. Focusing on peasant struggles for market control over coffee exports in Bugisu from colonial times through the reign and overthrow of Idi Amin, Bunker shows that these freeholding peasants acted collectively and used the state's dependence on coffee export revenues to effectively influence and veto government programs inimical to their interests. Bunker's work vividly portrays the small victories and great trials of ordinary people struggling to control their own economic destiny while resisting the power of the world economy.
Stephen Bunker challenges the image of peasants as passive victims and argues that coffee growers in the Bugisu District of Uganda, because they own land and may choose which crops to produce, maintain an unusual degree of economic and ...
Author: Stephen G. Bunker
Category: Social Science
Author: Nathan Jude Brown
Tracing the way in which the agrarian myth has emerged and re-emerged over the past century in ideology shared by populism, postmodernism and the political right, the argument in this book is that at the centre of this discourse about the cultural identity of 'otherness'/ 'difference' lies the concept of and innate 'peasant-ness'. In a variety of contextually-specific discursive forms, the 'old' populism of the 1890s and the nationalism and fascism in Europe, America and Asia during the 1920s and 1930s were all informed by the agrarian myth. The postmodern 'new' populism and the 'new' right, both of which emerged after the 1960s and consolidated during the 1990s, are also structured discursively by the agrarian myth, and with it the ideological reaffirmation of peasant essentialism.
and new social movements), thus not only reinforcing the Chayanovian concept of the peasantry as a socio-economic ... of action undertaken by peasants.90 Since without knowing the class composition of a movement against the state it is ...
Author: Dr Tom Brass
This is a study of the important but little-understood role of peasants in the formation of the Mexican national state--from the end of the colonial era to the beginning of La Reforma, a moment in which liberalism became dominant in Mexican political culture. The book shows how Mexico's national political system was formed through local struggles and alliances that deeply involved elements of Mexico's impoverished rural masses, notably the peasants who took part in many of the local regional, and national rebellions that characterized early nineteenth-century politics. These rebellions were not battles over whether or not there was to be a state; they were contests over what the state was to be. The author focuses on the region of Guerrero, whose peasantry were deeply involved in the two most important broadly based revolts of the early nineteenth century: the War of Independence of 1810-21, and the 1853-55 Revolution of Ayutla, the rebellion that began La Reforma. The book's central contention is that there are fundamental links between state formation, elite politics, popular protest, and the construction of Mexico's modern political culture. Various elite groups advanced different models of the state, which in turn had different implications for, and impacts on, the lives of Mexico's lower classes. Contesting elites formed alliance with segments of Mexico's peasantry as well as the urban poor and these alliances were crucial in determining national political outcomes. Thus, the participation of wide sectors of the population in politics for varying reasons--and the subsequent learning of tactics and elaborations of discourse--left an enduring mark on Mexico's political system and culture.
This is a study of the important but little-understood role of peasants in the formation of the Mexican national state--from the end of the colonial era to the beginning of La Reforma, a moment in which liberalism became dominant in Mexican ...
Author: Peter F. Guardino
Publisher: Stanford University Press
Author: Helen F. Siu
Publisher: Stanford University Press
Category: Literary Criticism
This meant that in the light of the fiscal and legitimation concerns of the Ottoman state and contrary to the assumptions of the models of economic development, changes in population and in commercial demand did not result in the disruption of the integrity of the small peasant holding as the primary unit of production
This meant that in the light of the fiscal and legitimation concerns of the Ottoman state and contrary to the assumptions of the models of economic development, changes in population and in commercial demand did not result in the disruption ...
Author: Huri İslamoğlu-İnan
This book offers a comprehensive approach to the study of the political history of the Renaissance: its analysis of government is embedded in the context of geography and social conflict. Instead of the usual institutional history, it examines the Florentine state from the mountainous periphery - a periphery both of geography and class - where Florence met its most strenuous opposition to territorial incorporation. Yet, far from being acted upon, Florence's highlanders were instrumental in changing the attitudes of the Florentine ruling class: the city began to see its own self-interest as intertwined with that of its region and the welfare of its rural subjects at the beginning of the fifteenth century. Contemporaries either remained silent or purposely obscured the reasons for this change, which rested on widespread and successful peasant uprisings across the mountainous periphery of the Florentine state, hitherto unrecorded by historians.
This book offers a comprehensive approach to the study of the political history of the Renaissance: its analysis of government is embedded in the context of geography and social conflict.
Author: Samuel K. Cohn, Jr
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Focusing on events in Hungary and Poland from 1948 to 1962, Dr Sokolovsky shows why collectivization can best be understood as an element in state-building for the new regimes of Eastern Europe. For these countries policy options were constrained by dependence upon the Soviet Union and the economic demands of a newly industrializing society. Econom
principal purpose of the collectivization campaign was to bring the rural areas under state control. The validity of this model hinges upon two distinct sets of data. On the one hand, the relationship between the peasantry and the state ...
Author: Joan Sokolovsky
Category: Political Science
Arguing against the generally held view that the Mappila uprisings of Malabar resulted either from communal tension or agrarian discontent, this book analyzes the complex interrelationships between economic discontent and religious ideology in which the conflicts were rooted. Panikkar delineates the evolution of a negative class consciousness among the rural Hindu Mappilas from the early years of British rule to the final and decisive 1921 uprising against the lord and state.
Arguing against the generally held view that the Mappila uprisings of Malabar resulted either from communal tension or agrarian discontent, this book analyzes the complex interrelationships between economic discontent and religious ideology ...
Author: K. N. Panikkar
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
The essays in this collection examine agrarian transformation in Latin America and the role in this of peasants, with particular reference to Bolivia, Peru, Chile, Brazil and Central America. Among the issues covered are the impact of globalization and neo-liberal economic policies.
The third part of the presentation explores the relationship between the state and the peasantry in terms of a 'from below' response by the latter against the 'from above' imperatives of the former.
Author: Tom Brass
Category: Business & Economics
The subject matter of the volume is part of larger research agenda on the process of land collectivization in the former communist camp, focusing on state, identity and property. The main innovation of the volume is to apply recent interdisciplinary approaches to the study of the collectivization process, asking what types of new peasant-state relations it formed and how it transformed notions of self, persons, and things (such as land). The project conceived of changes in the system of ownership as causing changes in the identity and attitude of people; similarly, it regarded the study of personal identities as essential for understanding changes in the system of ownership. This perspective is rare in the area-studies approaches to the topic.
I believe it would be a mistake, however, to see this result and the other successful contestations, such as those of G. I. and L.A., as a victory of peasants against the state. 1954 was a significant year, for the collectivization ...
Author: Constantin Iordachi
Publisher: Central European University Press
The example of Old Regime France provides a source for many of the ideas about capitalism, modernization, and peasant protest that concern social scientists today. Hilton Root challenges traditional assumptions and proposes a new interpretation of the relationship between state and society.
Communal funds (continued) power of lawyers on use of, 181; veto power of state officials on, 180–81. See also Municipal expenses Communal institutions: compared with capitalist institutions, 10, defined, 2, effect of state building and ...
Author: Hilton L. Root
Publisher: Univ of California Press
Post-Mao market reforms in China have led to a massive migration of rural peasants toward the cities. Denied urban residency, this "floating population" provides labour but loses out on government benefits. This study challenges the notion that markets promote rights and legal equality.
Post-Mao market reforms in China have led to a massive migration of rural peasants toward the cities.
Author: Dorothy J. Solinger
Publisher: Univ of California Press
Category: Business & Economics
At a time when a majority of scholars engage in studies on class, religion, ethnicity and gender, this study forcefully demonstrates that peasants as a category and their problems continue to excite considerable academic debate. Divided into two parts, the book first reconstructs the political world of the peasants of Punjab and forms the empirical base on which rests the subsequent theoretical and methodological discussion. It captures their struggles at the national level as well as their everyday struggles on purely class or peasant issues. The second part makes important interventions in the theoretical debates regarding the role of peasants in revolutionary transformation in the modern world. The author argues that the automatic association of revolution with large-scale violence has resulted in the refusal to recognize the non-violent yet revolutionary political practice of peasants in the Indian National Movement. The author subjects to critical scrutiny a wide range of theoretical models and argues that the political practice of the Indian peasants cannot be fit into any theoretical straightjacket.
Bianco, for example, states that “peasant disturbances could occur more readily in connection with such political ... the high cost of violent resistance against powerful state structures is one factor that inhibits frequent recourse to ...
Author: Mridula Mukherjee
Publisher: SAGE Publications India
This book combines social and institutional histories of Russia, focusing on the secret police and their evolving relationship with the peasantry. Based on an analysis of Cheka/OGPU reports, it argues that the police did not initially respond to peasant resistance to Bolshevik demands simply with the gun—rather, they listened to peasant voices.
study demonstrates that the political police attempted in the years prior to collectivization to understand and even to establish a working relationship with the peasantry, partly on the peasants' terms. The political police further ...
Author: H. Hudson
Author: Halil Berktay
Publisher: Psychology Press